2
votes
1answer
28 views

Number of Orbits of symmetric group acting on $(\mathbb{Z}/n)^{l}$

I have encountered a problem that I suspect has been thoroughly studied but I have not been able to find references. Can anyone point me to a published reference dealing with this or a closely related ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Counting solutions mod p of a polynomial equation

Hello: Does somebody know if the following is true?: Let $f\in \mathbb{Z}[X]$ be a monic irreducible polynomial of degree $n$. Then there exists a positive integer $N$ and ...
5
votes
0answers
75 views

27 lines on a smooth cubic surface

It is known that every smooth cubic surface with coefficients in $\mathbb{Q}$ has $27$ lines defined over a number field extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ of degree at most $51840$ as the group ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Question regarding function field

I have learned in my algebraic curves class that the function field is the field of rational functions on a curve $C$ (or some variety). I was at a number theory talk, where the person counted the ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Number of points on an elliptic curve over $ \mathbb{F}_{q} $.

I have the following elliptic curve: $$ E: \quad Y^{2} = X^{3} + 1 ~ \text{over} ~ \mathbb{F}_{q}, ~ \text{where} ~ q \equiv 1 ~ (\text{mod} ~ 3). $$ I want to know the number of points on this curve. ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Lattices and Elliptic curves and number fields

Let $K$ be a number field with ring of integers $O_K$. If $K$ is totally real, then $O_K$ is a lattice in $\mathbb R$. If $K$ is imaginary quadratic, then $O_K$ is a lattice in $\mathbb C$. If $K$ ...
6
votes
0answers
109 views

Some questions related to Iwasawa invariants of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with good ordinary reduction at an odd prime $p$. Let $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ denote the ring of $p$-adic integers, and $\mathbb{Q}^{cyc}$ be the ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Intuition behind using projective geometry for defining the addition on an elliptic curve

We already had the chord-and-tangent construction that can be used to define a way of "adding" points on an elliptic curve. Also this addition satisfies all the group laws. Still why one needs to ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

How does $\text{Gal}(L/K)$ act on the automorphism group of an elliptic curve?

Let $L/K$ be a finite Galois extension of number fields; I'm interested mainly in the case $K = \Bbb{Q}$ and $L= \Bbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$. Let $X$ be an elliptic curve over $K$ and $\text{Aut}(X_L)$ the ...
5
votes
2answers
249 views

So can anybody indicate whether it is worthwhile trying to understand what Mochizuki did?

So I am looking at some math stuff and I start looking at the abc-conjecture. Naturally I run into the name Mochizuki and so start trying to see what he did. Well, he is starting look like another ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

Proving the Uniformization Theorem for Elliptic Curves (An Exercise from Silverman's Advanced Topics on Elliptic Curves )

In Silverman's Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves there are two demonstrations of the Uniformization Theorem for the Elliptic Curves (It says that, given an Elliptic Curve $E$, ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Is there a general way to have a polynomial in two variables over C (a plane curve) be irreducible?

Is there a general way to have a plane curve be irreducible? If the curve $C \in \mathbb{C} [x,y]$, would it be sufficient for it to factor into linear terms? What about if I have an equation of the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Existence of finite morphism to projective line

As we all know, Belyi's theorem says: A complex curve $X$ is defined over a number field, if and only if there exists a finite morphism $t:X\to \mathbb{P}^1_\mathbb{C}$ of varieties over $\mathbb{C}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Confusion with computing kernel of an isogeny between two elliptic curves

Consider the two elliptic curves $$E_3: y^2+y=x^3+x^2+x \enspace [Cremona:19A3]$$ and $$E_1: y^2+y=x^3+x^2−9x−15 \enspace [Cremona:19A1]$$ Let $\varphi$ be the $3$-isogeny from $E_3$ to $E_1$. I want ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Computing the kernel of an isogeny between two elliptic curves

Consider the two rational elliptic curves - $ E_{1}: y^{2}+y=x^{3}+x^{2}-131x-650 $ $ [\text{Cremona}:35a2] $ $ E_{2}: y^{2}+y=x^{3}+x^{2}-x $ $ [\text{Cremona}:35a3] $ We know that ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Isogeny of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $p$ be a prime. Then what does it mean by "$E$ has a $\mathbb{Q}$-isogeny of degree $p$"?
6
votes
2answers
81 views

References for elliptic curves over schemes

As in the title, I want some references about theories for elliptic curves over rings(not fields) or over schemes. I heard that behaviours(?) of such elliptic curves are not as simple as elliptic ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Number of points on an affine hypersurface

I am curious to know the following and I would appreciate any help! Let $k$ be a finite field of $q$ elements. Let $X \subseteq \mathbb{A}^{n+1}_k $ be the affine hypersurface defined by $f = ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

How to prove $-P = (x, -a_1x - a_3 - y)$ for an Elliptic Curve of the General Weirstrass equation for P not the identity?

Let $P = (x,y) \ne \{\infty\}$. Then $-P$ is the other finite point of intersection of the curve and the vertical line through $P$. General Weirstrass equation: E: $a_1y^2+a_3xy+a_5y = ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Kernel of a map from degree $r$ forms

Let $k$ be a finite field of order $q$. Let $P_r$ be the all the forms (in two variables) of degree $r$ with coefficients in $k$. And let $A_{D,N}$ be all the forms of degree $N$, which vanish on an ...
6
votes
1answer
62 views

Question about a remark in Serre's Local Fields

I am reading Serre's Local Fields. In Section V.4, Serre considers a finite totally ramified extension of local fields $L/K$ with the residue field $\bar{L}=\bar{K}$ a perfect field. For $\bar{K}'$ a ...
11
votes
0answers
120 views

What is the connection between Weil's character bound and Riemann Hypothesis over finite fields

Weil's character bound states that: Let $\mathbb{F}_{q}$ be a finite field of size $q$. Let $\chi$ be a multiplicative character of order $m$. Let $f(x)$ be a polynomial of degree $d$ such that $f(x) ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

A special cubic curve

How can I transfer following cubic curve to a Weierstrass normal form? $$2x^2y+4xy^2+2y^3-2axy-ay^2+a=0,$$ where $a$ is a fixed rational number.
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Scheme over a DVR

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a discrete valuation ring with finite residue field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Let $S=\mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be a noetherian scheme over $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathcal{O})$. Are there ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

The group of $\mathbb{K}$--rational points for isomorphic elliptic curves

The Springer text by Tom Apostol on Dirichlet series and modular forms, which I have, defines modular functions and modular forms on page 34 and on page 114 respectively, not to mention the Springer ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Points on elliptic curves

I am learning elliptic curves theorem and I have read in more papers that for two distinct points $P$ and $Q$ there is always point $R$ such that $P+Q+R = \infty$. I know that this point should be ...
10
votes
1answer
232 views

Tate's Thesis: in what sense is Tate's Theorem 4.2.1 the Riemann-Roch theorem for curves?

I am reading Tate's Thesis. Tate derives a theorem which he calls "the number-theoretic analogue of the Riemann-Roch theorem" from an abstract Poisson summation formula. I am accustomed to thinking of ...
6
votes
2answers
101 views

finite generation of unit group of global function field

Let $X/\mathbb{F}_q$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve. Why do we have $\Gamma(X - \{p_1,\ldots,p_n\},\mathcal{O}_X)^\times$ is finitely generated of rank $n$? (analogue of the ...
18
votes
1answer
255 views

Why is there “no analogue of $2i\pi$ in $\mathbf C_p$”?

In his paper Fonctions L p-adiques, Pierre Colmez says: Tate a montré qu'il n'existait pas dans $\mathbf C_p$ d'analogue $p$-adique de $2i \pi$ et donc par conséquent que les périodes $p$-adiques ...
10
votes
1answer
833 views

Explicit Derivation of Weierstrass Normal Form for Cubic Curve

In page 22-23 of Rational Points on Elliptic Curves by Silverman and Tate, authors explain why is it possible to put every cubic curve into Weierstrass Normal Form. Here are relevant pages: (My ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Rational Points on Elliptic Curves

I have this homework problem: Can there be an elliptic curve, view as a projective curve, with no rational points with at least one 0 as a coordinate?
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Krull's intersection theorem in the q-expansion principle

I'm currently reading the proof of the q-expansion principle in Katz'73 paper "p-adic properties of modular schemes and modular forms" . The principle itself is a Corollary (1.6.2) of Theorem 1.6.1, ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Algebraic curve over rings $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$

Can you give a reference about algebraic curve over rings $\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$? I'm very interested in analogy Hasse-Weil theorem, R-R theorem... Thank you.
0
votes
0answers
103 views

number points and twist of elliptic curve

Let elliptic curve $y^2 = x^3 + 1$ has ($q^2 + 2q + 1$) $\mathbb{F}_{q^2}$-rational points. Let $\zeta$ is generator of $\mathbb{F}_{q^2}^*/\mathbb{F}_{q^2}^{*6}$. Curve $E'$ with equation $y^2 = x^3 ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Twist of elliptic curve

It is continuation of this question: explict form of the equation of elliptic curve Let $p$ is prime and $p = 3 ($mod $4)$. $q = p^n$. It is easy to see that $E: y^2 = x^3 + x$ has $1 \pm 2q + q^2$ ...
8
votes
1answer
103 views

Existence of smooth elliptic curves with complex multiplication

this is my first question ever on a platform like this so please forgive me any kind of unintended misbehaving. In Kudla, Rapoport and Yang "On the derivative of an Eisenstein series of weight one" ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

explict form of the equation of elliptic curve

Let $E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2})$ is elliptic curve with #$E(\mathbb{F}_{q^2}) =q^2 + q + 1$. Can we write equation of this curve in the explicit form?
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Modular Functions with Rational Fourier Expansions

I have been reading the paper of Cox, McKay and Stevenhagen "Principal Moduli and Class Fields", http://arxiv.org/pdf/math/0311202v1.pdf, and I have a question regarding the nature of the function ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Relative density of images of diophantine polynomials

My current research project involves sampling a sequence along non-constant polynomials with non-negative integer coefficients defined over the natural numbers, and I'd like to be able to say when two ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Analogy between Picard group and Ideal class group

Can you give a reference where the conformity between Picard group and Ideal class group is explained? What is analogy of Picard group of elliptic curve over finite field?
6
votes
2answers
87 views

When a value of a polynomial over $\mathbb Z$ is a perfect square

For which values of $x\in\mathbb{Z}$ the polynomial $16x^3-24x+9$ is a perfect square? I don't know if this question has a solution, but Wolfram Alpha says that the answer is $x=0$ (click), even if ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

étale cohomology of valuation rings

Let $S$ be the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring (we can assume complete or henselian if necessary). Is it true that the étale cohomology group $H_{et}^2(S,\mathbb{Z})$ is zero?If not in general ...
12
votes
0answers
173 views

What is Spec of the Adeles?

Let $K$ be a global field and $A_K$ the ring of adeles. What are the prime ideals of $A_K$? I have been told that a full proof of this is quite subtle, but have been unable to find a reference ...
6
votes
1answer
52 views

Existence of a variety with prescribed properties

In these notes that give a proof of the Weil conjectures for curves, the author writes on page 17 that given a smooth projective curve $X$ over a finite field $k = \mathbb{F}_q$ for a fixed prime $q$, ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

deg of composition on supersingular curve

Let we have supersingular curve $E(\bar{\mathbb{F}_q})$. Let we have algebraic function $f \in \bar{\mathbb{F}_q}(E)$ with div($f) = \sum_{i=0}^{i=n}n_iP_i$. Then div$(f) \circ [q] = ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

number of solutions eqauation on supersingular elliptic curve

To Frobenius endomorphism on supersingular elliptic curve I want to prove that equation $\pi_q(X) = A$ has 1 solution for any point $A \in E(\bar{\mathbb{F}_q}))$ where $E$ is supersingular. Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Frobenius endomorphism on supersingular elliptic curve

Let we have supersingular curve $E(\bar{\mathbb{F}_q})$. Is it true that for every point $P$ $q$-Frobenius endomorphism $\pi_q$ can be write as $A + [q]B$ where $P = A + B$? It is true if ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Function field question from Silverman's AEC

Just before Proposition 1.7 on page 5 of AEC (2nd ed), Silverman defines $M_P$ as an ideal in the affine coordinate ring. Then he states Proposition 1.7 (the intrinsic characterization of ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Fermat's Last Theorem in multiple variables

I was wondering if there was anything we could say about when, given $m$, $\exists n (\forall x_1,\dots,x_m \in \mathbb{N} ( x_1^n + x_2^n + \dots + x_{m-1}^n \neq x_m^n))$ Fermat's Last Theorem ...
7
votes
1answer
130 views

Why do varieties with torsion canonical sheaf have finite etale covers with trivial canonical sheaf

Let $B$ be a variety with torsion canonical sheaf, i.e., $\omega^{\otimes n}_B \cong \mathcal O_B$ for some $n>0$. Then, why does there exist a finite (etale?) morphism $X\to B$ such that $K_X$ is ...