1
vote
0answers
42 views

Bivariate normal distribution; rotation; diagonal covariance matrix

Let $Z\sim N(0,\Sigma)$ with $$ \Sigma=\begin{pmatrix}\sigma_1^2 & p\sigma_1\sigma_2\\p\sigma_1\sigma_2 & \sigma_2^2\end{pmatrix} $$ whereat $\sigma_i^2=\text{var}(Z_i), ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

The distribution of uniformly random rotation of a i.i.d. Gaussian vector $\mathbf{x}$ given $\mathbf{x}$

Suppose that I have vector $\mathbf{x}$ that contains $n$ independently and identically distributed (i.i.d.) zero-mean Gaussian random variables $x_i\sim\mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2)$. Also suppose I have ...