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1
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1answer
47 views

It is not possible to introduce multiplication in $v_n$(For $n>2$) so as to satisfy all field properties

In the book Calculus Vol 1- Tom M. Apostol .Before beginning to define the dot product of two vectors he tells It can be shown that except $n=1, 2$, it is not possible to introduce multiplication ...
4
votes
3answers
166 views

What is the point of extremal epimorphisms in category theory? Why not just use strong epis instead?

I've been trying to get my head around the various types of epimorphisms you get in category theory, but I can't see why anyone uses "extremal" epis as opposed to the slightly less general notion of ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Motivation for the Tensor Product [duplicate]

I've already asked about the definition of tensor product here and now I understand the steps of the construction. I'm just in doubt about the motivation to construct it in that way. Well, if all that ...
24
votes
6answers
1k views

Motivation for spectral graph theory.

Why do we care about eigenvalues of graphs? Of course, any novel question in mathematics is interesting, but there is an entire discipline of mathematics devoted to studying these eigenvalues, so ...
1
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3answers
127 views

The relation between been the quotient ring of a prime ideal and its localization

Let $A$ be a ring and $\mathfrak{p} \subset R$ be a prime ideal. Set $A_\mathfrak{p}=R[U^{-1}]$, where $U= A-\mathfrak{p}$. What is the relation between $A/\mathfrak{p}$ and $A_\mathfrak{p}$? My ...
6
votes
2answers
129 views

Motivation for the relations defining $H^1(G,A)$ for non-commutative cohomology

First let me review the definition of first non-commutative cohomology. Let $G$ be a group and $A$ a left $G$-group, i.e. for any $\sigma, \tau\in G$ and $a, b\in A$, one has ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Order of nontrivial elements is 2 implies Abelian group

If the order of all nontrivial elements in a group is 2, then the group is Abelian. I know of a proof that is just from calculations (see below). I'm wondering if there is any theory or motivation ...
2
votes
4answers
87 views

Motivating complex structure on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I'm giving a talk to a group of bright but not all that mathematically sophisticated students on the subject of complex numbers. I'd like to introduce complex numbers via geometric considerations ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Use of $\mathbb N$ & $\omega$ as index sets

Why all the properties of a sequence or a series or a sequence of functions or a series of functions remain unchanged irrespective of which of $\mathbb N$ & $\omega$ we are using as an index set? ...
42
votes
12answers
13k views

Why study linear algebra?

Simply as the title says. I've done some research, but still haven't arrived at an answer I am satisfied with. I know the answer varies in different fields, but in general, why would someone study ...
10
votes
2answers
321 views

Motivating (iso)morphism of varieties

I am reading course notes on algebraic geometry, where a morphism of varieties is defined as follows ($k$ is an algebraically closed field): Let $X$ be a quasi-affine or quasi-projective ...
1
vote
2answers
365 views

Grassmann Variables and Complex Conjugate

While dealing with Grassmann Variables, the complex conjugate is defined as $$ (\phi \psi)^{\dagger} = \psi^{\dagger} \phi^\dagger $$ and why not $ \phi^{\dagger} \psi^\dagger $. I want to know the ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

A layman's motivation for non-standard analysis and generalised limits

Disclaimer: My apologies for making such a long question. The question is possibly also rather specific, but I hope that (some parts of) it might be useful in general. Background: I have recently ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

Motivation for studying quadratic algebras, Koszul algebras, Koszul duality

I'm trying to gain a practical understanding of Koszul duality in different areas of mathematics. Searching the internet, there's lots of homological characterisations and explanations one finds, but ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

motivation of limit points

Lets use Wikipedia's definition of a limit point and let $\lim(A)$ denote the set of limit points of $A$. $a\in \lim (A) \leftrightarrow a\in\operatorname{cl}(A\setminus\{a\})$, $\lim (A)\cup A = ...
3
votes
0answers
173 views

Algebraic Geometry question

Why do we study projective normality of a projective variety ? Does it have anything to do with non-singularity ? Any other purpose to study this ?
3
votes
0answers
355 views

Why is unique ergodicity important or interesting?

I have a very simple motivational question: why do we care if a measure-preserving transformation is uniquely ergodic or not? I can appreciate that being ergodic means that a system can't really be ...
7
votes
1answer
473 views

History behind Exact Sequences.

I am very much interested in listening to the history behind the exact sequence. We know that the exact sequence is sequence of objects with morphisms such that image of one morphism equals to the ...
9
votes
2answers
549 views

Motivation behind the ingredients of First Cohomology group $H^1$

I started reading the Cohomology theory of groups. But I am not able to get any intuition or motivation behind the following : It is concerned with the formal definitions of crossed and principal ...
16
votes
2answers
588 views

Why are modular lattices important?

A lattice $(L,\leq)$ is said to be modular when $$(\forall a,b\in L) x \leq b \implies x \vee (a \wedge b) = (x \vee a) \wedge b,$$ where $\vee$ is the join operation, and $\wedge$ is the meet ...
8
votes
1answer
321 views

How to motivate the axioms for the inner product

Typically, one doesn't just write down lists of axioms and then sees if there are enough interesting examples that satisfy them; they evolve over time, usually from a couple of very ...
3
votes
2answers
503 views

Why do we need (the abstract concept of) random variables (in discrete probability models)?

What we defined: Suppose we have a (discrete) probability model $\left(\Omega,P\right)$, where $P$ is the probability function (at least, that was the way it was introduced in a course I took; that ...
12
votes
2answers
471 views

Motivation behind the definition of flat module

Can someone explain what is the motivation behind the definition of a flat module? I saw the definition but I don't really know why it is important to work with these structures.
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Interpretation of condition on positive random variable

Let $W$ be a random variable such that $\mathbb{P}(W > 0) = 1$ and $\mathbb{E}(W) = 1$. Is there an interpretation or motivation for the condition $$\mathbb{E}(W \log (W) ) < c$$ where $c \in ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Jacobi identity - intuitive explanation

I am really struggling with understanding the Jacobi Identity. I am not struggling with verifying it or calculating commutators.. I just can't see through it. I can't see the motivation behind it (as ...
15
votes
4answers
787 views

Fun math for young, bored kids?

For 6 months, I'll be organizing, as part as my volunteer work in an NGO, math classes with small groups (~10 students, aged 16 or 17). These classes are not compulsory, but students willing to stay ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Why a norm and not some other function that defines a metric?

If one defines on a $\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C}$-vector space a norm this gives rise to a metric. Why are particularly mappings that satisfy the norm axioms so important that in every book for beginners on ...
12
votes
6answers
902 views

Motivation of the Gaussian Integral

I read on Wikipedia that Laplace was the first to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-x^2} \, \mathrm dx$$ Does anybody know what he was doing that lead him to that integral? Even better, can ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Motivation behind topology

What is the motivation behind topology? For instance, in real analysis, we are interested in rigorously studying about limits so that we can use them appropriately. Similarly, in number theory, we ...
4
votes
3answers
276 views

Motivation for the Mapping Class Group

Question: What is the motivation for studying the mapping class group? In particular, what types of questions does it attempt to answer and what kind of invariant is it? Motivation for this ...
8
votes
2answers
159 views

Demonstrating the value of abstracting away from elements/subsets to maps

Given a set $S$, here are 5 ways of thinking about elements of $S$, in increasing abstraction: an actual element, e.g. $s\in S$ an inclusion map, e.g. $i_s:\{s\}\hookrightarrow S$ an ...
38
votes
7answers
3k views

What's the point of studying topological (as opposed to smooth, PL, or PDiff) manifolds?

Part of the reason I think algebraic topology has acquired something of a fearsome reputation is that the terrible properties of the topological category (e.g. the existence of space-filling curves) ...
28
votes
7answers
3k views

Uses of quadratic reciprocity theorem

I want to motivate the quadratic reciprocity theorem, which at first glance does not look too important to justify it being one of Gauss' favorites. So far I can think of two uses that are basic ...
6
votes
5answers
984 views

Motivation behind the definition of complete metric space

What is motivation behind the definition of a complete metric space? Intuitively,a complete metric is complete if they are no points missing from it. How does the definition of completeness (in ...