In mathematics, a monoidal category (or tensor category) is a category C equipped with a bifunctor ⊗ : C × C → C which is associative up to a natural isomorphism, and an object I which is both a left and right identity for ⊗, again up to a natural isomorphism. (Def: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/...

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19
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1answer
472 views

Grothendieck's yoga of six operations - in relatively basic terms?

I'm reading about the basic interactions between sheaves over topological spaces and arrows in $\mathsf{Top}$, in particular, about the inverse/direct image functors $f^\ast \dashv f_\ast$, the proper ...
18
votes
0answers
204 views

Semirings induced by symmetric monoidal categories with finite coproducts

A symmetric monoidal category with finite coproducts is by definition a symmetric monoidal category $(\mathcal{C},\otimes,1,\dotsc)$ such that the underlying category $\mathcal{C}$ has finite ...
13
votes
1answer
180 views

What is the decategorification of a triangulated category?

The decategorification of an essentially small category $\mathcal C$ is the set $\lvert\mathcal C\rvert$ of isomorphism classes of $\mathcal C$. If $\mathcal C$ carries additional structure, then so ...
12
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0answers
155 views

How to name these “ideals”?

Background. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a symmetric monoidal category with unit $\mathbf{1}$. A subobject of $\mathbf{1}$ is just a monomorphism $I \to \mathbf{1}$. We may also call this an ideal of $\mathbf{...
9
votes
1answer
82 views

Categorification of algebra structures

This might be a bit of a soft question. Take a $\mathbb{C}$-linear category. Form the complex vector space spanned by its objecs modulo exact sequences. This construction is, as far as I know, the ...
9
votes
2answers
294 views

Tensor products from internal hom?

Monoidal categories come with tensor products, and sometimes, these categories are biclosed, i.e each restriction of the tensor bifunctor has a right adjoint. If the category happens to be symmetric, ...
8
votes
1answer
172 views

Is dualizablility of an object equivalent to tensoring with that object having a left adjoint?

Let $C$ be a closed symmetric monidal category. There is hence an adjunction $$ -\otimes X\colon C\leftrightarrows C\colon Map(X,-) $$ involving the internal Hom $Map(-,-)$ for every object $X$ of $C$ ...
8
votes
1answer
466 views

Coherence for symmetric monoidal categories

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal category. By Mac Lane's coherence theorem for monoidal categories, there are strong monoidal functors $F : \mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{C}_s$ and $G : \mathcal{C}_s \to \...
7
votes
1answer
279 views

Why can I choose to work in a strict monoidal category without loss of generality?

Let $\mathcal A$ be a monoidal category. We know that $\mathcal A$ is monoidally equivalent to a strict monoidal category $\mathcal A^{\mathrm{str}}$. In many books/papers it is assumed without loss ...
7
votes
1answer
88 views

Rings that cannot be representations rings

Given a monoidal category $\mathcal{C}$ one can define the Green ring (or representation ring) $r(\mathcal{C})$ as the abelian group generated by the isomorphism classes $[V]$ of $\mathcal{C}$ modulo ...
7
votes
0answers
61 views

What categorical property do these forgetful functors have in common?

Consider the following examples: The forgetful functor $U_1: \operatorname{Vect}_\mathbb{C} \to \operatorname{Vect}_\mathbb{R}$ The forgetful functor $U_2: \operatorname{Diff}^{\text{or}} \to \...
6
votes
2answers
67 views

Why are invertible objects reflexive in a tensor category?

I am reading Deligne and Milne's notes on Tannakian categories. I'm only just getting used to the idea of an abstract tensor category, and I've encountered a very believable statement that I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Grothendieck group of a symmetric monoidal category is a lambda ring?

I understand that taking the Grothendieck group of a braided monoidal (abelian) category gives us a commutative ring and that taking that of a symmetric monoidal (abelian) category gives us a $\lambda$...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Does $f\otimes \operatorname{Id} = \operatorname{Id}$ imply $f= \operatorname{Id}$?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and $X$ an $R$-module. If an $R$-endomorphism of $X$ satisfies $f\otimes \operatorname{Id}_X = \operatorname{Id}_{X\otimes X}$, is it true that $f=\operatorname{Id}_X$ ? ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Monoidal categories and tensor products

Does the multiplication $-\square-$ biendofunctor in a Monoidal category, $\mathfrak{C}$ necessarily commute with coproducts? This is true in some familiar categories, such as $_RMod$, $Grp$ $CRings$ ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

What is the “opposite” of a forgetful functor?

Consider a category $C$ and a monoid $M$. Consider a functor $F:C\to M$. It maps the objects of $C$ into the only object of $M$. But I don't want it to map every morphism of $C$ into the identity on $...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

Tensor products and morphisms

Let $C$ be semisimple category with simple objects $X_1, \dots, X_r$. Suppose we have a fusion relation $X_i\otimes X_j =\bigoplus_{l=1}^r N_{ij}^l X_l$. Let $m\in \mathbb{N}$ and let $g:mX_j \to ...
6
votes
0answers
120 views

Strongly unbiased symmetric monoidal category

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. Define a strongly unbiased symmetric monoidal structure on $\mathcal{C}$ to be a rule which associates to every finite set $I$ a functor $\mathcal{C}^I \to \mathcal{C}$...
6
votes
0answers
192 views

Mnemonic device for relationships between Hom and Tensor

Probably this is a stupid question, but nevertheless... Let $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$ be rings, and $M$, $N$ and $K$ be appropriate bimodules between them. There are extremely well-known canonical ...
5
votes
3answers
202 views

Examples of asymmetrically braided monoid

From nCatlab https://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/braiding : Any braided monoidal category has a natural isomorphism $$B_{x,y} \;\colon\; x \otimes y \to y \otimes x $$ called the braiding. ...
5
votes
2answers
192 views

Relations between monoids and modules?

What is the relation between monoids and modules? Are they completely different algebraic structures, or is there a kind of inclusion relation like "elements of a module are also elements of a monoid"?...
5
votes
1answer
571 views

Drinfeld Center

Let $\mathscr{C}$ be a strict monoidal category. I will denote the product of $\mathscr{C}$ by $\otimes$. The Drinfeld center $\mathscr{Z(C)}$ of $\mathscr{C}$ is the category with object $(X,\phi)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

Reference request: Deligne's reconstruction theorem

I've heard this result referenced a few times on MO now. It is supposed to be a theorem of Deligne that gives some natural conditions under which an (abelian?) tensor category $C$ is the category of ...
5
votes
2answers
62 views

In what sense right dual and braiding structure respect the tensor product structure in a monoidal category?

Throughout let $(\mathscr{C}, \otimes, \mathbf{1})$ be a monoidal category (I suppressed unitors and associators for simplicity). The usual definition a rigid monoidal category is done in two steps: ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Categorical Banach space theory

Consider the category $\mathsf{NormVect}_1$ of normed vector spaces with short linear maps$^{\dagger}$ and the full subcategory $\mathsf{Ban}_1$ of Banach spaces with short linear maps. Both ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Coherence Conditions and Strict Monoidal Equivalences

Consider the following: two monoidal categories $({\cal C},\otimes)$, and $({\cal D},\odot)$, and a functor $F:{\cal C} \to {\cal D}$, that gives an equivalence (of ordinary categories) between ${\cal ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

What natural monoidal structure and braiding exists on the category of modules of the convolution algebra of an action groupoid?

Let $S$ be a set with an action $\triangleright$ of a finite group $G$. The action groupoid $S // G$ has as objects the set $S$, and the morphisms from $s_1$ to $s_2$ are just the $g \in G$ that ...
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Tensor of tensored categories

Given two $V$-categories $C$ and $D$ tensored over a symmetric monoidal category $V$, could I form the "tensor" of $C$ and $D$? More precisely, is there a $V$-category $T(C,D)$ such that $V$-functors ...
5
votes
0answers
239 views

Generalization of analytic functors

A functor $F\colon \bf Sets\to Sets$ is said to be analytic if it results from the left Kan extension of a functor $f\colon \mathbf{Bij}(\mathbb N)\to \bf Sets$ (the "species" of the functors $F$) ...
4
votes
3answers
362 views

Theory of promonads

I'm led to define a promonad in $\bf D$ as a monoid in the category of endo-profunctors of a category $\bf D$, where the product of two profunctors is their composition as profunctors: $$ F\odot G := \...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

The algebra of natural transformations of the n-th power tensor functor

Let $k$ be a $0$ characteristic field, $n$ an positive integer and $S_n$ the $n$-th symmetric group. Let's work in the symmetric monoidal category of $k$-vector spaces and linear maps that we denote ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

What is the categorical perspective on representations of topological groups?

One categorical definition of a group $G$ is that it is a category $C$ with a single object $X$ such that every morphism in the set $C(X,X)$ is invertible, i.e. such that $C(X,X)$ is precisely the set-...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

A question regarding monoidal closed categories

If a category $\mathcal{C}$ is (symmetric) monoidal closed, is the opposite category $\mathcal{C}^{\text{op}}$ also monoidal closed? It is not clear to me whether by dualising the natural bijection $...
4
votes
2answers
218 views

“Change-of-base” between enriched categories

I would like to prove that a monoidal functor $$\Phi\colon \mathbf{V}\to \mathbf{V'}$$ induces a functor $$\Phi^\#\colon \mathbf{V}\text{-Cat}\to \mathbf{V'}\text{-Cat}$$ and in particular I ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Are units in rigid (autonomous) categories some sort of natural transformation?

In a rigid category $\mathcal{C}$, let us choose left and right duals and left and right (co)units for every object. This gives us, for example, a dualisation functor $-^*:\mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{C}^{...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Uniqueness of Duals in a Monoidal Category

Given a monoidal category ${\cal C}$, and $X \in {\cal C}$, we define a left dual of $X$ to be an object $X^*$ such that there exist morphisms $\epsilon:X^* \otimes X \to I$, and $\eta:I \to X \otimes ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

At a closed monoidal category, how can I derive a morphism $C^A\times C^B\to C^{A+B}$?

Let $A$, $B$ and $C$ be objects of a closed monoidal category which is also bicartesian closed. How can I derive a morphism $C^A\times C^B\to C^{A+B}$? $(-)\times (-)$ denotes the product, $(-)+(-)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Reasons for coherence for bi/monoidal categories

Here by coherence conditions I mean those axioms imposed on associators and unities that grant that the groupoid generated by such morphisms is a poset, i.e. any two parallels morphisms in this ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

The rigid additive tensor category freely generated by an object

I've found myself to be absolutely mystified by something in Deligne and Milne's notes on Tannakian categories. Namely, on p. 16 they are showing that there is a rigid additive tensor category $\...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Coherence result for (braided) monoidal functors

Is there any coherence result for (braided) monoidal functors? (like Mac Lane's coherence theorem for monoidal categories) What I have in mind is a theorem like the following: Let $F$ be a (...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Rooted trees morphisms and categories

If I take the monoidal category freely generated by a single object $A$ and a morphism $f: A \otimes A \to A$, I end up with the monoidal category whose morphisms are forests of binary rooted trees. ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Associative Law for a Monoid in a Monoidal Category.

Let $B$ be a monoidal category, and $c$ a monoid in $B$. Powers of $c$ are defined by taking $c^{n}$ to be the $\otimes $-string of length $n$ of $c$ in which the parentheses are all in front. We ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Iterated Coproduct in a Monoidal Category; finding the unit of a monoid.

Suppose $B$ is a monoidal category and further that the functors $-\bigotimes a:B\rightarrow B$ and $a\bigotimes -:B\rightarrow B$ preserve coproducts. The we have $\theta :\coprod _{b} a\bigotimes b_{...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

When modular tensor categories are equivalent?

I would like to know when we say that two modular tensor categories are equivalent. Is it true that two modular tensor categories are equivalent if they are equivalent as monoidal categories? Or do ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Tensoring a connective chain complex with a simplicial set

Let $\mathrm{Ch}_{\geq 0}(R)$ be the category of chain complexes of $R$-modules concentrated in nonnegative degrees, equipped with the projective model structure. By a general theorem about model ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Mac Lane's Coherence Theorem: Why not just use the functors themselves?

I have a softball question on Mac Lane's proof. Suppose $B=\left ( B, \square , \alpha ,\rho ,\lambda \right )$ is a monoidal category. Fix $b\in B$. Define $W$, the (monoidal) category of binary ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

What's the difference between a cartesian monoidal category and a semicartesian monoidal category?

According to ncatlab: In a semicartesian monoidal category, any tensor product of objects $x \otimes y$ comes equipped with morphisms $$ p_x : x \otimes y \to x $$ $$ p_y : x \otimes y \to y$...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Logic in closed symmetric monoidal categories; reference request.

Suppose we want an algebraic theory $T$ to be interpretable in any closed symmetric monoidal category $\mathbf{C}.$ I am thinking in particular of the case where $\mathbf{C}$ is the category of models ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Characterization of certain maps in $Hom(A \otimes A^{*}, A \otimes A^{*})$

Let $(M, \otimes, I)$ be a symmetric monoidal category and let $(A, B, \eta, \epsilon)$ be a dual pair in $M$. Consider maps $i_{A}: Hom(A, A) \rightarrow Hom(A \otimes B, A \otimes B)$, $i_{B}: Hom(...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Cartesian monoidal functors

Let $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{D}$ be categories with finite products, and consider them as monoidal categories in the obvious way. Every functor $\mathcal{C} \to \mathcal{D}$ can be canonically ...