For any topic related to matrices. This includes: systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors (diagonalization, triangularization), determinant, trace, characteristic polynomial, adjugate, transpose, Jordan normal form, matrix algorithms (e.g. LU, Gauss elimination, SVD, QR), ...

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0
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0answers
11 views

How can i find column of matrix corresponds to row of matrix's inverse

let $X$ be an invertible $n\times n$ matrix. $$\textit{$X^{-1}$} = \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & -1 & -1 \\1 & -1 & 1 & -1 \\1 & -1 & -1 & 1 ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

How prove this matrix inequality $\det(A+B)\ge 2^n\sqrt{\det(A)\det(B)}$

Question: Let $A_{n\times n}$ and $B_{n\times n}$ be positive Hermitian matrices. Show that $$\det(A+B)\ge 2^n\sqrt{\det(A)\det(B)}.$$ I know this $$\det(A+B)\ge \det(A)+\det(B)$$ But My ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Can someone explain these matrix operations to me?

So I have a row reduced echelon form matrix, that is $\begin{bmatrix} I & F\\ 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}$. The transpose of this matrix is thus $\begin{bmatrix} I & 0\\ F^T & 0 ...
0
votes
1answer
702 views

Common coefficient matrix of two matrices

Consider the following two systems. (a) \begin{array}{ccc} 4 x - 2 y &=& -3 \\ x+ 5 y &=& 1 \end{array} (b) \begin{array}{ccc} 4 x - 2 y &=& 2 \\ x+ 5 y &=& 3 ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

How to simplify $\det(M)=\det(A^T A)$ for rectangular $A=BC$, with square diagonal $B$ and rectangular $C$ with orthonormal columns?

Assume a real, square, symmetric, invertible $n \times n$ matrix $M$ and a real, rectangular $m \times n$ matrix $A$ such that $m \geq n$ and $M = A^T A$. Also assume that $A = B C$, where $B$ is ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

Nullspace, row space, column space in $m\times n$ matrices [on hold]

For a $4\times 3$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be a line through the origin? For a $2\times 4$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be a plane ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Two questions about diagonalization

Let A = $\begin{bmatrix}1 & 1 & 4\\0 & 3 & -4\\0&0&-1\end{bmatrix}$. Is the matrix A diagonalizable? If so find a matrix P that diagonalizes A. Can you write A as a linear ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Determinant of a 4x4 matrix with trigonometric functions

I am stuck with my homework from math. I should calcutate the determinant of a matrix: $$\begin{bmatrix} sin(x) & \sin(2x) & \cos(x) & \cos(2x)\\ cos(x) & 2\cos(2x) & ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Finding basis of inverse image

Let $\psi $ be a linear transformation such that$$\psi ([x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4])=[x_1+x_3+x_4, -x_2-x_4,x_1+x_2+x_3+2x_4].$$ Find basis of inverse image $\psi^{-1}(W)$ of subspace ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Odd coefficient in $M\in \mathcal{M}_n(\Bbb{Z})$ satisfies $n\le m\le n²-n+1$.

Let $M\in \mathcal{GL}_n(\Bbb{Z})$ I would like to prove that all odd coefficient of $M$ satisfies $n\le m\le n²-n+1$. In fact I don't see why $m$ is necessary bigger than $n$. I can only prove ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

how to differential exponential of a matrix variable $f(X)=e^{X(t)\mathrm{d}t}$?

I have a function about a square matrix $X$ which depends also time: $f(X)=e^{X(t)}$, $t$ is time. So how to differential it about time to have $\frac{\mathrm{d}f(X)}{\mathrm{d}t}$? I know that ...
26
votes
14answers
2k views

What are some applications of elementary linear algebra outside of math?

I'm TAing linear algebra next quarter, and it strikes me that I only know one example of an application I can present to my students. I'm looking for applications of elementary linear algebra outside ...
0
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2answers
65 views

Under what assumptions is it correct to say “a matrix is diagonalizable if and only if its eigenvalues are real”?

A $2\times 2$ matrix is diagonalizable if and only if its eigenvalues are real. Which statement is most correct: The proposition is true only if the eigenvalues are all greater than zero. The ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Physical or geometric meaning of the trace of a matrix

The geometric meaning of the determinant of a matrix as an area or a volume is dealt with in many textbooks. However, I don't know if the trace of a matrix has a geometric meaning too. Is there ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

In dual numbers, what number is represented by the following matrix?

In dual numbers, what number is represented by the following matrix? \begin{pmatrix}0 & 0 \\1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}
2
votes
0answers
65 views

homework: rings, matrices and polynomials

$A,B$ are both $n \times n$ and diagonal matrices. Prove that there is a matrix $X$ which is $n \times n$, and polynomials $p$ and $q$ such that $A= p(X), B= q(X)$ Is this true for ANY 2 matrices (we ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Show that $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$ for any n by n matrix

Prove that for any n by n real matrix $v\in {\mathbb R}^{n\times n}$, $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$, where $t\in\mathbb R$, $I$ is the identity matirx, and $trv$ denotes the trace of ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

a question about general and particular solutions

We have a $3\times 6$ matrix $A$ with rank $3$ (this is all the information we have, no matrix given). Here comes the questions: What is the number of free variables in the solution to the system ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is this a metric on matrices?

In the set of $n$-by-$n$ reversible real matrices, decide whether $$d(A,B)=\ln (\lVert A^{-1}B\rVert\cdot\lVert B^{-1}A\rVert)$$ defines a metric and/or semi-metric. Can you please help me to solve ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Eigenvalue of altered matrix: $pI_n + qA$

As a part of an exercise I have to prove the following: Let $p,q \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $A$ be an $(n \times n)$ matrix. Let $I_n$ be the $(n \times n)$ identity matrix. If $A$ has an eigenvalue ...
8
votes
1answer
59 views

Directional derivative of the determinant

Please help me find the mistake in my derivation: Let $f:M_{n,n}(\mathbb{R}) \to \mathbb{R}$ be the determinant function, $f(A)=det(A)$. Let $p_A(x)$ denote the charecteristic polynomial of $A$. ...
0
votes
2answers
332 views

Given a $4\times 4$ symmetric matrix, is there an efficient way to find its eigenvalues and diagonalize it?

I have a $4\times 4$ matrix $$A=\left(\begin{array}{cccc}8 & 11 & 4 & 3\\11 & 12 & 4 & 7\\4 & 4 & 7 & 12\\3 & 7 & 12 & 17\end{array}\right).$$ I want to ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

standard matrix using a orthonormal bases

I need a small clarification. I was trying to solve the following question. If $u_1,u_2,....,u_n $ and $v_1,v_2,...,v_n$ are orthonormal bases for $\mathbb{R}^n$. construct the matrix A that ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Determinantal inequality for block matrices: if $A=(B,C)$ is a square matrix, then $|A|^2\le |B^TB|\cdot |C^TC|$

Suppose $A=(B,C)$ is a $n\times n$ matrix, $B$ is a $n\times s$ matrix, $C$ is a $n\times (n-s)$ matrix. Show that $|A|^2\leq |B^TB|\cdot |C^TC|$. If $A$ is singular, then it is obvious. If $A$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Algorithm for the Hill cipher (finding the inverse of the determinant of a $2 \times 2$ matrix modulo $26$)

I have a good understanding of how to do the Hill cipher on paper but putting it into program form is somewhat of a problem. Finding the the determinant is the thing I'm having problem with. On ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Find a minimal spanning set of a set of matrices

I'm supposed to find a minimal spanning set of $W = \{A \in M_n(\mathbb{R}) | \operatorname{Tr}(A) = 0\}$ First of all, what is a minimal spanning set? I can't find the term anywhere in the notes my ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Is every symmetric matrix diagonalizable?

I know that Hermitian matrices are always diagonalizable and real symmetric matrices are real Hermitian matrices and therefore diagonalizable. But, it is always not the case that a symmetric matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is the ratio trace problem convex?

I have a ratio trace problem described as follows: $\arg\max_{w} trace((w^tAw)*inv(w^tBw))$, where A and B are full rank matrices. This problem can be solved via generalized eigenvalue problem. ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

$\Phi(t)=P(t)e^{tR}$ as a fundamental set for $x''(t)=\sin(t)x'(t)$

Problem. Find $2\times2$ matrices $R$ and $P(t)$ such that $R$ is constant, $P(t)$ is periodic, and $\Phi(t)=P(t)e^{tR}$ is a fundamental set of solutions for $x''(t)=\sin(t)x'(t)$. $ $ Attempt at ...
3
votes
1answer
22 views

Connected components $0-1$ matrices

Let $M$ be a $0-1$ matrix. Here a matrix has one component means we can traverse from a matrix entry $(i,j)$ which is $1$ to any other one by moving step of $(i\pm1,j),(i,j\pm1),(i\pm1,j\pm1)$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Basis for span and transpose of span of matrix?

Does the rows of the RREF of the transpose of the span of a matrix yield a basis of a matrix ? Can a basis also be composed of the rows RREF of the span of a matrix ?
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Give the following linear transformation find values of parameter

Find values of parameter t for which transformation is epimorphic: $\psi([x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4])=x_1+x_2+x_3+2x_4,x_1+tx_2+x_3+3x_4,2x_1+x_2+tx_3+3x_4 $ When this transformation is epimorphic i.e. what ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Examples of Unitary Matrices with coefficients all having the same amplitude

I am looking for examples of unitary matrices like this one $$A = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\left( \begin{array}{rr} 1 & 1 \\ 1 &-1 \end{array} \right)$$ where each coefficient has the same amplitude, ...
0
votes
1answer
299 views

All principal minors are equal to zero

Let's assume that all principal minors of symetric square matrix $A$ ($n\times n$) are equal to zero, then what definiteness does this matrix have? It's obvious that it's semidefinite, of course. But ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Extensions on matrix factorization [on hold]

The traditionl matrix decomposition [1] has the following general form: $ M = A^\top B $ or $ M = A^\top U B $ Is there any decomposition method (or smart trick using the existing methods) to get ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

let A be a $2\times 2$ matrix . Then the smallest number $n\in \mathbb N$ such that $A^n=I$ is

let A be a $2\times 2$ matrix $\begin{pmatrix} \sin \frac \pi {18} & -\sin \frac {4\pi} {9}\\ \sin \frac {4\pi} {9}&\sin \frac \pi {18}\end{pmatrix}$. Then the smallest number $n\in \mathbb N$ ...
15
votes
9answers
958 views

Why do determinants have their particular form?

I know that for a matrix $A$, if $\det(A)=0$ then the matrix does not have an inverse, and hence the associated system of equations does not have a unique solution. However, why do the determinant ...
-2
votes
0answers
45 views

$A$ be a $10\times 10$ matrix over $\mathbb R$ such that sum of each row is $1$. [on hold]

Let $A$ be an invertible $10\times10$ matrix over $\mathbb R$ such that sum of each row is $1.$ Then which option is correct? A. The sum of the entries of each row of the inverse of $A$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Setting corresponding entries in a matrix

I've recently read "Matrix Inversion and the Great Injustice", a rather humorous article of a student venting his frustrations due to feeling as if he has been graded unfairly. I follow everything so ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How find this invertible matrix $C=\begin{bmatrix} A&B\\ B^T&0 \end{bmatrix}$

let matrix $A_{n\times n}$,and $\det(A)>0$, and the matrix $B_{n\times m}$,and such $rank(B)=m$,and let $$C=\begin{bmatrix} A&B\\ B^T&0 \end{bmatrix}$$ Find this Invertible matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the proof of this? (Matrices, Pivot)

I have a matrix : $A$ I pivoted $A$ with a pivot element $(p)$ and I get this matrix: $B$ What is the proof of this equation? $|A|$ = $\frac{1}{p}. |B|$
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Permutation matrix 56x56

I want to find all possible permutation matrices for an identity matrix. I need it at a 56x56 level. An explanation at a lower level would also help.
-1
votes
2answers
85 views

Are irreducible, positiv-definite Markov chains aperiodic?

If $M$ is the transition matrix of a discrete Markov chain, and $M$ is both irreducible, symmetric and positiv-definite, is the resulting Markov chain necessarily aperiodic? In my intuition, ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

How to find the exponential of a nilpotent matrix?

I want to find the exponential $e^{tA}$, where $A=\left( \begin{array}{ c c } 0 & 1 & 2 \\ 0 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{array} \right).$ I know that its ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Solving equation with integer matrices as unknowns

I am currently working on a problem, where I need to know for square integer matrices, $A$ and $B$, whether or not there exists square integer matrices, $X$ and $Y$, such that $X(A-I)Y=B-I$, where $I$ ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Transforming a square matrix A into B

Let's say I have $A= \begin{bmatrix} a_{11} & a_{12} & a_{13} \\ a_{21} & a_{22} & a_{23} \\ a_{31} & a_{32} & a_{33} \\ \end{bmatrix}$ and $B= \begin{bmatrix} b_{11} & ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Can anyone check these true and false statements about linear algebra?

For any square matrix $A$, the image of $A^7$ is contained in the image of $A$ I think this question is asking If $A^7x=b$, then $b$ must be in $A$ with some vector $y$ such that $Ay=b$. It Seems ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

find the eigenvalue of $A^m$

Let $$A = \pmatrix{7&9\\-3&-5},$$ it is a $2\times 2$ matrix. For every integer $m$, find all eigenvalues of $A^m$, and bases for the corresponding eigenspaces How to get it?!!
4
votes
3answers
436 views

Quaternions vs Axis angle

Whats the use of representing rotation with quaternions compared to normal axis angle representation? I've been trying to learn quaternions and they make enough sense but as far as I can tell ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

How to find eigenvalues of this matrix

How to find eigenvalues of this matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ c c } 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 4 \\ 0 & -1 & 2 \end{array} \right) $ ATTEMPT: $2-λ [(2-λ)(2-λ) ...