The subject of operator algebras is primarily C*-algebras and von Neumann algebras, and associated topics. It also includes more general algebras of operators on Hilbert space, and may include algebras of operators on other topological vector spaces. It is related to but distinct from the subjects ...

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$\mathcal{K}(L^2(\mathbb{R}^m \times \mathbb{R}^n)) = \mathcal{K}(L^2(\mathbb{R}^m)) \otimes \mathcal{K}(L^2(\mathbb{R}^n))$?

QUESTION: Is it true that for the algebra of compact operators: $\mathcal{K}(L^2(\mathbb{R}^m \times \mathbb{R}^n))$ is as a $C^{\ast}$-algebra isomorphic to $\mathcal{K}(L^2(\mathbb{R}^m)) \otimes ...
6
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430 views

Abstract Von Neumann Algebras

I have just read this question Is a von Neumann algebra just a C*-algebra which is generated by its projections? and am wondering about Robert Israel's answer when he says that a subalgebra of $C(X)$ ...
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154 views

How to prove this element is strictly positive? [duplicate]

Let $A$ be a $C^*\text{-algebra}$ and $A_+$ denote the positive elements. An element $a\in A_+$ is called strictly positive if $\overline{aAa}=A$. Want to prove: if $(e_n)$ is an approximate identity ...
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Products in $C^*$-algebra $K$-theory

Let $A_1$ and $A_2$ be unital $C^*$-algebras. If $p_1 \in M_{n_1}(A_1)$ and $p_2 \in M_{n_2}(A_2)$ are projections then $p_1 \otimes p_2 \in M_{n_1 n_2}(A_1 \otimes A_2)$ is also a projection, ...
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561 views

Applications of Operator Algebras to modern physics

I think that recently I've started to lean in my interest more towards operator algebras and away from differential geometry, the latter having many applications to physics. But while taking physics ...
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252 views

Is the centre of a C*-algebra a sub-C*-algebra?

I believe that the answer is affirmative and I would be grateful to any comments on my attempt (see below) of proving this. Let $A$ be a C*-algebra and denote by $Z(A)$ the centre of $A$. First of ...
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2answers
171 views

Duals via a Bilinear map

Let $E$ and $F$ be normed vector spaces. Then if $B$ is a bounded bilinear form on $E \times F$ then every $y \in F$ defines a bounded linear functional $f_y$ where $f_y(x)=B(x, y) \forall x \in E$. ...
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974 views

Trace of an operator

Suppose $\rho$ is a positve trace-class operator and $x$ is positve bounded operator on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, I am unable to prove that trace of $\rho x$ is positive, where trace($x$):= $\sum ...
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137 views

Spectrum of normal elements in C*-algebras

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a C*-algebra and $x \in \mathcal{A}$ a normal element. Can you show that $\left\{ \phi(x) : \phi \text{ is a state on } \mathcal{A} \right\}$ is the closed convex hull of the ...
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299 views

A theorem about operator theory

Define $$\operatorname{Ref}\mathcal{S}=\{T\in B(\mathcal{H}):Th\in[\mathcal{S}h], \forall h \in \mathcal{H}\},$$where $\mathcal{H}$ is a Hilbert space and $\mathcal{S}$ is a linear manifold of ...
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116 views

Definite states on C*-algebras

A state $\omega$ on a unital $C^*$ algebra $A$ is called definite at $a\in A$ self-adjoint if $\omega(a^2)=\omega(a)^2$. I proved that if we have such a definite state at $a$, then for all $b\in A$ ...
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1answer
212 views

Nonamenable subgroups of the unitary group of the hyperfinite II_1 factor

The hyperfinite $II_1$ factor arises as the group von Neumann algebra of any infinite amenable group such that every conjugacy class but that of the identity has infinite cardinality. The unitary ...
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votes
2answers
533 views

Double dual of the space $C[0,1]$

The second dual or double dual of the space of all continuous functions on $[0,1]$, $C[0,1]$ is von Neumann algebra. Can anyone help me identifying this space?
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286 views

Does category theory help in operator algebras?

I'm currently studying the basics of Banach and $C^*$-algebras. Almost all the proofs i've seen so far are very simple but some of them are extremely tricky (in my opinion). This tricky interplay ...
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100 views

Question about Hahn-Banach theorem

Let $(X,\|\cdot\|_1)$ and $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)$ be normed spaces, and $X\subset Y$. If each $f\in (X,\|\cdot\|_1)^\ast$ extends to a bounded linear functional in $(Y,\|\cdot\|_2)^\ast$ with same norm, ...
5
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275 views

What is the relationship between spectral resolution and spectral measure?

In Kadison and Ringrose's book "FUNDAMENTALS OF THE THEORY OF OPERATOR ALGEBRAS", the author gives the following theorem. Theorem: If $A$ is a self-adjoint operator acting on a Hilbert space ...
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141 views

characters of a $C^*$-algebra

I have read that a state $\rho$ on a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ is a character (i.e. multiplicative) if and only if, for all unitary $u\in A$, $|\rho(u)| = 1$. Is there an easy proof, or can someone ...
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558 views

Regarding Ladder Operators and Quantum Harmonic Oscillators

When dealing with the Quantum Harmonic Oscillator Operator $H=-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+x^{2}$, there is the approach of using the Ladder Operator: Suppose that are two operators $L^{+}$ and $L^{-}$ and ...
5
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1answer
346 views

Physical interpretation of $q$-deformation

I am currently reading the paper Quantum Group Particles and Non-Archimedean Geometry by Volovich and Aref'eva. Here they discuss the difference between $q$-deformation and $\hslash$-deformation. In a ...
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198 views

Spectral measures

Let $E:\Sigma\to\mathcal{L}(\mathcal{H})$ be a spectral measure on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$ of $\mathbb{C}$. Assume also that $E$ is compactly supported in the sense that ...
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415 views

On the exponential form of a unitary matrix

A unitary matrix $U \in \large C_{n,n}$ can always be written in the exponential form: $U = e ^{iA}$ (1) where $A$ is Hermitian. My goal is to find the Hermitian matrix $A$, given the unitary ...
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1answer
75 views

Is there a cyclic vector for $-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}$ on $L^{2}[0,2\pi]$ with periodic conditions?

Let $\mathcal{H}=L^{2}[0,2\pi]$, and let $L=-\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}$ on the domain $\mathcal{D}(L)$ consisting of twice absolutely continuous functions $f$ on $[0,2\pi]$ with $f''\in\mathcal{H}$ and ...
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75 views

Show this representation is irreducible and faithful

Let A be a prime $C^{*}$ algebra and $e= \alpha^{-1} c^{*}c$ for some $c \in A$ which satisfies $(c^{*}c)^{2}=\alpha c^{*}c$. Then $e^{2}=e=e^{*}$ and $eAe=\mathbb Ce$ so $eAe$ may be identified with ...
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200 views

Separating vectors for $C^*$-algebras

Let $A$ be a C$^*$-algebra, concretely acting on a Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that $\xi_0\in H$ is cyclic and separating for $A$ (that is, the map $A\rightarrow H, a\mapsto a(\xi_0)$ is injective ...
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229 views

Is the left regular representation of an algebra, always faithful?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a unital associative algebra with a countable basis $\mathcal{b}$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $H=l^2(b)$ be the Hilbert space generated by $\mathcal{b}$. Let $H_0 = \{v \in H \ \vert \ ...
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Conditional expectation onto maximal abelian subalgebras

If you take a von Neumann algebra $M$ and any its maximal abelian subalgebra (masa) $D$, then there is a norm-one projection from $M$ onto $D$ (conditional expectation). The same is true if you take ...
5
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1answer
230 views

Positive Operators: Definition?

Definitions Given an operator algebra $\mathcal{A}\subseteq\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ with $1\in\mathcal{A}$ Consider selfadjoint operators $A=A^*\in\mathcal{A}$. Define positive elements by: ...
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334 views

application of c*algebras to PDEs

I am preparing an introductory talk about c* algebras and I'd like to motivate C*algebras or show an application of them and I'd prefer an application in the field of partial differential equations. ...
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38 views

freely generating elements in an algebra

Let $(\mathfrak{M}, \tau)$ be a W${}^{\ast}$-Algebra with (finite, normal, etc., whichever nice conditions one may find need for) tracial state. Elements $(a_{i})_{i\in I}\subset\mathfrak{M}$ shall be ...
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How can I show that given a norm one linear functional on $c_0$ that there is a unique extension to a norm one functional on $\ell_\infty$?

We are given that our Banach space is $c_0 \subset \ell_\infty(\mathbb{N})$ and there is a functional $y^* \in c_0^*$ such that $||y^*|| = 1$. We are guaranteed that this extends, via Hahn-Banach to a ...
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276 views

Generalisation of the trace cyclic theorem to partial traces.

The trace-cyclic theorem says that linear operators commute (or cycle) within the trace, that is $${\rm Tr}(XY) = {\rm Tr}(YX).$$ Now if $X$ and $Y$ operate on a product space $H_A \times H_B ...
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63 views

Masas in quotients

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra and let $B$ be a norm-closed ideal of $A$ (but not necessarily WOT-closed). What one has to assume about $A$ and $B$ to ensure that if $M\subset A$ is a maximal ...
5
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1answer
173 views

Minimal projections vs maximal left ideals

I've seen in some papers a statement (which is referred to a very old book of Dixmier in French which I have no access to / can't read anyway) saying that maximal left ideals of a (unital) C*-algebra ...
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125 views

Direct limits of completely positive maps on $C^*$-algebras vs. operator systems

I believe I've heard, as part of the "lore," that the category (operator systems, completely positive maps) has direct limits, whereas the category ($C^*$-algebras, completely positive maps) does not. ...
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1answer
348 views

The set of all continuous functions on a locally compact Hausdorff space.

I am reading a book about C*-algebra. There is a example that i could not understand. Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space and $C_{0}(X)$ be the set of all continuous functions vanishing at ...
4
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176 views

Lower bound for $\|A-B\|$ when $\operatorname{rank}(A)\neq \operatorname{rank}(B)$, both $A$ and $B$ are idempotent

Let's first focus on $k$-by-$k$ matrices. We know that rank is a continuous function for idempotent matrices, so when we have, say, $\operatorname{rank}(A)>\operatorname{rank}(B)+1$, the two ...
4
votes
2answers
443 views

Examples of not completely bounded maps

Let $\phi:\mathcal{A}\longrightarrow\mathcal{B}$ be a bounded map between $C^*$ algebras. $\phi$ is said to be completely bounded if the natural extension map \begin{eqnarray} ...
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2answers
183 views

Commutative unital Banach algebra with nilpotent elements

What would be a concrete example of a commutative unital Banach algebra that contains nilpotent elements?
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255 views

How generalize the bicommutant theorem?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space. Bicommutant theorem : Let $\mathcal{S}$ be $*$-subset of $B(H)$, then $\mathcal{S}''$ is the strong closure $\overline{\langle ...
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votes
3answers
845 views

Sufficient condition for a *-homomorphism between C*-algebras being isometric

Let $\mathcal{A},\mathcal{B}$ be two unital C*-algebras and consider a *-homomorphism $\pi: \mathcal{A} \rightarrow \mathcal{B}$. I know that in general $\pi$ is contractive, i.e. $\vert\vert \pi(A) ...
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1answer
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Formula for trace of compact operators on $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ given by integral kernels?

Given an appropriate function $K: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{C}$, say continuous of compact support, we obtain a compact operator $T$ on the Hilbert space $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ by the formula $$ (T h)(t) = ...
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92 views

Projective (or inverse) limit of C*-algebras

(I think that the term "inverse limit" is used when the index set is directed) To begin with, I'd like to know if projective limits of C*-algebras (in the category of C*-algebras) always exist, and ...
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1answer
219 views

$\sigma$-weak topology versus weak operator topology

The reference text for this question is: Pedersen, Analysis Now, GTM 118. The $\sigma$-weak topology on $B(H)$ (the bounded linear operators on a Hilbert space $H$) is the weak$^*$-topology on ...
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1answer
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C*-algebra generated by the symmetric on 3 elements

I want compute $C^*(S_3)$ where $S_3$ is the symmetric group on $\{1,2,3\}$ and $C^*(S_3)$ is the (full) C*-algebra generated by $S_3$. My attempt: Since $S_3$ is a finite group, $C^*(S_3)=C_c(S_3)$ ...
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265 views

a trace class operator problem

Could someone help me with this Prove that If $A$ and $B$ are positive trace class operators on a Hilbert space, then so is $A^zB^{(1-z)}$ for a complex number $z$ such that $0 <Re(z)< 1$. An ...
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2answers
205 views

example of positive but not completely positive operator

I was looking for some example of a positive operator which is not completely positive on a banach algebra. if I consider my banach algebra to be $\text{M}_n(\mathbb{C})$ of matrices over complex ...
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1answer
199 views

Strong continuity of the Borel functional calculus

I have sometimes heard that the Borel functional calculus maps bounded pointwise convergent sequences of Borel functions to strongly convergent sequences of operators. I gather "sequence" is ...
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675 views

An application of Artin Wedderburn and Schur's Lemma

In an operator algebras class, the professor said the following. Let $G$ be a finite group, and consider the complex group algebra it generates. Using the following 3 facts, we're supposed to see ...
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1answer
65 views

Infinite projections in the Cuntz algebra

I am studying the Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_n$, $(n \ge 2)$ with generators $S_1, S_2, \ldots, S_n$ and in my class notes there is a statement about the projections $S_1S_1^*, S_2S_2^*, \ldots, ...
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329 views

Self-adjoint projections of a C*-algebra as complete lattices?

In Blackadar's Operator Algebras, there is the following remark after the proposition II.3.3.1 : The projections in a C*-algebra do not form a lattice in general In the answer of this question, ...