The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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The tensor product of $M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$

There is a quotation below: Let $\{e_{i,j}\}_{1\leq i, j\leq n}$ be a system of matrix units fro $M_{n}(\mathbb{C})$ and consider $$\sum\limits_{i,j=1}^{n}e_{j, i}\otimes e_{j, i}.$$ A ...
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23 views

The restriction of representation of $A\otimes_{\alpha} B$

Let $||.||_{\alpha}$ be a C*-norm on $A\odot B$, $A\otimes_{\alpha} B$ be the completion and $\xi$ be a state on $A\otimes_{\alpha} B$. Let ($\pi_{\xi}, H_{\xi}, v_{\xi}$) be the GNS triplet and ...
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Several questions about state space

Here are several questions about the state space of a C*-algebra $A$: Let $A$ be a unital and separable C*-algebra, can we find a faithful state $\phi \in S(A)$. ( The $S(A)$ denotes the state space ...
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142 views

Why study Bergman Spaces?

I'm interested in Operator Algebras and mathematical physics; recently, a friend showed me Duren and Schuster's "Bergman Spaces". I've read about two chapters now and I see there is a nice play ...
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42 views

Symbol of self-adjoint pseudodifferential operator

It seems that the following result should hold, but I can't find it explicitly anywhere. If $A=A^*$ is a properly supported pseudodifferential operator, does this imply that ...
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37 views

The canonical surjection between the full and the reduced group C^*-algebras

This might be an incredible easy question -- since any reference I've found state it as obvious -- but anyway: Given a group $G$, I can construct the full group-$C^*$-algebra $C^*(G)$ be completing ...
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48 views

A lemma about the pure states

There is a quotation of a book: Lemma 3.4.5. Assume that both $A$ and $B$ are unital and abelian C*-algebras. Then for every C*-norm $\|\cdot\|_{\alpha}$ on $A\odot B$ and pair of pure states ...
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23 views

The GNS of a pure state on $A\otimes_\alpha B$

Let $A, B$ be the C*-algebras and $\|\cdot\|_\alpha$ be a C*-norm on $A\odot B$, $\xi$ be a state on $A\otimes_\alpha B$. (Here, $\odot$ denotes the algebraic tensor product and $A\otimes_\alpha B$ ...
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26 views

How to verify the isomorphism between two C*-algebra

Let $B$ be a C*-subalgebra of a unital C*-algebra $A$, how to verify $C^{*}(B, 1_{A})\cong \tilde{B}$? Here, $C^{*}(B, 1_{A})$ denotes the C*-algebra generated by $B$ and $1_{A}$, meanwhile the ...
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41 views

An interesting phenomenon of $C^*$-tensor product

On the algebraic tensor product space of $C^*$-algebra, I try to find an example whose maximal $C^*$-norm is not the minimal $C^*$-norm, but it seems as it is impossible to do this because the finite ...
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29 views

Questions about multiplier algebra and corona algebra

When I read N.E. Wegge-Olsen's book K-theory and C-star-algebras_ A friendly approach I meet the following two problems about standard isomophisms: For any $C^\ast$-algebra $\mathcal{A}$, is ...
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118 views

application of c*algebras

I am preparing an introductory talk about c* algebras and I'd like to motivate C*algebras or show an application of them and I'd prefer an application in the field of partial differential equations. ...
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53 views

Root of polynomial implies vanishing remainder. Application to spectral theory!

Framework: Consider a unital ring: $e\in R$ and a given polynomial: $p\in R[X]$ (Note that I do not require the ring to be an integral domain.) Problem: If it has a root then it factorizes: ...
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41 views

Question about finite rank operators

Let $X$ be a normed space, $\mathcal{F}(X)$ the algebra of all operators on $X$ with finite fank, then $\mathcal{F}(X)$ is the unique minimal ideal of $\mathcal{K}(X)$ the algebra of all compact ...
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an invariant of $C^{*}$ algebras

consider the following property (invariant) for complex $C^{*}$ algebras: "$T(x)=x^{*}$ is the only non zero $\mathbb{R}$-linear map on $A$ which satisfies $T(x)T(y)=T(yx)$." Questions: 1)Some ...
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20 views

The commutative tensor product norm

Definition 3.3.3 (Maximal norm) Given $A$ and $B$, we define the maximal C*-norm on $A\odot B$ to be $$||x||_{max}=sup\{||\pi(x)||:\pi:A\odot B\rightarrow B(H) a *-homomorphism\}.$$ for $x\in A\odot ...
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The state on C*-algebra

Let $C$ be a C*-algebra, $A\subset C$ be a C*-subalgebra of $C$ and $B=A'\cap C$ (here, $A'$ denotes the commutant of $A$). If $\xi$ is a state on $C$ and we take an positive element $b\in B$, then ...
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42 views

An application of Hahn-Banach (separation) theorem

Here is a quotation of a book: Let $S(A)$ denote the state space of a C*-algebra $A$ and $M\subset S(A)$ denote a weak-$*$ closed convex set. Assume there is a state $\psi$ which does not belong ...
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If there is already enough room to add all projections, does passing to matrices change anything?

Throughout, $A$ denotes a $*$-algebra. We always assume $A$ is representable in the sense that $A$ can be embedded into $B(H)$ for some Hilbert space $H$. The particular embedding is not important, ...
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60 views

Maximal norm of tensor product

Definition 3.3.3. (Maximal Norm) Given $A$ and B (two C*-algebra), we define the maximal C*-norm on $A \odot B$ to be $$||x||_{max}=sup\{||\pi(x)||: \pi: A\odot B\rightarrow B(H) ...
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32 views

How to verify $H\otimes K \cong \bigoplus\limits_{i\in I}H$

Let $H,~K$ be the Hilbert space. if $\{v_{j}\}_{j\in J}\subset H$ and $\{w_{i}\}_{i\in I}\subset K$ are the orthonormal bases, then how to construct the isomorphic mapping: $H\otimes K \rightarrow ...
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18 views

$*$-homomorphism of the tensor product

Let $A,~B,~C,~D$ be the C*-algebras and the "$\odot$" denotes the algebraic tensor product. Proposition 3.1.16 (Tensor product morphisms). Given $*$-homomorphisms $\phi: A\rightarrow C$ and $\psi: ...
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Roe algebra of a countably infinite set of points

First let me state some definitions. Let $X$ be a second countable, proper metric space. Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space equipped with a nondegenerate $*$-representation $C_{0}(X)\rightarrow ...
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38 views

A linearly independent set about approximate units

Let $B$ be a C*-algebra and $\{b_{i}\}_{i=1}^{n}\subset B$ be linearly independent. If we take $\{f_{k}\}\subset B$ which is approximate units, then can we find a large $k$, such that $\{b_{1}f_{k}, ...
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A symbol of commuting ranges in tensor product

Here is a proposition of tensor product: ($A,~B,~C$ are C*-algebras) Proposition 3.1.17 Given two *-homomorphisms $\pi_{A}: A\rightarrow C$ and $\pi: B\rightarrow C$ with commuting ranges (i.e., ...
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29 views

Normalized States

A linear functional is normalized iff it preserves identity: $$\|\omega\|=1 \iff \omega(\mathrm{id})=1$$ Can somebody help me proving it? (I just remember it was kind of an easy thing.)
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The multiplication of tensor product

Proposition 3.1.15 (Multiplication). Let $A$, $B$ be C*-algebra, the tensor product $A\odot B$ (denotes the algebraic tensor product) has a multiplication defined by $$(\sum\limits_{i}a_{i}\otimes ...
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32 views

The involution of tensor product

Proposition 3.1.8 (Linear independence). If $\{x_{1},...,x_{n}\}\subset X$ are linearly independent, $\{y_{1},...,y_{n}\}\subset Y$ are arbitrary and $$0=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}\otimes y_{i}\in ...
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60 views

Existence of invariant states in a $C^*$-algebra

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $\{\tau_t\}_{t\in\mathbb R}$ a weakly-continuous group of *-automorphisms. I've read the claim (without proof) that for any state $\eta$ (that is $\eta$ is a ...
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Zhou operator theory book, Kaplanskys formula

In Zhou's operator theory book, Kaplanskys formula has stated that if $P$ and $Q$ are projection in a von neumann algebra $A$ acting on $H$, then $P\vee Q-Q\sim P-P\wedge Q$. In the proof, it says ...
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Dual of injective tensor norm is not projective tensor norm

Let $A$, $B$ are two Banach space, on the algebraic tensor space $A$ $\odot$ $B$, we can define the projection(maximal) tensor norm $\gamma$ and injective(minimal) tensor norm $\lambda$. For the ...
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Saturated Monotone and Increasing Mappings

Let $A : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a monotone mapping, i.e., $$ \left( A(x) - A(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \geq 0 $$ for all $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Let $B : \mathbb{R}^n ...
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A question about state on tensor product of $C^\ast$-algebra

On the page78 of the book C*-algebras and Finite-dimensional Approximations there is a corollary as follows. Corollary 3.4.3. Let $\|\cdot\|_\alpha$ be a $C^\ast$-norm on $A\odot B$ and $\xi$ be a ...
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24 views

Is the composite of a state and a $\ast$-homomorphism again a state?

If $\cal{A,B}$ are unital $C^\ast$-algebras and $\varphi:\cal{A\to B}$ is an unital $\ast$-homomorphism. Then it is clear that $\rho\circ\varphi$ is a state on $\cal{A}$ for any state $\rho$ on ...
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Smoothness of distributions

I've reached an impasse in reading some texts on distribution theory, as several of them mention smooth distributions, but none of them actually define what it means. Therefore I'd like to know if ...
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42 views

A representation of von Neumann algebra of type I

I am reading a book "C*-algebras and Finite-Dimensional Approximations". There is a quotation below: For infinite-dimensional Hilbert space $H$ and a abelian von Neumann algebra $A$, we can represent ...
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48 views

An exercise about projections on Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space with an orthonormal basis $\{v_{n}\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$. The C$^{*}$-algebra $K$, the set of all compact operators on $H$, is a non-unital C$^{*}$-algebra. Let $p_{n}$ be the ...
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22 views

A inequality about pointwise absolute value vectors

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group and $\xi\in l^{2}(\Gamma)$ be a unit vector. If $|\xi|$ be the pointwise absolute value of $\xi$, then how to verify: ($S$ is a linear bounded operator on ...
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A question about states for nonunital $C^\ast$-algebras

Let $\rho$ be a state on a nonunital $C^\ast$-algebra $\cal{A}$, $a\in\cal{A}$ and $\rho(a^\ast a)\neq0$. Define $\rho_a:b\mapsto\rho(a^\ast ba)/\rho(a^\ast a)$. Then $\rho_a$ is a state on $\cal{A}$. ...
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A certain product of C*-algebras

So, I am looking for some kind of 'product' $\bullet$ on the category of (unital?) $C^*$-algebras satisfying that $M_n(\mathbb{C})\bullet M_m(\mathbb{C}) = M_{m+n}(\mathbb{C})$ where ...
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Is this subalgebra of a semisimple algebra semisimple?

Let $A$ be a semisimple algebra and $e$ be an idempotent in $A$. Then $eAe=\{eae:a\in A\}$ is a subalgebra of $A$ with $e$ as the identity. We want to prove that $eAe$ is also semisimple. That is, if ...
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The integral about probability measures

Definition For a discrete group $\Gamma$, we let Prob$(\Gamma)$ be the space of all probability measures on $\Gamma$: $$Prob(\Gamma)=\{\mu\in l^{1}(\Gamma): ...
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Question about Hahn-Banach theorem

Let $(X,\|\cdot\|_1)$ and $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)$ be normed spaces, and $X\subset Y$. If each $f\in (X,\|\cdot\|_1)^\ast$ extends to a bounded linear functional in $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)^\ast$ with same norm, ...
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How do you prove $L^{\infty}$ is a C*-algebra?

If we define on $L^{\infty}$ the essential supremum norm ($\| \|_{\infty}$), then how can I prove this norm is submultiplicative ($\| T_1T_2\|_{\infty}\leq \| T_1\|_{\infty}\|T_2 \|_{\infty}\, \forall ...
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Why does the order on positive elements respect the order on the norm?

The question title doesn't quite convey what I mean, but close enough. I'm struggling with a bit of Davidson's "C* algebras by example", in his proof of Lemma 1.4.7. Our hypotheses: $0 \leq A \leq B$ ...
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49 views

Is C(E)a dual of any linear norm space?

Let $E$ is a closed bounded set of $\mathbb{R}$. Is $C(E$ a dual of any linear norm space?
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Universal property about discrete group in C*-algebra

Universal property: Let $u:\Gamma \rightarrow B(H)$ be any unitary representation of $\Gamma$. Then, there is a unique $*-$homomorphism $\pi:C^{*}(\Gamma) \rightarrow B(H)$ such that ...
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Amenable group in C*-algebra

Definition 2.6.1. A group $\Gamma$ is amenable if there exists a state $\mu$ on $l^{\infty}(\Gamma)$ which is invariant under the left translation action: for all $s\in \Gamma$ and $f\in ...
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Positive definite function on discrete group in C*-algebra

Recall A function $\phi: \Gamma\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is said to be positive definite if the matrix $$[\phi(s^{-1}t)]_{s,t\in F}\in M_{F}(\mathbb{C})$$ is positive for every finite set $F\subset ...
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A simple question about 1-norm

Let $\Gamma$ be a discrete group, if $\mu \in l^{1}(\Gamma)$, then what is the 1-norm of $\mu$, I mean $||\mu||_{1}=?$. As we know, $l^{1}(\Gamma)=\{(\alpha_{x})_{x\in\Gamma}: ...