Tagged Questions

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Meaning of the Notation $\mathcal{F}[X,F(X)]$

I came across the following theorem. What is the meaning of the notation $\mathcal{F}[X,F(X)]$? Thanks, Jay.
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How to explain this quirk of the chain rule?

Assume I have a function $f = f(y, \phi(y,x))$ and I want to calculate $\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}$, I use the chain rule to get \frac{\partial f}{\partial y} = \frac{\partial ...
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Integral notation from cartesian from polar coordinates

Given an integral $$I=\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}^n} \cdot \; dx,$$ we can introduce polar coordinates, such that $$I=\int\limits_{\Bbb S^{n-1}} \cdot \; d\theta.$$ Another way to express the latter one ...
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Given a parametrized function $f_{w}: \Bbb R ^{m} \to \Bbb R ^{k}, w \in \Bbb R^d$, I see in a book the following notation $\bigtriangledown ^ {w} f_{w}(.)$ denote its gradient w.r.t. $w$. What is the ...
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The meaning of Differentials in Integration

This is further to the questions discussed in a previous post Here is an example of what I mean: Suppose that $C$ is a closed path in the plane and consider the line integral of $xy\,dx+x^2\,dy$ over ...
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Double integral notation

Over a region D (a bounded, closed and connected region), can we write the double integral $\iint\limits_D \, f(x,y)\,dx\,dy$ as $\iint\limits_D \, f(x,y)\,dy\,dx$ (note the order of $dx$ and $dy$)?
whats the difference between $|v|$ and $||v||$?
$v$ being a vector. I never understood what they mean and haven't found online resources. Just a quick question. Thought it was absolute and magnitude respectively when regarding vectors. need ...