For questions about the numerical value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.

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0answers
12 views

Given a Triangle ABC, draw squares ACDQ and BCER outside on the two sides of the triangle. Prove that.. [on hold]

Start with Triangle ABC, draw squares ACDQ and BCER outside on the two sides of the triangle. Prove DE is 2x length of median corresponding to vertex C.
0
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1answer
14 views

How to plot median with 10% and 90% percentiles

I have to make a plot of same data (I do it in Matlab). On the x-axis the time (in seconds) and on the y-axis the response time (in ms). Now I have to do it with "Median with 10% and 90% ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Calculation of median

I want to calculate the median of several variables. The detail is as follow: For example, a, b and c are all random number from uniform distribution in certain range (different between each other). ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Finding the most likely serve speed of a tennis player

U.S. Open Tennis Championship a statistician keeps track of every serve that player hits. The statistician reported that the mean serve speed of a particular player was 95 miles per hour. Suppose ...
0
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2answers
24 views

Finding Median in a distribution

What does it mean by "find all medians"? I thought there could only be one median. Also, how would you approach solving this question? Suppose $P(X = x) = \displaystyle\tfrac{x}{21}$ for $x = 1, 2, ...
8
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4answers
481 views

A continuous function defined on an interval can have a mean value. What about a median?

A function can have an average value $$\frac{1}{b-a}\int_{a}^{b} f(x)dx$$ Can a continuous function have a median? How would that be computed?
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2answers
34 views

Where should I use median instead of average?

Is there a general law, or rule of thumb, or rationale, when to use median and when average? Although I know the difference and how they are computed, when I try to translate to simple English I ...
2
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2answers
43 views

Proof of $\sigma^2\geq (\mu-m)^2$ without resorting to Jensen's or Chebychev's inequality.

I asked a group of undergrad students (engineering) to prove that $\sigma^2\geq (\mu-m)^2$, where $\sigma^2$, $\mu$ and $m$ are the variance, mean and median of a continuous random variable. For the ...
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2answers
35 views

Why mean=median=mode of a bell curve?

I was reading this link - source - http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/standard-normal-distribution.html Here they say that for the bell curve - the mean = mode = median are identical. How mean i.e. ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Distribution estimate from a sample or just a probability theory task

Here is the task: I have a sample of replies to my e-mail from my mail box. A sample is taken over a period of 90 days, 1000 e-mails and replies if any. (We only consider a pair of {my original ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Distribution of sample median for a discrete random variable

Say I have a set $S = \{x_1, \dots, x_m\}$, where $1 \le x_i \le n$, all distinct, with median $M$. I take a sample $T$ of size $t$ from $S$, with replacement. I call $Y$ the median of $T$. What is ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Median value resulting in negative number

I know the that the formula for finding the median of grouped data that is: $$\mathrm{Median} = L_m + \left [ \frac { \frac{n}{2} - F_{m-1} }{f_m} \right ] \times c$$ And I also know what the ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Finding the median of the largest gap of a sequence of numbers in a set/vector

Im working on a programming function, but I cant seem to get this equation right. Im hoping someone can help point me in the right direction here. Say you have a set of numbers: 1, 10, 15, 25 All ...
2
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2answers
73 views

How can I calculate the median value?

$$f(a,b) = a^b$$ Where $0\le a \le1$ and $0\le b \le1$ and either $a\ne0$ or $b\ne0$ How can I calculate the median value of $f$ ? I can estimate it to be about 0.76536 by taking values along the ...
0
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1answer
32 views

How do I “recalculate” a median number?

I'm not sure how to explain the question, so I'll do it by an example. The median age in some country is 41.7. 50% is younger than 41.7, 50% is older. How would I calculate the percentage of the ...
1
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0answers
58 views

A point minimizing total great circle distance to a given set of points on a hemisphere

If you have a set of points on a hemisphere, how do you find a point on that hemisphere that has the minimum total great circle distance to the points in the set.
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1answer
410 views

What is weighted median? [duplicate]

I heard median of any number of data. Suppose we have a data [13,23,23,23,54] The median of this data is is 23. How we calculate the weighted median of same data (as mentioned above). ** ...
1
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1answer
40 views

How to prove the property of the Lemoine point of a triangle?

From Wolfram MathWorld, I know there is a Lemoine point of triangle, also called symmedian point, the sum of squared distances of this point to all the three sides is algebraically minimum. How to ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Does the median tend to the lower limit of the median class?

The median for a continous distribution is given by $M= L +\dfrac{(N/2-C)\cdot I}{f}$ where $M$ is median, $L$ is lower limit of median class, $N$ is the total frequency, $C$ is the cumulative ...
1
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2answers
88 views

Formulation and computation of “the” unique median of an even-sized list

Consider an even-sized set of numbers $X = \{x_k\}$, such as $X = \{1, 2, 7, 10\}$. The median $m$ is defined as: $$m = \mathrm{arg \min_x} \sum_k \lvert x_k - x\rvert^1$$ Any $m \in [2, 7]$ is a ...
0
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1answer
24 views

SD from Mean and Median

Given the mean and median of a dataset, is it possible to compute the standard deviation of the dataset?
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2answers
61 views

Median of i.i.d. uniform random variables on the interval $[-1/2, 1/2]$

Let $X_1, X_2, \ldots , X_{999}$ be independent and identically distributed random variables on the interval $[-1/2, 1/2]$. Let $X_{500}$ be the empirical median; that is, $X_{500} = X_k$ for some ...
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0answers
21 views

Error propagation of the median absolute deviation.

I wonder if there is a way to estimate error propagation of the mad (=median absolute deviation) for the difference between two median distributions, similar to how you estimate error propagation for ...
2
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2answers
72 views

Prove that this segment bisects another

The circle touches the trapezoid $GFEC$ at the points $C$, $D$ and $E$. The point $A$ is the center of the circle. The rest of the information can be seen in the diagrams below. What we have to ...
1
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1answer
239 views

Median of Medians in 2D Array/Matrix

This is a bit of a mathematics problem, and a MATLAB problem. In MATLAB, if I call median(M), where M is an ...
0
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1answer
113 views

Conclusions to be drawn from mean, median, stdev, and range

From a sample of size n = 100, the following descriptive measures were calculated: median=23, mean=20, standard deviation=5, range=35; 75 sample values are between 10 and 30; and 99 sample values are ...
2
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1answer
704 views

Why is the median the value that minimizes the sum of absolute deviations?

Apparently, the mean is the value that minimizes the sum of the squares of deviations, and this made sense to me because the sum of the squared differences can be represented as an equation: (a - ...
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3answers
73 views

Median $\neq$ Expectation

Do you have an example of real random variable such that its median is very different from its expectation? I mean it is obvious that they are differents. Thank you
2
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2answers
75 views

Median vs. Mean

Problem: Consider the following model: $y_i = \mu + \epsilon_i$, $i = 1,...,n$ Let the mean $\mu$ be estimated by minimizing the criterion $\sum|\mu - y_i|$ over $\mu$. Show that $m = ...
0
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1answer
19 views

Median of limited normal distributions

If $$x + \mathcal{N}(0,\,1) = 6$$ $$y + \mathcal{N}(0,\,1) = 7.5$$ $$\left|{y-x}\right| < 1$$ then what is the median of $y$? I'm expecting it to be $< 7.5$. If it is not, then why doesn't the ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Bounds on median of random walks

If $k$ random $n$-step $\pm 1$ walks start at 0, and the $i$th walk ends at position $X_i$, how big is $\text{median}_i \, |X_i|$? Is there a bound along the lines of $\text{P}(\text{median}_i \, ...
0
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2answers
129 views

In a distribution that is skewed by a few extreme outliers, what would be the best choice for a measure of central tendency?

According to my Professor, the answer to this question is the MEDIAN. However, wouldn't MODE be a better measure of central tendency? The mode is almost never affected by extreme outliers..please help ...
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2answers
57 views

Probability Question Random Variable Median

I have not idea where to start with this question can someone point me in the right direction...
1
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1answer
328 views

Given x is an exponential random variable, find median & probability

For the median, I believe that I should integrate the function, ∫x0λe−λtdt=1−e−λx Then I need 1−e−λm=.5 for m, which is equivalent to e−λm=.5. m=ln(2)/λ =>m=ln(2)/.2
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2answers
118 views

Find Weight for minimum Manhattan Distance

Let's say, I have three points $(1, 4)$, $(4, 3)$ and $(5, 2)$. I need to find weight $w_1$ and $w_2$ so that the point $(1, 4)$ be the centroid of the points in ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Means and Median of Probability

The question is: pennies come in rolls of 50. Out of the 200 rolls a bank is storing, 12 have all Canadian pennies: the remaining 188 rolls contain at least one American penny. In the 200 rolls, about ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Give a randomized algorithm to find the median that has an expected number of comparisons = 2n + o(n)

Any help would be very much appreciated. I'm aware of 2 types of algorithms: "Median of the medians" and one using guards like here: http://www.cs.nthu.edu.tw/~wkhon/random12/lecture/lecture9.pdf ...
3
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2answers
194 views

Functions minimized at the median of their arguments

I am doing research on problems of location of a public facility on a network which lead me to the following question. Is there an interesting way to characterize the class of functions $f : ...
1
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2answers
40 views

Determine random variable such as Med[X]=a and E[X]=b.

Let $a<b$ (a,b real numbers). Determine a random variable $X$ such as $Med[X]=a$ and $E[X]=b$. Hmmm how does one find $E[X]$ and $Med[X]$ if we don't have the probability distribution? The only ...
0
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1answer
40 views

calculating the median in iWorks Numbers from a dictionary of values

I need to calculate the median among some numbers which I have in iWorks numbers. Since I have to do this several times (a few hundreds) I really cannot do it by hand. The numbers reach me (from the ...
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1answer
193 views

Distance between mean and median

I want to solve the following problem in T.Tao's random matrix theory book. Let $X$ be a random variable with finite second momment. A median $M(X)$ of $X$ saisfies ...
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2answers
99 views

What is the median in this gre question?

This is gre preparation question of data interpretation, Distribution of test score among students(Score range -> total % of students) 0-65 -> 16 65-69 -> 37 70-79 -> 25 80-89 -> 14 ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Ordering of positive integers

Three positive integers: m. n and q, their average is 10, median is m+6. what is the greatest possible value of Q ? I understand how to find the solution which I am outlying below. My question is ...
5
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1answer
445 views

Asymptotic correlation between sample mean and sample median

Suppose $X_1,X_2,\cdots$ are i.i.d. $N(\mu,1)$. Show that the asymptotic correlation between sample mean and sample median (after suitably centering and renormalization) is $\sqrt{\frac{2}{\pi}}$.
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1answer
46 views

Median based on number of entries instead of values

I’m writing a computer program that provides some useful statistical information about files. Calculating the mean is trivial, and the mode at least has a simple definition, but the median is proving ...
4
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2answers
202 views

Why do Mean, Median, Mode, and Range present in school lessons?

I studied in East Europe and post Soviet mathematical education program have no Median, Mode, and Range terms. Mean (or average) on other hand was studied (with root mean square and sometimes with ...
2
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0answers
41 views

What are the properties of median-unbiased estimators?

On Wikipedia it says that " A median-unbiased estimator minimizes the risk with respect to the absolute-deviation loss function, as observed by Laplace." How to prove this? Note that I asked on Cross ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Prove That The Composite Median Of Two Groups Lies Between Separate Medians of The Groups

Let $M_1$ be the median of $n_1$ observations and $M_2$ be the median of $n_2$ observations. Show that $M$, the median of$(n_1+n_2)$ observations combined, lies within $M_1$ and $M_2$.
2
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0answers
39 views

Generalizing the mode and mean like the quantile

The mode, median, and means of a series of number ($x_1,x_2,...,x_N$) can be roughly thought of as the points that minimize the $p$-norm of the sequence for $p\in \{0,1,2\}$. The median is ...
0
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1answer
149 views

question on five number summary & quantile.

i know that in five number summary : 25% of a data set lies between Min & 1st quartile. 50% of a data set lies between Min & 2nd quartile, that is, Median. 75% of a data set lies between ...