For any topic related to matrices. This includes: systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors (diagonalization, triangularization), determinant, trace, characteristic polynomial, adjugate, transpose, Jordan normal form, matrix algorithms (e.g. LU, Gauss elimination, SVD, QR), ...

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0
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1answer
91 views

matrix vs vector span {} linear algebra

I am in a University Linear Algebra course and am confused by the term span and its relation to both matrices and vectors. Can someone help clarify what they mean? =Span= Can it only be made of ...
0
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0answers
19 views

What is the mathematically operation referred to where you put a matrix of lower dimension into a matrix of higher dimension

Suppose I have a vector $A = [a_1, a_2, a_3]$; now let's construct another vector $B =[A, 1]$ What is this process of putting a smaller matrix into a larger one generally referred to? Embedding?
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Generators of $\Gamma_0(N)$

Let $\textbf{T}:=\bigl(\begin{smallmatrix} 1&1\\ 0&1 \end{smallmatrix} \bigr)$, $\textbf{S}:=\bigl(\begin{smallmatrix} 0&1/\sqrt{N}\\ -\sqrt{N}&0 \end{smallmatrix} \bigr)$ and $H$ the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Issues with a particular bilinear form and determining rank, signature, etc. of its restriction

Let $b: M_2(\mathbb{R}) \times M_2(\mathbb{R}) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $b(X,Y)=trace(X^tAY)$, where $X^t$ is the transpose of $X$ and $A=\begin{pmatrix} 2 & 1\\1 & 0\end{pmatrix}$. In my ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Eigenvector Problem

Given a matrix $X$, let $eigvec(X)$ be its eigenvector associated with the largest eigenvalue. Is there a relationship among $eigvec(X+X^T)$, $eigvec(X)$ and $eigvec(X^T)$? In other words, can I use ...
10
votes
5answers
298 views

Invertibility of a Kronecker Product

Prove that $A\otimes B$ is invertible if and only if $B\otimes A$ is invertible. I don't have a clue where to start to be honest. I am not very familiar yet to the Kronecker Product so could you ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

$A \times B^{-1}$ has irreducible characteristic polynomial when $A,B$ are random integer matrices — simple proof?

Let $A,B$ be $d\times d$ integer matrices with each entry drawn uniformly from $[0,2^n)$, and define the rational matrix $C = A \times B^{-1}$. Is there a simple way to prove that $C$'s characteristic ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Finding the corresponding Perron eigenvalue

Find the Perron root and the corresponding Perron eigenvector of A. $\begin{bmatrix} 0 &1 &1 \\ 1&0&1 \\ 1&1&0 \end{bmatrix}$ I figured out the Perron root which happens to ...
0
votes
2answers
235 views

How to show $U(n)$ is a group?

The first part of the question is the following: Let $A$ and $B$ be complex $n \times n$ matrices. If $A = (a_{ij})$ then we define its complex conjugate as $\overline{A} = (\overline{a_{ij}})$ . ...
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vote
2answers
38 views

Define a $2 \times 2$ matrix that is the lower $2 \times 2$ block in $A$ (Matlab)

First of all, on this Matlab exercise sheet that I am currently working through what does the term 'the lower $2 \times 2$ block' mean in the question below? $A = \left[\begin{array}\ 1 & 2 &...
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votes
0answers
65 views

Linear maps and subspaces

The set-up for my question is this, let $k \le n$, let $E \subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be a $k$-dimensional subspace. Let $I \subseteq \{1,\ldots, n\}$ such that $|I| = k$, then we can define coordinate ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

extended PCA (tangled matrices)

Given an $m$ by $n$ matrix $A$ and the constant $r$, the principal component analysis allows us to find matrices $W$ and $H$ so that the $WH$ gives a lower rank approximation of $A$. In other words, ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Inversing badly-conditioned square matrix: methodology

I have a badly-conditioned square matrix. I need to inverse it. For inversing, currently I'm doing the following steps: I take the badly-conditioned matrix with size of $n$ by $n$ By reduced row ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Prove that a matrix is the permutation matrix of a permutation

Prove that a matrix is the permutation matrix of some permutation just when ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

If $R$ is a commutative simple ring with identity , then is any matrix ring $M_n(R)$ also simple? [duplicate]

If $R$ is a commutative simple ring with identity , then is any matrix ring $M_n(R)$ over $R$ of matrices of size $n$ also simple ?
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vote
0answers
52 views

Is there a formula for the sum of absolute eigenvalues in terms of matrix elements?

Given a symmetric matrix $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$. We know the following: trace$(X) = \sum_{i=1}^n x_{ii} = \sum_{i=1}^n \lambda_i$ where $x_{ii}$ is the $i$th element on the diagonal of $X$, ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Inverse of matrix sum

I found on the Wikipedia page "Determinant" the following property: For any invertible $m \times m$ matrix $X$, $\det(X + AB) = \det(X) \det(I_m + BX^{-1}A)$. Is this true? If so, how is this proved?...
4
votes
2answers
463 views

Why does Gaussian elimination not preserve similarity of a matrix?

I am trying to understand reduction of an unsymmetric real square matrix to Hessenberg form from Numerical Recipes Vol. 3. In it, the author states that one does not use Gaussian elimination for ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

Skew symmetric $4\times 4$ matrix of full-rank

I have come across the fact that a $4\times 4$ skew-symmmetric matrix of full-rank is equivalent to \begin{pmatrix} 0 &\theta_1& 0 &0 \\ -\theta_1& 0 &0 &0 \\ 0& 0&0 &...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Does negative definiteness imply anything about ALL principal minors?

Unfortunately I haven't received any response for my previous question, so I'm trying to solve it in a different way. I know that iff matrix $H$ is negative definite, its leading principal minors ...
7
votes
0answers
242 views

Proof of the conjecture that the kernel is of dimension 2, extended

Pursuing my research, I am now looking for a proof of an extension of the problem proposed here and answered. It's an extension in the sense that I'm now considering two different $t_1$ and $t_2$. The ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Real matrix with the property that every nonzero vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is an eigenvector of $A$. [duplicate]

so I'm supposed to let $A$ be a square real matrix with the property that every nonzero vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is an eigenvector of $A$. And I'm supposed to show that $A=\lambda I$ for a constant $\...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

When a 0-1-matrix with exactly two 1’s on each column and on each row is non-degenerated? [2] [duplicate]

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ matrix with entries on the set $\{0,1\}$, with exactly two ones on each column and two ones on each row. Give necessary and sufficient conditions for rank$(A)$ to be $n$. I ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Forming equation of a plane by solving linear equation set

Given three points on the plane: $ A(x_1, y_1, z_1) $, $ B(x_2, y_2, z_2) $ and $ C(x_3, y_3, z_3) $. I'm trying to obtain the equation of the plane in this format: $ ax + by + cz + d = 0 $ I ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

System of linear equation with one parameter

I'm trying to understand and solve a linear equation but i'm not sure how to go about it next, I was trying to reduce it with row operations but I can't seem to get all zero's under the first 'pivot' /...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Prove that the determinant of $ A^{-1} = \frac{1}{det(A)} $- Linear Algebra

If I have a single matrix A that is non-singular, how can I prove the determinant of its inverse = $\frac{1}{\det(A)}$? Prove: $$ \det(\mathbf{A^{-1}}) = \frac{1}{\mathbf{\det(A)}} $$ I know that $(...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Proving full column rank of a matrix

Let $x$ be a $K\times 1$ vector of random variables satisfying that $E[xx']$ is nonsingular. For some given integers $M\geq 1$ and $L\leq K$, let $z_1,\ldots,z_M$ be $L\times 1$ column vectors such ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Eigenvalues of a Product of two matrices A and B inside trace operator expressed in terms of any eigenvalue of A or B?

This question has been in asked in a few varieties here but not in this one. If we have a real, symmetric, positive-definite matrix $A$ and a real, symmetric, positive-definite matrix $B$ and we know ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Solving a homogenous system of linear ODE with Pauli matrices

I was asked to solve find a general solution to $\overrightarrow{x'}=P\overrightarrow x$ where $P=\begin{pmatrix} -1 & 2 \\-1 & 1\end{pmatrix}$. Using the "regular" method of finding the ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Logic supporting column operations on matrices

In matrices, we justify row operations by drawing parallels with solving a system of equations i.e.: 1.Interchanging rows = Interchanging equations \ 2.Adding one multiple of a row to another = ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

Can we find the GCD of two polynomials in $\mathbb Q[x]$ by representing the coefficients as vectors?

Can we find the GCD of two polynomials in $\mathbb Q[x]$ by representing the coefficients as vectors? For example: $f=x^5+3x^4+x^3+4x^2+1$, and $g=x^5+3x^4+4x^3+3x+1$ Can we represent these ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Proving Submultiplicativity on a Matrix Norm

Let $||A||=(\sum_{i=1}^{n}\sum_{j=1}^{n}{a_{ij}^p})^{1/p}$, and let p=2. Then prove that $\|AB\|\le \|A\|\|B\|$ I have looked at numerous proofs for this, and I don't see one that satisfies me fully....
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Is $2^{xy}$ a positive definite kernel?

Is $2^{xy}$ a positive definite kernel on $\mathbb{N}$? i.e. for all $a_1, ..., a_n \in \mathbb{R}$, for all $x_1, ..., x_n \in \mathbb{N}$, $\sum_{i,j} a_i a_j 2^{x_ix_j}\geqslant 0$
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What is pseudodiagonality in matrix/tensor?

What is the difference between diagonality and pseudodiagonality? Does this apply to tensor too? https://www.math.uzh.ch/fileadmin/math/preprints/06_11.pdf
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Divide matrix using left division

In matlab, I defined a=[1;2;3] b=[4;5;6] both a and b are not square matrix. and execute a\b will return ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Street Fighter: is the game balanced?

Suppose that $A$ is a matrix that describes the matchup information of any pair of Street Fighter characters e.g., considering $3$ characters, assume that the first row/collumn is associated with a ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Rank of block matrix

Given a $q\times n$ matrix $E$ whose rank is $n$. Imagine that every element $[e_{ij}]$ of $E$ is replaced by a $m\times p$ matrix $F_{ij}$, whose rank is $p$. And in general, each $F_{ij}$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How to bound the biggest eigenvalue of $\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_ix_i^T$?

My question is to bound the biggest eigenvalue of $A=\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_ix_i^T$, where $x_i\in\mathbb{R}^d$ is a column vector. My idea is, to bound the biggest eigenvalue of $A$, i.e. $\|A\|_2$. I can ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Reference for the proof of interlacing of eigenvalues of submatrices

If one has a $n \times n$ Hermitian matrix $A$ and one removes $k$ of the rows and their corresponding columns then the eigenvalues of the remnant interlace the eigenvalues of the full matrix. Can ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Given a square matrix where $a_{11}=c\neq 0$ and $a_{ij}=0$ otherwise, can we find a matrix B such that B and A+B have no common eigenvalues?

Given a matrix where $a_{11}=c\neq 0$ and $a_{ij}=0$ otherwise, can we find a matrix B such that B and A+B have no common eigenvalues? If instead the matrix had its nonzero entry component at $a_{1n}...
1
vote
0answers
283 views

How to determine if a set represents a line, plane or hyperplane?

How do you approach a question that gives you a set and asked to determine if it represents a line, plane or hyperplane? The Question: https://www.dropbox.com/s/0gscqur18kqg3ma/SpanningQuestion.PNG ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Solve the following matrix equation $X'X=A$

I have square matrices $X$,$A$ and $X'X-A=0$. $A$ is given and is positive definite and I need to get matrix $X$. I know $X$ is not unique since $TX$ such that $T'T=I$ will satisfy. My problem is ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Can a matrix have eigenvalue with infinite multiplicity?

Suppose we have matrix of the form $$ A= \begin{bmatrix} a & -1 \\ 0 & a \\ \end{bmatrix} $$ and we would like to analyze its diagonalizability. By taking the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Linear algebra - projection matrix - inverse matrix

I am not sure how to prove this one: Let $A$ be a projection matrix so that $A^2=A$ and $A$ is not equal to zero. Find the inverse matrix of $I+cA$. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Triangularization of a matrix.

so I need to find an invertible matrix $P$ such that $P^{-1}AP$ is upper-triangular, where $$A = \begin{bmatrix} 4 & -1 \\ 9 & -2 \end{bmatrix}$$ So I found that the eigenvalue is $1$ which ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

$\operatorname{rank}(A) = $max number of rows of submatrix $B$; Proof

I don't understand how to proof the following: The rank of a matrix $A \in M$ ($m \times n$, Field) equals the maximum number of rows of a square submatrix $B$ of $A$ with $\det (B) \neq 0$. The ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

Checkboard matrix, brand new or old?

Ok so what I found was a square matrix of order $n×n$ where $n$ follows $2m+1$ and $m$ is a natural number the pattern these matrices follow is as follows: for a $3×3$ matrix: $$ A = \left( \begin{...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

AB = Identity matrix; matrices; determinants; proof

Let $M(n\times n, \mathbb Z)$ be the set of all $n\times n$- matrices with integer coefficients, and a matrix $A \in M$. Proof, that: There is exactly one matrix $B \in M(n\times n, \mathbb Z)$ with $...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

Operator norm of a matrix less than or equal to one

Do all matrices of operator norm $\leq 1$ have the sum of the absolute values of their rows $\leq 1$?
1
vote
3answers
491 views

To show two matrices are conjugate to each other

Given two matrices A and B $$ A = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 3 & 0 \\ 1 & 2 & 1 \end{pmatrix}, \quad B = \begin{pmatrix} 3 & 0 & 4 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 &...