Questions on more advanced topics of number theory. Consider first if (elementary-number-theory) might be a more appropriate tag before adding this tag.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

8
votes
1answer
204 views
+500

Is there any infinite set of primes for which membership can be decided quickly?

The AKS algorithm decides whether or not $n$ is prime in time $\tilde{O}((\log{n})^6)$. I am wondering if there is any faster algorithm to determine membership in some infinite set of primes. What I ...
4
votes
0answers
130 views
+50

Extensions of Ramanujan's Ramanujan Cos/Cosh Identity

The Ramanujan Cos/Cosh Identity is as stated here . Then there is a line . Equating coefficients of $\theta^0$, $\theta^4$, and $\theta^8$ gives some amazing identities for the hyperbolic secant. ...
12
votes
1answer
211 views
+50

Proof of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac1{n^3}\frac{\sinh\pi n\sqrt2-\sin\pi n\sqrt2}{{\cosh\pi n\sqrt2}-\cos\pi n\sqrt2}=\frac{\pi^3}{18\sqrt2}$

Show that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\sinh\big(\pi n\sqrt2\big)-\sin\big(\pi n\sqrt2\big)}{n^3\Big({\cosh\big(\pi n\sqrt2}\big)-\cos\big(\pi n\sqrt2\big)\Big)}=\frac{\pi^3}{18\sqrt2}$$ I have no ...