0
votes
0answers
34 views

Completeness is not preserved under homeomorphism

I am trying to give a counterexample which will make it clear that homeomorphism does not preserve completeness. I have an easy one in mind ($(0,1)$ and $\mathbb{R}$) but I have just thought that ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Largest? smallest cross norm? Simple question about cross norms on tensor products of Banach spaces.

This is a very simple dumb question, I'm completely new to this topic, I was reading wikipedia's entry on "Topological tensor product" and there's one thing I'm confused about. Let $A$ and $B$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Prove scalar product in a normed vector space is an open mapping.

I have the feeling this is a really obvious question, but I'm having trouble with it, here it goes: Let $(X, ||\,||)$ be a normed vector space over $K$, prove that $\odot:K\setminus\{0\}\times X ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Natural matrix norm of an inverse matrix

Let $\left\|\cdot\right\| : \text{GL}(n,\mathbb{R})\to\mathbb{R}_{\ge 0}$ denote the natural matrix norm, i.e. $$\left\|A\right\|:=\max_{x\ne ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Inequality for norm of linear combination of linearly independent vectors

I'm trying to find a proof for the following: Let {$u_{1},...,u_{n}$} be a linearly independent set of a normed space $X$. Then, there is a constant $c>0$ such that for every set of scalars ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

How does one prove $\left\lVert\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}f_n\right\rVert\le \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\lVert f_n\rVert$?

Can the triangle inequality for norms works for infinite some as well? Hope that someone can give some hints to prove it or give a counterexample. Thanks!
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Can anyone explain this isometry to me? $T: (\mathbb R^n,\|\cdot\|_1)^*\to (\mathbb R^n,\|\cdot\|_{\infty})$, $ T(x)(y) = \sum_{i=1}^n x_i y_i$

Can anyone explain this isometry to me? $$T: (\mathbb R^n,\|\cdot\|_1)^*\to (\mathbb R^n,\|\cdot\|_{\infty}),\qquad T(x)(y) = \sum_{i=1}^n x_i y_i$$ I don't get what the domain and image of $T$ are. ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

bounded subset of normed space

Suppose $X$ is a normed linear space and $S\subset X$. Show that if $$\sup_{x\in S}\{\mid f(x)\mid\}<\infty$$ for every $f\in X^{\ast}$, then $S$ is a bounded in norm.
1
vote
1answer
41 views

question about norms and convex set

Suppose $\overline{B}(0;1) = \{ x \in X : ||x|| \leq 1 \}$ is the closed unit ball on a vector space $X$. MY question is: is the following true? If $\overline{B}(0,1) $ is not convex, then $|| \cdot ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

Norm of vectors inequality

I tried proving this with triangular inequality but i was not right can any one help me with this
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Norm of vector with respect to operator

Define $L$ is a linear operator maps from $E^n$ to $\mathbb{R}$, its norm is defined as $||L||_{op}=\sup\limits_{||x||=1}L(x)$, where $||\cdot||$ is any norm on $E^n$. How to show that ...
-1
votes
2answers
35 views

In a normed space, is it always true that $\|a_1e_1+\dots+a_ne_n\|\geq |a_i|\|e_i\|$?

In a normed space, is it true in general that $\|a_1e_1+\dots+a_ne_n\|\geq |a_i|\|e_i\|$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$? $e_i$ are basis elements of the vector. This is definitely true for the Euclidean ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Verifying whether a given function can be a norm.

I was asked to prove that given the vector space $\Bbb{R}\times\Bbb{R}$, the function $f(p)=(\sqrt{a}+\sqrt{b})^2$, where $p=(a,b)$, does not define a norm (on $\Bbb{R}\times\Bbb{R}$). Is the ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

What happens to $l_1$ if i change coordinate system.

Let $x =(x_1,\ldots,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and also $x=\sum_{i=1}^m t_i u_i,$ where $t_i \in \mathbb{R}$ and $u_i \in \mathbb{R}^n.$ Is it true that $||x||_1 \geq \sum_{i=1}^m |t_i|$ ?
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How to detect reflexivity of the closure

Consider the space of continuous bounded functions on a bounded interval. Its closure for the Lebesgue $L_p$ norm is reflexive when $1 < p < \infty$, but it is not reflexive for $p = 1$. How ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Norm of Matrix transpose

I have a problem below: Let $\|\cdot\|$ denotes the norm matrix \begin{equation} \|A\|=\max \frac {\|Ax\|}{\|x\|}, \end{equation} for every $A$. Now suppose that $H: \mathbb{R}^k \rightarrow ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Any two norms on finite dimensional space are equivalent

Any two norms on a finite dimensional linear space are equivalent. Suppose not, and that $||\cdot||$ is a norm such that for any other norm $||\cdot||'$ and any constant $C$, $C||x||'<||x||$ for ...
0
votes
2answers
242 views

Show these two norms are not equivalent?

I have the following two norms on $C[a,b]$ : $$||x||_1= \int_a^b |x(t)|dt$$ $$||x||_\infty = sup_{t \in [a,b]}|x(t)|$$ $\forall x \in C[a,b]$. I need to prove that these are not equivalent. They are ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Inequality for Euclidean norm

Let:| | be Euclidean norm on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $b : \mathbb{R}^{n}\longmapsto \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\sigma : \mathbb{R}^{n}\longmapsto \mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ two continuous functions. ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Prove that $d_{1}$ and $d_{2}$ induce the same topology

Suppose $d_{1}(x,y) = |x-y|$, $d_{2}(x, y) = |\phi(x) - \phi(y)|$, where $\phi(x) = \frac{x}{1 + |x|}$. Prove that $d_{1}$ and $d_{2}$ are metrics on $\mathbb{R}$ which induce the same topology. ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Minkowski type inequality in Banach algebras

Under which circumstances it is true that $\|(A+B)^n\|^{1/n}\le \|A^n\|^{1/n}+\|B^n\|^{1/n}$ for elements $A$ and $B$ in a Banach algebra and a natural number $n$?
16
votes
4answers
452 views

For which $L^p$ is $\pi=3.2$?

This is a silly question that came to mind after watching numberphile video on How Pi was nearly changed to 3.2. For which $p\in(1,+\infty)$ is the ratio of the perimeter of the $L^p$ disc in $\Bbb ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Prove that $|x(a)| + \max \{|x'(t)|: t \in [a,b]\}$ is a norm for a complete space

Prove that the space $C^1([a,b])$ consisting of continuous functions in $[a, b]$ with the norm $|x(a)| + \max \{|x'(t)|: t \in [a,b]\}$ is a Banach space. I can't prove the completeness of this ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Find norm of a linear functional

I have a normed space: $$l_p = \{ (x_n)_{n = 1}^{\infty}: \sum\limits_{n = 1}^{\infty}|x_n|^{p} < \infty \}$$ With norm: $$||x|| = (\sum\limits_{n = 1}^{\infty} |x_n|^p)^{1/p}$$ where $p = ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Calculate $\|f\|$ with $f(x) = \int_{-1}^{1}x(t)dt - 2x(0)$

In $C[-1,1]$, consider the norm $\|x\| = \max\{x(t)\mid t \in [-1,1]\}$ and $f(x) = \int_{-1}^{1}x(t)dt - 2x(0)$, $x \in C[-1,1]$. Find $\|f\|$ Hi everybody. I got stuck in this problem. I can ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Strange mistake in this proof about normed separable vector spaces.

I am supposed to prove that an infinite-dimensionale separable normed space $X$ constains a countable subset $Y$ that is linearly independent and dense. There are three hints given: First, prove ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

If $||f-g|| < ||f^{-1}||^{-1}$, then $f$ is isomorphism implies $g$ is also isomorphism

Let $E$, $F$ be Banach space, $f,g \in L(E,F)$ and $f$ is isomorphism. Prove that if $||f-g|| < ||f^{-1}||^{-1}$, then $g$ is isomorphism. Hi everybody. I got stuck on this problem and can't ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

A normed space of continuous functions with norm $\int_{0}^{1}|f(t)|dt$ is not complete

Suppose $E$ is a normed space of all continuous functions on $[0,1]$ with norm $\int_{0}^{1}|f(t)|dt$. Prove that $E$ is not complete I know that we must do is to find a Cauchy sequence of ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Can $||f|| = ||a||_{q}$ to arbitrary values of $p$ and $q$ satisfying ${1 \over p} + {1 \over q} = 1$

We all know that: Suppose $a = (a_{1}, a_{2}, ..., a_{n})$ is a point in Euclide space $R^{n}$. Consider the mapping $f: R^{n} \rightarrow R$, $f(x) = \sum_{i=1}^{n}a_{i}x_{i}$. Then $||f|| = ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Norm of the maximum

Consider the norm $||f||= max_{x\in[a,b]} |f(x)|$ defined in the bectorial space $C[a,b]$ I have to what is the meaning (/interpretation) in $R$ of {$||f_n-f||$}$\to$ 0 Could you help me?
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Two norms $\|\cdot\|_a$ and $\|\cdot\|_b$ on $X$, and a function $f:X\to Y$ Fréchet differentiable with one of the norms but not with the other one?

There is a theorem that if $f : (X,\|\cdot\|_{X1}) \to (Y,\|\cdot\|_{Y1}) $ is Fréchet differentiable, then replacing the norms with some equivalent norms $\|\cdot\|_{X2}$ and $\|\cdot\|_{Y2}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Dual to the dual norm is the original norm (?)

I have the following questions about dual norms : How do you prove that the dual of the dual norm is in fact the original norm? This is what I have so far: If I have $\|y\|_* $ as the norm dual of ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

Norm space, linear operator exercise, help please!

$f \in L_2[a,b]$ $Uf(s):=\int_a^bk(s,t)f(t)dt$ $k(s,t):[a,b]^2\to R $ continuous. show 1) $U:L_2[a,b]\to L_2[a,b]$, in other words, $Uf(s)\in L_2[a,b] \quad \forall f$ 2) $U$ is linear and ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Help in proving that a vector norm satisfies an axiom.

I am trying to prove if the following is a vector norm: ||x|| = max{$|x_1 + x_2|, |x_2 + x_3|, |x_3 + x_1$|} (x is vector with 3 elements) I'm stuck proving that $||\alpha x||=|\alpha|*||x||$. I ...
-3
votes
1answer
55 views

Conditional number: exercise

Let's say we've got a $202 \times 202$ matrix $A$ for which $||A||_2=100$ and $||A||_F=101$ (the Frobenius norm). How can we find the sharpest bound (lower) on the 2-norm condition number of $A$? ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Additive norm $||a+b||=||a||+||b||$

I've read somewhere that there exist spaces where $||a+b||=||a||+||b||$ is true iff $a = \lambda b, \ \ \lambda>0$. Could you tell me what spaces have that property and what spaces don't? ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Trouble in proving that $\|x\|_p = \max|x_j|$

We define p-norm in this way: $\|x\|_p = \{\sum ^N_j_=_1|x_j|^p\}^ {1\over p}$ We know that It change to $\|x\|_p = \max|x_j| $ when $ p \to \infty $ How can I prove this ?
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Difference: normed space and normed linear space.

I'm currently reading up on Banach spaces. My book "Introduction to Banach spaces and their Geometry" by Beauzamy mentions "normed spaces" in some places, and "normed linear spaces" in other. I really ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Prove that two norms are equivalents

Two norms $\|\bullet\|_1$ and $\|\bullet\|_2$ are equivalents iff $\;\exists\;c_1,c_2>0$ such that $c_1\|x\|_1\le \|x\|_2\le c_2\|x\|_1$ We're working in $\mathcal C^1[0,1]$, and I have ...
14
votes
4answers
359 views

If two norms are equivalent on a dense subspace of a normed space, are they equivalent?

Given a vector space $V$ equipped with two norms $|\cdot|$ and $||\cdot||$ which are equivalent on a subspace $W$ which is $||\cdot||$-dense in $V$, are the two norms necessarily equivalent? The ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Norm of a mapping

$$C[0,1]=\{f:[0,1]\rightarrow R | \text{$f$ is continuous function}\}$$ $$\|f\|=\max \{|f(x)|:x\in [0,1]\}$$ $$A:(C[0,1],\|\|)\rightarrow(C[0,1],\|\|)$$ $$A(f)(x)=(x^4-x^2)f(x)$$ I have to ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Generalizing norms for modules

An normed space is defined as a vector space V plus a norm operation over $V$. Is it meaningful to generalize this notion to modules, where one is dealing with rings instead of fields? What I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How to show Zygmund space is Hölder space?

The motivation of this question is to show that Zygmund space is Hölder space, in certain cases. For simplicity, take $s\in (0,1)$, I want to show $$\|f\| = \|f\|_\infty + \sup_{x,y\in ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Showing a norm preserving isomorphism of vector spaces

Lets define $l^1$ as the complex vector space of all absolutely summable sequences of complex numbers and and $x_0$ consists of all the sequences in $l^\infty$ (all bounded sequences) that eventually ...
2
votes
3answers
602 views

equivalent norms in Banach spaces of infinite dimension

Suppose $ X $ is a Banach space with respect to two different norms, $ \|\cdot\|_1 \mathrm{ e } \|\cdot\|_2 $. Suppose there is a constant $ K > 0 $ such that $$ \forall x \in X, \|x\|_1 \leq ...
2
votes
2answers
401 views

Derivation of the polarization identities?

For a real (or complex) inner product space $V$, the inner product can be expressed in terms of the norm as either $$ \langle x,y\rangle=\frac{1}{4}(\|x+y\|^2-\|x-y\|^2) $$ or $$ \langle ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

Difference between convergence in norm, point-wise and uniform convergence

I know both definitions but I was wondering what are the relations between them. My question is if someone could explain intuitively the differences between these types of convergence. Specifically, ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Equivalent continuation of a metric

Hello fellow mathematicians, I am confronted with the following, supposedly not too difficult, problem: Let $(E,f_1)$ be a normed space and $F \subset E$ a linear subspace. Let $f_2$ be a norm on E ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Absolute summable sequence in normed space [duplicate]

I have studied that for a sequence of real numbers absolute summability implies summability. What can we say about the sequences $\{x_k\}$ in a normed space . If it is not true in general could ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Proof of non-strictly convexity of $l_1$ and $l_{\infty}$

Given the Banach space $l_p = \left\{f\in R^n : \|f\| \leq \infty\right\}$ for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, we define the following norms $\|f\|_p = \left(\displaystyle\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} ...