0
votes
0answers
45 views

Which is the best book on Goldbach conjecture research

Is there a book which summarizes the major research results in the past, and current research trends, for the Goldbach conjecture? I know, much progress has been made in Analytic Number theory in ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Generalization of small set/large set

A small set is a subset of the positive integers, such that the infinite sum of the reciprocals of the members of the set converges. Conversely, the sum of the reciprocals of a large set diverges. ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Can anyone recommend an easy to read algebraic number theory book?

Can anyone recommend an easy to read algebraic number theory book ? I prefer a book with good examples. (hints or answers to selected questions if possible. Not sure if it is possible for a book of ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Property of set of prime numbers

let $\{p_1,p_2,p_2,\cdots ,p_r\}$ be the set of $r$($\ge2$) pair wise distinct prime numbers i.e.., $(i\ne j \implies p_i \ne p_j)$ for all $1\le i,j\le r$ ${Statement}$ : For any such ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Are there any linkage or transformation between some period transcendental numbers and algebraic irrational numbers?

Are there any linkage or transformation by combination of integral and algebraic function like in the definition of period number between some period transcendental numbers and algebraic irrational ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

What is the definition of period number and any relation between Abelian integral and such a kind of period number

I recall there is a kind of real or complex number called period number which is defined by integral and algebraic function.But now,I search it again and again having gotten no result.Now any one can ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Does $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{P_n\ln(P_n)}$ converge to the golden ratio?

The sum $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=2}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n\ln(n)}$ does not converge. But the sum $\displaystyle\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{P_n\ln(P_n)}$ where $P_n$ denotes the $n$th prime ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Generalization for Stirling numbers 2nd kind to negative column-indexes?

The exponential generating functions for the Stirling numbers 2nd kind are the n'th powers of $f(x)=\exp(x)-1$ (where this is understood as formal power series, Abramowitz&Stegun, 26.8.12). ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Compendium of elliptic curves?

does anyone know where I can find a collection of elliptic curves and their integral solutions? EDIT: Removed additional useless info. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Is $\{1,1,2,3,4,5,\cdots,i,\cdots \} $ the simple continued fraction algebraic or transcendental?

Is $$1+\cfrac{1}{1+\cfrac{1}{2+\cdots}} $$ or$\{1,1,2,3,4,5,\cdots,i,\cdots \} , i\in \mathbb{N}$ the simple continued fraction algebraic or transcendental? Any reference is appreciated EDIT and ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Any upper bound for $a_i$ in $\gamma =\{a_0,a_1,\dots,a_i,\dots\}$ the simple continued fraction expansion of real positive algebraic numbers?

Are there any upper bound for $a_i$ in $\gamma =\{a_0,a_1,\dots,a_i,\dots\}$ the simple continued fraction expansion of real positive algebraic numbers?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Absolute value of a cubic Gauss sum (over Field $\mathbb{F}_p$ )

I'm interested in the quantity $|\sum_{x \in \mathbb{F}_p} \omega^{ax^3+bx^2+cx}|$ where $a \in \mathbb{F}_p^*,b,c \in \mathbb{F}_p$ and $\omega$ is a primitive $p$-th root of unity i.e. ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

The relationship between each harmonic numbers

In Knuth's "Concrete Mathematics" in chapter about numbers below equality is given $$H_n = \ln n + \gamma + \frac{1}{2n} - \frac{1}{12n^2} + \frac{\epsilon_n}{120n^4} $$ where $0 < \epsilon_n < ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

History of $p$-adic numbers

I'm interested in learning about the historical motivation and development of $p$-adic numbers. I haven't been able to find any books on the topic. I'd appreciate any references, including to more ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

A better Reference than Andre Weil's Basic Number Theory

I want to get a feel for Adeles. I have been suggested to read the first 4 chapters of Andre Weil's Basic Number Theory. I am very confused by the writing style and conventions (like a field need not ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

References for Legendre's prime-counting function

This question is about Legendre's prime-counting function, the one that can be used to calculate the exact amount of prime numbers that are less than or equal to a given number (as long as the number ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Reference request for papers proving the existence of a special function satisfying the following conditions

Previously in this site it has been proved that there exists at least one prime between $c_n$ and $n$ where $c_n$ denotes the $n$-th composite (see the question Prove that there exists an $m$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Gentle introduction to algebraic number theory

For context, I am a undergraduate majoring in math. I've taken two semesters of algebra (though I am still a bit shaky on Galois theory). I just finshed a course in elementary number theory which used ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Undergraduate Introduction to Modular Forms

What are the best introductory texts (or lecture notes) on modular forms aimed at an advanced undergraduate audience (for a student with a course in complex analysis and two courses in algebra and ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Prove of trancendence of $\ln(2)$.

Where can I find some proofs for another transcendental numbers, like Hermite/Lindemann theorem proofs for $e/\pi$? For instance, prove that $\zeta(3)/\ln(2)$ is a transcendental number.
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Integral points on varieties and solutions to Diophantine equations

I am looking for a book (or article, or notes...) explaining details about the link between integral points on varieties defined as complement of certain divisors and integral solutions to the ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Second Course in Number Theory - Self Study

I just finished a first course in number theory using Dudley's Elementary Number Theory. This was by far my favorite math course and I want to learn more number theory this summer. As far as ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

A property for perfect numbers

If $n=\prod\limits_{i=1}^k p_i^{\alpha_i}$, is a perfect number, with $p_i$ distinct primes, $\alpha_i\geq1$, then for each $i$ there is a $j \in \{1,\ldots,k\}$ such that $p_i \mid ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Consequence of the Riemann Hypothesis

So I watched this video: http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=rGo2hsoJSbo And it included the fact that a consequence of RH is that there will always be a prime number between consecutive cubic numbers. I ...
3
votes
2answers
62 views

The torsion of an elliptic curve over a finite field

There is a result for $p$ prime, $E$ an elliptic curve over $\mathbb F_p$, then $E(\overline{\mathbb{F}_p})[m]\cong (\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})^2$ for $m \nmid p$. The book on cryptography I am using ...
6
votes
1answer
253 views

What are the active branches of number theory?

Context: I am a junior math major and am hoping to go to grad school after next year for a PhD. I have completed most of the standard undergraduate courses and have been consistently most interested ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Logic and number theory books

I've recently decided to start preparing for uni, so I figured I need to learn logic and some number theory. I picked up Burton's Elementary Number Theory and wasn't quite comfortable with it, seemed ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Twin Prime conjecture current status

Can someone help me with a link to read about the status of the Twin Prime conjecture. I have browse on the internet and have read some articles but still I have no clue of the updated status of Twin ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

A (possibly) easier version of Bertrand's Postulate

While attending a math puzzle contest, my friend (a math student) asked me to prove that $$\sum_{k=1}^n \frac{1}{k} \notin \mathbb{Z} \quad \forall n \geq 2$$ Being the first time seeing this ...
18
votes
2answers
596 views

Riemann's zeta as a continued fraction over prime numbers.

Riemann's zeta function is a function with many faces, I mean representations. I recently derived this one, bellow, as a continued fraction over prime numbers. $$ \zeta(s)=1 ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

The smallest class of numbers closed under addition, multiplication, and exponentiation

Let $\def\A{\mathfrak A}\A$ be the smallest subset of $\Bbb C$ that contains the algebraic numbers and also all numbers of the form $$\sum \alpha_i^{\beta_i}$$ where the $\alpha_i, \beta_i$ are ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Recommendation for Number Theory Textbook

. Greetings, every mathematicians! I'm a foreigner (meaning English is not my first language) and an undergraduate student. I'm currently studying linear algebra, set theory and have already studied ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

$\lim _{x \to \infty} \sum_{p\leq x, p \equiv 1(mod k)} \frac {log(p)}{p}= \infty $

Where can I find a proof of the following equation? $\lim _{x \to \infty}\sum_{p\leq x,p \equiv 1(mod k)} \frac {log(p)}{p}= \infty $ where p is prime. The proof should be as elementary as ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Gowers' proof of Szemerdi's theorem

Are there any good books or other resources (expository notes) which explains Gowers' proof of Szemerdi's theorem in detail?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

A question about an asymptotic formula

I've been told that the asymptotic formula $\pi(x+y)-\pi(x)\sim y/\ln x$ holds for $y\ge x^{1/2+\varepsilon}$ if Riemann's hypothesis is true, but I was unable to find a journal reference for this. ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Primes between consecutive cubes

I am looking at Dudley's proof of the existence of Mill's constant. It starts out as follows The proof depends on the following theorem: there is an integer $A$ such that if $n>A$, then there ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Equidistribution of lattice points on spheres in dimensions $d \ge 4$ (Pommerenke's theorem)

I am looking for either an English translation of: Pommerenke, C.: Über die Gleichverteilung von Gitterpunkten auf m-dimensionalen Ellipsoiden. Acta Arith. 5, 227-257 (1959) Or a reference in ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Where can i find resourses to study this algebraic number theory?

Where can i find material to study depper the farey fractions (continued fractions)? I triying to solve problems like these: 1.- Show that two consecutive convergent at least one of them satisfy: ...
3
votes
4answers
149 views

Textbook for graduate number theory

I am attending a graduate number theory, the professor did not assign any textbook. The materials are somewhere along the advanced/algebraic level such as Ring of Gaussian Integers, Quadratic Number ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Asymptotics for Mertens function

It seems that the cumulative mean of the Mertens function is very similar in behaviour to $x$ raised to the power of the first zeta zero. I tentatively notate it as: ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Theorem of Jacobi: $(2k+1)! + (-1)^{\eta} \equiv 0 \ (\operatorname{mod} p)$

The following is an exercise in "Certain Number-Theoretic Episodes In Algebra" by R. Sivaramakrishnan (in page 571). (Jacobi) Let $p$ be a prime of the form $4k+3$. Show that $$ (2k+1)! + ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Partitions and divisor functions: what is known about their relations?

If $i\geq 1$ is an integer, we have the following integer valued functions (for any integer $n\geq 0$): \begin{align} p_i(n)&=\textrm{the number of }i\textrm{-dimensional partitions of ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Question re Numerical Checking of Robin’s Inequality

Robin's Inequality is $\sigma(n)<e^\gamma n\log\log n$ for all n > 5040, which Robin’s Theorem states is equivalent to the Riemann Hypothesis. My question is for what values has the inequality ...
7
votes
0answers
154 views

Adelic/Idelic method for number fields

I'm searching for a place where is developed all the machinery of adeles and ideles of a number field; the functional equation for the zeta functions is gained by idelic integration, and it's seen the ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Connection between class number and the theory of Ideals/Quadratic Fields

I've been studying the classic results in integer binary quadratic forms, mainly the equivalence and reduction of quadratic forms and the class number $H(d)$ (the definition I got for $H(d)$ is the ...
4
votes
0answers
154 views

start studying advanced topics in number theory

I am a first year undergrad and have had elementary course in Number Theory which includes only basic introductory topics like: divisibility,gcd-lcm,primes,congruences, number theoretic functions etc. ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Almost primes - k as function of x

Below is the plot $N_k(x)$, where $N_k(x)$ is the counting function of numbers with $k$ prime factors (counted with multiplicity), and $k=\lfloor\log_2(x)\rfloor-2$, which generates a repeating ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

What is the best book learn Galois Theory if I am planning to do number theory in future?

What is the best book learn Galois Theory if I am planning to do number theory in future? In a year i'll be joining for my Phd and my area of interest is number theory. So I want to know if there is ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Reference request for proof of Landau's generalised PNT

Could someone please point me in the direction of a proof for Landau's asymptotic formula for k-almost primes: $$\pi_k(n) \sim \left( \frac{n}{\log n} \right) \frac{(\log\log n)^{k-1}}{(k - 1)!}$$ I ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Fact About Equality Proven by Euler in 1748 (Context: Integer Partitions)

I'm currently reading Integer Partitions by Andrews and Eriksson. In the introductory chapter (p.2), there is the following statement: ... The table would have a more efficient design: ...