Question on minimal surfaces, or surfaces that have zero mean curvature.

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26
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2answers
1k views

How does one parameterize the surface formed by a *real paper* Möbius strip?

Here is a picture of a Möbius strip, made out of some thick green paper: I want to know either an explicit parametrization, or a description of a process to find the shape formed by this strip, as ...
10
votes
1answer
172 views

Shallow tent like soap film

A soap film circle in $x-y$ plane with center at origin can be carefully pricked with a blunt soapy pin at center and drawn out a little bit on $z$-axis forming a surface of revolution somewhat like a ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

Do K3 surfaces with an Enriques involution have a polarization of bounded degree

Does there exists a real number $C$ with the following property. For any Enriques surface $E$ over a number field $K$ with K3 cover $X\to E$, there exists an ample divisor $H$ on $X$ such that $H^2 \...
7
votes
1answer
424 views

why the K3 surfaces are minimal surfaces

I need to prove that all K3 surfaces are minimal surfaces, so that every birational map between K3 surfaces is an isomorphism. I've started to read beauville's book on complex algebraic surfaces: ...
7
votes
1answer
318 views

Total mean curvature in $L^2$ and minimal surfaces in spaces with non-positive sectional curvature

Let's suppose we have a Riemannian $n$-manifold $(N,g)$ and an immersed surface $f:\Sigma\rightarrow N$, with genus zero, equipped with the induced metric. Let's further assume that the ambient space ...
6
votes
2answers
73 views

Minimum sum of the squares

Find the smallest value of the expression $$(x_1-x_2)^2+(x_2-x_3)^2+...+(x_{n-1}-x_n)^2+(x_n-x_1)^2,$$ if $x_1,x_2,...,x_n -$ pairwise different integers My work so far: I have a hypothesis, that the ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Maths undergrad dissertation - minimal surfaces

I'm a third year maths undergrad writing a dissertation on minimal surfaces, and their application in space. Would anyone be willing to read through it (so far) and give me any feedback? positive or ...
4
votes
2answers
348 views

How to actually use the Weierstrass-Enneper parameterization to draw a minimal surface?

I'm interested in drawing (with Mathematica for example) the generalized Scherk saddle tower with threefold symmetry, a shape that I find very attractive. In an article (see here) I found the ...
4
votes
3answers
124 views

Given a volumen. Which is the suface, that contains it, that has minimal area?

Defining on $R^3$, $V = \iiint_S dx \, dy \, dz $ as the volume of surface $S$, with $S$ closed, bounded and arc-connected. Which is the $S$ of minimal area, that contains $V$. I know it's a bit ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Maximum principle for minimal hypersurfaces

The well known local version of the maximum principle for minimal hypersurfaces asserts that if two minimal hypersurfaces $ M_1 $ and $ M_2 $ of $ R^n $ has a common point $ x_0 \in M_1 \cap M_2 $ ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

components of normal field are Jacobi fields?

Given a minimal surface $\Sigma$ in $R^3$ with associated normal field $N$, I am told that each of the components of $N$ is a Jacobi field, meaning that $Lu=0$ where L is the stability (Jacobi) ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

How useful is the Weierstrass representation of minimal surfaces?

Weierstrass representation of minimal surfaces says that if I have a holomorphic function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and a meromorphic function $g: U \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ such that $f g^2$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Blow-ups followed by contractions

Let $S$ be a minimal, non-singular complex projective surface. $\widehat S$ is the surface obtained by $r$ blow-ups of $S$ at the points $x_1,\ldots,x_r\in S$. Clearly $\widehat S$ contains exactly $r$...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

what is the minimum surface area shape required in order to contain a 1 meter line at all angles

been stuck on solving/proving the following puzzle: You need to make a hole in the wall, so that a 1 meter line can pass it through the hole at all angels, find a shape with minimum surface area that ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Quadric surface as a $\mathbb{F}_n$ surface

The minimal models for rational projective smooth surfaces are $\mathbb{P}^2$ or the surfaces $\mathbb{F}_n$ for $n\neq 1$, where $$\mathbb{F_n}=\mathbb{P}_{\mathbb{P}^1}(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1}\...
2
votes
1answer
597 views

Helicoid and Catenoid

Let $X$ and $Y$ be isothermal parametrizations of minimal surfaces such that their component functions are pairwise harmonic conjugates, then $X$ and $Y$ are called conjugate minimal surfaces. My ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

About totally umbilical hypersurfaces

Suppose $\tilde{M} \subset M$ is a hypersurface sitting inside a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. The second fundamental form of $M$ evaluated on $u,v \in T_pM$ is denoted $II(u,v)$ and defined as the ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Isothermic Surface

What is an Isothermic Surface intuitively? There are a couple of definitions, but I really don't understand what it means if a surface is isothermic. What are ist properties, what is it used for?
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Surface area of a slightly deformed sphere

Consider the unit sphere, which can either be described by $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$ or by the equation $r(\theta,\phi)=1$, where $(r,\theta,\phi)$ are spherical polar coordinates. I define a deformed sphere ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Understanding a step in Yi Fang's Lectures on Minimal Surfaces

In Yi Fang's Lectures on Minimal Surfaces, page $94$, there's a step that I didn't understand, and that perhaps is wrong. I'll estabilish some notation first. We have that $X$ is a minimal surface, $...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Conformal immersions from surfaces into 3-manifolds

Let $f:(S,g) \to (M,h) $ be a smooth immersion of a compact surface into a 3 - manifold. Is it true that there exists a diffeomorphism $\phi: S \to S$, such that the metric $(f \circ \phi)^*(h)$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

On Constant mean curvature surfaces.

I have two involved questions, firstly, I know that the gauss map sends a surface to the unit sphere, so for a surface $\Sigma\subset\Bbb R^3$, parametrised by $u:U\subset\Bbb R^2\to \Bbb R^3$. Would ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Solving a certain differential equation when assuming a surface of revolution is minimal

The problem is the following: Consider the surface of revolution $$ \textbf{q} (t, \mu) = (r(t)\cos(\mu),r(t)\sin(\mu),t) $$ If $\textbf{q}$ is minimal, then $r(t) = a\cosh(t)+b\sinh(t)$ for $a,b$ ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

History of the Enneper Surface

I was just wondering whether anyone could tell me more about the Enneper surface and its history (why it is important historically in the development of mathematics), or where to go in order to learn ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Parametrization admitting conservation of K & H

Which mappings admit conservation of K and H ? ( Gauss and mean curvatures). Apart from helicoid/catenoid isometry, which examples can be given of surface bending and distortion so that mean ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Shortest path in the plane under derivative constraint

A colleague posed a toy problem to me today that degenerates to finding the curve y(x) of shortest length than connects two points in the plane (WLOG: y(0) = 0, y(a) = b), such that y'(0) = 0. This ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Embedded and Non-Parametric Surface definition

What does it mean for a minimal surface to be embedded? For example the Scherk surfaces? How would I define what 'an embedded surface' is? And also what does it mean for a surface to be 'non-...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

Castelnuovo's rationality criterion following Beauville

Following Beauville's book "Complex algebraic Surfaces", in order to prove Castelnuovo's rationality criterion i need to prove one lemma and one proposition. There is one point of proof of lemma V.8 ...
2
votes
0answers
184 views

How is Euler-Lagrange equation used to find optimal solutions in minimizing a function?

How is the Euler-Lagrange equation: $$ L_x(t,q(t),q'(t))-\dfrac{d}{dt}L_v(t,q(t),q'(t))=0 $$ used mathematically in finding the optimal solutions of minimising a function? Can someone give me an ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

minimise the total distance to a hyperbolic curve from two fixed points

The point $C$ moves along the hyperbolic curve which is given by $\frac{x^2}{a^2}-\frac{y^2}{b^2}-\frac{z^2}{c^2}=1$. The distances $d_{0}$ and $d_{1}$ in from $A$ to $C$ and $B$ to $C$ respectively. ...
2
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0answers
159 views

Minimal surface representation from a 3D contour

I have a set of 3D points defining a 3D contour, as shown below. The points in this contour lie in their best-fit plane and I want to obtain a 3D triangular mesh representation of the surface inside ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

There are no compact minimal surfaces

This is one of the exercises of 'Do Carmo' (Section 3.5, 12) How do you prove that there are no compact (i.e., bounded and closed in $\mathbb{R}^3$) minimal surfaces? Thanks!
1
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1answer
76 views

Weierstraß parametrization of minimal surface

I am currently learning about how to generate minimal surfaces using complex analysis — namely by calculating the Weierstraß parametrization (here's the article on Wikipedia). Now in my lecture notes ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Understanding an example for “minimal surface doesn't imply least area”

I can't understand two things regarding the following example: 1- Why the minimal surface $S$ will not minimize the area among all surfaces with boundary the two circles if $S_0 < S$? I don't ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Name of the surface with two sides and three boundaries

Once i have seen a 3d visualization of a surface with the following characteristics: it had three circular borders. If you imagine the surface inscribed in the earth globe, one of the borders would ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Find out the design of a cylinder

A cylindrical can is made from tin.If it can be contain $1000 m^3$ liquid inside it then what is the parameter of design if we are oblige use the minimum amount of tin. My teacher give me this and say ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Why this equality must holds for minimal surfaces?

When minimizing a surface area with respect to a fixed volume $V$, I found in some notes that the parametrization $X: U \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ must satisfy the equality $\iint_U (2H - \lambda) \...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

A surface doubly ruled by orthogonal lines is a plane

The question was originally asked here Doubly Ruled Surfaces and I am following the hint provided by the OP. That is, first show that $K\equiv0$ and then deduce that the surface is a plane. Let the ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Gaussian curvature of minimal surfaces expressed by torsion and curvature of its geodesics

Let $S$ be a minimal surface, and let $\gamma$ be a geodesic parametrized by arc length, with curvature $k$ and torsion $\tau$,show that in the points of $\gamma$ $$ -K=k^2+\tau^2, $$ where, $K$ is ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Is every totally geodesic surface minimal?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $S$ be a hypersurface (codimension $1$). If $S$ is completely geodesic, does that imply that it is minimal? If not, what are the conditions? If yes, is there ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Lipschitz Continuity for a function on stable minimal hypersurface immersed in $\mathbb{R}^n$

I'm going through a proof of Schoen-Simon-Yau's $L^p$ bound on the norm squared of the 2nd f.f., $|A|^2$, for stable (orientable) minimal hypersurfaces in $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, from Minicozzi ...
1
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1answer
154 views

How to prove the ruled minimal surface is helicoid or plane?

This is an exercise in elementlary differential geometry (named as Catalan's theorem). Though there are many proofs of this problem, I meet some trouble to prove it. My idea is as follows: (1) ...
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1answer
114 views

The Weierstrass-Enneper representation, the Gauss map

Lemma: Let $x:S\to\mathbb{R}^3$ be a conformal minimal immersion of a Riemann surface. The 1-forms $f_k=(x_{k,u}-ix_{k,v})dz$ satisfy: $$ \sum_kf_k^2=0\qquad (1)\qquad \&\qquad \sum_k|f_k|^2\not=0\...
1
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1answer
36 views

Norm of a complex cross product

Let $c=(c_1,c_2,c_3)$ be a complex vector. How can we see that $\|c\|^2=\|c\times \bar{c}\|$? Here the bar means component wise complex conjugation, the norm is the Hermitian norm, and the cross ...
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1answer
42 views

Scherk’s fifth minimal surface

Scherk’s fifth minimal surface is defined implicitly by $$ \sin(z)=\sinh(x) \sinh(y). $$ How can I show that this surface is minimal?
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1answer
58 views

Minimal surface between two non coaxial rings

I'm currently studying minimal surfaces using the Euler-Lagrange equation. I'm particularly interested in minimal surfaces between two circles. I have already examined the case of two coaxial ...
1
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1answer
54 views

What is the function describing the minimal surface of this object?

What function describes the minimal surface of this object? The object consists of four circular arcs glued together. One arc is parallell to another arc, and a third arc is parallell to a fourth ...
1
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1answer
325 views

Christoffel symbols in Differential geometry iff proof

I need help in proving that $H = 0$ for a surface iff $g_{11}L_{22} - 2g_{12}L_{12} + g_{22}L_{11} = 0.$ I think that these are the Christoffel symbols exploited in some manner and normally, I'm not ...
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0answers
26 views

For a minimal surface $M$ under Mean Curvature Flow, can it evolve between minimal surfaces continually?

I don't know much about this subject at all; I'm only just getting into it. As it turns out, a physicist friend of mine asked me a formulation of the following: Suppose $M$ is a surface in $\mathbb{R}...
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0answers
27 views

When is a stable domain in a minimal surface area minimizing?

A stable domain $D$ in a minimal surface $S\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ is a domain for which the area-functional $A(t):=\int_{S_t}dS_t$ has non-negative second derivative, i.e. $A''(0)\geq 0$, for all ...