0
votes
0answers
24 views

Saturated Monotone and Increasing Mappings

Let $A : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a monotone mapping, i.e., $$ \left( A(x) - A(y) \right)^\top \left( x-y\right) \geq 0 $$ for all $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Let $B : \mathbb{R}^n ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Gel'fand representation of a non-unital Banach space: what's wrong with this argument

My argument below is hacked together from pages 5-6 of Davidson's "$C^*$ algebras by example". Theorem: The multiplicative linear functionals on a unital abelian Banach algebra are continuous of ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Closed graph theorem question?

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space. Let $A:\operatorname{dom}A\to H$ has a closed graph, where $\operatorname{dom}A$ is dense in $H$. Let $S\subseteq \operatorname{dom}A$ be dense. Is it true $A_{|S}$ has a ...
4
votes
3answers
133 views

Proof: $C(X×Y)=C(X)⊗C(Y)$

Where I can find the proof of the following theorem: Let $X$ and $Y$ be compact Hausdorff spaces, $C(X)$ and $C(Y)$ the space of continuous functions on $X$ and $Y$ respectively, then we have ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Relationship of two generalizations of the real/complex calculus

On the one hand, one has the various functional calculi from Operator Algebras. The continuous functional calculus for C* algebras, the bounded borel functional calculus for Von Neumann Algebras, the ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

States and positive elements in $C^*$-algebras

Let $A$ be a unital $C^*$-algebra and $w$ be a state (i.e a positive linear functional such that $\|w\|=w(1_A)=1$. I'm trying to prove the following:a) if $a$ is selfadjoint and $w(a^2)=w(a)^2$ then ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Point spectrum in Hilbert spaces

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and and $T\in B(H)$ be normal and $\sigma_p(T)$ be the point spectrum of $T$ (i.e the set of all eigenvalues of T) and let $E$ denote the spectral measure. I'm trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Extreme points in the set of positive linear functionals of norm $\leq 1$

Let $A$ be a C* algebra, and $S$ the set of positive linear functionals on $A$ in the unit ball of $A^*$ (Which has the weak-* topology.) I am having difficulty seeing that all nonzero extreme points ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Decomposition of representations

Let $A$ be a (possibly nonunital) Banach *-algebra, and $H$ be a Hilbert space. If $\pi: A \to B(H)$ is a *-homomorphism, i.e. a representation, then why must $\pi$ be equivalent to a direct sum of ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Why the weak * topology on the dual of a Banach space has the stronger meaning of locally compact

Let us say that for a Hausdorff topological space to be locally compact means that every point has a compact neighborhood. Why do locally compact have the property that if $x \in U$ and $U$ is open ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

A specific example of the GNS construction

In an introduction to the GNS construction, I'm told that the GNS construction is a generalization of the way that $L^{\infty} (X, \mu)$ has a representation on $L^2$ where $\mu$ is a measure on $X$. ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Tensor product of Hilbert Algebras

A Hilbert algebra is an inner product space that is also a *-algebra where the various operations and structures interact according to some axioms. One of those axioms is that the linear operation ...
1
vote
1answer
178 views

Two questions from Dixmier's book on Von Neumann algebras

It seems something is going wrong with the preview I linked in some of my previous questions, so I will just type out the question. I am having trouble with Dixmier's proof of Corollary 5 on p. 46. ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

weak closures of ideals [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Two questions from Dixmier's book on Von Neumann algebras On p. 46-47 in Dixmier's book on Von Neumann Algebras, which I just realized can be accessed through this ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

Two questions about ultraweak and ultrastrong topology from Dixmier

You could reference Dixmier's book on Von Neumann Algebras p.42 Theorem 1 and its proof to know the entirety of the context. Otherwise, the most relevant things are below: Let $M$ be an ultraweakly ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

polars in functional analysis in Dixmier

On page 39 of Dixmier's text on Von Neumann Algebras, he argues for Lemma 1, in which he tries to see that $\theta(L_1)=E_1$ using an argument about polars from functional analysis. I was hoping ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Duals via a Bilinear map

Let $E$ and $F$ be normed vector spaces. Then if $B$ is a bounded bilinear form on $E \times F$ then every $y \in F$ defines a bounded linear functional $f_y$ where $f_y(x)=B(x, y) \forall x \in E$. ...
1
vote
0answers
192 views

Convergence of net sums of complex numbers, as well as operators

I have some questions concerning convergence of sums where the summands are complex number, although the real motivation of my question comes from Von Neumann algebras where sometimes the summands are ...
0
votes
0answers
132 views

Interchanging Strong Operator convergent sums

In the book on operator algebras by Stratila and Zsido, they discuss in Ch.2 the idea of taking a Hilbert space $H$ and an index set $I$ and associating to it the Hilbert space that is the direct sum ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Does the inequality $0\leq a\leq b$ in a C*-algebra imply $\|a\|\leq\|b\|$?

In relation to this question of mine: C* algebra inequalities I am wondering if it is true that if $0\leq a \leq b$ in a C* algebra, does one have $||a||\leq||b||$? If you need the C* algebra to be ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Positive Linear Functionals on Von Neumann Algebras

Let $\omega$ be a positive linear functional on $M$ which is a Von Neumann Algebra. Suppose $\omega$ is completely additive (i.e. $\omega$ applied to a strongly convergent sum of mutually orthogonal ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Classification of Type 1 factors

In the proof of this theorem, which says all of the type 1 factors (factors with minimal projections) are isomorphic to $B(\ell^2(I))$ for some $I$, I want to know a few things: The supposed ...
8
votes
1answer
309 views

Ideals in $C(X)$

Let $X$ be a Hausdorf Compact topological space. Please help me to show, for the purpose of understanding an example in some of my lecture notes, that the closed ideals in $C(X)$ are of the following ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Generation of Von Neumann Algebras

Suppose $M$ is a Von Neumann Algebra. (VNA) For me, these are subsets of some $B(H)$ that are $*$-algebras, containing the $1$ of $B(H)$, that are Weak Operator (WO) closed, or equivalently Strong ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Why call this a spectral projection?

Regarding this question, Why do spectral projections give norm approximations? I have figured out what is meant by spectral projection, and have thus found the answer as well. A spectral projection ...