A non-linear optimization problem includes an objective function (to be minimized or maximized) and some number of equality and/or inequality constraints where the objective or some of the constraints are non-linear. Use this tag for questions related to the theory of solving such problems or for ...

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Consider the problem minimize $f(x)= x^4 −1. $

I am studying for a test and I found this problem in the textbook that I'm using, there may be a conceptual problem that I'm coming across. My test is on unconstrained optimization (multi-variable) ...
5
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211 views

I need help about some compactness arguments

I need help to find some compact sets for my engineering problem. Through this page I learned quite much about it however since I have neither read a book yet nor have an experience I am not able to ...
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33 views

Nonlinear optimisation of Expectation

I am preparing for my exams and I can't get my head around the following question. I know there exists a general method for solving these problems but I don't know where to start. I would greatly ...
4
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174 views

Why Compactness is Necessary at Minimax Theorem

According to Von Neumann's minimax theorem, I have $$\max_{x\in X} \min_{y\in Y}f(x,y)=\min_{y\in Y} \max_{x\in X} f(x,y)$$ for some compact sets $X$ and $Y$ and a convex (in $y$), concave (in $x$) ...
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299 views

(easier version)What is a working example for finding the maximum of a algebraic function $f(a,b,c,d,e)$ with 4 equality …

edit 2: If you are founding an answer would be interesting to you, please upvote this question, because i may use those point in order to start a new bounty. Edit 3: Can somebody answer? Edit 4:I ...
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52 views

Determining active constraints in KKT

Suppose there is a constrained optimization problem having inequality constraints. We can solve it using Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions. My question is how do we determine which constraints are active ...
3
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33 views

Solving an inverse squared sum

How would I go about solving this sum for $x$? $$\sum_i\frac{a_i}{(x+b_i)^2}=C$$ Where $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{b}$ are vectors and $C$ is a constant, and $x$ is a single number. It's for an ...
3
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42 views

Structural / design / meta optimization - is there mathematical theory. Optimization over categories?

There is huge branch of mathematical optimization theory, but it mostly considers the finding optimal parameter values for the predefined structures. There are variational calculus and optimal control ...
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166 views

Finding optimal velocity profile using Dynamic Programming

This question has been asked on scicomp but I thought maybe it's more a mathematical problem of how Bellman's idea is to be applied here. The main problem for me is: How to introduce the time ...
3
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39 views

Solve non-linear equation with Matrices

I'm looking more for hints than specific answers, although I would be extremely grateful if provided with one. The problem I have is as follows: $$ -\Sigma (A+\Lambda_1)+I=0 $$ Here A is a constant, ...
3
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73 views

Strong duality: When does the optimal primal variable coincide with the primal variable giving the dual function.

I'm considering the inequality-constrained optimization problem of finding $$ x^{\star} = \arg \min_{x} f(x) \;\; \text{s.t.} \;\; h(x) \le 0 $$ which is assumed to have a unique minimizer. The ...
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26 views

How does this polar function behave?

I came across this question in my textbook for Nonlinear Optimisation and I don't know what to do: Consider the function: $$ f(x_1,x_2)=(r-1)^2-\frac{1}{2}(r-1)^2\cos \left( \frac{1}{r-1}-\phi ...
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90 views

Solver for sparse linearly-constrained non-linear least-squares

Reposted from stackoverflow on the advice of Nick Rosencrantz: Are there any algorithms or solvers for solving non-linear least-squares problems where the jacobian is known to always be sparse, and ...
3
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83 views

System of many non-linear (quadratic) first order O.D.E. (numerical strategy or simplification)

I have a large system (N>100) of equations $\frac{d\vec{P}}{dt}= A(t) + B(t) \vec{P} + \vec{P}^T C(t) \vec{P}$ where $\vec{P}$ is a vector of N functions of the variable t. What is the correct ...
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284 views

Optimizing non linear programs of two variables

The scenario is; We've got $n$ stationary 360$^{\circ}$ sensors in an confined area (each sensor is located at some arbitrary $\left(x,y\right) = \left(x_{n},y_{n}\right)$), once a unit $t$ enters ...
3
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795 views

Convex minimization over the Unit Simplex

I have a simple (few variables), continuous, twice differentiable convex function that I wish to minimize over the unit simplex. In other words, $\min. f(\mathbf{x})$, $\text{s.t. } \mathbf{0} \preceq ...
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19 views

Closest line to point after non-linear map

I have a map on a vector space $M(\vec{r})$, defined as below. All components (vectors, matrices, everything) are reals in the unit range $[0,1]$. The map $M(\vec r)$ is defined as the sum of an ...
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44 views

Solve constrained system of linear equations from samples of a reference function

I have a system of $2n$ linear equations in $2n$ unknowns represented by the standard matrix equation: $$Ax = b$$ Where the solution vector $x = (p_1, ..., p_n, q_1, ..., q_n)$ represents real ...
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111 views

Jackson's theorem to optimize mean queue length of a traffic model

I am working on traffic signals for a city transport system. I modeled the city transport using a queuing network as shown in the following image Arrival rate of "A" cars from outside is S1 and ...
2
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21 views

Solving a nonlinear constrained optimization involving CDF and expectation of normal distribution

I would like to know if it is possible to solve the following nonlinear constrained optimization problem and find how the optimal solution varies with $C$ and $\beta$: $\max_{x,y}\beta ...
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23 views

[Levenberg-Marquardt]What is the link between positive-definiteness and well-conditioning?

Working on optimization problems through neural networks, I use the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. I have read this assertion that I do not understand : A positive definite diagonal matrix is ...
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422 views

Intuition for gradient descent with Nesterov momentum

A clear article on Nesterov’s Accelerated Gradient Descent (S. Bubeck, April 2013) says The intuition behind the algorithm is quite difficult to grasp, and unfortunately the analysis will not be ...
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57 views

Is there any way to justify this approximation of the solution of a rather simple equation?

I am considering the problem of finding the root of equation $$f(x)=-x+\sum_{i=m}^{i=n} \sqrt{x+i}=0$$ where $m,n$ can both be from very small to very large integers. Since, in a single calculation, ...
2
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116 views

Strong duality for nonconvex quadratic program (with multiple constraints)

Consider the following optimization \begin{eqnarray} P_1: \quad &\underset{x\in\mathbb{C}^N}{\mathrm{minimize}}&\; f_0(x) \\ &\mathrm{subject\;to}&\; f_i(x) \leq 0, i=1,\ldots,m \\ ...
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92 views

From constrained to unconstrained maximization problem

I have the following constrained maximization problem $$ \max_{X_1,X_2,...,X_i,...,X_N} \sum_{i=1}^{N}X_i f_i(X_1,...,X_N) \hspace{0.2 cm} \text{subject to} \sum_{i=1}^{N}X_i-B\leq 0 \text{ and } ...
2
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53 views

short-sale constraint with nonpositive-definite matrix in portfolio optimization

This question is about portfolio optimization in R. I have a nonpositive-definite matrix. I have handled with the singularity. Unfortunately, quadprog etc. optimization packages fail to solve the ...
2
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24 views

discrete nonlinear convex optimization relaxation over a dense set

Be a discrete nonlinear convex optimization problem $P$ \begin{align} \underset{x\in \mathrm{C}^n}{\mathrm{min}} \ \ \ f(x) \\ Ax=b \\ c \leq x \leq d \end{align} $C$ is a dense in $F$. Is solving ...
2
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200 views

Direct multiple shooting (numerical optimal control)

please, Iam currently implementing direct multiple shooting method* and I need one simple but fundamental concept answered: When I want to provide not only objective funtion value (result of ODE ...
2
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34 views

Exercice the converge $r$-superlinearly

Give $x_0 \in \mathbb{R}^*$. Show that $\{x_k\} \subset \mathbb{R}$ converge $r$-superlinearly for $x^∗=0$, where $x_k$ is defined by $x_{k+1}=(1−\beta_k)x_k$ and $\beta_k=1−2^{-k}$ if $k=i^2$ for ...
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76 views

Constrained non-linear Optimization using Newton's method - Portfolio optimization

I want to solve following constrained optimization problem from portfolio optimization: The solution is supposed to be a modified risk parity portfolio: The optimization problem is: \begin{align} ...
2
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78 views

Constrained Quadratic Optimization(Reproducing Kernel)

I am attempting to use a constrained quadratic optimization to find the coefficients of a reproducing kernel. The problem is as follows: $y(t)=\sum_{i=0}^J\alpha_iK(t, t_i)$ $Q(\alpha)= ...
2
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193 views

Levenberg's original article “A method for the solution of certain problems in least squares”

Does there exist any digital copy of the original article (or a transcript) K. Levenberg, A method for the solution of certain problems in least-squares, Quart. Appl. Math. 2 (1944): 164-168? It is ...
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147 views

Maximize a function subject to the constraint $x^2+y^2=R^2$

Please help me how to deal with maximization of function $$f(x,y)=1-e^{-\pi x}+e^{\pi x}\left[1-\cos(\pi y)+\sin(\pi y)\right]$$ subject to the constraint $x^2+y^2=R^2$. Using Lagrange ...
2
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41 views

Calculating second derivative of $g(\alpha) = f(\textbf{y}(\alpha))$

I'm having problems with the second derivative of the function $g(\alpha) = f(\textbf{y}(\alpha))$ (which I will define more precisely below). I tried calculating it myself, could anyone just simply ...
2
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82 views

the objective function $\|F\|_F^2$ is quasiconvex in the optimization?why?

I have read a paper, but I can not understand one optimization thoroughly.Generally, Frobenius norm of one matrix, $\|F\|_F^2$, as the objective function is convex, so we can resolve it not using the ...
2
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86 views

Steepest Descent/Newton

Suppose these over-determined system of equations: $$ |\mathbf{x}^T\mathbf{v_n}| = A, \qquad n = 1,2,\cdots,N-1 $$ $$ \mathbf{v_n}= [1 \quad w^n \quad w^{2n} \quad \cdots \quad w^{(N-1)n}]^T , ...
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79 views

Nonlinear optimization of constraint parameter - subdifferential?

Disclaimer: I discovered that the FAQ suggests to post research-level to mathoverflow instead of math.stackexchange. I "moved" the question accordingly, cp. post at mathoverflow. Sorry for the ...
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434 views

SDP relaxation of non-convex QCQP and duality gap

Short version Is there a duality gap between a QCQP problem and the SDP problem obtained through lagrangian relaxation? A paper I'm studying is using this fact, but I cannot achieve the authors' ...
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54 views

Linearization of a dynamic system, $\small 10 \frac{d^2 y}{dt^2} + \frac{d y}{dt} = u^2(t) $

I have a dynamic system, with in signal u and out signal y. The system is described with the following differential equation $$ 10 \frac{d^2 y}{dt^2} + \frac{d y}{dt} = u^2(t) $$ The task is to ...
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42 views

Convex formulation of a nearly convex optimization problem

The following problem has come up in my studies of logarithmic norms. I wish to find $\mu \in \mathbb{R}$ and a positive semidefinite $B$ so as to minimize the convex function $c \mu - \log\det(B)$ ...
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327 views

sufficient condition for KKT problems

For the Karush-Kuhn Tucker optimsation problem, Wikipedia notes that: "The necessary conditions are sufficient for optimality if the objective function f and the inequality constraints g_j are ...
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295 views

Optimization over function spaces

There are many methods to solve optimization over standard spaces such as real and complex numbers or vector spaces of these. In my case I have a vector space of functions of a real value to find. ...
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67 views

equivalence between primitive and dual

I have a problem about the duality gap of the primitive problem and the dual problem. This problem comes from a probabilistic model named Lagrangian UVM. As this figure shows, this is a trinomial ...
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13 views

How to solve the fractional polynomial optimization problem?

The optimization problem has a fractional of polynomials as the objective function, with linear constraint. For example, $\min\limits_{x,y}\quad ...
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51 views

Derivation of back-propagation equation $\frac{\partial E(\theta)}{\partial W^k}=x*\delta h^k+\tilde{h}^k*\delta y$ for convolutional autoencoders

I was reading the following paper on convolution stacked auto-encoders and they had the following convolution neural network (for auto-encoders, notice I didn't write the offset term [to avoid ...
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16 views

Convergence results for block coordinate descent methods

I am trying to solve the problem minimize $f(x)$ subject to $x_1 \in C_1, x_2\in C_2, ... x_m\in C_m$ where $x_1, ..., x_m$ are block subvectors of $x$, and $C_i$ are each closed convex sets (not ...
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36 views

What curved ramp transports a ball from (1,1) to (0,0) most quickly, under the acceleration of gravity, with no friction or air resistance?

An infinitisemally small ball is placed at the top of a ramp which has a height of 1m and ends 1m away horizontally. What is the optimal curve of the ramp to minimize time taken for the ball to reach ...
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47 views

Polynomial roots finding algorithm

My initial problem is a parameter estimation problem that is solved by minimining a least-square criterion with the Gauss-Newton algorithm. However finding a good initial iterate is very tedious. ...
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21 views

Why steepest descent gives a wrong direction search?

I have to minimize the function $ƒ(x_1,x_2)=(x_1-1)^2+x_2^3-x_1x_2$. The initial point is $[1,1]^T$. The gradient of this function is $∇ƒ(x_1,x_2)=[2(x_1-1)-x_2,3x_2^2-x1]$. This gradient evaluated ...
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15 views

Optimization with Integral Inequality constraint and nonnegativity conditions

Trying to solve this: $$\min TC(A,a,q)= \int_M f(A,a,q)\,dx\, dy$$ $$s.t.$$ $$a\le\int_M g_i(A,q)\,dx\,dy$$ $$q\le \text{constant}$$ $$A,a,q\ge0$$ $(x,y)$ is omitted in $A(x,y), a(x,y), q(x,y)$ ...