Tagged Questions

1answer
33 views

Convergence of $a_n=d(u_n,\Bbb{Z})$ where $u_n=\bigl(\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}\bigr)^n$.

I would like to study the sequence defined by $$a_n=d(u_n,\Bbb{Z}).$$ Where $u_n=\bigl(\frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2}\bigr)^n$ and $d(u_n,\Bbb{Z})=\inf\{d(u_n,x):x\in\Bbb{Z}\}$. I do not really ...
0answers
33 views

Weakly closed convex set and norm convergent

Let $X$ be a normed space and let $\{x_n\}$ be a sequence in $X$ such that $x_n\to x$ weakly. Show that there is a sequence $\{y_n\}$ such that $y_n\in \operatorname{co}\{x_1,...,x_n\}$ and ...
1answer
38 views

Theorems on continuous embedding

Let $X,Y$ be two normed spaces such that $X\hookrightarrow Y$. Show the following: 1) If $A\subset X$ is closed in $Y$ then $A$ is closed in $X$; 2) If $X, Y$ are Banach spaces if $x_n$ tends ...
1answer
40 views

Convergence of a sequence of unit vectors in a Hilbert space

Let $E$ be a vector space (over $\mathbb{R}$) with a positive definite hermitian form and let $\{x_{n}\}$ ($x_{n} \not= 0$) be a sequence converging to $x$ in the $L^{2}$ norm ...
0answers
39 views

Convergent sequences in normed vector spaces

Consider a normed vector space $X$. I have a couple of questions regarding convergent sequences and subspaces of $X$(topological subspaces, not necessarily linear subspaces). Let $W$ be a topological ...
1answer
54 views

Subspaces and convergence in weak* topology

I would like to ask some questions regarding convergence in the weak* topology and subspaces. Let $X$ be a normed space with subspace $A \subset X$. Assume $X$ is endowed with the weak* topology. ...
1answer
63 views

Homework excercise, completeness in Vector-spaces, is it correct?, long, but can it be simplified?

I have a very difficult excercise. I see now that it became too much text for someone to might go through it, if you can please help me, but don't want to read all, can you please then only answer my ...
0answers
57 views

Difference between unconditional and absolute convergence in Banach spaces

One can show that in any finite-dimensional normed vector space absolute convergence is equivalent to unconditional convergence. It's not hard to show that if we have an orthonormal sequence in ...
0answers
86 views

Absolutely convergent series in normed linear space

I want to prove that in a normed linear space $X$ if for all absolutely convergent series $\sum\limits^{\infty}_{n=1}x_n$, the series $\sum\limits^{\infty}_{n=1}T(x_n)$ is convergent, then $T:X\to Y$ ...
0answers
22 views

Norm of the maximum

Consider the norm $||f||= max_{x\in[a,b]} |f(x)|$ defined in the bectorial space $C[a,b]$ I have to what is the meaning (/interpretation) in $R$ of {$||f_n-f||$}$\to$ 0 Could you help me?
1answer
187 views

Convergence in normed spaces

I consider a sequence of elements $\{f_n\}_n$ in a normed space $X$ such as $\Vert f_n-f\Vert_X\to 0, n\to\infty$. Let $\{Q_n\}_n$ a complex sequence with $Q_n\to Q$ as $n\to\infty$. Does $Q_nf_n$ ...
2answers
70 views

Find a convergent function in metric space

Let $C[−1, 1]$ be the space of continuous functions equipped with the metric $p(f,g) = \max\{|f(x)−g(x)| \mid x \in [−1, 1]\}$. Then the sequence of functions $(f_n):[−1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...
0answers
156 views

weakly convergent sequence in $l^1$ [duplicate]

Prove that every weakly convergent sequence in $l^1$ converges. By Riesz on $L^p$ spaces, every linear functional $L\in (l^1 )^*$, is $L(x) = \langle u,x\rangle$ for some $u\in l^{\infty}$ ...
1answer
108 views

Regarding an isomorphism between a subspace of $\ell^{\infty}$ and $\ell^1$

Let $c_0$ be the subspace of $\ell^\infty$ consisting of sequences that converge to $0$. Show that $c_0$ is a closed subspace of $\ell^{\infty}$ whose dual space is isomorphic to $\ell^1$. Conclude ...
1answer
1k views

About Banach Spaces And Absolute Convergence Of Seires

How to prove the following two assertions: If in a normed space $X$, absolute convergence of any series always implies convergence of that series, then $X$ is a Banach space. In a Banach space, ...
1answer
134 views

Convergence in norm independent of the choice of the norm.

When I read the proof of the Lie product formula in Reed Simon's book on functional analysis (which essentially reduces to showing $\left\Vert X_n - Y_n\right\Vert\rightarrow 0$ as $n\rightarrow 0$ ...
3answers
261 views

Boundedness and pointwise convergence imply weak convergence in $\ell^p$

Let $p\in(1,+\infty)$ and consider the space $\ell^p$ with its usual norm. The following are equivalent: (1) $x_n \rightharpoonup x$ (i.e. $x_n$ weakly converges to $x$); (2) \exists ...
1answer
147 views

Why is $L^3$ weaker than $L^2$?

Someone told me today that if I can show $\Vert A_n-B_n\Vert_3\to 0$ as $n\to \infty$, then claiming $A=B$ as $n\to \infty$ (where $A$ and $B$ are the respective limits of $A_n$ and $B_n$) is a weaker ...
1answer
122 views

convergence in function space

Maybe is a silly question, but for some reason I am confused... If $\mathcal{F}$ is a normed space of real functions and $\displaystyle{ f \in \mathcal{\bar F } }$ then there exists a sequence of ...
1answer
122 views

Convergence in $L_\infty$ and $L_1$ even if infinite measure space

Let $\{f_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a sequence of measurable functions on a measure space and $f$ measurable. In the literature, assuming the measure space $X$ has finite measure, if $f_n$ converges to ...
3answers
244 views

1answer
188 views

Definition of completeness and convergence in norm

Let $X$ be a normed space. We say that $X$ is complete if every Cauchy sequence in $X$ converges to an element of $X$ in norm. Now, in proofs of completeness, we start with $\{x_n \}$ Cauchy, and it ...
1answer
769 views

Does the p-norm converge to the max-norm in some norm

Does the $p$-norm on $\mathbf{R}^n$ converge to the max-norm on $\mathbf{R}^n$ as elements in the space of real valued continuous functions on $\mathbf{R}^n$ endowed with some norm? More precisely, ...
1answer
79 views

How do you get pointwise convergence in the context of normed spaces [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Norm for pointwise convergence Let $V=C([0,1],\mathbf{R})$ be the vector space of continuous real-valued functions on $[0,1]$. Let $(f_n)$ be a sequence in $V$. Then ...