For questions about the numerical value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.

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4
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2answers
44 views

Maximise difference between mean and median

I have a set of numbers and I want to maximise the difference between the mean and the median by removing a given number of elements. For instance I have the following set: ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Is it possible to find Median of set contains string value as well as Null value?

I am doing one calculation on Median and AFSIK about Median, it can be calculated by a "set of Finite set of Numbers". Now if a set has following value as: A = {3,4.56, 2, 11, JAMES, , Joy, 54, 9} ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Median of waiting time for $k$-th ace from bridge cards

I can't figure out how to get median of a waiting time from the exercise 36 from W. Feller's book An Introduction to Probability Theory and Its Applications Vol.1 (bold in the quote): ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Does the median tend to the lower limit of the median class?

The median for a continous distribution is given by $M= L +\dfrac{(N/2-C)\cdot I}{f}$ where $M$ is median, $L$ is lower limit of median class, $N$ is the total frequency, $C$ is the cumulative ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Ordering of positive integers

Three positive integers: m. n and q, their average is 10, median is m+6. what is the greatest possible value of Q ? I understand how to find the solution which I am outlying below. My question is ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Relationship between subset medians and the median

Suppose we have a set of data $A = \{a_1, a_2, \dots, a_n\}$ and $B = \{b_1, b_2, \dots, b_n \}$. So there are $2n$ elements in total. Further suppose the median of $A$ and $B$ is $a$ and $b$, ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Prove the median of a uniform distributions is $\frac{1}{2}(a+b)$

Let X~U(a,b) with a and b in the real line, such that b>a with X's pdf given by $$f_X(x)=\frac{1}{b-a}\mathbb{1}(a<x< b)$$ Show the median of X's distribution is given by $$m=\frac{1}{2}(b+a)$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How to understand the Repeated Median Estimator (Siegel 1982)?

I guess I did not understand the formula of the repeated median estimator introduced by Siegel (1982): This is the formula: If I got the following time series for instance: ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How do I find percentiles of data sets (Even vs odd)?

Given the following data set with an even number of values: $100, 100, 105, 113, 129, 132, 146, 152, 176, 200$ The value representing the 30th percentile, using the formula n(p/100) where n = sample ...
1
vote
1answer
723 views

Given x is an exponential random variable, find median & probability

For the median, I believe that I should integrate the function, ∫x0λe−λtdt=1−e−λx Then I need 1−e−λm=.5 for m, which is equivalent to e−λm=.5. m=ln(2)/λ =>m=ln(2)/.2
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Means and Median of Probability

The question is: pennies come in rolls of 50. Out of the 200 rolls a bank is storing, 12 have all Canadian pennies: the remaining 188 rolls contain at least one American penny. In the 200 rolls, about ...
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Prove That The Composite Median Of Two Groups Lies Between Separate Medians of The Groups

Let $M_1$ be the median of $n_1$ observations and $M_2$ be the median of $n_2$ observations. Show that $M$, the median of$(n_1+n_2)$ observations combined, lies within $M_1$ and $M_2$.
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Is this the correct way of calculating the median?

I just completed the June $2009$ mei stats paper. On the mark scheme for question $5ii$ it shows the median being calculated using $600$, shouldn't it be $600+1$? I thought the median was calculated ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Determination of the lengths of the medians of a triangle.

The lengths of the sides $AB, BC$ and $CA$ of a $\triangle ABC$ are respectively $√14, √26$ and $√56$. What are the lengths of the medians of the triangle?
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Multiple, One (?), or No Medians for discrete

I am a bit confused on how medians are calculated for discrete distributions. I understand that there can be multiple medians or none at all. Can there be one median for a discrete distribution? Can ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

calculation of median of grouped data

While calculating the median of grouped data of total frequency $N$, in order to find the median class which value should be taken into consideration to match against cumulative frequency : $\frac N2$ ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Should I use interpolation when finding median, and quartiles?

I am a S1 maths (Edexcel) AS student in the UK. My question: Say we have a stem-and-leaf diagram with 26 values. We want to find the lower quartile. To get the marks for our specification, we need to ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

The validity of dividing an average cost by an average duration?

Let's say you wanted to calculate, for example, the average (i.e. mean) cost per day for a hotel to accommodate a tourist. If only aggregate cost data is available, is dividing the average cumulative ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Can you further explain or clarify the proof of this?

I am trying to prove that $AG = 2(GD)$, given $AD, BE$ and $CF$ are 3 medians meeting at point $G$ of a triangle $ABC$. I found this website that seems to show what I want to prove: http://jwilson.coe....
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Median of limited normal distributions

If $$x + \mathcal{N}(0,\,1) = 6$$ $$y + \mathcal{N}(0,\,1) = 7.5$$ $$\left|{y-x}\right| < 1$$ then what is the median of $y$? I'm expecting it to be $< 7.5$. If it is not, then why doesn't the $...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Give a randomized algorithm to find the median that has an expected number of comparisons = 2n + o(n)

Any help would be very much appreciated. I'm aware of 2 types of algorithms: "Median of the medians" and one using guards like here: http://www.cs.nthu.edu.tw/~wkhon/random12/lecture/lecture9.pdf ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

calculating the median in iWorks Numbers from a dictionary of values

I need to calculate the median among some numbers which I have in iWorks numbers. Since I have to do this several times (a few hundreds) I really cannot do it by hand. The numbers reach me (from the ...
5
votes
0answers
198 views

How to show that this function respects the strict ordering of its input.

Suppose you have a vector $\pmb x=\{x_i\}_{i=1}^n$ where each entry is drawn from a continuous distribution and $n$ is even. Then, denote $i^*=\{1\leq j\neq i\leq n:|x_i-x_{j}|=\mbox{med}_j|x_i-x_j|\}...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Generalizing the mode and mean like the quantile

The mode, median, and means of a series of number ($x_1,x_2,...,x_N$) can be roughly thought of as the points that minimize the $p$-norm of the sequence for $p\in \{0,1,2\}$. The median is $c=\min_c\...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Continuity of Median

There are three arbitrary random variables on $\mathbb{R}$: $X$, $Y$, $Z$. The median is defined as $\mathrm{Me}(X) = \mathrm{sup} \left\{t: F_X(t) \le \frac12\right\}$ (so it's hopefully always ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

What are the properties of median-unbiased estimators?

On Wikipedia it says that " A median-unbiased estimator minimizes the risk with respect to the absolute-deviation loss function, as observed by Laplace." How to prove this? Note that I asked on Cross ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Median poker hand (Texas Hold’em)

I try to find the median poker hand (Texas Hold’em). The following is given: 1) There are 52 cards 2) Assuming seven of them are chosen randomly 3) Create the best possibility with 5 of these 7 ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Geometric median (or Fertmat-Webber problem), including continuous case

For a finite set $X\subset \mathbb R^n$ the geometric median is defined as the point in $\mathbb R^n$ for which the sum of distances to all points of $X$ attains its minimum. Here is a wiki article: ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Area of triangle constructed from the medians of other triangle

We have triangle ABC of area P. Is it possible to compute the area of a triangle with sides "made" from medians of the triangle ABC in terms of P I'm looking for some hints maybe,
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Median of medians vs. single median

I have 10 sets. Each set corresponds to a user. Each set contains a different amount of floating point numbers. Each such number corresponds to a response time (of a user). Now I would like to ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

In biweight midvariance, why would the median absolute deviation (MAD) be multiplied by the 0.75 standard normal quantile?

The biweight midvariance $\zeta^2$ is a measure of scale that is more robust to non-normal distributions. It is defined as follows by [1] in three steps. For observations $X_i$, $i = 1,2,\cdots,n$, ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Runtime of recursive algorithm - Master's Theorem

I wrote a computer program that solves a question, and I am interested in knowing what is the runtime. My aim is for $O(\log n)$, and I'd like someone more experienced (and smarter?) to review my ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

A point minimizing total great circle distance to a given set of points on a hemisphere

If you have a set of points on a hemisphere, how do you find a point on that hemisphere that has the minimum total great circle distance to the points in the set.
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Error propagation of the median absolute deviation.

I wonder if there is a way to estimate error propagation of the mad (=median absolute deviation) for the difference between two median distributions, similar to how you estimate error propagation for ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

box and whiskers plot

I am having some troubles understanding what the components of a box and whiskers plot mean. Let's say I have some observations. {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10} ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Probability of $n$ numbers picked from set to have greater mean than set

If we have (N) varying non-negative numbers , with a mean equal to X, and a median less than X, if we pick (n) unique numbers from the set, what is the formula for the probability that the mean of ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How to estimate the duration of the path?

Let $G=<V,E>$ $p$ - sequence of vertices and edges For each edge $(u,v)\in E$ there is information about the transition time from $u$ to $v$ represented as a set of values $T=\{t_0, t_1, ... ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Another name for mode frequency

Is there another term for the number of times the mode number occurs in a list/array of numbers or 'the frequency of the mode' in a list/array of numbers? Apologies if this has been asked before - I ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Median of the sample median equal to the median of the distribution?

I'm taking a course in mathematical statistics this semester. I don't know how much consensus there is among mathematicians about notations and definitions, so I'll just define the essentials. Let me ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

error on the median

I have a set of values ${x_i}, i=1, \dots ,N$ of which I calculate the median M. I was wondering how I could calculate the error on this estimation. On the net I found that it can be calculated as $1....
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Is the intuition correct?

Let $X$ be a random variable such that $E|X|<\infty$ and $$P\left(X\ge\frac{1}{2}+x\right)=P\left(X\le\frac{1}{2}-x\right)\ \forall x\in \mathbb{R}.$$ Then $E(X)=\frac{1}{2}$ and Median($X$)$=\...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

median of bivariate truncated lognormal

$(X,Y)$ are bivariate lognormal random variables with mean $(\mu_1,\mu_2)$ and $\Sigma$ as the variance-covairance matrix, truncated to be in $[a_1, a_2]\times[a_1,a_2]$ where $a_1>0$ and $a_2<\...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Is there a generally unbiased estimator for the quantiles of a distribution?

1) Is there a generally unbiased estimator for the quantiles of a distribution? If not - I would be glad for an explanation (proof?) of why not. 2) Also (if not), is there a specific family of ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Median of n normal distributions

I have the following problem: I would like to know the distribution of $\mathrm{Med}[X1,\ldots,Xn]$, where $X1,\ldots,Xn$ are standard normal distributions $N(0,1)$. I know that one should consider ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Confidence level using unknown median

This is a general question. Lets say we are giving a sample space n. The sample space has an unknown median The order statistics of each person, $**X_{i}**$ in sample space is measured (lets say ...
0
votes
0answers
169 views

How to generate a random number including mathematical dispersion?

I need to generate not completely random number that would be influenced by functional dependency. Current solution I was looking was to give an algorithm value of statistical dispersion or spread ...