A vector space $E$, generally over the field $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$ with a map $\lVert \cdot\rVert\colon E\to \mathbb R_+$ satisfying some conditions.

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4
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1answer
313 views

Does there exist such a closed subspace of normed linear space

let $(X,|| || )$ be a norm linear space. And $M$ be a closed subspace of norm linear space .does there exist a closed subspace $N$ such that $X=M \oplus N $ . I know such an subspace $N$ exist .but i ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

Every quotient of a reflexive space is reflexive

How do you prove the following? If $\mathcal{X}$ is reflexive and $M \leq \mathcal{X} \rightarrow \mathcal{X}/M$ is reflexive There is no assumption that $\mathcal{X}$ is a Banach space.
5
votes
5answers
452 views

Fixed point Exercise on a compact set

Let $K$ a compact normed space and $f:K\rightarrow K$ so that $$\|f(x)-f(y)\|<\|x-y\|\quad\quad\forall\,\, x, y\in K, x\neq y.$$ Prove that $f$ have a fixed point.
3
votes
1answer
319 views

If $X^\ast $ is separable $\Longrightarrow$ $S_{X^\ast}$ is also separable

Let $X$ be a Banach space such that $X$* (Dual space of $X$) is separable How can we prove that $S_{X^\ast}$ (Unit sphere of $X$*) is also separable Any hints would be appreciated.
2
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2answers
401 views

Proof of uniqueness of the bounded linear transformation extended in the Bounded Linear Transformation theorem

B.L.T Theorem (from Reed/Simon): Suppose $T$ is a bounded linear transformation from a normed linear space $\langle V_1, \|\cdot\|\rangle$ to a complete normed linear space $\langle V_2, ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Adaptation to Banach–Mazur theorem

I'm trying to prove the following: For every normed linear space $X$, there exists a isometric ismorphism of $X$ in $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. I know from Banach–Mazur theorem that ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

Equivalent continuation of a metric

Hello fellow mathematicians, I am confronted with the following, supposedly not too difficult, problem: Let $(E,f_1)$ be a normed space and $F \subset E$ a linear subspace. Let $f_2$ be a norm on E ...
3
votes
3answers
74 views

One-point compactification of a linear space

Is it possible to take the one-point compactification of a linear space and get again a linear space? Like if $X$ is a normed space add $*$ to it and define $|x-*| = 1$?
2
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1answer
876 views

$C([0, 1])$ is not complete space with respect to norm $\lVert f\rVert _1 = \int_0^1 \lvert f (x) \rvert \,dx$

Consider $C([0, 1])$, the linear space of continuous complex-valued functions on the interval $[0, 1]$, with the norm $\displaystyle\lVert f\rVert_1 = \int_0^1 \lvert f(x)\rvert \,dx$. I have to ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Convergence of coordinates to zero

Consider a normed finite-dimensional vector space $V$ with some norm $|| .||$ Say a sequence of vectors in this vector space $v_m \rightarrow 0$ where $0$ is the zero vector. Let ...
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vote
0answers
29 views

Absolute summable sequence in normed space [duplicate]

I have studied that for a sequence of real numbers absolute summability implies summability. What can we say about the sequences $\{x_k\}$ in a normed space . If it is not true in general could ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Gateaux and Fréchet differentials in $\ell^1$

I am in trouble trying to solve the following: Let $X = \ell^1$ with the canonical norm and let $f \colon \ell^1 \ni x\mapsto \Vert x \Vert$. Then $f$ is Gateaux differentiable at a point $x = ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Projection on unit vector lipschitz condition

if i have a vector $ v \in C^{n}$, where we do not want to look at vectors with norm $||v||\le 1$ with an arbitrary norm of this space and I am asked whether the map $ f(x)=\frac{x}{||x||}$ satisfies ...
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vote
1answer
64 views

Why this space is not a complete space with this norm

Show that the space $C_0(\mathbb{R})$ of all the real continuous functions $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support is not a complete space with the norm $||f||= \sup_{t∈ \mathbb{R}}|f(t)|$. ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Proof of non-strictly convexity of $l_1$ and $l_{\infty}$

Given the Banach space $l_p = \left\{f\in R^n : \|f\| \leq \infty\right\}$ for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, we define the following norms $\|f\|_p = \left(\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} ...
1
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2answers
520 views

Proving that Euclidean space having the infinity metric is a complete metric space (stuck)

I am trying to prove that the space ${\mathbb{R}}^k$ with the $\infty$-metric is a complete metric space. I know that I need to show that every Cauchy sequence in the metric space ${\mathbb{R}}^k$ ...
0
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2answers
77 views

Exercise of interior of a closed ball

Let $E$ a normed spaces and $a\in E$. How to prove that $$[\overline{B}(a, r)]^{\circ}\subseteq B(a, r)$$ where $\overline{B}(a, r)=\{x\in E: \|x-a\|\leq r\}$ and $B(a, r)=\{x\in E: \|x-a\|< r\}$ ...
8
votes
2answers
151 views

Two terms that I want to understand: weakest topology and jointly continuous (in the following context).

I was reading an article online, please help me to understand the following lines (in bold letters). - Topological structure: If (V, ‖·‖) is a normed vector space, the norm ‖·‖ induces a metric and ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Does every Banach space admit a continous injection to a non-closed subspace of another Banach space?

Let $(V, ||\,||)$ be a Banach space. I want to produce a non-complete norm $||\,||'$ on it such that $||v||' \leq ||v||$ for all $v$ in $V$. Given a continuous injection $\varphi\colon V \to W$ with a ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Why doesn't the Weierstrass approximation theorem imply that every continuous function can be written as a power series?

I hope that my question in the title is well formulated. I am a little bit confused with the next exercise from a book: Argue that there exists functions $f \in C[0, \frac{1}{2}]$ that cannot be ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Why can I choose elements of $X$ (and $h \in L^2(0,T)$) in this way? (Dual spaces, norms, Bochner spaces)

This is from the book Vector Measures by Diestel and Uhl, page 98: Let $X$ be a Banach space. Let $\epsilon > 0$ and suppose first that $g = \sum_{i=1}^\infty x_i^* \chi_{E_i}$ where $x_i^* \in ...
3
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4answers
223 views

Show that $c$ is closed in $l^{\infty}$

Let $$c=\{ (a_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}} \ ; \ \ a_i \in \mathbb{R}\ ,\ \forall i \in \mathbb{N} \ , \ \mbox{exist} \ \displaystyle \lim_{i \to \infty}(a_i)\}$$ $$l^{\infty}=\{ (a_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}} \ ...
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vote
2answers
245 views

How to expand equation inside the L2-norm?

I want expand an L2-norm with some matrix operation inside. Assume I have a regression $Y=X\beta+\epsilon$. I want to solve (meaning expand), $$\displaystyle\|Y-X\beta \|_{2}^2$$ Should I do: 1) ...
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1answer
56 views

Function Spaces

What is exactly the difference between $L^2$ space and ${\ell}^1$ space? I believe that one of them is the space of square of square integrable functions. Does it have to do with one is for series ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Existance of function of norm one on normed spaces

On a past exam in a course on functional analysis the following problem is given: Let $X,Y$ be normed spaces and let $x\in X$ be nonzero. Show that there exist some $f\in X^\ast$ s.t. $f(x) = \|x\|$ ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Good source for Triebel-Lizorkin spaces?

I'm trying to look into different types of function spaces. At the moment, at least for function spaces involving integration, I only have $L^p$ and $W^{k,p}$. The next function spaces I thought I'd ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Inequality for norms

Let g(x, y) be function on $X\times Y$. Show that for all $p\geq q$ $$ \|\,\|g\|_{L^q(Y)}\,\|_{L^p(X)}\leq \|\,\|g\|_{L^p(X)}\,\|_{L^q(Y)} $$ Thsnk you.
2
votes
2answers
232 views

Equivalent norms and isometries

Let $X$ be a vector space, $||\cdot||_1$ and $||\cdot||_2$ two equivalent norms on $X$. Under what further assumptions can we prove there is an isometry between $(X,||\cdot||_1)$ and ...
9
votes
2answers
689 views

$C[0,1]$ is complete w.r.t. which norm(s)

$C[0,1]$ is complete w.r.t. which norm(s) $\displaystyle\|f\|_\infty=\sup_{t\in[0,1]}|f(t)|$ $\displaystyle\|f\|_1=\int_0^1|f(t)| \, dt$ $\displaystyle\|f\|_\infty^{0,1}=\|f\|_\infty+|f(0)|+|f(1)|$ ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Where did I go wrong in showing $\|x\|_1>\sqrt n\|x\|_2$

To show $\|x\|_1>\sqrt n\|x\|_2$ where the norm $\|\cdot||_1,\|\cdot\|_2$ are defined over $\mathbb R^n$ Let $x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n),y=(1,1,\ldots,1)\in\mathbb R^n$ Using Hölder's Inequality ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

How to verify whether $(C_{00},\|\cdot\|_p)$ is complete

How to verify whether $C_{00}=\{(x_n):\text{All but finitely many terms are }0\}$ is complete with respect to $p$-norm given by $$\|(x_n)\|_p=\left(\sum_{n=1}^\infty|x_n|^p\right)^{1/p}$$ where $1\le ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Relation between Normed space and inner product

Below is what i have proved: If $V$ is a normed vector space over $\mathbb{R}$ satisfies parallelogram equality, then there exists an inner product $\langle \bullet,\bullet\rangle$ such that ...
3
votes
3answers
476 views

difference between normed linear space and inner product space

I've seen that the definitions of normed linear space and inner product space for a complex vector space $V$ are very close to each other except for the fact that one is defined on $V$ and the other ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Unique continuos linear function given a continuous function from a dense space in X to Y (Y is a Banach Space).

Let $X$ be a normed space, let $Y$ be a Banach Space, let $D\subseteq X$ be a dense linear subspace of $X$ and let $L:D\rightarrow Y$ be a continuous linear function. Then there is a unique continuous ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Is this a correct question?

This is an exam question in functional analysis which for me doesn't make sense the way it is written. I am asking you if you agree with me on the modifications that needs to be done in the question. ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Space of finite dimensional subspaces is separable

In Bernard Maurey's paper "A Note on Gowers' Dichotomy Theorem" at the top of the 7th page, the following fact is stated that I'm not able to prove: Let $X$ an infinite dimensional separable normed ...
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vote
1answer
118 views

Is the metric induced by a norm ''unique''?

Let $(X,\rVert{\cdot}\lVert)$ be a normed vector space. Clearly there is a canonical way to induce a metric (and so a topology) on $X$ by defining $d(x,y)=\rVert x-y\rVert$. Are there other metrics ...
0
votes
1answer
314 views

Operator Norm of a Linear Transformation

PROBLEM For the linear transformation $T:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^m$ equipped with the $l^1$-norm, namely, for $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $||x||=\sum_{j=1}^n |x_j|$ and similarly for ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Picard iterations of a matrix

I need help with this problem. I think i got the first three questions of the exercise, but i'm stuck at the fourth one. We consider the map $T:{\mathbb{R}^2}\longrightarrow{\mathbb{R}^2}$ defined ...
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1answer
85 views

Why $ C_{00}$ is not complete with respect to $\sup$ norm?

If $$C_{00}:=\{ x=\{x_n\} \in \mathbb{R^\mathbb{N}}: x_n=0, \forall n>k \text{depending on }x\}$$Can you help me to give such a cauchy sequence in $x$ such that does not converge to $C_{00}$.
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Example of two norms on same space, non-equivalent, with one dominating the other

I am looking for an example (with proof) of two norms defined on the same vector space, such that the norms on the two spaces are NOT equivalent, but such that one norm dominates the other...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Normed vector spaces and Banach spaces

Let $X$ be a Banach space with norm $||.||$ and let $S$ be a non-empty subset in $X$. Let $F_b(S,X)$ be the vector space of $F(S,X)$ of all functions $f:S \rightarrow X$ such that $\{||f(s)||:s \in ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

Convergence in normed spaces

I consider a sequence of elements $\{f_n\}_n$ in a normed space $X$ such as $\Vert f_n-f\Vert_X\to 0, n\to\infty$. Let $\{Q_n\}_n$ a complex sequence with $Q_n\to Q$ as $n\to\infty$. Does $Q_nf_n$ ...
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Banach spaces and quotient space

Let $X$ be a normed vector space, $M$ a closed subspace of $X$ such that $M$ and $X/M$ are Banach spaces. Any hint to prove that $X$ must be a Banach space?
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2answers
67 views

Linear functional $\mathscr{L}(E,F)$

Let $\mathscr{L}(E,F)$ denote the space of all linear functionals from $E \to F$. Let $\mathscr{C}(E,F)$ denote the space of continuous linear functionals from $E \to F$. My question: How to prove ...
0
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0answers
53 views

a question on complete metrizable spaces

There is a claim: Let $Y$ be a complete metrizable space. If $Y$ is bounded, i.e., $d(Y) < \infty$, then $ \exists C(X,Y)$ is a complete metrizable space. Why here $Y$ need be bounded? ...
7
votes
1answer
77 views

How does $\lim A_n$ being not invertible imply $\sup_n\|A_n^{-1}\|=\infty$?

Consider a sequence of operators $\{A_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}\subset B(X,Y)$, where $X,Y$ are normed vector spaces and $B(X,Y)$ denotes the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. Assume that ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Study the equivalence of these norms

I have two Hilbert spaces $H_1$ and $H_2$ and I consider a set of functions $f$ which decompose as $f=g+h$ with $g\in H_1$ and $h\in H_2$. I know that this decomposition is unique. So I define the ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

If $U$ is finite dimensional, then operator norm is finite

Let $M:U\to V$ be a linear map between normed vector space $U$ and $V$. We know $U$ is finite dimensional (but don't know about $V$). Define $\|M\| = \sup \{\|Mv\|\;:\;\|v\| = 1\}$. I want to show ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Find a convergent function in metric space

Let $C[−1, 1]$ be the space of continuous functions equipped with the metric $p(f,g) = \max\{|f(x)−g(x)| \mid x \in [−1, 1]\}$. Then the sequence of functions $(f_n):[−1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...