# Tagged Questions

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### Order of group $GL_{2}\left( \mathbb{F}_{p}\right)$

I'm having a hard time counting. I need to count the number of elements for the multiplicative group of invertible $2\times 2$ matrices $GL_{2}\left( \mathbb{F}_{p}\right)$ with elements from the ...
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### Isomorphism between groups of $2 \times 2$ matrices

I'm stuck on this problem: For $\mu \in \mathbb{R} \setminus \{1\}$ let $$G_\mu := \left\{\begin{pmatrix}a & b \\ 0 & a^\mu \end{pmatrix} : a \in \mathbb{R}^+, \; b \in \mathbb{R}\right\} .$$ ...
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### Conjugates of the upper triangular matices

It's a shame...I want to give an explicit description of the set $\bigcap_{m \in GL_n(K)} mUm^{-1}$, $U$ being the upper triangular subgroup of $GL_n(K)$. It seems to be $K^\times I_n$ but I do not ...
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### Forms - unitary group?

If $Id$ is the $n$ by $n$ identity matrix and $J$ is the $2n$ by $2n$ matrix with $Id$ in the upper right corner and $-Id$ in the lower left corner, then $Sp_{2n} = \{G\in Gl_{2n} : G^{tr}JG = J\}$ is ...
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### Do cyclic permutations of rows and column entries generate all permutations?

Background: I am interested in the group of permutations of the entries of a general $m\times n$ matrix. In particular, I am interested in (1) interesting sets of simple generators for this group ...
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### Do row and column permutations generate all permutations?

Suppose $m,n\ge 1$ are integers. Do row and column permutations of an $m\times n$ matrix generate the group of all permutations of the $mn$ entries of the matrix? More formally, let $A_1$ be the ...
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### the representation of a free group

A group $G$ is generated by $\begin{pmatrix}1&n\\0&1\end{pmatrix}$ and $\begin{pmatrix}1&0\\n&1\end{pmatrix}$, then we know $G\cong \mathbb{F}_2$ which is a free group generated by two ...
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### Naive question about the group $SU(n)$?

As usual, let $SU(n)$ represent the set of all the $n\times n$ unitary matrices with determinant $1$. It's easy to show that any matrix $U$ takes the form $U=e^{iA}$ ($A$ is a $n\times n$ traceless ...
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### Continuous subgroup of SO(3)?

I read from a paperarXiv: cond-mat/0602109 by a theoretical physicist, Prof. Frank Bais, close subgroups of $SO(3)$ is given by ${C_n,D_n,T,O,I,SO(2)\rtimes Z_2}$, where $C_n$ is the cyclic group of ...
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### Subgroups of GL(2,C) isomorphic to Z

Let $\mathbb Z\to \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb C)$ be an injective homomorphism. I'm wondering about the possibilities for the image of $\mathbb Z$. I think the image is always conjugate to a subgroup of ...
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### suggest me a example for non singular, conjugate-symmetric sesquilinear form ????

I only know that fact that the matrix corresponding to the non singular, conjugate-symmetric sesquilinear form is a unitary matrix. and SU_n(q) is the unitary groups is the collection of the ...
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### Closed conjugacy classes in $M_n(k)$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $n$ a positive integer, and consider the action of $\mathrm{GL}_n(k)$ on $M_n(k)$ by conjugation. My professor tells me that semisimple conjugacy classes are ...
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### Upper Unitriangular Matrices

Let $U$ be the group of the upper unitriangular matrices $n$-$n$ over the field of rationals $\mathbb{Q}$. I know that $U$ is nilpotent and torsion-free. It is also radicable? How it can be proved in ...
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### Orbits of action of $SL_m(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}^m$

I'm considering the action of $SL_m(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}^m$: if $A\in SL_m(\mathbb{Z})$ and $v\in\mathbb{Z}^m$, then $Av\in\mathbb{Z}^m$. My question is: what are the orbits of this action? ...
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### Show that matrix under addition is isomorphic with the group of complex numbers under addition

Q: Let $M = \{ \begin{bmatrix} a & b \\ -b & a \end{bmatrix} | a, b \in \mathbb R \}$. Show that $(M,+)$ and $(\mathbb C,+)$ are isomorphic. Show that $(M^{*},*)$ and $(\mathbb C^{*},*)$ are ...
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### What mathematical algebra explains sequence of circular shifts on rows and columns of a matrix?

Consider a simple matrix (3X3) with entries thus: [1 2 3; 4 5 6; 7 8 9;] Circular shifts can be performed on any row or any column thus: row-(1/2/3)-(right/left) and column-(1/2/3)-(up/dn) ...
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### center of invertible matrices

find the center of the group of invertible 2 x 2 matrices with real entries. Attempt: By definition, the center of a group Z(G), is where all the elements are commutative. If G = { invertible 2 x 2 ...
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### Ideals in the unitary group

What would be examples of one-dimensional ideals in the lie algebra of the unitary group? Moreover, how would one show that it is in the tangent space of the center of the unitary group and that the ...
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### Isomorphism Classes

I'm trying to find what the isomorphism class of the group of $G = n\times n$ matrices with $\pm 1$ along the diagonal and zeroes everywhere else. My approach was first to show that because for each ...
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### Commutator subgroup of $GL_{2}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2}\mathbb{Z})$ is $SL_{2}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2}\mathbb{Z})$

How would I go about showing this, where $p$ is an odd prime? The inclusion $[GL_{2}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2}\mathbb{Z}),GL_{2}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2}\mathbb{Z})] \subseteq SL_{2}(\mathbb{Z}/p^{2}\mathbb{Z})$ is ...
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### Proving group properties of $G$, a set of $2 \times 2$ matrices with rational entries

Let $G$ be the set of all $2 \times 2$ matrices whose entries are rational numbers and whose determinant is equal to $3^n$ where $n$ is a nonnegative integer. Prove that $G$ is a group with respect ...
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### What is the order of this group? [duplicate]

Let $H$ be the subgroup of the group $G$ of all $2 \times 2$ non-singular matrices whose entries are integers modulo a given prime $p$ consisting of those and only those matrices in $G$ whose ...
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### Find the inverse of a matrix in $GL(2\,,\, \Bbb Z_{11})$.

What are the necessary steps and reasoning for calculating the following matrix in GL(2,$\Bbb Z_{11}$): $M = \begin{pmatrix} 2&6 \\3&5 \end{pmatrix}$. I found the answer to be ...
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### How to prove that $J(M_n(R))=M_n(J(R))$?

How to prove that $J(M_n(R))=M_n(J(R))$? Here $M_n(R)$ is the ring of matrices of size $n^2$ over the ring $R$. And $J(M_n(R))$ is a two-sided ideal of the ring $M_n(R)$.
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### Show that $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$? [duplicate]

Let $\mathbb M(n;\mathbb R)$ denote the set of all real matrices (identified with $\mathbb R^{n^2}$ and endowed with its usual topology) and $GL(n;\mathbb R)$ denote the group of all invertible ...
### subgroup of $GL_{n+1}\mathbb{R}$ which is isomorphic
Describe a subgroup of $GL_{n+1}\mathbb{R}$ which is isomorphic to the group $\mathbb{R}^n$ under the operation of vector addition. I have no idea what this would look like. I would really ...