# Tagged Questions

A modular form is a (complex) analytic function on the upper half-plane satisfying a certain kind of functional equation with respect to the group action of the modular group.

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### In what sense is Taniyama-Shimura the $n=2$ case of Langlands?

As I understand it (If I'm imprecise, as I will likely be, please correct me), Langlands says roughly as follows: For every representation $Gal(\mathbb{Q}) \rightarrow GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ we can form a ...
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### Deligne, elliptic curves and modular forms

I'm trying to understand an argument of Deligne (in Courbes elliptiques: Formulaire d'après J. Tate), but I'm not familiar enough with algebraic geometry, so I'm getting quite confused. So even in my ...
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### Modular interpretation of modular curves

Let $\Gamma$ be a congruence subgroup of level $N$. What is the modular interpretation of $\Gamma\backslash \mathcal{H}^*$, by that I mean what are the elliptic curves + additional structure it ...
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### How does one graduate from Hecke Operators to Hecke Correspondences?

I've read (skimmed heartily) basic books on the topic of modular forms. (The last being Silverman's Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves.) I strive for an understanding which is as ...
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### Relation between congruence subgroups. $\Gamma(M)\Gamma(N) = \Gamma(\gcd(M,N))$

I'm hoping there's a pleasant way to solve this one. Prove that $\Gamma(M)\Gamma(N) = \Gamma(\gcd(M,N))$. Showing that $\Gamma(M)\Gamma(N) \subset \Gamma(\gcd(M,N))$ is rather straight forward, ...
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### Converting an infinite product to sum; Ramanujan $\tau$ function

I've gotten what seems most of the way, but I'm quite stuck at this point. Define $\tau(n)$ by \begin{align*} q\prod_{n=1}^\infty (1-q^n)^{24} = \sum_{n=1}^\infty\tau(n)q^n. \end{align*} ...
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### Counting points on the Klein quartic

In Moreno's book "Algebraic Curves over Finite Fields", he mentions the following in passing with no further comments ($K$ denotes the Klein quartic defined by $X^3 Y + Y^3 Z + Z^3 X = 0$): The ...
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### Connection between the $L$-function of a modular form and the $L$-function of its associated $\ell$-adic representation as defined by Bloch-Kato

Let $f\in\mathcal{S}_k(\Gamma_1(N),\epsilon)$ is a normalized eigenform for all the Hecke operators, with character $\epsilon$, $k\geq 2$, and assume the $q$-expansion of $f$ has rational coefficients....
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### Whats the difference between modular forms of different levels?

We have a natural surjective group homomorphism: $\phi : SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \to SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/(n\mathbb{Z}))$ from which, given any subgroup $H<SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/(n\mathbb{Z}))$, we may take the ...
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### A question on FLT and Taniyama Shimura

Sometime back i watched the documentary of Andrew Wiles proving the Fermat's Last theorem. A truly inspiring video and i still watch it whenever i am in a depressed mood. There are certain things(...
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### Ramanujan theta function and its continued fraction

I believe Ramanujan would have loved this kind of identity. After deriving the identity, I wanted to share it with the mathematical community. If it's well known, please inform me and give me some ...
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### Ideal of cusp forms for $\Gamma_0(4)$ is principal

Let $\Gamma_0(4)$ be a congruence subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ defined as $$\Gamma_0(4)=\{M=\begin{pmatrix} a &b\\ c& d \end{pmatrix}\in SL(2,\mathbb{Z})\mid c=0\bmod 4\}.$$ Dedekind eta-...
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### How should I think about Ihara's Lemma?

I am trying to learn about Ihara's lemma because I see it mentioned in many papers in arithmetic geometry. To be more precise, I would like to know: What is the significance of this result? Why is ...
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### p-adic modular form example

In Serre's paper on $p$-adic modular forms, he gives the example (in the case of $p = 2,3,5$) of $\frac{1}{Q}$ and $\frac{1}{j}$ as $p$-adic modular forms, where \$Q = E_4 = 1 + 540\sum \sigma_{3}(n)q^...