A vector space $E$, generally over the field $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$ with a map $\lVert \cdot\rVert\colon E\to \mathbb R_+$ satisfying some conditions.

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31 views

Absolute summable sequence in normed space [duplicate]

I have studied that for a sequence of real numbers absolute summability implies summability. What can we say about the sequences $\{x_k\}$ in a normed space . If it is not true in general could ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Gateaux and Fréchet differentials in $\ell^1$

I am in trouble trying to solve the following: Let $X = \ell^1$ with the canonical norm and let $f \colon \ell^1 \ni x\mapsto \Vert x \Vert$. Then $f$ is Gateaux differentiable at a point $x = ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Projection on unit vector lipschitz condition

if i have a vector $ v \in C^{n}$, where we do not want to look at vectors with norm $||v||\le 1$ with an arbitrary norm of this space and I am asked whether the map $ f(x)=\frac{x}{||x||}$ satisfies ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Why this space is not a complete space with this norm

Show that the space $C_0(\mathbb{R})$ of all the real continuous functions $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ with compact support is not a complete space with the norm $||f||= \sup_{t∈ \mathbb{R}}|f(t)|$. ...
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2answers
166 views

Proof of non-strictly convexity of $l_1$ and $l_{\infty}$

Given the Banach space $l_p = \left\{f\in R^n : \|f\| \leq \infty\right\}$ for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, we define the following norms $\|f\|_p = \left(\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} ...
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2answers
677 views

Proving that Euclidean space having the infinity metric is a complete metric space (stuck)

I am trying to prove that the space ${\mathbb{R}}^k$ with the $\infty$-metric is a complete metric space. I know that I need to show that every Cauchy sequence in the metric space ${\mathbb{R}}^k$ ...
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2answers
100 views

Exercise of interior of a closed ball

Let $E$ a normed spaces and $a\in E$. How to prove that $$[\overline{B}(a, r)]^{\circ}\subseteq B(a, r)$$ where $\overline{B}(a, r)=\{x\in E: \|x-a\|\leq r\}$ and $B(a, r)=\{x\in E: \|x-a\|< r\}$ ...
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2answers
163 views

Two terms that I want to understand: weakest topology and jointly continuous (in the following context).

I was reading an article online, please help me to understand the following lines (in bold letters). - Topological structure: If (V, ‖·‖) is a normed vector space, the norm ‖·‖ induces a metric and ...
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0answers
109 views

Does every Banach space admit a continous injection to a non-closed subspace of another Banach space?

Let $(V, ||\,||)$ be a Banach space. I want to produce a non-complete norm $||\,||'$ on it such that $||v||' \leq ||v||$ for all $v$ in $V$. Given a continuous injection $\varphi\colon V \to W$ with a ...
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2answers
155 views

Why doesn't the Weierstrass approximation theorem imply that every continuous function can be written as a power series?

I hope that my question in the title is well formulated. I am a little bit confused with the next exercise from a book: Argue that there exists functions $f \in C[0, \frac{1}{2}]$ that cannot be ...
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1answer
120 views

Why can I choose elements of $X$ (and $h \in L^2(0,T)$) in this way? (Dual spaces, norms, Bochner spaces)

This is from the book Vector Measures by Diestel and Uhl, page 98: Let $X$ be a Banach space. Let $\epsilon > 0$ and suppose first that $g = \sum_{i=1}^\infty x_i^* \chi_{E_i}$ where $x_i^* \in ...
3
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4answers
327 views

Show that $c$ is closed in $l^{\infty}$

Let $$c=\{ (a_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}} \ ; \ \ a_i \in \mathbb{R}\ ,\ \forall i \in \mathbb{N} \ , \ \mbox{exist} \ \displaystyle \lim_{i \to \infty}(a_i)\}$$ $$l^{\infty}=\{ (a_i)_{i \in \mathbb{N}} \ ...
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2answers
327 views

How to expand equation inside the L2-norm?

I want expand an L2-norm with some matrix operation inside. Assume I have a regression $Y=X\beta+\epsilon$. I want to solve (meaning expand), $$\displaystyle\|Y-X\beta \|_{2}^2$$ Should I do: 1) ...
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1answer
61 views

Function Spaces

What is exactly the difference between $L^2$ space and ${\ell}^1$ space? I believe that one of them is the space of square of square integrable functions. Does it have to do with one is for series ...
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1answer
55 views

Existance of function of norm one on normed spaces

On a past exam in a course on functional analysis the following problem is given: Let $X,Y$ be normed spaces and let $x\in X$ be nonzero. Show that there exist some $f\in X^\ast$ s.t. $f(x) = \|x\|$ ...
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1answer
92 views

Good source for Triebel-Lizorkin spaces?

I'm trying to look into different types of function spaces. At the moment, at least for function spaces involving integration, I only have $L^p$ and $W^{k,p}$. The next function spaces I thought I'd ...
2
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1answer
156 views

Inequality for norms

Let g(x, y) be function on $X\times Y$. Show that for all $p\geq q$ $$ \|\,\|g\|_{L^q(Y)}\,\|_{L^p(X)}\leq \|\,\|g\|_{L^p(X)}\,\|_{L^q(Y)} $$ Thsnk you.
2
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2answers
269 views

Equivalent norms and isometries

Let $X$ be a vector space, $||\cdot||_1$ and $||\cdot||_2$ two equivalent norms on $X$. Under what further assumptions can we prove there is an isometry between $(X,||\cdot||_1)$ and ...
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2answers
862 views

$C[0,1]$ is complete w.r.t. which norm(s)

$C[0,1]$ is complete w.r.t. which norm(s) $\displaystyle\|f\|_\infty=\sup_{t\in[0,1]}|f(t)|$ $\displaystyle\|f\|_1=\int_0^1|f(t)| \, dt$ $\displaystyle\|f\|_\infty^{0,1}=\|f\|_\infty+|f(0)|+|f(1)|$ ...
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1answer
50 views

Where did I go wrong in showing $\|x\|_1>\sqrt n\|x\|_2$

To show $\|x\|_1>\sqrt n\|x\|_2$ where the norm $\|\cdot||_1,\|\cdot\|_2$ are defined over $\mathbb R^n$ Let $x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n),y=(1,1,\ldots,1)\in\mathbb R^n$ Using Hölder's Inequality ...
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1answer
48 views

How to verify whether $(C_{00},\|\cdot\|_p)$ is complete

How to verify whether $C_{00}=\{(x_n):\text{All but finitely many terms are }0\}$ is complete with respect to $p$-norm given by $$\|(x_n)\|_p=\left(\sum_{n=1}^\infty|x_n|^p\right)^{1/p}$$ where $1\le ...
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1answer
243 views

Relation between Normed space and inner product

Below is what i have proved: If $V$ is a normed vector space over $\mathbb{R}$ satisfies parallelogram equality, then there exists an inner product $\langle \bullet,\bullet\rangle$ such that ...
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3answers
630 views

difference between normed linear space and inner product space

I've seen that the definitions of normed linear space and inner product space for a complex vector space $V$ are very close to each other except for the fact that one is defined on $V$ and the other ...
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1answer
62 views

Unique continuos linear function given a continuous function from a dense space in X to Y (Y is a Banach Space).

Let $X$ be a normed space, let $Y$ be a Banach Space, let $D\subseteq X$ be a dense linear subspace of $X$ and let $L:D\rightarrow Y$ be a continuous linear function. Then there is a unique continuous ...
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2answers
81 views

Is this a correct question?

This is an exam question in functional analysis which for me doesn't make sense the way it is written. I am asking you if you agree with me on the modifications that needs to be done in the question. ...
2
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1answer
239 views

Space of finite dimensional subspaces is separable

In Bernard Maurey's paper "A Note on Gowers' Dichotomy Theorem" at the top of the 7th page, the following fact is stated that I'm not able to prove: Let $X$ an infinite dimensional separable normed ...
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1answer
129 views

Is the metric induced by a norm ''unique''?

Let $(X,\rVert{\cdot}\lVert)$ be a normed vector space. Clearly there is a canonical way to induce a metric (and so a topology) on $X$ by defining $d(x,y)=\rVert x-y\rVert$. Are there other metrics ...
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1answer
409 views

Operator Norm of a Linear Transformation

PROBLEM For the linear transformation $T:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^m$ equipped with the $l^1$-norm, namely, for $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $||x||=\sum_{j=1}^n |x_j|$ and similarly for ...
2
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2answers
155 views

Picard iterations of a matrix

I need help with this problem. I think i got the first three questions of the exercise, but i'm stuck at the fourth one. We consider the map $T:{\mathbb{R}^2}\longrightarrow{\mathbb{R}^2}$ defined ...
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1answer
87 views

Why $ C_{00}$ is not complete with respect to $\sup$ norm?

If $$C_{00}:=\{ x=\{x_n\} \in \mathbb{R^\mathbb{N}}: x_n=0, \forall n>k \text{depending on }x\}$$Can you help me to give such a cauchy sequence in $x$ such that does not converge to $C_{00}$.
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3answers
1k views

Example of two norms on same space, non-equivalent, with one dominating the other

I am looking for an example (with proof) of two norms defined on the same vector space, such that the norms on the two spaces are NOT equivalent, but such that one norm dominates the other...
4
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1answer
199 views

Normed vector spaces and Banach spaces

Let $X$ be a Banach space with norm $||.||$ and let $S$ be a non-empty subset in $X$. Let $F_b(S,X)$ be the vector space of $F(S,X)$ of all functions $f:S \rightarrow X$ such that $\{||f(s)||:s \in ...
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1answer
248 views

Convergence in normed spaces

I consider a sequence of elements $\{f_n\}_n$ in a normed space $X$ such as $\Vert f_n-f\Vert_X\to 0, n\to\infty$. Let $\{Q_n\}_n$ a complex sequence with $Q_n\to Q$ as $n\to\infty$. Does $Q_nf_n$ ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

Banach spaces and quotient space

Let $X$ be a normed vector space, $M$ a closed subspace of $X$ such that $M$ and $X/M$ are Banach spaces. Any hint to prove that $X$ must be a Banach space?
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2answers
74 views

Linear functional $\mathscr{L}(E,F)$

Let $\mathscr{L}(E,F)$ denote the space of all linear functionals from $E \to F$. Let $\mathscr{C}(E,F)$ denote the space of continuous linear functionals from $E \to F$. My question: How to prove ...
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0answers
57 views

a question on complete metrizable spaces

There is a claim: Let $Y$ be a complete metrizable space. If $Y$ is bounded, i.e., $d(Y) < \infty$, then $ \exists C(X,Y)$ is a complete metrizable space. Why here $Y$ need be bounded? ...
7
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1answer
77 views

How does $\lim A_n$ being not invertible imply $\sup_n\|A_n^{-1}\|=\infty$?

Consider a sequence of operators $\{A_n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}\subset B(X,Y)$, where $X,Y$ are normed vector spaces and $B(X,Y)$ denotes the space of bounded linear operators from $X$ to $Y$. Assume that ...
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1answer
89 views

Study the equivalence of these norms

I have two Hilbert spaces $H_1$ and $H_2$ and I consider a set of functions $f$ which decompose as $f=g+h$ with $g\in H_1$ and $h\in H_2$. I know that this decomposition is unique. So I define the ...
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1answer
167 views

If $U$ is finite dimensional, then operator norm is finite

Let $M:U\to V$ be a linear map between normed vector space $U$ and $V$. We know $U$ is finite dimensional (but don't know about $V$). Define $\|M\| = \sup \{\|Mv\|\;:\;\|v\| = 1\}$. I want to show ...
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2answers
73 views

Find a convergent function in metric space

Let $C[−1, 1]$ be the space of continuous functions equipped with the metric $p(f,g) = \max\{|f(x)−g(x)| \mid x \in [−1, 1]\}$. Then the sequence of functions $(f_n):[−1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...
2
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0answers
189 views

weakly convergent sequence in $l^1$ [duplicate]

Prove that every weakly convergent sequence in $l^1$ converges. By Riesz on $L^p$ spaces, every linear functional $L\in (l^1 )^*$, is $L(x) = \langle u,x\rangle$ for some $u\in l^{\infty}$ ...
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3answers
70 views

Determining whether $f(x) = \frac{\sin||x||}{e^{||x||}-1}$ for $x \neq 0$, $f(x) = 1$ for $x = 0$ is continuous at $0$

$f: \mathbb R^m \to \mathbb R$ is defined as $$f(x) = \begin{cases}\dfrac{\sin||x||}{e^{||x||}-1} & \text{if $x \ne 0$} \\ 1 & \text{if $x = 0$.}\end{cases}$$ Note that $x$ is a vector in ...
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1answer
60 views

Prove that for every positive integer $d$ there exists $C(d)>0$ such that

for every polynomial $p(x)$ with degree $\leq d$, $\max\limits_{x\in[0,1]}|p'(x)| \leq C(d)\max\limits_{x\in [0,1]} |p(x)|$. There was also a hint given, that says to "use the compactness of a subset ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Linear operator

Is there a linear bounded (continuous) operator T from $c$ (convergent sequences with sup norm) ONTO $l^1$ (with its usual norm)? If it were so (which seems not), using the open mapping theorem we ...
2
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1answer
186 views

Prove that if $A, B $ are convex , $B$ is closed, $C$ is bounded and $A+C \subset B+C$ then $A\subset B$

Given the sets $A,B,C \in \mathbb{R}^n$ such that: $$A+C \subset B+C$$ Show that if $A,B$ are convex, $B$ is closed and $C$ is bounded then $A\subset B$. I kind of understand the geometrical ...
2
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0answers
106 views

Which are nontrivial examples of analytical functions on Frechet spaces?

Let $X$ be a real linear topological space, which is a (separable) Frechet space, such that the topology on $X$ is generated by the countable family $\{p_n:n\in\omega\}$ of norms . A real-valued ...
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0answers
84 views

Are these two definitions for dual norm equivalent

Suppose there is a p norm, also is a function $\left\|x\right\|_p$, the dual function at $z$ of it is, $$\sup\limits_x\left\{ z^{T} x-\left\|x\right\|_p\right\}$$ The second is, $$ \sup\limits_x ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Is $\| x \| = \sup\{ | \sum_{k=1}^n x_k |\colon n\in \mathbb{N}\} $ a norm in $\ell_1$?

For each $ x= (x_n)_{n=1}^\infty \in \ell_1$ set $$\| x \| = \sup\{ \big| \sum_{k=1}^n x_k \big|\colon n\in \mathbb{N}\} $$ Does this define a norm in $\ell_1$?
5
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1answer
178 views

Is $(l^1 ,\|.\|)$ a Banach space?

Suppose $x=\{x_n\}\in l^1$ and $\|x\|=\sup|\sum_{k=1}^{n}x_k|$, let $\|x\|_1=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}|x_n|$ is a norm for $l^1$ . Is $(l^1 ,\|.\|)$ a Banach space?
1
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1answer
115 views

Proving $\ell_\infty$ is complete

I start by taking a Cauchy sequence $(a_i)$ in $\ell_\infty$. I denote the terms of $(a_i)$ as $f_1, f_2, f_3, \dots$ and so on. For each $x \in \mathbb{N}$, the sequence $(f_1(x), f_2(x), f_3(x), ...