Metric spaces are sets on which you can measure the "distance" between any two points. The distance measurement is generally required to be symmetric (so distance from $A$ to $B$ is the same as distance from $B$ to $A$), positive for two distinct points, and obeying the triangle inequality.

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Calculate projection of a line in a square

Said that we have two points (P1, P2) that form a line, and 3 points (S1,S2,S3) that form a square, how would we calculate the position X and Y of the point resulting from the intersection of the line ...
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Topology of metric completion of Euclidean metric

Lets consider $\cal{M}=\mathbb{R}^{2}\backslash\{(0,y)\}\text { with } \{|y|\le1\}$ with the Euclidean metric with line element $ds^{2}=dx^{2}+dy^{2}$. Now consider the distance function given by ...
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Problem about completeness

Does there exist a complete metric on $(0,1)$ inducing the usual topology? My problem is that I cant understand what will I have to do to answer the question.It's a problem of a competitive exam.
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Showing the right half of the unit hyperbola is a complete metric space.

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be given as follows. $$f(\theta) = (\cosh \theta, \sinh \theta)$$ I want to argue that $\mathrm{im}(f)$ is a complete metric space with respect to the ...
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Normed Space and Hibert Space Problem

Anyone could describe me, why this is True? Suppose $(H, \|.\|) $ is a normed space. the norm $\|.\|$ induced by an inner product if and only if Parallelogram law is valid. Regards.
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Example of $x$ being adherent point but not accumulation point?

So I was just reading Apostol and I see that if $x$ is an accumulation point of set $S$, it has to be an adherent point as well. I guess it's possible for $x$ to be an adherent point only, not an ...
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Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, $C$ a compact subset, and $K$ a closed subset. Prove that $K \cap C = \emptyset$ iff $d(K,C) > 0$.

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, $C$ a compact subset, and $K$ a closed subset. Prove that $K \cap C = \emptyset$ iff $d(K,C) > 0$. For this problem I was going to consider $d(x,F) = \inf d(x,y)$ ...
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How to show that addition is continuous?

Let $f: R \times R \rightarrow R$ and let the metric over $R$ be $d(x,y)=|x-y|$ and let the metric in $R \times R$ be $d_2((x,y),(a,b))= ((x-y)^2+(a-b)^2)^{1/2}$. I believe I understand how to ...
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Is every connected subset of the Sierpiński triangle arcwise connected?

I think this should be true. If it's indeed the case, it seems like this should be a known result, so references are welcome. I managed to prove that (assuming $S$ is the connected subset) $S$ ...
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Convergence of functions in a metric space

Let $C([0,1])$ be the space of all continuous functions from $[0,1]$ to $\mathbb{R}$ under the metric $$ \lVert f \rVert_1 = \int_0^1 \lvert f(x) \rvert \, dx. $$ Now consider $f_n(x) = e^{-nx}$. I ...
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Proving a set is compact - Homework

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and let {$p_n$} be a sequence of points in $X$ with $\lim_{n\to ∞}p_n = p_0$. Prove that the set $K =$ {$p_0, p_1, p_2,...$} is a compact subset of $X$. I have ...
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Is $\frac{\vert x+y\vert}{1+\vert x+y\vert}\leq\frac{\vert x\vert}{1+\vert x\vert}+\frac{\vert y\vert}{1+\vert y\vert}$ true?

Is $\frac{\vert x+y\vert}{1+\vert x+y\vert}\leq\frac{\vert x\vert}{1+\vert x\vert}+\frac{\vert y\vert}{1+\vert y\vert}$ true for all $x,y\in\mathbb{R}$? If not, how can I prove that $\int\frac{\vert ...
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Closed Interval in $E^2$

I am currently working through Introduction to Analysis by Rosenlicht In one of the exercises $4.30,$ he asks a question regarding a closed interval in $E^2.$ I am not sure what this means. I was ...
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30 views

Any open set shares boundary with a discrete set

Claim: Let $X$ be a metric space and let $U\subset X$ be open. Then there exists a discrete set $A\subset X$ such that $\partial A = \partial U$. Approach thus far: Since this statement is about ...
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Problem in proving norm

I have a linear space V that includes the continuous functions from [-$\pi, \pi$] to the complex set C, of the form: $$f(x) = a\cos(t)+b\sin(t) $$ where $a$ and $b$ are complex numbers. I want to ...
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Find sets of points, where function from one topological space to another is continuous.

We have got two functions : $f(x,y) = (2x,y)$ $g(x,y) = (x+1,y) $ They are transormations from one topological space to another ( from $ (\mathbb{R^2}, \tau')$ to $ (\mathbb{R^2}, \tau'')$ ), ...
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21 views

Necessity in Arzela-Ascoli theorem

I am trying to prove necessity of boundedness and equicontinuity in Arzela-Ascoli and I don't know how to go about it. More precisely,I have: Let $K$ be a compact metric space, and $A\subset C^0(K)$ ...
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+350

Having difficulties showing the triangle inequality of metric in the plane

Let $P \in \mathbb{R}^2$ and define $$ d(x,y) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} ||x-y|| & \text{if} \; \; x,y,P \; \; \text{are collinear,}\\ || x - P|| + ||y-P||& \;\;\;\; ...
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topology induced by euclidean metric is equivalent to manhattan metric in R?

How can we prove that the topology induced by euclidean metric is equivalent to manhattan metric in R?
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52 views

Distance function is in fact a metric

I know I should be able to show this, but for some reason I am having trouble. I need to show that $$d(x,y) = \frac{|x-y|}{1+|x-y|}$$ is a metric on $\Bbb R$ where $|*|$ is the absolute value metric. ...
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How to compute uniformly distributed points on an ellipse

The ellipse can be parametrized in polar coordinates by $$r(\theta)=\frac{1}{a+\cos\theta}$$ up to a scaling factor, and $a>1$. Suppose we measure $S$, the distance along the ellipse from the ...
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Disjoint open sets in $\mathbb{R}^N$

I have a set exercise which says: Prove that in $\mathbb{R}^N$ with the Euclidean metric any collection of disjoint open sets is at most countable. Is this true for any arbitrary metric space? Now I ...
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Continuous function with infimum

Let $A$ be a closed subset of a metric space $X$ and $f:A \rightarrow[1,2]$ a continuous function on it. Now I want to find out why the function $$F(t):=\frac{\inf\{f(s)d(s,t);s \in A\}}{\inf ...
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48 views

Closed sets in a subspace are formed by intersecting the subspace with closed sets

Let $X$ be a metric space and let $Y$ be a subset of $X$ be a subspace with the induced metric. (induced means the metric restricted to elements of $Y$) Let $A$ be a subset of $Y$. Prove the following ...
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17 views

Distance to a set

I have a question concerning to the following problem. Let $(X,d)$ be a metric set. For every subset $T \subset X$ we define a mapping \begin{equation} d_T : X \rightarrow R , d_T(x) := inf\{d(x,y) | ...
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Existence of maximizer implies compact? [duplicate]

I know that compact sets imply the existence of a maximizer, but is the converse true: Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space. Suppose that whenever $f$ is a continuous (and real) function on $X$, there ...
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42 views

MAth proof questions Open closed sets

Let $X$ be a metric space and let $Y$ be a subset of $X$ be a subspace with the induced metric. (induced means the metric restricted to elements of $Y$) Let $A$ be a subset of $Y$. Prove the following ...
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properties of connected set

If $C $ is a connected set in a metric space $X$ & $C$ intersects both $A$ and $X\cap A^c (A\subseteq X)$ then can it be concluded that $C\cap \delta A\neq\phi$ ?
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graph of connected set [on hold]

Let $X,Y$ be connected metric spaces.Assume that $X$ is connected & that $f:X\rightarrow Y$ is continuous.Is $\{(x,y)\in X\times Y:y=f(x),x\in X\}$ connected in $X\times Y$(w.r.t. product metric)? ...
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38 views

Is $SO(2,\mathbb R)$ connected

Is $SO(2,\mathbb R)=\{ A\in O(2,\mathbb R): det A=1\}$ connected?Why?
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Topology-Open Sets of a Metric Space

Let $(X_i,d_i), i=1,2,\dots,n$ be metric spaces. Let $X=\prod_{i=1}^{n}X_i$ and let $(X,d)$ be the metric space defined in the standard manner. For $i=1,2,\dots,n$, let $O_i$ be an open subset of ...
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Question about Compact metric space

Please why $$\Delta_p=\lbrace (t_0,...,t_p)\in \mathbb{R}^{p+1},t_i\geq 0, \sum_{i=0}^p t_i=1\rbrace$$ is a compact metric space ? Thank you
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showing completeness of a metric space

$X=\mathbb{R}_{>0}$, $d(a_1,a_2)=|\ln(a_1)-\ln(a_2)|$. I have already proven that $(X,d)$ is a metric space, but I have some problems showing the completeness. Let $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ a ...
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What is the maximal size of an equal-distance set in $\mathbb{R}^n$?

Let $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ with the casual metric and $c\in\mathbb{R}^+$ be a real positive number, such that for every $a_1, a_2\in A$ if $a_1\neq a_2$ then $d(a_1,a_2)=c$. What is the maximal ...
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Why open unit ball in any infinite dimensional Banach space is finitely chainable?

In paper "Pointwise products of uniformly continuous functions" by Sam B. Nadler, Jr., He defined the finitely chainable as followings : Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space. An $\varepsilon$-chain in ...
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Approximation of acontinuous function

How to approximate a continuous function on $[-\pi,+\pi]$ which is $2\pi$ periodic by a set of trigonometric polynomials in the sup-norm topology?
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is the set of matrices with trace equal equal to zero compact

Is it true that the set of all matrices with trace equal to zero a connected and compact subset of the 2*2 matrices over R?
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45 views

Metric Space and Open Sets

I'm having trouble figuring out where to go with this problem. Any hints or strategies would be appreciated. I have just the basic definitions for open sets, distance metrics, etc. Consider $\Bbb ...
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1answer
14 views

Continuity of function and its value.

Here's a problem I'm struggling with. Not really sure how to do this. My tools are epsilon delta proofs for continuity and that's about it. Let $f:[0,\infty)\to\Bbb R$ be a function which is ...
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3answers
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New metric spaces from given one

Let (X,d) be a metric space, $f : [0,\infty) \rightarrow [0,\infty)$ continuous differentiable, strict monotone increasingly with $f(0)=0$ and a monotone decreasingly derivative. Prove that $f \circ ...
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Translation invariant metrics and topological groups

During a lecture was pointed out that one of the main feature, from a topological perspective, of normed vector spaces is the translational invariance, that is that one can study the topological ...
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Hausdorff Distance between Subdifferential sets

Suppose I have two convex functions $f$ and $g$ mapping $\mathbb{R}^{n}\to\mathbb{R}$ (so they are 'more' than proper). Suppose $\|f-g\|_{\infty}<\epsilon$, the sup-norm. In particular, the ...
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Metric Space Proof - Analysis

Let $\mathcal{C}([0, 1])$ be the set of all continuous functions $f : [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$. For $f, g \in \mathcal{C}([0, 1])$, define $d(f, g) = \max|f(x) − g(x)|$. Show that $d$ is a metric on ...
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Proof of that there is no metric on $\mathbb{R}$ which is equivalent to the natural metric and which induces a metric on $(0,1)$

I want to prove the following statements: For $X:=(0,1),$ prove the following: (a) $d(x,y):=\big|(1/x)-(1/y)\big|$ is a metric on $X.$ (b) The natural metric and $d$ are equivalent. (c) There is ...
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Homeomorphic metric spaces

I want to examine if $(0,1] $ and $\mathbb R $ are homeomorphic. We work on metric space $(\mathbb R, e)$, where $e$ stands for the euclidean metric. My answer: Let's assume there is a ...
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Norm on $\mathbb R^n$ with given unit ball

Consider a finite subset $S$ of $\mathbb Z^n$ such that $-s\in S$ whenever $s\in S$ and $S$ generates $\mathbb Z^n$. What is a norm on $\mathbb R^n$ whose unit ball is precisely the convex hull of ...
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36 views

Show that it is at most countable

In a space of finite measure, show that a family of disjoint measurable sets with positive measure is at most countable. Could you give me some hints what I am supposed to do??
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55 views

Continuity of a function?

Let $f: (\mathbb N, e_\mathbb N) \to(\mathbb R,e)$, where $e$ stands for the euclidean metric and $$f(n)=\begin{cases} n,\, n\ge 2\\\\0,\, n=1\end{cases}$$ Is $f$ continuous? Firstly, I can ...
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Some Strange Minimum and proof

I read following on Norm chapter in one book. $$\begin{align}\left|\left\|x-y\right\|-\left\|w-z\right\|\right| \leq & \min \{\|x-w\| + \|y-z\| , \|x-z\| + \|y-w\|\}\\\text{ or, }&\min ...
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Show that a metric on C[a,b] is given by $d(x,y)=\int_{a}^{b}|x(t)-y(t)|dt$

I am somewhat new to functional analysis (and this site, so please constructively chastise me if I commit any faux pas on here). I am one chapter into Kreyszig (Intro.to Func.Anal.) and I am already ...