For questions about rings which are not necessarily commutative and modules over such rings.

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1answer
25 views

$R/J(R)$ not semisimple Artinian

I search for a ring $R$ with Jacobson radical $J(R)$ such that $R/J(R)$ is not semisimple Artinian. Being a finitely generated module over itself, $R$ would have infinite hollow dimension due to ...
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21 views

Product notation $\prod$ when product does not commute

This is kind of a dubious question, but is the product notation $\prod$ often used in noncommutative rings? For example, if $M_i$ are matrices, I guess the common definition of $\prod$ is $$\prod_i ...
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35 views

Definition of Matrix Inverse [duplicate]

If I recall correctly, most of the references out there, including Wolfram Alpha, define the inverse of a square matrix $A$ to be a square matrix $B$ of the same dimension such that $AB=I$. But is ...
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1answer
57 views

Give an example of a maximal ideal in a noncommutative ring which is not prime

While trying to find an example, I came up with this: Since if $J$ is an ideal of a the ring $M_n(R)$, where $R$ is a commutative ring, then $J=M_n(I)$ for some ideal $I$ of $R$. IF I could show that ...
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1answer
51 views

Zerodivisors in polynomial rings over a non-commutative ring

Prove that if $f \in R[x]$ is a zero divisor then $\exists r(\neq 0) \in R$ s.t $rf=0$, where $R$ is a ring. I know that for $(a_0+a_1x+ \cdots ...
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1answer
29 views

Constructing noncommutative nilpotent rings of given index

When I read about algebra I often see a certain disregard for examples or perhaps a disregard for a reader whose knowledge of examples is limited. When I'm interested in a property $p$ of an algebraic ...
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19 views

A dual to essentially finitely generated notion

It is known that a (right) module $M$ over a ring $R$ has finite uniform dimension if and only if it is "essentially finitely generated", in the sense that there exists a finitely generated submodule ...
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1answer
23 views

Projectiveness of direct product of projectives

It is well-known that a direct sum of modules is projective if and only if each summand is projective, and a direct product of modules is injective if and only if each of the modules are injective. ...
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42 views

Identifying a Lie algebra from its universal enveloping algebra

Its been a while since I've worked on Lie algebras and I can't remember how to approach this problem: How do I identify the lie algebra (up to isomorphism) associated to a certain universal ...
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24 views

A question about injection of a quotient in a direct summand

Let $M$ be a nonsingular right $R$-module in the sense that $Z(M)=\{m\in M : \operatorname{ann}(m)\text{ is essential in }R_R\}=0$. Could one find an $R$-monomorphism from the quotient $M/\bigcap N_i$ ...
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15 views

Goldie closure of the zero module

In "Lectures on Rings and Modules" by T.Y. Lam, it is claimed in Example (7.33) that the Goldie closure $cl(0)$ of the zero module $0$ on the ring $R=\left [\begin{array}\ \mathbb Z & \mathbb Z_2 ...
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30 views

Show that the probability that two randomly choosen elements from $R$ commute is at most $(5/8)$.

Let $R$ be a finite non-commutative ring. Show that the probability that two randomly choosen elements from $R$ commute is at most $(5/8)$. i know there is an answer in ...
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31 views

Basis-free and noncommutative versions of the two-polynomials-over-ring problem (McCoy theorem etc.)

There is a rather canonical bunch of exercises in commutative algebra which tend to come up time and again on math.stackexchange: recently in #948010 and #83121, formerly in #227787 and #413788, and ...
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1answer
44 views

A question in definition of group rings

In definition of a group ring $RG$ with elements $∑f_g g$ (where $g\in G$ and $f_g\in R$), are we supposed that $f_g$'s commute with $g$'s? I mean could we identify the above formal summation with $∑ ...
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1answer
8 views

Ideals of a skew polynomial ring where no positive power of the automorphism is inner

The exercise I'm trying to answer is as follows: Let $R$ be a ring, and $\alpha : R \rightarrow R$ an automorphism of $R$. Suppose that $R$ is simple and that no positive power of $\alpha$ is ...
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29 views

Total ordering on the free group

The free groups can be totally (bi-)ordered. This paper shows how to do it (page 4). In short, you embed the group in multiplicative structure of the ring of power series in non-commuting variables, ...
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1answer
37 views

Jacobson radical of a matrix ring

I search for a way to prove that the Jacobson radical of $R=\left [\begin{array}\ \mathbb Z_4 & 2\mathbb Z_4 \\ 0 & \mathbb Z_4 \end{array} \right ]$ is $\left [\begin{array}\ 2\mathbb Z_4 ...
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34 views

When Leavitt path algebras are unital

I’ve been taking a seminar course on Leavitt path algebras, and our source material is rather laconic as far as explanations are concerned. I am attempting to justify (to myself) the following claim ...
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194 views

Rings with $a^5=a$ are commutative

Let $R$ be a ring such that $a^5=a$ for all $a \in R$. Then it follows that $R$ is commutative. This is part of a more general well-known theorem by Jacobson for arbitrary exponents ($a^n=a$), which ...
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21 views

Every right principal ideal non-emptily intersects the center — what is that?

This is a follow-up to Do Lipschitz/Hurwitz quaternions satisfy the Ore condition? Jyrki Lahtonen answered the question in the positive by noticing that every right principal ideal in either ring has ...
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84 views

Do Lipschitz/Hurwitz quaternions satisfy the Ore condition?

The Lipschitz quaternions $L$ are the quaternions with integer coefficients and the Hurwitz quaternions $H$ are the quaternions with coefficients from $\Bbb Z\cup(\Bbb Z+1/2).$ A ring satisfies the ...
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2answers
79 views

Is Planck's constant a mathematical or a physical constant?

Planck's constant $h$ came out of his considerations of black body radiation and features prominently in quantum physics. Recently I came across the statement that $-i\hbar = pq - qp$ for elements ...
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32 views

Endomorphism rings of a $k$-algebra

Let $k$ be a field and $R$ be the $3$-dimensional $k$-algebra $\left [\begin{array}\ k & k \\ 0 & k \end{array} \right ]$. I have two conjectures: (1) Is any simple right $R$-module has ...
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107 views

Learning roadmap in Algebra

I am a senior undergraduate student in mathematics, I have a sound knowledge in the following areas: a) Commutative Algebra b) Field Theory and Galois Theory c) Homological Algebra My question is ...
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46 views

An error in the book “noncommutative ring” writed by Herstein

I'm reading the book "noncommutative ring" writed by Herstein. In the page 15, the author says that Let $F$ be a field and $A$ is an algebra over $F$. Let $\rho$ be a maximal regular right ideal ...
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1answer
24 views

A uniform module as an intersection

Let $R$ be a semiprime, nonsingular ring with finite Goldie dimension u.dim $R_R$. (Nonsingularity means here that $Z(R_R)=0$, where $Z(R_R)$ is the set of elements $x$ of $R$ with $ann(x)$ is ...
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42 views

Construction of noncommutative torus

In short, how do we get the formula for the NC torus? I find the equations in many places (including here) but I still have no idea for how this comes from the torus. If my understanding is correct, ...
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24 views

Considerations for moving a function inside or outside of an integral

Excluding the possibility that $A(t)$ is the limit of a sequence, are there any special considerations I should be concerned with regarding the following assertion: Let $A(t)$ be an $n\times n$ ...
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1answer
28 views

Extension of an $R$-homomorphism as a sum

I want to solve this problem: Let $M$ be an injective module over a ring $R$ with identity, and $f$, $g$, $h$ are elements of the ring of $R$-endomorphisms $\operatorname{End}(M)$ such that $\ker ...
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1answer
75 views

A central division algebra is not its commutator

In looking at old qualifying exam questions, I've come upon a question that has me stumped. Let $A$ be a central division algebra (of finite dimension) over a field $k$. Let $[A,A]$ be the ...
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2answers
24 views

A direct limit concerning some homomorphisms

In an algebra text there is the following argument I am stuck in the last part of which: "Let $f:B→C$ be an epimorphism in the category of $R$-modules, and $D=∑_{n=1}^∞c_nR$ be a countably generated ...
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1answer
46 views

Isomorphism between $R$ and its dual space

Let $R$ be a finite dimensional algebra over a field $K$. If $f$ is an $R$-module monomorphism from $R$ to the dual $K$-space $\operatorname{Hom}_K(R,K)$ why it is onto? Thanks!
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1answer
35 views

Existence of a maximal submodule

Let $R$ be a left Artinian ring and let $M$ be a nonzero left $R$-module. Prove that $M$ has at least one maximal submodule. I don't really know where to start. Any hint? Thanks!
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1answer
49 views

Von Neumann regular but not self-injective ring

I want an example of a von Neumann regular ring which is not self-injective. My thanks go to anybody answering.
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1answer
43 views

Another description of injective hull

Let $I$ be an injective module containing a module $M$, let $M_1$ be a submodule of $I$ maximal with respect to the property that $M_1∩M=0$, and let $M_2$ be a submodule of $I$ containing $M$ maximal ...
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1answer
63 views

Showing the Weyl algebra is simple.

Let $R$ be a ring with $1$, which contains $\mathbb{Q}$, and generated over $\mathbb{Q}$ by two elements $x,y$ such that $yx-xy=1$. Show that $R$ is simple. What i did? Certainly $x, y \in R$ as ...
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26 views

Example of a ring of finite global dimension with flat qu0tient

I've been thinking about this for quite a while but I cannot seem to find an example of If $k$ is a commutative ring of finite global dimension and I'm looking for a strictly not-commutative ...
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3answers
64 views

Contrasting definitions of bimodules? An illusion?

Recently my definition of a bimodule over a $k$-algebra has been challenged and I believe both definitions to be equivalent, am I wrong? Notation: $k$ is a commutative ring and $A$ is a (unital ...
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2answers
87 views

One-sided version of the Nakayama lemma?

The Nakayama lemma is often used to show that finitely generated idempotent ideals are generated by an idempotent. What remains true if we go to non-commutative rings? In other words, given a unital ...
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29 views

Example of a regular element with a commutative quotient

Whats an example of ring $A$ which is not commutative and contains an element $x\in Z(A)$ such that the left multiplication by $x$ is an injection and $x$ is not a unit and $A/(x)$ is commutative?
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1answer
40 views

Example of a regular element in noncommutative rings

Whats an example of ring $A$ which is not commutative and contains an element $x\in Z(A)$ such that the left multiplication by $x$ is an injection and $x$ is not a unit?
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1answer
48 views

An injective-injective module problem

I want to prove this problem: For an $R$-module $M$ and an ideal $J⊆R$, let $A=\{m∈M∶mJ=0\}$. If $M$ is an injective $R$-module, show that $A$ is an injective $R/J$-module. We can view $A$ as an ...
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2answers
75 views

Prove that the group $(A,+, ◦) $ is a non-commutative ring

• $A × A → A, (f, g) → f + g$, where $(f + g)(x) = f(x) + g(x)$ for all $x ∈ K$ • $A × A → A, (f, g) → f ◦ g$ where $(f ◦ g)(x) = f(g(x))$ for all $x ∈ K$ Show that $(A,+,◦)$ is a non commutative ...
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1answer
61 views

Why is there no $[X,[X,[X,Y]]]$ and $[Y,[Y,[X,Y]]]$ in the fourth order term of BCH formula?

While trying to deal with a problem involving BCH (Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff) formula, I've noticed something strange. Everywhere in the literature I've managed to fetch (for example: this and this ...
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3answers
52 views

Example of ring $R$ with ideals $I\neq J$ such that $R/I \cong R/J$ as modules

It's easy to prove that if $I$, $J$ are two-sided ideals and $R/I\cong R/J$ as modules over $R$, then $I=J$. What about left ideals? Is there a simple counterexample? I believe I've found an answer, ...
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1answer
53 views

Show that $D \cong {\rm End}_A(D^n)$ where $D$ is a division algebra and $A\cong M_n(D)$

Define $A$ to be a finite dimensional simple algebra over a field $k$. $D$ is a $k$-division algebra (not necessarily commutative) such that $A\cong M_n(D)$ for some integer $n$. Let $L$ be a minimal ...
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0answers
99 views

BCH (Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff) formula for $[X,Y]=xY-yX$

If some $X$ and $Y$ satisfy the commutation relation $[X,Y]=XY-YX=xY-yX$, where $x$ and $y$ are numbers (or commute mutually and with $X$ and $Y$), then what is the closed form of $\ln(\exp X \exp ...
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1answer
53 views

A Direct Sum of Members of a Certain Class of Modules

Let $S$ be a class of $R$-modules and let an $R$-module $M$ be countably generated. Suppose that, for every direct summand $K$ of $M$, each element of $K$ belongs to a direct summand of $K$ that is ...
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51 views

A condition of equivalence of flatness and projectiveness

This is a problem in "Foundations of Module and Ring Theory" of Wisbauer: " Let $R$ be a subring of the ring $S$ containing the unit of $S$. Show that a flat $R$-module $N$ is projective if and only ...
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46 views

Simple Cogenerator for the category of left $R$-modules

I want to prove that if the category of left $R$-modules has a simple cogenerator $M$, then $R$ is a simple ring. (Here, $R$ is an arbitrary ring with $1$.) My try is to take an ideal $I$ of $R$ ...