# Tagged Questions

For questions about gaining and achieving motivation.

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### Linear systems of differential equations

I would like to see an example of a real physical situation where one can find a set of variables evolving according to a system of linear differential equations. I wasn't able to find any such ...
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### Nonobvious examples of metric spaces that do not work like $\mathbb{R}^n$

This week, I come to the end of the first year analysis, and suffer from a "crisis of motivation." With this question, I want to chase away my thought, "Why is it important to study the general ...
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### Why are special numbers important? (Such as fermat prime, mersenne prime)

Whenever I studied topics in mathematics, I found those topics are important in purely mathematical sense and I could see some motivations. However, I cannot see neither motivation nor importance of ...
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### Motivation and examples for ramification

I started learning algebraic number theory, but it seems like all the sources I had are too abstract, giving me difficulty understanding the concept and tripping me up frequently. For today it is ...
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### Motivation for and differences between properties of measure, outer measure

This is related to my measure theory class, but it's not homework. The motivation behind this post is to understand the big picture relationship between properties of measure and outer measure. I ...
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### What's a good motivating example for the concept of a slice category?

What nice example can one give a beginner to really motivate the idea of a slice category, before they've met the more general notion of a comma category? There's the toy example of a poset category ...
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### Pairwise Independent Events that are not Independent

Let a ball be drawn from an urn containing 4 balls, numbered 1,2,3,4 . let E = {1,2}, F = {1.3}, G = {1,4} . If all outcomes are assumed equally likely, then P(EF) = P(E)*P(F) = 1/4 P(EG) = ...
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### Why do we care about non-$T_0$ spaces?

(Reminder: A $T_0$ topological space, also known as a Kolmogorov space, is a space where the topological structure "recognizes" that different points are different: No two points have exactly the same ...
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### Uses of Mersenne primes in math

There is an international search for Mersenne primes. The project is huge. But what are the uses of Mersenne Primes in math? Do they have any other properties other than being of the form $2^n-1$?
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### Where do I start learning and how do I stay motivated?

I just finished intermediate algebra in college. I liked it and breezed through it. I feel like at this level of math I can only expect dull and unenthusiastic teachers (which has been the case ...
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### The “Empty Tuple” or “0-Tuple”: Its Definition and Properties

(I would like to link to a previous discussion on the subject: What is A Set Raised to the 0 Power? (In Relation to the Definition of a Nullary Operation)) In axiomatic (ZFC) set theory, we define ...
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### Application of integrating $\cos^4 x$?

A student asked a colleague the other day for a practical application that involved needing to integrate the fourth power of cosine, but no one here could think of one off-hand other than some volume ...
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### Motivation behind parameters

This article shows a technique of evaluating a definite integral by introducing a suitable parameter. This however doesn't throw light on motivation for introducing that particular parameter. For ...
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### What is the motivation behind the study of pattern-avoiding permutations?

There is a ton of research on pattern-avoiding permutations (permutations that do not contain some designated permutation pattern). We're figuring out how to enumerate them, what random ones are ...
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### Relation between long exact sequences and Derived functors

I know that if i have a short exact sequence of chain complexes $$0\rightarrow A\rightarrow B\rightarrow C\rightarrow 0$$ then i can extend it to long exact sequence of homology groups as ...
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### What is the reason to introduce and study logarithmic functions?

I don't understand why logarithms exist when we have exponential functions. Exponential functions seem to be an easier and less convoluted way to write something. Why invent logarithms to do something ...
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### Fibonacci Numbers in Nature

Supposedly the Fibonacci sequence appears naturally in nature, and my question is how, where and I guess why? I read that one way this is so is that it models the population of honey bees under ideal ...
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### Finitely generated ideal in Boolean ring; how do we motivate the generator?

This problem is Exercise 11.3 in Atiyah/Macdonald Commutative Algebra. They ask to prove every finitely generated ideal in a Boolean ring is in fact a principal ideal. The question has been answered ...
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### Motivational example for complex numbers

Years ago I was introduced to complex numbers. In class we had been talking about the cubic polynomial and its solutions. At one point we saw an example where, when using the formula, one had to stop ...
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Is there anything cool about trigonometry? I was just curious. I'm learning trig right now and I often find myself asking myself, "What's the point?" I feel if I knew what I was working on and why, ...
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### Book series like AMS' Student Mathematical Library?

I had the joy of discovering AMS' Student Mathematical Library book series today, and I have been pleasantly surprised by how enticing some of the titles seem: exciting and expositionary, a perfect ...
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### Book ref. request: “…starting from a mathematically amorphous problem and combining ideas from sources to produce new mathematics…”

I couldn't find Charles Radin's Miles of Tiles at the local university library or the public library, and cannot afford its Amazon price right now. Thus, while sorely disappointed for the moment, I ...
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### Why study cardinals, ordinals and the like?

Why is the study of infinite cardinals, ordinals and the like so prevalent in set theory and logic? What's so interesting about infinite cardinals beyond $\aleph _0$ and $\mathfrak{c}$? It seems ...
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### Motivation of vector bundle of a manifold

I am studying about vector bundle from M.Lee but not getting the feel of it. Can someone explain me about the importance of vector bundle? Why do we need to study about it? Thanks! Also, i have to ...
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### Why do we require $X$ to be Hausdorff when defining $C(X)$?

In Efton Park's "Complex Topological K-theory", he begins a section by defining the Banach algebra $C(X)$ (continuous functions $f: X \rightarrow \Bbb C$), presupposing that $X$ is Hausdorff and ...
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### Why study integrality?

Here are a few of the basic definitions related to integrality. (1) A polynomial in $R[x]$ is monic if its leading coefficient is $1$. (2) An element is integral over a ring $R$ if it ...
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### Topological groups, why need them?

I'm reading through Munkres and Armstrong's books on topology. However, I find topological groups to be really complicated objects! I feel they are twice as hard to deal with then just groups and ...
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### Motivation for construction of cross-product (Quaternions?)

I just found a very interesting article here: http://www.johndcook.com/blog/2012/02/15/dot-cross-and-quaternion-products/ The author observes that by defining i,j,k s.t. $i^2=j^2=k^2=ijk=-1$, ...
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### Is RCA-Rudin one of the worst textbooks? [closed]

Someone told me that "Real and complex analysis - rudin" is actually rated a bad textbook among researchers, since it gives no motivation. Is it true? I agree that this text provides less ...
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### Practical motivation for analysis at school

I want to show pupils at an age of 14 to 17 and who do not like math what they can use analysis/analytic geometry in a job. I could not remember an impressive example for most topics. Let's assume ...
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### What does this theorem mean?

Let $(V,\|\cdot\|)$ be a finite-dimensional normed space. Define $\|T\|_\mathrm{op}=\sup\{\|T(x)\|:\|x\|â‰¦1\}$, for all linear operators on $V$ Define $\Omega$ to be the set of all invertible linear ...
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### Can we capture all domains of discouse in the predicate logic within categorical logic?

In the construction of the bounded quantifiers via adjoints in the fibered category of subsets over a set (see e.g. here on Wikipedia), is there any restriction on the sets - specifically regarding ...