For question about morphism between groups, ring, topological spaces, vector space, categories, etcs... Please also use the correspondent tags (e.g. (group-theory), (ring-theory)) in order to precise the involved structure.

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2
votes
1answer
96 views

Isomorphism between the space of linear operator and matrices for finite dimensional spaces

Prove that $\operatorname{Lin}(U,V)$ is isomorphic to the space of $m$ by $n$ matrices, where $\dim(U)=n$ and $\dim(V)=m$. Thanks so much for your enlightment.
12
votes
1answer
192 views

Problem on abelian group

Let $G$ be an abelian group, and $\Phi:G\to \mathbb{R}$ is a function with the following property: $$\forall a,b\in G,~~ |\Phi(a+b)-\Phi(a)-\Phi(b)|<c$$ The problem asks to prove the existence of ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Systematizing graph morphisms

Trying to systematize possible notions of graph morphisms I came about the following classification: A morphism $f$ which sends a graph $G$ to another graph $G'$ is – first of all – ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

An example of a monomorphism that is not an equalizer in “Abstract and Concrete Categories — The Joy of Cats”

I am sorry, maybe i am just confused or have not understood some definition, but i do not understand the following remark in Abstract and Concrete Categories -- The Joy of Cats on page 117: ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

How to denote an 'atomic' morphism in category?

I want to distinguish between two disjoint classes of morphisms in a category: (1) those morphisms that are composed of other morphisms (other than identities) and could conceivably be factored into a ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Being a morphism of quasiprojective varieties is a local property

Let $X,Y$ be quasiprojective varieties and $\phi \colon X \to Y$ be a map. Suppose there exists a cover $\mathscr U = \{U_i\}_{i \in I}$ of open subsets $U_i \subset X$ such that for every $i \in ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Isomorphisms of $\mathbb P^1$

Prove that every isomorphism of $\mathbb P^1$ (over an algebrically closed field $\mathbb K$) is of the form $$ \phi(x_0: x_1) = (ax_0+bx_1 : cx_0 + dx_1) $$ where $\begin{pmatrix} a & b ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Morphisms between quasiprojective varieties preserve irreducibility

Let $X,Y$ be two quasiprojective varieties and $\phi \colon X \to Y$ a surjective morphism. Let $Z \subset Y$ a closed set such that $\phi^{-1}(Z)$ is irreducible. Prove that $Z$ is irreducible. ...
10
votes
6answers
757 views

What does “homomorphism” require that “morphism” doesn't?

I'm starting to learn category theory, but there's one thing I don't get: all morphisms seem to be homomorphisms; the definition seems to be the same. What's the difference between these two? Can you ...
1
vote
4answers
150 views

To what extent are morphisms required to be functions?

Just beginning category theory, and I am looking for clarification on the precise nature of morphisms. The most familiar categories, e.g. $\mathbf{Top}$, have morphisms that are functions in the ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

If $M$ is either Noetherian or Artinian and $M^{(n)}\cong M^{(m)}$, then $m=n$.

The question is: Prove that if $_RM$ is either artinian or noetherian and if $m,n\in\mathbb{N}$ with $M^{(m)}\cong M^{(n)}$, then $m=n$. Here, $M^{(m)}$ denotes the direct sum of $m$ times $M$. I ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Problem 3.1.2 in Liu — Omission in problem statement?

Exercise 3.1.2 in Liu's Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves is as follows. Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes. For any scheme $T$, let $f(T):X(T)\rightarrow Y(T)$ denote the ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Finite fiber of scheme morphism is zero-dimensional?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be locally Noetherian schemes and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be an étale morphism of finite type. Let $x\in X$ and $y=f(x)$. I would like to know why the fiber $X_y$ is a zero-dimensional ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Does this morphism necessarily give rise to a finite extension of residue fields?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of finite type of locally Notherian schemes. Let $x\in X$ and $y=f(x)$. Recall that $f$ is said to be unramified if the map of stalks $g:\mathcal O_{Y,y} ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Number of kernals of all $\mathbb{Z}_n$ to $\mathbb{Z}_m$ homomorphisms?

How many subgroups $K \le \mathbb{Z}_n$ are there with $K =\ker(\phi)$ for some homomorphism $\phi\colon\mathbb{Z}_n \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}_m$? Stuck and need a hint. Have so far that there are ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Bijection abstract simplicial complex

Given two compact Hausdorff spaces $X$ and $Y$ and $h \colon X \to Y$ a homeomorphism, how can I prove that $h_{\mathfrak{A}} : N(\mathfrak{A}) \to N(h(\mathfrak{A}))$ is a bijection where ...
7
votes
2answers
218 views

Inverse of open affine subscheme is affine

This seems ridiculously simple, but it's eluding me. Suppose $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is a morphism of affine schemes. Let $V$ be an open affine subscheme of $Y$. Why is $f^{-1}(V)$ affine? I noted that ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Why is this composition of scheme morphisms proper?

I am learning about proper morphisms from Liu's book. I have a question about the proof of the Lemma 3.17 on page 104. Let $A$ and $B$ be rings and suppose $\operatorname{Spec} B$ is proper over ...
30
votes
4answers
784 views

$\mathbb C[X]/(X^2)$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb R[Y]/((Y^2+1)^2)$

This question led me to the following: Prove that $\mathbb C[X]/(X^2)$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb R[Y]/((Y^2+1)^2)$.
7
votes
1answer
149 views

Category with endomorphisms only

How is called a category with endomorphisms only? How is called a subcategory got from an other category by removing all morphisms except of endomorphisms?
4
votes
3answers
168 views

Does every category have a functor?

Is there any one (or more) categories that doesn't have a functor? Functors go between categories, so is there any category that only has an identity functor but no other functor that maps it to ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Homomorphical Equivalence is NP-complete

Two graphs $G,H$ are homomorphically equivalent if there are exists a homomorphism from $G$ to $H$ and a homomorphism from $H$ to $G$. The task is to prove that this decision problem ...
3
votes
3answers
94 views

Given a functor between categories, how to denote a morphism between particular objects of that category

I have a very common situation, for which I need both: (1) notation; and, if available, (2) a general relative term. Let's say that: there is a functor between categories, $f:C_1\to C_2$, $c_1$ is ...
8
votes
1answer
84 views

*-homomorphisms $M_n(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow M_m(\mathbb{C})$

I've heard that every *-homomorphism $\phi:M_m(\mathbb{C})\rightarrow M_n(\mathbb{C})$ is unitarily equivalent to some *-homomorphism of the form $A\in ...
3
votes
2answers
401 views

Prove the third isomorphism theorem

I'm trying to prove the third Isomorphism theorem as stated below Theorem. Let $G$ be a group, $K$ and $N$ are normal subgroups of $G$ with $K⊆N$. Then $$(G⁄K)⁄(N⁄K)≅G⁄N.$$ I look up for some ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Every injective function is an inclusion (up to a unique bijection)

Let $X$ be a set and let $A$ be a subet of $X$. Let $i:A\longrightarrow X$ be the usual inclusion of $A$ in $X$. Then $i$ is an example of an injective function. I want to show that every ...
0
votes
3answers
94 views

Let $p$ be a prime. Determine the number of homomorphisms from $\mathbb{Z}_p \oplus \mathbb{Z}_p$ into $\mathbb{Z}_p$.

Let $p$ be a prime. Determine the number of homomorphisms from $\mathbb{Z}_p \oplus \mathbb{Z}_p$ into $\mathbb{Z}_p$. How can I able to solve this problem?can anyone help me please.
6
votes
3answers
146 views

Aut $\mathbb Z_p\simeq \mathbb Z_{p-1}$

I'm trying to prove that Aut $\mathbb Z_p\simeq \mathbb Z_{p-1}$ (p prime). I know that Aut $\mathbb Z_p$ has $p-1$ elements because $\mathbb Z_p$ has $p-1$ possiblities of generators, so intuitively ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Ring homomorphism question.

If $R$ is a ring, show that there is exactly one ring homomorphism $\phi: \mathbb{Z} \to R$. I can't grasp the idea that there can be only one ring homomorphism. Aren't there many (at least more than ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Algebra (Not *)-Isomorphisms of von Neumann algebras

Let $A$ and $B$ be any two infinite-dimensional von Neumann algebras, they are operator algebras with operator composition as the multiplication and as infinite dimensional vector spaces they're ...
8
votes
1answer
85 views

Prove that $Tx=x^{-1}~\forall~x\in G.$ [duplicate]

Let $G$ be a finite group and suppose the automorphism $T$ sends more than $\dfrac{3}{4}th$ of the elements of $G$ onto their inverses. Prove that $Tx=x^{-1}~\forall~x\in G.$
3
votes
2answers
624 views

If $\phi:G\to\bar{G}$ is an isomorphism and if $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$, then $\phi(H)$ is a normal subgroup of $\bar{G}$.

If $\phi:G\to\bar{G}$ is an isomorphism and if $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$, then $\phi(H)$ is a normal subgroup of $\bar{G}$. I am struggling with getting started with the problem. I know ...
8
votes
1answer
158 views

Path Connectedness and continuous bijections

Mathoverflow. Are there any two topological spaces $X$ and $Y$ such that they are path connected and such that there exist continuous bijections $X\rightarrow Y$ and $Y\rightarrow X$, but and yet ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

A question on morphisms of fields

Let $A,B$ be two fields. Let $\phi:A\rightarrow B$ and $\psi:B\rightarrow A$ be two morphisms of fields. Can i conclude that $A$ and $B$ are isomorphic fields? My guess is yes, because every morphism ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

How I can find the inverse of an isomorphism?

The motivation of this question can be found in Can we extend the map $φ$ to $ℝ^{r}×C(ℚ)^{\text{tors}}→C(ℚ)$ as an isomorphism or not? My question is: How I can find the inverse of the ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Order of kernel of a homomorphism

Let $p,q$ be distinct primes. Prove that the kernel of the map $$f: (\mathbb{Z}/p^k\mathbb{Z})^* \rightarrow (\mathbb{Z}/p^k\mathbb{Z})^*$$ defined by $f(x)=x^q$ has order $\gcd(p-1,q).$ Thank ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

Problem of monomorphism of rings [duplicate]

Let $A$ a ring, for each monomorphism $f:A^m \rightarrow A^n$, I don't know how to prove that $m\leq n$. I can't start the problem, I have no idea, help me please.
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Image of a morphism of varieties

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are two algebraic varieties, and $f:A\to B$ is a morphism of algebraic varieties. I guess it is true that $\text{im}(f)$ is itself an algebraic variety. But how to prove it?
1
vote
1answer
204 views

If each component of a Cartesian product is homeomorphic to another space, are the Cartesian products homeomorphic

Assume we are given a space $A$ with a metric $d$. Assume $A = A_1 \times A_2 \times A_3 \cdots$, ie. $A$ is a Cartesian product of spaces $A_i$, where $i \in I$. $I$ is countable or countably ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the name for the intermediary object(s) of functional composition?

Consider two morphisms: $f : X \to Y$ and $g : Y \to Z$ , and their composition: $g \circ f : X \to Z$. What is the name given to the role of $Y$ with respect to $g \circ f$? Is there a naming ...
10
votes
1answer
320 views

Question on a homomorphism of a set G.

I'm having difficulty showing the given a map, say $\phi(z)=z^k$, is surjective. This question is from D & F section 1.6 - #19 Let $G$ =$\{z \in \mathbb C|z^n=1 \text{ for some } n \in \mathbb ...
1
vote
3answers
137 views

How can I conclude that an automorphism is the identity map?

Let $\phi$ be an automorphism on a group $G$. If $\phi$ maps any one non-identity element in $G$ to itself, is $\phi$ necessarily the identity map? What if $G$ is cyclic?
3
votes
1answer
393 views

Isomorphic Hilbert spaces

As part of a broader proof , I need to show that every two separable Hilbert spaces (that contains a dense countable set) are isomorphic (the linear mapping from one space to the other is injective ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Morphism between matrices and linear equations

I'm currently a beginner at linear algebra. So, in some books I see authors start defining linear equations and then they define matrices and, supposedly, the definition of associative matrix is to ...
0
votes
5answers
185 views

Show that $S_2$ is isomorphic to $Z_2$

Show that $S_2$ is isomorphic to $Z_2$ I know that $S_2$ has two elements $\sigma_1$ and $\sigma_2$...and $Z_2$ has two elements 0 and 1. But isomorphism is a bijective function, right? So doesn't ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Extensions of $\sigma:\mathbb{Q}(\xi)\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}(\xi), \ \sigma(\xi)=\xi^{2}$ to $\mathbb{Q}(\xi)(\sqrt[3]{2})$

Let $L$ be the splitting field of $T^{3}-2$ and let $\sigma:\mathbb{Q}\left(\xi\right)\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}\left(\xi\right)$ be a morphism defined by $\sigma\left(\xi\right)=\xi^{2}$. Find all ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Extensions of $\mathbb{Q}\left(\sqrt{2}\right)\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}\left(\sqrt{2}\right),\ \sqrt{2}\mapsto -\sqrt{2}.$

I have to solve an exercise that requires to find all extensions $\hat{\sigma}:\mathbb{Q}\left(\sqrt{2},\xi\right)\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}\left(\sqrt{2},\xi\right)$ (with $\xi$ being a third root of the ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Extending a homeomorphism between two curves [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there “essentially only 1” Jordan arc in the plane? Let $\gamma : [0,1] \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be a simple curve with $\gamma(0)=(0,0)$ and $\gamma(1) =(1,0)$. Clearly, ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Morphisms generated by functions

Given a function $f: A \to B$, I can construct a morphism $g : A^* \to B^*$ where $X^*$ denotes some free structure generated by $X$ (Could be monoid, group, module, etc.). I'd like to study ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

On automorphisms group of order $p^n$

Let $G$ be a finite group, such that $\mid Aut(G)\mid=p^n$. Then prove $G$ is p-group or $G\cong P\times C_{2}$, where $P$ is a p-group. Thank you