Use this tag for questions about differential and integral calculus with more than one independent variable. Some related tags are (differential-geometry), (real-analysis), and (differential-equations).

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1answer
14 views

Average value for multiple integrals

If there is a function $f(x,y)$ and we want to find the average value over a region $R$ defined by $0<x<1$ and $0<y<x$, how is that computed? I know that it would be something like this: ...
0
votes
1answer
9 views

Reference for transformation of integrals over Lipschitz boundaries

Let $D\subseteq\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\ge 2$, be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Then according to page 314 of [Function spaces, Alois Kufner, 1977] one can define a surface integral of a real valued function ...
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0answers
12 views

Minimization with two functions that are not completely related

Two caveats: 1) This is a problem I formulated myself, and so may not be structured correctly/logically. 2) I don't have an extensive math background, but am currently finishing up Calc 3. I have an ...
1
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2answers
28 views

Is it possible to write the curl in terms of the infinitesimal rotation tensor?

Is it possible to write the curl in terms of the infinitesimal rotation tensor? Basically, we can write the curl as a matrix operator $$ curl=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -\partial z & \partial ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Use triple integrals to integrate over a tetrahedron

Integrate $f(x, y, z) = x^2 + y^2 - z$ over the tetrahedron with vertices $(0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 0), (0, 1, 0), (0, 0, 3)$. I need to use triple integrals to solve this, so I made a diagram and set the ...
7
votes
1answer
262 views

taylor's formula in $\mathbb{R}^n$ as exponential of derivative operator

I hope this question is not too vague. There is some relationship between the formal operator $$e^\frac{d}{dx} = 1 + \frac{d}{dx} + \frac{1}{2!}\frac{d^2}{dx^2} + \ldots $$ and taylor's formula. ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Explain why $\big(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-z^2/2}dz \big)^2 = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(z^2 + u^2)/2}dzdu$

I came across the following when studying a proof related to the normal distribution: $$\left(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-z^2/2}\ dz \right)^2 = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(z^2 ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Parametrizing to Calculate Flux

Evaluate the flux of $\mathbf{f}$ across the oriented surface $\Sigma$ by computing the surface integral $\iint_{\Sigma} \mathbf{f} \cdot d\sigma$, where $\Sigma$ is the surface $z=xe^y$ for $0 \leq x ...
0
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0answers
60 views
+50

quasi-convexity of a function

Can someone help me identify whether the following function is quasi-convex? Let $p>1$. For $x=(x_1,\dots,x_n),x_i>0,\sum_ix_i=1$, we define $$f(x) = -\log \sum_i (x_i/\|x\|_p)^{p-1}.$$ Plots ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Tangent line to a curve statement

I am having problems understanding some parts of the proof of some statement related to tangent line to a curve. I'll copy the exact statement and proof and then my doubts. Statement If $\mathcal C$ ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$

I need to evaluate the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$$ I thought of evaluating the iterated integral ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

how to prove gradients vectors are the same in polar and cartesian coordinates.

Suppose $T=T(r,\theta)=G(x,y)$ How do you prove $\nabla T(r,\theta)=\nabla G(x,y)$? I can think of some arguments in favor of this equality, but I want an actual proof or a very good intuitive ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Does chain rule require continuously differentiability?

Recently I read the book Advanced Calculus written by Fitzpatrick. The Theorem 15.34 tells that If $F:\mathbb R^n\to\mathbb R^m$ is CONTINUOUSLY differentiable (all partial derivatives exist and ...
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2answers
33 views

derivatives of a vector of functions with respect to a vector

Let $\vec W \in \mathbb R^3$. What is the general solution to: $$\frac{\partial}{\partial \vec{W}} \begin{pmatrix} f(\vec W) \\ g(\vec W) \end{pmatrix} $$ I think that in the ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Transformation rule for partial derivatives

I can't fathom the step I have highlighted in green. Am I using the chain rule in 3 dimensions? What is it that I am transforming here?
2
votes
2answers
21 views

Confusion about Spherical Coordinates Transformation

We have a function $$f(x,y,z) = \frac{e^{-x^2 -y^2 -z^2}}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}}$$ and we want to integrate it over the whole $\mathbb{R}^3$. Then what i got is the following: $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}^ \! ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Directional Derivative Derivation

I don't understand the part underlined in the derivation of the directional derivative. Why is the $\lim_{Q \to P}$ interchangeable with $\lim_{N \to P}$? I understand that the surfaces are getting ...
4
votes
1answer
402 views

local diffeomorphism

I hope this finds you all well. Could someone give me an example of a local diffeomorphism from $\mathbb{R}^p$ to $\mathbb{R}^p$ (function of class say $C^k$ with an invertible differential map in ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Evaluate $\int_C \nabla(r^4) \cdot \hat n ds$ in terms of moments of inertia…

Curve $C$ is closed plane curve, $a$ and $b$ are the moments of inertia about $x$ and $y$ axes, $\hat n$ is the unit outward vector and $r = \left|x \hat i + y \hat j\right|$. Here's what I have: ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

double area integral over a Jinc/Bessel

I am having trouble showing the following, which shows up from coherence theory: $\frac{\pi b^2}{\alpha^2}(1-J_0^2(\alpha b)-J_1^2(\alpha b))=\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^b\int_0^b r_1r_2\frac{J_1\left ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views
+50

Rankine Hugoniot Jump Condition Derivation

I follow the majority of this derivation I just do not understand where the two terms highlighted in green come from.
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Area of spherical cap with integrals

Given a sphere $S$ of fixed diameter $D$ (or radius $R=D/2$, it will be convenient to have both, I suppose), and a point $P$ on its surface, let's create a ball $B$ of variable radius $r$ with its ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Vector equation and parametric equation for a line segment

Suppose that $P = (1,1,7)$ and $Q = (8,6,1)$. Inside parenthesis are x-coordinate value, y-coordinate and z-coordinate. The question is to find vector and parametric equation for a line segment. Now I ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

How to find the second derivative of an implicit function?

We know from multivariable calculus that if $y(x)$ is a function given implicitly by the equation $F(x,y) = 0$, then $$ \frac{dy}{dx} = -\frac{F_x}{F_y} \tag{1} $$ This is quickly proved by applying ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Calculating the area of a region using a mapping

The region: $\{{(x,y) \mid x^{2} < y < 2x^{2}, 2y^{2}<x<3y^{2}, x > 0, y > 0}\}$ The mapping: $u = y/x^{2}$, $v = x/y^{2}$ I calculated the jacobian to be $\frac 34$ which means ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

How to find an equation of the plane, given its normal vector and a point on the plane? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding vectors: Find the equation of the plane perpendicular to the vector $\vec{n}\space=(2,3,6)$ and which goes through the point $ A(1,5,3)$. (A cartesian and parametric ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Area of a Curved Surface

Find the area of the part o the surface $z=xy$ that lies within the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$. I'm not sure how to set up the surface integral to compute this.
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Existence of a polynomial with a certain property [duplicate]

Does there exist a polynomial $P(x,y)$ s. t. $\forall x \in \mathbb{R} \,\,\forall y \in \mathbb{R} \,\,P(x,y)>0$ and $ \inf_{x \in \mathbb{R},\,y \in \mathbb{R}} P(x,y)=0$?
0
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2answers
19 views

First order approximation of multivariable function

Let $O$ be an open subset of $\mathbb R^2$ and suppose the function $f:O\to\mathbb R$ is continuous at the point $(x_0,y_0)$ in $O$. Define tangent plane as $\phi(x,y)=a+b(x-x_0)+c(y-y_0)$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Help with double integral

I need to prove if this integral exist (and some others) but i would like to know if there is a condition to say if the integral exist (for example in this case) that would help me solve this kind of ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Triple integral visualisation problem with a sphere and a cylinder

Write a triple integral in cylindrical coordinates for the volume of the solid cut from a ball of radius 2 by a cylinder of radius 1, one of whose rulings is a diameter of the ball. I am unable to ...
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2answers
33 views

A curious question about optimizing a function of 2 variables.

Let $f(x,y)$ be defined and has continuous first and second partials on a domain $D$. Also, let $$A = \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x^2} \\ B = \frac{\partial^2{f}}{\partial x \partial y} \\ C = ...
2
votes
1answer
10 views

If $\vec r = x \hat i + y \hat j + z \hat k$ and $r =| \vec r |$ show that $curl [f(r) \vec r] = 0$

I know that $\nabla \times f(r) \vec r = \nabla f(r) \times \vec r + f(r) \left ( \nabla \times \vec r \right )$. I figured that the rightmost expression is $0$. How do I prove that $\nabla f(r) ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Differentiability at a point

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{2}\mapsto\mathbb{R}\mathbb{}^{2}$ be given by $$f(x,y) = \left(\begin{array}{c} x^{2}y+2y-x\\ 3xy+4y \end{array}\right)$$ Find a open set containing (0,0) where f has a ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Proving or disproving continuity of a function

Consider a function $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}^{+} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, with the property that for a fixed vector $a:=(a_1,a_2,\cdots,a_n) \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$, there exist a finite ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Use a double integral in polar coordinates to find the area

So the area is just an intersection of two circles Converting the two circles to polar coordinates, I get: $r(r-2\sin\theta)=0$, and $r(r-2\cos\theta)=0$ Ummm so $r =0$ and r = $2\sin\theta$ ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How to factor and reduce a huge determinant to simpler form? Linear Algebra

So, I have learned about cofactor expansion. But the cofactor expansion I know doesn't reduce the number of rows and colums to one matrix. I usually pick a colum, multiply each element in the column ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Area of a Paraboloid inside a Cylinder

Find the area of the part of the paraboloid $x=y^2+z^2$ that is inside the cylinder $y^2+z^2=9$. I'm not sure how to set up the integral to compute this. Thanks.
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Show this integral operator is compact for various values of $\alpha$

I am having some problems evaluating a multivariable integral. This question is features in Stakgold's book Green's functions and boundary value problems. page 359. Consider the kernel for $a\leq ...
12
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0answers
118 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
2
votes
4answers
175 views

Line Integral Around a Triangle

Let $R$ be the interior of the triangle with vertices $(0,0), (4,2),$ and $(0,2)$. Let $C$ be the boundary of $R$, oriented counterclockwise. Now evaluate the integral below. $$\int_C(y+e^\sqrt{x}) ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Equation of a Tangent Plane

Find the equation of the tangent plane to the given surface at the given point. $x=u^2, y=v^2, z=uv$ at $u=1, v=1$ How would you find the tangent plane when the surface is in this format? Thanks.
2
votes
2answers
20 views

Question on Green's Theorem

Consider the vector field $\textbf{f}(x,y)=(ye^{xy}+y^2\sqrt{x})\textbf{i}+(xe^{xy}+\frac{4}{3}yx^{\frac{3}{2}})\textbf{j}$. Use Green's Theorem to evaluate $\int_C\textbf{f} \dot d\textbf{r}$, where ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Proving a set is of measure zero.

Let $C\subset A\times B$ be a set of content zero. Let $A'\subset A$ be the set of all $x\in A$ such that $\{y\in B: (x,y)\in C\}$ is not of content zero. Show that $A'$ is a set of measure zero. ...
5
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0answers
44 views

How to take limit *along a path*

So in multivariable calculus for a limit of a function to exist, the limits of the function along all possible paths must exist and equal the same value. But how does one calculate the limit along a ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Rotated arc in $\mathbb{R}$ [on hold]

We have got the arc $$A = \{(x,y) \in \mathbb{R} \mid x^2 + y ^2 = R ^2, 0 \leq x \leq R, 0 \leq y \leq R\}$$ and $R$ is positive real number. What is the area of ​​rotational figure obtained if ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

x-partial of $f(x,y) = (xy)/(x^2 + y^2)$ exists at (0,0)?

Let $f(x,y)= \begin{cases} \frac{xy}{x^2 + y^2}, & (x,y) \ne (0,0) \\ 0, & (x,y) = (0,0) \\ \end{cases}$. a) Show that $\frac {\partial f}{\partial x}|_{(0,0)}$ and $\frac {\partial ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

derivative after composition with linear map

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a polynomial function and let $T: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ be an invertible linear map. If $\nabla f(P) \neq 0$ for all $P \in \mathbb{R}^3 - \{0\}$ does ...
1
vote
3answers
23 views

Find the volume of the solid enclosed by the paraboloids

Find the volume of the solid enclosed by the paraboloids $z=16-3x^2-3y^2$ and $z=4$ so what i did is this $4=16-3x^2-3y^2$ and I'm not sure about the following steps.
-2
votes
1answer
37 views

Find the average temperature for the following regions [on hold]

Consider the temperature function $T(x, y, z) = \large\frac{z}{1+x^2+y^2}$ where there is a heat source along the $z$ axis increasing in temperature as you get farther away from the origin. Find the ...