A non-linear optimization problem includes an objective function (to be minimized or maximized) and some number of equality and/or inequality constraints where the objective or some of the constraints are non-linear. Use this tag for questions related to the theory of solving such problems or for ...

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project a point onto the intersection of surfaces

I have several non linear equations $g_i$ that represent surfaces $s_i$. Their intersection form the surface $S$. For example $s_1 : g_1(x_1,x_2,...,x_n)=c_1$ ... $s_n : g_m(x_1,x_2,...,x_n)=c_m$ ...
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Max of $3$-Variable Function

I'm trying the find the maximum of the function $$f(a,b,c)=\frac{a+b+c-\sqrt{a^2+b^2+c^2}}{\sqrt{ab}+\sqrt{bc}+\sqrt{ca}}$$ for all nonnegative real numbers $a, b, c$ with $ab + bc + ca > 0$. I ...
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Armijo conditions vs Reduction Conditions in Non-Linear Line Search

Overview Line search typically consists of four stages: Direction: Search direction Initial Step Size: length to search along the line on the first sub-iteration Bracket: find an interval along the ...
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84 views

Finding Shortest distance between a Sphere and Ellipsoid?

Suppose that ,I have a Sphere and an ellipsoid as Sphere: $(x-x_1)^2 + (y-y_1)^2 + (z-z_1)^2 = R_1^2$ Ellipsoid: $\large\frac{(x-x_2)^2}{a^2} + \frac{(y-y_2)^2}{b^2} + \frac{(z-z_2)^2}{c^2} = 1$ ...
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Solve non-linear equation with Matrices

I'm looking more for hints than specific answers, although I would be extremely grateful if provided with one. The problem I have is as follows: $$ -\Sigma (A+\Lambda_1)+I=0 $$ Here A is a constant, ...
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22 views

squaring the equality constraints

When creating an unconstrained optimization problem from an equality constrained one, the usual way to build the Lagrangian, is by adding a term consisting of a multiplier, multiplied by the equality ...
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Quadratic Problen with 2 constraints

Could someone help me to solve the following: $\min x^Tx$ s.t. $x^T a=1$ $x^T b=0$ where $x$,$a$ and $b$ are $(N\times1)$ vectors and $1$ and $0$ scalars. Thank you!
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Gradient descent via polynomial approximation

It seems that most proofs of convergence for gradient descent algorithms rely on strong conditions on the first and second derivatives of the function, for instance that $$|f''(x)| \leq K$$ over the ...
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84 views

Non-linear least squares with two dependent variables

I have data in the form $(t_i,x_i,y_i)$, i.e. position in 2D as a function of time. I have non-linear equations which I want to fit to the data. They give me a position $(X,Y)$ as a function of time ...
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Determining initial values for optimization problem

I am trying to solve an optimization problem with a quadratic objective function and non-linear constraints, using SQP (Sequential Quadratic Programming). I am attempting at doing the implementation ...
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97 views

Properties of the positive definite Hessian matrix of a convex function

I'm reading about nonlinear programming and I'm having trouble understanding the cool properties that a positive definite Hessian matrix $Q$ of $n$-dimensional function $f: \mathbf{R}^n\rightarrow ...
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Can difference of the $log$ function be approximated?

I am currently trying to optimize a problem. $$\text{ArgMax}_x \log(1+f_1(x))-\log(1+f_2(x))$$ Due to the fact that $\log (x)$ is a monotonic increasing function, this is equivalent as to ...
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76 views

Eliminate 2 variables from 3 equations with lots of parameters

I want to eliminate the variables x and y from these 3 equations in a way that all parameters appear in one equation without x and y: ...
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54 views

sum of logarithms of linear-fractional functions Optimization Problem

I am new to optimization theory and I am facing this optimization problem. \begin{equation} maximize \qquad f(x) = \sum_{i} ...
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First and second derivatives of barrier term in a quadratic programming problem

I am implementing an algorithm of Dang and Xu's, ``Non-convex Quadratic Programming Problem with Box Constraints'' and I'm hoping that somebody could verify what I'm doing. Their algorithm minimizes ...
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Strong duality: When does the optimal primal variable coincide with the primal variable giving the dual function.

I'm considering the inequality-constrained optimization problem of finding $$ x^{\star} = \arg \min_{x} f(x) \;\; \text{s.t.} \;\; h(x) \le 0 $$ which is assumed to have a unique minimizer. The ...
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Do we need steepest descent methods, when minimizing quadratic functions?

I'm studying about nonlinear programming and steepest descent methods for quadratic multivariable functions. I have a question highlighted in the following picture: My question is: If we can ...
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The quadratic case in nonlinear programming

I'm reading about nonlinear programming and I stumbled into the following statement where I started to wonder a bit: Consider the function $$f(\textbf{x}) = ...
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28 views

Goldstein test in nonlinear programming

I'm reading about nonlinear programming and the Goldstein test. Here is the definition from my book: A line search accuracy test that is frequently used is the Goldstein test. A value of ...
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34 views

Above what order of magnitude a pure cutting-plane algorithm must be forgotten in favour of branch-and-cut?

Crawling the web on the subject of the cutting-plane algorithm, I have seen everywhere that a pure cutting-plane method cannot be used for numerical instability reasons after some iterations. But do ...
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Can Gomory's cutting plane be used to solve Mixed Integer Linear Programs?

Do you know if Gomory's cut can be used to solve MILP problems ? I have read that Gomory's cut is useful when all variables are integer, but what if just some of them are integer ? Is is necessary ...
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Matrix Maximization

I would like to solve the following optimization problem for a matrix $X$ which is symmetric and positive-semidefinite: $$ \mathrm{maximize} \, \, \, f(X) = \log \mathrm{det} X - k_1 \log(k_2 + a^T X ...
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Order of convergence for the method of false position

I'm reading about the order of convergence of the method of false position and there is one tricky point in the proof I don't understand. The method itself for finding the minimum $x^*$ of a function ...
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43 views

Maximizing the probability of multivariate hypergeometric distribution

Suppose there are $R$ number of red balls, $B$ number of black balls, and $W$ number of white balls in an urn. The total number of balls are $N$, thus, $N = R + B + W$. I draw $M$ number of balls from ...
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Zero-order necessary conditions

I have a question regarding the Zero-order necessary conditions. In my Linear and Nonlinear programming book it is stated: Consider the set $\Gamma \subset E^{n+1} = \{(r,\textbf{x}): r\geq ...
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Minimization problem with amplitude constraint

I have the following minimization problem: $$\left\| \bf{A}x - y\right\|^2 \to min $$ $$s.t. \left|x_i\right| < 1, \forall i,$$ where $\bf{A}$ is the complex matrix with size of $(n\times m)$, ...
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Optimality conditions in convex programming

I'm reading about Zero-order conditions in Nonlinear Programming and the following confuses me (my questions are below the theory): Consider the set $\Gamma \subset E^{n+1} = \{(r,\textbf{x}): ...
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61 views

implicit non-linear equations with complex variables

I am trying to understand a methodology for solving implicit non-linear equations with complex variables. I would like to solve for z1 below where z2 is known. Also both z1 and z2 are complex ...
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60 views

Nonlinear Optimization problem

Function $f(x) \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $(n\geq 1)$, depend on one parameter $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Performing a nonlinear transformation of $f(x)$, we obtain function $g(y) \in \mathbb{R}^n$. This ...
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68 views

Optimizing elementary symmetric polynomial on the unit sphere

I'd like to optimize $x_1 x_2 x_3 + x_1 x_2 x_4 + x_1 x_3 x_4 + x_2 x_3 x_4$ on the unit 4-sphere. I'm thinking I should do lagrangian optimization, but I'm having trouble solving the resulting ...
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optimization problem: finding an hyperplane separating one point from a set of pointy maximizing the distance

I have this problem: I have a set of n-dimensional points $P$. I have one more n-dimensional point $q$. The points in $P$ are linearly separable from $q$ (i.e. it always exists an hyperplane $n^t x ...
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Forbidden range for a linear programming variable

I would like to express a linear program having a variable that can only be greater or equal than a constant $c$ or equal to $0$. The range $]0; c[$ being unallowed. Do you know a way to express this ...
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How to characterise this non-linear optimisation (linear objective function, non-linear constraints)

I was wondering if someone may be able to help me characterise this optimisation problem as I am struggling to find a numerical library that will solve it and I suspect it is because I am using the ...
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Fitting noise with Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm

I've got a sample of noise from a microphone, and I'm trying to fit a curve to the data using the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. However, I can't seem to find a good starting function. I've tried a ...
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Is it possible to approximate or bound this nonlinear mapping L h(x)?

I wanted to make sure whether the following approximation is possible. I have a vector ${\bf{x}} \in \mathbb{R}^N$ where the elements of the vector $\bf{x}$ are random variables. There is a matrix ...
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How to solve Bellman's optimal equation from the first principle

How to solve the following set (finite) of equations $$ v_*(s) = \max_{a\in A(s)} \sum_{s'} p(s'|s,a) [r(s,a,s') + \gamma v_*(s')]$$ $p$ and $r$ functions are given.
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What is a minimal equation system?

In the optimization seminar I have to study the quadratic linear ordering problem. And there is one lemma saying some equations form a 'minimal equation system' of a polytope. Does anybody know, what ...
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Linearization of a product of two decision variables

I am trying to solve a problem that involves constraints in which products of two decision variables appear. So far, I read that such products can be reformulated to a difference of two quadratic ...
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prove that a black-box multivariable problem is convex or concave

First of all I am not mathematician. I want to solve a very complex black box function with several constraints having to do with electrical power flows in electrical grids. At the moment I use the ...
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Newton-Raphson Method for Non-linear System of 3 variables in Matlab

I am trying to solve 3 non-linear system of 3 variables using the newton-raphson method in matlab. Here are the 3 non-linear equations: \begin{equation} c[\alpha I+ k_f+k_d+k_ns+k_p(1-q)]-I \alpha =0 ...
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Strong duality in trace maximization

I'm working on understanding the derivation of the solution for principal components analysis. Let $\mathbf{S} \in \mathbb{R}^{p \times p}$ be a positive semi-definite matrix with rank $d < p$. ...
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29 views

Determining the minimum value

Function $W(t,x)$ is defined as \begin{equation} W(t,x)=\sum_{i}\alpha_i e^{-\beta_i(t-x)}, \end{equation} where $\alpha_i$ is real and $\beta_i$ is real and positive, Then $\Psi$ is defined as ...
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Maximize the expected values of a function with constrain

Consider $p_1,p_2,...p_N$ are probabilities arranged in ascending order. $n_1, n_2,...n_N$ are numbers which are arranged in geometric progression. I want to Maximize E= $\sum\limits_{i=1}^N p_i\cdot ...
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Is there any theoretical upper bound on the second derivative of a twice-differentiable function?

Lets assume that f(x) is a twice-differentiable and nonlinear function, where x is bounded by the interval l ≤ x ≤ u, and the function itself is bounded by L ≤ f ≤ U. We know the values of l, u, L and ...
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First order necessary conditions for nondifferentiable nonconvex minimization problem

I am interested in first order necessary conditions for the following minimization problem where the function $f$ is continuous, nondecreasing and concave, with $f(0)=0$, but not necessarily ...
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How to prevent a convex optimization from being unbounded?

I'm novice in optimization and have a convex optimization function of form $\sum_{i,k} p_{k,i}*\log{p_{k,i}} $ to minimize with the following constraints: $\forall i, a_i = \sum_{k=1}^{m} b_k. ...
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Why are the KKT conditions sufficient in this case?

I need to solve this problem: minimize $f(x,y)=5x-xy-50+10y$ subject to: $g_1(x,y)=18-xy\leq0$ $g_2(x,y)=x+y-11\leq0$ $x,y\geq0$ I found the optimal solution: $(x,y)=(6,3)$ But the Hessian ...
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Solve Van der Pol equation by Padé approximation

I want to solve the Van der Pol equation: $$f''+ \mu \, (f^2-1)f'+f=0, \quad f = f(t),$$ by Padé approximation. I know the solution should be the combination of $\sin{t}$ and multiplied by $\mu$, ...
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Is the optimization of the following composite function even possible, and if so, how would I go about solving it?

Hi Guys, So when I formulate a problem I am trying to solve for work, the above (please see attached figure) optimization framework results. I am not too familiar with optimization techniques ...
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Regularization vs. Inequality Constraint

For what values of a regularization parameter $\alpha$, there is an equivalent inequality constraint in convex optimization? In particular, in the convex optimization problems below $$ \text{ Problem ...