The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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Groupoid $C^*$ algebra of product groupoid

Let $G$ and $H$ be locally compact (Hausdorff, second countable) groupoids with Haar systems $\mu$ and $\nu$, respectively. Is it true then that the (full) groupoid $C^*$-algebras satisfy $$ ...
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Smoothness of distributions

I've reached an impasse in reading some texts on distribution theory, as several of them mention smooth distributions, but none of them actually define what it means. Therefore I'd like to know if ...
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A certain product of C*-algebras

So, I am looking for some kind of 'product' $\bullet$ on the category of (unital?) $C^*$-algebras satisfying that $M_n(\mathbb{C})\bullet M_m(\mathbb{C}) = M_{m+n}(\mathbb{C})$ where ...
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190 views

Cyclic Properties of the trace in Quantum Field Theory

I'm trying to figure out what's going on in this paper here between lines 10 and 11. But I'll give a brief rundown of what's going on. We are trying to compute the trace of the exponential operator ...
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Powers of a closed range operator

suppose that $S$ and $S^2$ are operators with closed range. Does it follow that $S^n$ is an operator with closed range for all natural numbers $n$?
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Strong and weak equivalence of $C^*$-extensions by compacts

Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra. An extension of $A$ by the compact operators $K$ is an embedding $\epsilon$ of $A$ into the Calkin algebra $B(H)/K$. Two embeddings $\epsilon_1$ and $\epsilon_2$ are ...
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Examples of operator theory on Hilbert space

$(1)$ If $T \in B(H)$ is self-adjoint and $T \neq 0$ then $T^n \neq 0$ $(a)$for $n=2,4,8,16,... (b)$ for every $n$ $(2)$ Show that any $T \in B(H)$ can be uniquely expressed as $T=T_1+iT_2$ ...
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Rotation semigroup and identity element.

Let $\Gamma =\{z\in\mathbb{C}:|z|=1\}$, and $X=C(\Gamma)$. The rotation semigroup $\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$, is defined as $$T(t)f(z)=f(\mathrm{e}^{it}z),\quad f\in X.$$ $Z\in X$, s.t. for all ...
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38 views

Spectral radius as the inf of norms of conjugates

I need help with the following problem: Let $A$ be a unital $C^{*}$-algebra. (a) If $r(a)<1$ and $b=(\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a^{*n}a^{n})^{1/2}$, show that $b\geq 1$ and $||bab^{-1}||<1$. (b) ...
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197 views

Comparison of Strong OPerator and Weak * Topologies on B(H)

It is known that in $\mathfrak{B}(\mathbb{H})$, the weak operator topology (WOT) is contained in both the strong operator topology (SOT) and $\sigma$-weak topology. In general the SOT and the ...
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75 views

Kernel of an infinite dimensional operator

Can the Kernel of an infinite dimensional operator have $\dim=0$? I am thinking to the annihilation ($\hat E$) and creation ($\hat E^\dagger$) operators. Suppose, in fact, we have an infinite but ...
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79 views

Lorentz group and eigenvalues

For generators of the Lorentz group ($\hat {R}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of 3-rotations, $\hat {L}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of the boosts) we have the following algebra: $$ [\hat ...
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55 views

Relationship of two generalizations of the real/complex calculus

On the one hand, one has the various functional calculi from Operator Algebras. The continuous functional calculus for C* algebras, the bounded borel functional calculus for Von Neumann Algebras, the ...
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Arveson index of a completely positive map on matrix algebra

Can someone tell me what is Arveson index of a completely positive map. What I want is given a map \begin{eqnarray} \psi:\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^m)&\longrightarrow&\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)\\ ...
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58 views

$\ast$-homomorphism

Let $\phi: C(X,M_{4}(\mathbb{C})) \rightarrow C(Y,M_{8}(\mathbb{C})) $ be a $\ast$-homomorphism where $X$ and $Y$ are compact Hausdorff spaces. Let $M_{2}(\mathbb{C})$ be the C*-subalgebra of ...
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126 views

From positive definite function to Følner sequence -— a question on amenability and nuclearity

We know that amenability of countable discrete group $\Gamma$ has many equivalent characterizations. In particular, there are two: a) there is a sequence of finitely supported positive definite ...
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281 views

Proving properties of exponential map on a Banach algebra

$$\exp(a) := \sum\frac {a^k}{k!}$$ Can you help me prove that: $\exp$ is well defined (i.e. converges for all $a$ in $A$) $\exp$ is continuous $\exp(A)$ is a subset of $A_0$ (where $A_0$ is the ...
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A map that is $(n-1)$-positive but not $n$-positive

Let $\phi : M_n(\mathbb{C})\to M_m(\mathbb{C})$ be a linear map. $\phi$ is called $k$-positive if the map $\phi^{(k)} : M_{kn}(\mathbb{C}) \to M_{km}(\mathbb{C})$, defined by evaluating $\phi$ ...
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2 positive decomposable maps

A positive map $\phi:\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)\rightarrow\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)$ is said to be $k$-positive if the natural extension ...
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Properties of a vector operator

Suppose I have a vector operator which angle dependence is given by $$\hat O(\theta)=A\sin\theta+B\cos\theta+C$$ What can I say about $\hat O$? Sorry, I do realize that it is a bit vague. Assume $\hat ...
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75 views

Containment of an element to an operator system

This question will probably appeal to people in operator systems theory as it is very much related. However, I'm interested in down-to-earth concrete systems with finite dimensional Hilbert space ...
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Positive maps on $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ to itself

Let us consider the set of positive maps $\phi:\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})\rightarrow \mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ ($\mathcal{H}$ is Hilbert space). Can we characterize all the maps which satisfies the ...
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116 views

Time-derivative of an operator

Would I be right in thinking that the operator $$\hat O'(t)$$ is different from the operator $$D\hat O(t)$$ where $D={d\over dt}$, since when acting on a function $f$, the second corresponds to $$\hat ...
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Definition by commutation property on structures : continuity and where?

(This is very vague, so sorry if there are approximations) I remember that one can define continuity as a commutation property of a function with the limit operation. Structurally, i think it maps a ...
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34 views

A looser condition for these operators?

Let $q_i,p_j$ be canonically conjugate operators for $i,j=1,2,\ldots,n$ that satisfy the relation $[p_i,q_j]=c\delta_{ij}$ where $c$ is constant and $[\cdot,\cdot]$ is a commutator. What sort of ...
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Composition of positive maps

Let $\chi_A:\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)\rightarrow\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)$ be a completely positive (cp) map defined as $\chi_A(x)=AxA^*$, where $A\in\mathcal{B}(\mathbb{C}^n)$. Clearly any cp map ...
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When the ultrastrong closure of a *-algebra contains the double commutant

As lemma 6 on p.44 of Dixmier's book on Von Neumann algebras, he states that if $A$ is a *-algebra (i.e. possibly without identity, not necessarily closed in any topology) of operators in $B(H)$ such ...
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204 views

Convergence of net sums of complex numbers, as well as operators

I have some questions concerning convergence of sums where the summands are complex number, although the real motivation of my question comes from Von Neumann algebras where sometimes the summands are ...
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105 views

Affine Homeomorphism between a compact set K and the state space on A(K)

Let $V$ be a locally convex space, and let $K$ be compact set in $V$. Define $A(K)\subset C(K)$ as $A(K)=\{\phi:K\rightarrow \mathbb{C}\; |\; \phi\; \text{is continuous and affine}\}$. Then we know ...
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Extreme points and Matrix Extreme Points

With reference to this paper. Let $V$ be a locally convex space, and $K=(K_n)$ be a compact matrix convex set in $V$. Then as proved in Cor 3.6 in the above paper, we see that if $v\in K_n$ is a ...
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Does the locality or non-locality of operators imply matrix structure?

I understand that an operator, $\hat{O}$, is said to be non-local if $$b(x)=\hat{O}a(x)=\int dx'O(x,x')a(x')$$ that is, to find $b(x)$ at aparticular value of $x$, we need to know ...
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Find the probability that a measurement results in a certain interval

I was given this problem: Let the state $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$ and an operator $P=-i\frac{d}{dx}$. (a) What is the probability that a measure of P results in the interval $[0,1]$ (b) What is the Fourier ...
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156 views

A form of the Baker-Hausdorff equation

I wonder how many different ways are there of writing the Baker-Hausdorff equation! This is a form which I recently encountered and haven't been able to figure out how it comes, $e^ae^Xe^b = ...
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Normal Operators: Superalgebra (II)

Problem highlighted at the end! Application Reduction to only one operator!! Reference This builds up on: Superalgebra (I) Convention All operators possibly unbounded!! Structures Given a ...
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Uniqueness of c.p.c. order zero extensions

I have a question about a passage in the proof (on page 316) of proposition 3.2 in this paper http://wwwmath.uni-muenster.de/42/fileadmin/Einrichtungen/mjm/vol_2/mjm_vol_2_14.pdf. My question is ...
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tensor-operator- schatten norm

let $H_1$ and $H_2$ are hilbert spaces with dimention $n$ and $m.$ ‎assume $$\varphi:\mathcal{B}(H_1)\hat{\otimes}\mathcal{B}(H_2)\to\mathcal{B}(H_1\hat{\otimes}{H_2)},$$ which is defind as ...
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Choice of a dense subset of a separable Banach space

I recently came across the following statement, and still can't prove it: Statement: Suppose $X$ is a separable,closed subspace of $L^1(G)$, where $G$ is a locally compact group. Since $X$ is ...
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How are $C(S^1)$ and the crossed product algebra $C(\mathbb{R})\ltimes \mathbb{Z}$ Morita equivalent?

In Connes' Noncommutative geometry one construct "noncommutative quotients" by taking certain crossproduct algebra's. Given a group $G$ acting on a set $X$ through an action $\alpha$ we can form the ...
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Gelfand representation of the algebra $C^1([0,1])$

In Murphy's book about C* algebras, exercise question 1.10 asks the reader to show that the Gelfand representation of the algebra $C^1([0,1])$ is not surjective. Just before the reader is asked to ...
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C* Algebra, f(x,z)

Let $A$ be a $C^*$ algebra, $x\in A$ and $||x|| < 1$. Let $f(x,z) = (1-x x^*)^{-\frac{1}{2}}(1+zx)$, $|z|=1, z\in \mathbb{C}$, $\mathbb{C}$ is the complex field. How to prove: $$ f(x,z)^* f(x,z) ...
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Determining spectral bounds variationally.

I'm learning C0-semigroup theory (mainly from Arendt et al. (vector-valued Laplace-transforms and Cauchy problems), Engel & Nagel (One par. semigroups for linear evolution eq.),Evans (partial ...
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States: Density

Problem Given a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Regard the CAR-algebra: $$\{a(\eta),a(\zeta)\}=0\quad\{a(\eta),a(\zeta)^*\}=\langle\eta,\zeta\rangle$$ Consider a density: ...
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Is $\|a^2\|≤\|\Gamma(a)\|\|a\|$right?

For any $a$ in a commutative Banach Algebra with Gelfand representation $\Gamma$, is this inequality $\|a^2\|≤\|\Gamma(a)\|*\|a\|$right? If so, how to prove it? I'm exhausted for many hours' attempt ...
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Existence of certain subalgebras of $C(X)$

Suppose $A$ is a commutative Banach algebra.Knowing that the Gelfand transform is not surjective but injective does it imply that $A$ is not isomorphic to $C(X)$ ? by $M$ we mean the maximal ideal ...
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Hilbert space structure on $C^{*}$ algebras

What is an example of an infinite dimensional $C^{*}$ algebra with a Hilbert space structure (not merely pre-hilbert structure) such that the orthogonal complement of each closed left ideal ...
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234 views

Homotopy classes of $*$-morphisms and unital $*$-morphisms

Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras (non necessarily unital). A homotopy between two $*$-morphisms $\phi,\psi:A \to B$ is a $*$-morphism $A \to C([0,1],B)$ such that you can recover $\phi$ and $\psi$ from ...
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Spectral decomposition of a an Operator on $\mathcal{L}(l^2(\mathbb{N})$

I have an exercise, where I do not really know how to solve it. Let $\{\lambda_n\}_n$ be a counting of the rational numbers in $[0,1]$ and define a bounded self-adjoint operator $T$ on ...
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Power of positive operator

Let $H$ be a complex Hilbert space and $B(H)$ be the space of all bounded linear operator on $H$. Let $T\in B(H)$ be a positive operator ($\langle Tx,x\rangle\geq0$ for all $x\in H$) and $\alpha\in ...
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A isomorphism between full group C*-algebras of free group

Fix $n\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $\mathbb{F}_{n}$ be the rank-$n$ free group, can we use the universal property to illustrate the following isomorphism: $$C^{*}(\mathbb{F}_{n}\times \mathbb{F}_{n})\cong ...
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Question about the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem.

In the Averson's proof of the bicommutant theorem is proved that, if $A$ is a self-adjoint algebra of operators with trivial null space and $T \in A''$, for every $\epsilon>0$, $n=1,2..$ and every ...