Metric spaces are sets on which you can measure the "distance" between any two points. The distance measurement is generally required to be symmetric (so distance from $A$ to $B$ is the same as distance from $B$ to $A$), positive for two distinct points, and obeying the triangle inequality.
Let $X$ be a metric space and $\Omega\subset X$ an open set. Take $x\in\Omega$ and choose $r>0$ such that the open ball $B(x,r)\subset B(x,2r)\subset \Omega$. Let $\gamma:[0,1]\to X$ be a Lipschitz ...