A non-linear optimization problem includes an objective function (to be minimized or maximized) and some number of equality and/or inequality constraints where the objective or some of the constraints are non-linear. Use this tag for questions related to the theory of solving such problems or for ...

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Non linear programming

Could you please help me in solving the problem posted below. A company uses a raw material to produce two types of products. When processed, each unit of raw material yields 2 units of product 1 and ...
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Linear independence of equality constraint gradients in constraint qualifications

I'm, trying to get an intuitive feel for the various constraint qualifications for KKT points. Most of them seem to rely on the linear independence of $\nabla g_i(x^*)$ where $g_i$ are the equality ...
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Reduce degree of a high degree unconstrained binary term to quadratic unconstrained binary term

I'm working on a optimization project, in this project I have to convert higher order unconstrained binary polynomial to quadratic unconstrained binary polynomial. Can anyone give me a hint of how to ...
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Mixed-Integer Linear Programing : get the maximum constant associated to a non null variable

Does anyone know a way get the maximum constant associated to a non null variable using Mixed-Integer Linear Programing ? I would like to get the variable $a$ in this description : $$ i = 1,\ldots,m ...
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Can this specific Linear Program constraint be expressed? [duplicate]

Thanks for your time. I have a linear program and no idea how I could express a form of constraint and even if it's possible. Maybe someone here know a solution. A company assembly and sells a ...
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Line search Armijo, Wolfe, Strong Wolfe and Goldstein.

What are the articles (References) who proposed the line search of Armijo, Wolfe, Strong Wolfe, and Goldstein? Articles precursors of unidirectional searches?
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Exercice the converge $r$-superlinearly

Give $x_0 \in \mathbb{R}^*$. Show that $\{x_k\} \subset \mathbb{R}$ converge $r$-superlinearly for $x^∗=0$, where $x_k$ is defined by $x_{k+1}=(1−\beta_k)x_k$ and $\beta_k=1−2^{-k}$ if $k=i^2$ for ...
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Proving/deciding concavity of a function of two variables

I would like to formally prove that the function $f(x,y) = \frac{(c+1)e^{-x}(xe^{x+y}+y)}{(c+2)(e^{x+y}-1)+e^y} $ is concave ($ c>2$ is a constant, and both $x,\, y \in \mathbf{R_+}$). Plots of ...
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gradient descent - cost reduces and then increases

I am optimizing a function using Gradient Descent. The learning rate is fixed. First for few iterations the cost decreases after that it starts increases. What is the reason for this?
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optimization of nasty expression with nice symmetry between expressions

Consider the function $\ f(x,y,z,\rho_a,\rho_b)=$ $ \log \left(1+ (x+ \rho_ay)^2 + \frac{(z+ \rho_by)^2}{1+(x+ \rho_by)^2} \right)+ \log\left(1+ (x+ \rho_by)^2 + \frac{(z+ \rho_ay)^2}{1+(x+ ...
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Lipschitz continuity of parametric optimizer

Consider the parametric optimal solution $x^{*}: \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ defined as $$ x^*( y ) := \arg\min_{x \in X } \ \ x^\top x + x^\top A y \\ \quad \qquad \text{subject to: } \ ...
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When result of max of min problem is equal to min of max problem

Let's assume there are two functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$. I want to know when the optimal $x$ of max of min of $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ is not equal to optimal $x$ of min of max of $\frac{1}{f(x)}$ and ...
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Is the set of all projection matrices a convex set?

The set $\phi=\{P| P^2=P\}$ contains all projection matrix. Is this set $\phi$ convex?
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Solving coupled non-linear equations

I am struggling to understand what the following question requires me to do: I believe I need to differentiate implicitly, but am unsure how I show it cannot be done.
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Explain KKT conditions without reference to duality.

Is it possible to explain (not derive) KKT necessary conditions without reference to the concept of Lagrangian duality?
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Constrained non-linear optimization problem

For some background, this comes from a sample size allocation problem in statistics. I am trying to minimize the following function (a sum of three variances), and could use some help with direction ...
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Saddle point problem (KKT) with block-diagonal matrix

Consider the following saddle point problem originating from an interior-point method algorithm: $$ \begin{bmatrix}\mathbf{H} & \mathbf{A}^{T}\\ \mathbf{A} & \mathbf{0} ...
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Maximizing curious symmetric function from simple combinatorics

A curious symmetric function crossed my way in some quantum mechanics calculations, and I'm interested its maximum value (for which I do have a conjecture). (This question has been posted at ...
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Non linear Programming Problem

I am struggling with the following question: Solve the following programing problem: max $f(x_1,x_2)$= $ \sqrt{(x_1 + 1) (x_2+1)} $ subject to $x_2-(x_1-1)^2 \leq 0 $; $x_1+x_2 \leq 7 $; $x_1, x_2 ...
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Separate a list of spheres into several lists, each contained in a sphere with a radius no larger than specified.

I have a list of arbitrary spheres, what I want to end up with is that list separated into a number of groups, where spheres in each group all fit into thier specific larger sphere. The limitation is, ...
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41 views

Fenchel dual vs Lagrange dual

Consider the Fenchel dual and the Lagrangian dual. Are these duals equivalent? In other words, is using one of the these duals (say for solving an optimization), would give the same answer as using ...
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Question regarding KKT conditions in optimization

Following is Proposition 3.3.7 in Bersekas' Nonlinear Programming. Let $x^*$ be the local minimum of the problem: $$\text{Minimize }\; f(x) $$ $$ \text{subject to: }\ h_j(x) = 0, ...
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Consider the problem minimize $f(x)= x^4 −1. $

I am studying for a test and I found this problem in the textbook that I'm using, there may be a conceptual problem that I'm coming across. My test is on unconstrained optimization (multi-variable) ...
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Solving many independent non-linear systems simultaneously

I'm working on solving lots of systems of nonlinear equations. Luckily, the non-linear equation is the same, but the parameters are different: $$ f(\vec{x}_0; c_0) = 0\\ f(\vec{x}_1; c_1) = 0\\ ...
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min : sum of L2 norm and squared-L2 norm.

Is there a closed-form solution of the following convex problem: $$\min_x \| x - u \| + C \| x - v \|^2$$ where $\| \cdot \|$ is the L2 norm.
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How to mathematically prove the optimality conditions for a univariate function?

Consider a univariate function $f(x)$. I know the graphical intuition behind why $f'(x)=0$ at the extrema of $f$. But how do you prove it mathematically? I start with the assumption of $x^*$ being a ...
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Why don't we go beyond the Hessian in multivariate optimization?

In univariate optimization, we perform the first derivative test to identify stationary points and the second derivative test to classify the stationary points as minima, maxima and inconclusive. When ...
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Constrained Optimization : Minimize sum of dot products

I am working on a problem to minimize sum of dot product. The problem can be stated as following. Given a matrix where each element is either 0 or 1. $$ \ A_{ij} = \{0,1\}; $$ with the constraint ...
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Constrained non-linear Optimization using Newton's method - Portfolio optimization

I want to solve following constrained optimization problem from portfolio optimization: The solution is supposed to be a modified risk parity portfolio: The optimization problem is: \begin{align} ...
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How can I find the unit vector that minimizes the number of nonzero projections that a set of points has on it?

$\underset{\mathbf{w}}{\min} ~ \|\mathbf{X}^T\mathbf{w}\|_1~~~\text{subject to:}~ \|\mathbf{w}\|_2^2=1$ where $\mathbf{X}\in\mathbb{R}^{d\times m}$ is a set of $d$-dimensional points and $m>d$. ...
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Minimizing a non-convex rational function of two variables

I need to minimize the following function $$f(x,y)= \frac{a}{x}+\frac{bx}{y}+\frac{cy}{x}+dy+\frac{e}{y}$$ where $a,b,c,d$, and $e$ are positive constants, and $x$ and $y$ are both strictly positive. ...
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Constrained Quadratic Optimization(Reproducing Kernel)

I am attempting to use a constrained quadratic optimization to find the coefficients of a reproducing kernel. The problem is as follows: $y(t)=\sum_{i=0}^J\alpha_iK(t, t_i)$ $Q(\alpha)= ...
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Solving for gradient of Frobenius norm term

Let's first define a couple of variables: $A,B,C \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}, D \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$, and $\mu$ is a scalar. Say I have an ADMM sub-problem that looks like this: $\arg ...
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How to solve this optimization problem with equality constraints?

I want to find $\delta_j$ in the following optimization problem. My variables are $\gamma_i$ and $\delta_j$ (all other symbols are known parameters). Assume $i\in\{1,\ldots,9\}$ and ...
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Non-linear optimization with unknown derivative and real numbers only

Background I'm trying to optimize a set of 7 parameters which are the core configuration of some external engine (specifically Solr parameters). I already have an optimization function which grades ...
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Non-convex constraint made cost

Consider the non-convex optimization problem $$ \min_{x \in X} \ f(x) \quad \text{s.t.:} \ \ g(x) \leq 0, \ h(x) = 0 $$ where $X \subset \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ is compact and convex, $f$ and $g$ are ...
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Maximizing the uniformity of density function subject to moment constraints

Background I want to find a probability measure for a continuous random variable, subject to moment constraints, that is maximally "uniform", as defined below: Definition: Maximally Uniform ...
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Concave Quadratic Program

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be compact and convex. Consider $$ x^* := \arg\min_{x \in X} x^\top Q x + c^\top x $$ where $Q \prec 0$. I am wondering if there are cases where $x^*$ can be written as ...
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Hint for KKT Optimization problem

Can anyone help me with the following optimization problem please? I have to find the $\max f(c,y_1^1,\cdots,y_{N-1}^1,\cdots,y_1^M,\cdots,y_{N-1}^M)=c$ subject to the constraints ...
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Convex optimization approximation

Consider the optimization problem $\mathcal{P}_0$ $$ \min_{x \in \mathbb{R}^2} \left\| x-p \right\|^2 $$ $$ \text{sub. to: } \ A x \leq b, \ \ x_1^2 + x_2^2 = 1 $$ where $p \in \mathbb{R}^2$ is a ...
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Model $\min \frac{1}{2} \parallel Ax-B \parallel_2 + \lambda_1 \parallel Cx \parallel_1 + \lambda_2 \parallel Dx \parallel_\infty $ into standard form

I need to solve the following convex optimization problem: $\min \frac{1}{2} \parallel Ax-B \parallel_2 + \lambda_1 \parallel Cx \parallel_1 + \lambda_2 \parallel Dx \parallel_\infty$ s.t $x ...
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1answer
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Minimize $\ell_1$ norm subject to $\ell_2$ constraint

I am trying to solve the following optimization problem: $$\min_{\|Px\|_2=1} \|x\|_1$$ I know it is non-convex. But some non-convex problems are still solvable. Update $P$ is 2x3. $x$ is a ...
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Finding optimal velocity profile using Dynamic Programming

This question has been asked on scicomp but I thought maybe it's more a mathematical problem of how Bellman's idea is to be applied here. The main problem for me is: How to introduce the time ...
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Levenberg's original article “A method for the solution of certain problems in least squares”

Does there exist any digital copy of the original article (or a transcript) K. Levenberg, A method for the solution of certain problems in least-squares, Quart. Appl. Math. 2 (1944): 164-168? It is ...
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Constrained optimization using a cutting plane on a tetrahedron

Consider the figure below where $(a,b,c,d)$ is a tetrahedron and $p=(1-t)a+tb$ is a point on the $ab$ segment. If $n_a$ and $n_b$ are two unit vectors associated with $a$ and $b$, respectively, then ...
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Evolutionary algorithm

Can someone provide me a good reference for the CMA-ES algorithm? I'm new in the world of optimization and just reading the author reference doesn't help me a lot. I know the basic idea of a genetic ...
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Maximizing “log det + log sum exp” function

I'm trying to find a numerical solution to the following optimization problem $$ \text{maximize } f(M) = \frac{1}{2} \log \det(M) + \log \sum_{i=1}^n \exp \left\{ - \frac{1}{2} x_i^T M x_i + a_i ...
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A non-linear optimization problem involving logarithms

I have a log likelihood function that I'm trying to minimize: $-\log(L) = -(\sum_i^n{c_i \log(a_i x + b_i y)} - \sum_i^n{\log(c_i!)} - x \sum_i^n{a_i} - y \sum_i^n{b_i})$ The function is only ...
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Optimization problems on the circle

Consider the optimization problem $$ \min_{x \in \mathbb{R}^2} x^{\top} P x + q^{\top} x$$ subject to: $$ A x = b, \ x \in X, \ x_1^2 + x_2^2 = 1$$ where $X$ is compact and convex. Then ...
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Analysing/Visualising shape of multi-variate function.

I have an unknown function $f:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ for which I'm determining a first order Taylor approximation through a non-linear optimization process in six variables (the ...