Let $\phi$ be an automorphism on a group $G$. If $\phi$ maps any one non-identity element in $G$ to itself, is $\phi$ necessarily the identity map? What if $G$ is cyclic?
Let $A = B \times C$ where $B$ and $C$ are cyclic of order $p$ and $p^2$ respectively, where $p$ a prime. How many endomorphisms are there? How many of these endomorphisms are automorphisms?