For any topic related to matrices. This includes: systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors (diagonalization, triangularization), determinant, trace, characteristic polynomial, adjugate, transpose, Jordan normal form, matrix algorithms (e.g. LU, Gauss elimination, SVD, QR), ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

0
votes
3answers
49 views

What is the determinant of matrix?

Find determinant of the $n \times n$ permutation matrix $$ M= \left[ {\begin{array}{cccc} 0 & 0 & \ldots & 0 & 1\\ 0 & 0 & \ldots & 1 & 0\\ \vdots & ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Schur product theorem

The theorem states that the Hadamard product of two positive definite matrices $ A \circ B$ is also positive definite. Can I make any statement about a the Hadamard product of a positive definite ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Prove that $A$ is similar to $B$ probably using Jordan form

Let $A, B \in M_n(\mathbb{F})$ such that: $a_{ij} = 0 \iff b_{ij} = 0$. $a_{ij} = b_{ij}$ for all $i \ne j+1$ $\exists \lambda \in \mathbb{F}$ such that $a_{ii} = b_{ii} = \lambda$. Prove that ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Finding inverse linear transformation

I'm solving a homework question and I'm stuck with it's last part. The question goes like this: Let $\displaystyle T:M_n(\mathbb{R})\to M_n(\mathbb{R})$ be a transformation defined as ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Cubic 2x2x2 matrices (tensors), is there a special name for them?

Is there a special name for cubix 2x2x2 tensors? What properties an algebra on these matrices has?
1
vote
3answers
55 views

Prove that if $\mathbf A$ is an $n\times m$ matrix, then $\text{tr}(\mathbf A \mathbf A')=\text{tr}(\mathbf A' \mathbf A) $

If $\mathbf A$ is an $n\times m$ matrix, then $\text{tr}(\mathbf A \mathbf A')=\text{tr}(\mathbf A' \mathbf A) \text{ where } \mathbf A'\text{ is transpose of }\mathbf A\text{ and tr}(\mathbf A ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Prove that $A$ is similar to $B$

Let $A, B \in M_n(\mathbb{F})$ such that $m_A(x) = m_B(x)$ and $f_A(x)=f_B(x)=(x-\lambda_1)^{d_1}\cdots (x-\lambda_k)^{d_k}$ for different $\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_k$ such that $1 \le d_l \le 3$ ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Endomorphism ring as a set of matrices

Let $A=\mathbb Z[\sqrt{-5}]$, and let $I=(2,1+\sqrt{-5})$ (which is known to be a non-principal ideal of $A$ with $I^2=2A$). If we put $P=A \oplus I$, my question is: "why the endomorphism ring of ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Can $LL^T$ decomposition of a matrix be computed by the same algorithm as $LU$-one?

I know that's the silly question. But if I perform $LU$ decomposition on a symmetric positive definite matrix, will this decomposition be the same one as $LL^T$ one?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Prove that $V_i$ are $T$-invariant for $1\le i\le k$ and $V=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{k}V_i$

Let $T$ be a linear operator over $V$ with dim$(V)=n$ and let the ordered set $B=${$v_1,v_2,...v_n$} be a basis for $V$. Furthermore, let $A=[T]_B$ be block-diagonal matrix (that is ...
2
votes
7answers
89 views

Prove that a matrix equals to its transpose

Let $A$ be a $(n\times n)$ matrix that satisfies: $AA^t=A^tA$ Let $B$ be a matrix such that: $B=2AA^t(A^t-A)$ Prove/disprove that: $B^t=B$ I started with: $$\begin{align} B &=2AA^t(A^t-A) \\ ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

What row-operations allow this $\operatorname{Mat}_{2\times2} (\mathbb{R})$

$$ A = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & r \\ s & 1 \\ \end{pmatrix} \Rightarrow \begin{pmatrix} 1 & r \\ 0 & 1-s \cdot r \\ \end{pmatrix} = B \quad\quad r,s \in \mathbb{R} $$ Matrix B is ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Matrix operation repeat matrix members

I am going to use C++ Armadillo library which handles matrices to generate matrix $B$ and $C$ from matrix $A$. $$ A=[M_0,M_1,\ldots,M_{n-1}]^T $$ $$ ...
-5
votes
1answer
57 views

Inequality on matrix norm: $ \lVert A^n \rVert \leq \lVert A \rVert^n $ [on hold]

If $A$ is a $n \times n$ matrix and assume we have a matrix norm $\lVert \cdot \rVert$. In a proof I need the following property: $ \lVert A^n \rVert \leq \lVert A \rVert^n $. I don't know how to ...
3
votes
2answers
37 views

At least one diagonal element of any real symmetric matrix of rank $1$ is non-zero ?

If $A$ is a real symmetric matrix of rank $1$ then is it true that at least one diagonal element is non-zero ?
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Jordan form of a matrix

Let $$A = \left( {\matrix{ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \cr 0 & 0 & 2 & 0 \cr 0 & 0 & 0 & 3 \cr 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \cr } } \right)$$ The ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Linear transformation to higher dimensional space.

There is a 7-by-6 matrix $H$ given. Its rank is 6. I'd like to design a 6-by-5 matrix $D$ such that the following holds: $ \left[ \begin{array}{l} l_1(a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4) \\ l_2(a_1, a_2, a_3, a_4) ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Differential equation to space state excercise

This is a "back of chapter" excercise which im trying to solve, my answer doesnt match the solution printed on the book, I want to write the equation in state space matrix form without using the ...
2
votes
2answers
25 views

Can a low-rank matrix set have nonempty interior?

The answer to this question may be super simple, but it is very not obvious to me. Consider the space $S^n$ of symmetric $n\times n$ matrices. Consider $T\subset S$ the set of rank $n-1$ matrices. ...
-3
votes
0answers
34 views

Let A,B be nxn matrices such that detA Not equal to 0, but detB = 0: Show [on hold]

Let $A$, $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices such that $\det A \neq 0$, but $\det B = 0$. Show $\|A-B\|_2 \geq(\|A^{-1}\|_2)^{-1}$.
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Let $A$, $B$ be two $3\times3$ commuting matrices, where $A$ is nilpotent and $\operatorname{tr}B = 0$. Prove that $ABA = O$

Let $A$ and $B$ be two $3\times3$ commuting matrices, where $A$ is nilpotent and $\operatorname{tr}B = 0$. Prove that $ABA = 0$. Progress I know that $ABA=0 \implies A^2B=0$. Here ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

Exponential restricts to special linear matrices

Let's consider a field $k$ of characteristic $p$ and a matrix $M \in \mathfrak{sl}_n$ (the Lie algebra of trace $0$ matrices). Assume $M^r = 0$ for some $r < p$ so that the exponential $$\exp(M) = ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Set of linear equations with coefficients - solution using matrices

I have a set of linear equations: \begin{matrix} ax_{1}& {}+bx_{2}& {}+x_{3}& & =0\\ cx_{1}& {}+dx_{2}& &{}-x_{4} & =0\\ & {}-ex_{2}& ...
-5
votes
0answers
29 views

i need help with a matrices [on hold]

Can someone show me how or make me a Matrices with the answers being 7,15,4?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

A matrix transformation from R^4 to R^3 - linear algebra - how to find the image of a point

I'm trying to revise for an upcoming exam on linear algebra and have come across this question. I do not understand the line "the image of a point (x1, x2, x3, x4) can be computed from the defining ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

name, notation for “block inner product” $X^H Y$

Given a set of $k$ vectors of length $n$, $X = [x_1, \dots, x_k]$ and another set of $l$ vectors of length $n$, $Y = [y_1, \dots, y_l]$, I'd like to to compute the inner product of every combination ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Change of base - Hermitic matrices

This exercise comes from a university exam (http://www.ubacs.com.ar/foro/viewtopic.php?f=67&t=3079, link in spanish). I'll copy it in english for everyone. It's #3: We define in $C^{n×n}$ the ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

Linear dependency of nilpotent matrices

I would like to prove that four $2\times 2$ nilpotent matrices are always linearly dependent, using the Cayley-Hamilton theorem or the minimal polynomial in some way. I think I have proved the ...
0
votes
7answers
117 views

Given matrix P such that $P^{102 } =0 $ , to show that $P^{2} = 0$.

P is given to be a 2×2 matrix such that $P^{102} = 0$. How to show that $P^{2} =0 $?
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Probability measure of rank-$r$ matrices

I have a question about the distribution of matrices with a specific rank. Consider $\mathcal{M}^{n\times m}$ the set of all $n \times m$ matrices with entries in some field $\mathbb{K}$. If I define ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Using inverse of matrix A as approximate inverse of matrix that is very close to A

Say we have two matrices, $A$ and $A'$ so that $A\approx A'$, and we have the inverse of $A$, $B$, where $AB=I$, and the inverse of $A'$ where $A'B'=I$. If we have some guarantee about how big any ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Null/Col/Row space be a line\plane through the origin?

For a $4\times3$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be lines through the origin? For a $2\times4$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be planes ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

How can i find column of matrix corresponds to row of matrix's inverse

let $Y=X\beta$ be an equation of matrix and let $X$ be an invertible $n\times n$ matrix, $Y$ be $n \times 1$ matrix, $\beta$ be $n \times 1$ matrix. $$\begin{bmatrix} y_1 \\ y_2 \\y_3 ...
-1
votes
2answers
42 views

Nullspace, row space, column space in $m\times n$ matrices [on hold]

For a $4\times 3$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be a line through the origin? For a $2\times 4$ matrix can the nullspace, the column space and row space all be a plane ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How to simplify $\det(M)=\det(A^T A)$ for rectangular $A=BC$, with square diagonal $B$ and rectangular $C$ with orthonormal columns?

Assume a real, square, symmetric, invertible $n \times n$ matrix $M$ and a real, rectangular $m \times n$ matrix $A$ such that $m \geq n$ and $M = A^T A$. Also assume that $A = B C$, where $B$ is ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Determinant of a 4x4 matrix with trigonometric functions

I am stuck with my homework from math. I should calcutate the determinant of a matrix: $$\begin{bmatrix} sin(x) & \sin(2x) & \cos(x) & \cos(2x)\\ cos(x) & 2\cos(2x) & ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Finding basis of inverse image

Let $\psi $ be a linear transformation such that$$\psi ([x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4])=[x_1+x_3+x_4, -x_2-x_4,x_1+x_2+x_3+2x_4].$$ Find basis of inverse image $\psi^{-1}(W)$ of subspace ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Physical or geometric meaning of the trace of a matrix

The geometric meaning of the determinant of a matrix as an area or a volume is dealt with in many textbooks. However, I don't know if the trace of a matrix has a geometric meaning too. Is there ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

a question about general and particular solutions

We have a $3\times 6$ matrix $A$ with rank $3$ (this is all the information we have, no matrix given). Here comes the questions: What is the number of free variables in the solution to the system ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Odd coefficient in $M\in \mathcal{M}_n(\Bbb{Z})$ satisfies $n\le m\le n²-n+1$.

Let $M\in \mathcal{GL}_n(\Bbb{Z})$ I would like to prove that all odd coefficient of $M$ satisfies $n\le m\le n²-n+1$. In fact I don't see why $m$ is necessary bigger than $n$. I can only prove ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

In dual numbers, what number is represented by the following matrix?

In dual numbers, what number is represented by the following matrix? \begin{pmatrix}0 & 0 \\1 & 0 \end{pmatrix}
0
votes
2answers
37 views

how to differential exponential of a matrix variable $f(X)=e^{X(t)\mathrm{d}t}$?

I have a function about a square matrix $X$ which depends also time: $f(X)=e^{X(t)}$, $t$ is time. So how to differential it about time to have $\frac{\mathrm{d}f(X)}{\mathrm{d}t}$? I know that ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is this a metric on matrices?

In the set of $n$-by-$n$ reversible real matrices, decide whether $$d(A,B)=\ln (\lVert A^{-1}B\rVert\cdot\lVert B^{-1}A\rVert)$$ defines a metric and/or semi-metric. Can you please help me to solve ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Show that $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$ for any n by n matrix

Prove that for any n by n real matrix $v\in {\mathbb R}^{n\times n}$, $trv=\lim_{t\to 0}\frac{\det(I+tv)-1}{t}$, where $t\in\mathbb R$, $I$ is the identity matirx, and $trv$ denotes the trace of ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Eigenvalue of altered matrix: $pI_n + qA$

As a part of an exercise I have to prove the following: Let $p,q \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $A$ be an $(n \times n)$ matrix. Let $I_n$ be the $(n \times n)$ identity matrix. If $A$ has an eigenvalue ...
8
votes
1answer
61 views

Directional derivative of the determinant

Please help me find the mistake in my derivation: Let $f:M_{n,n}(\mathbb{R}) \to \mathbb{R}$ be the determinant function, $f(A)=det(A)$. Let $p_A(x)$ denote the charecteristic polynomial of $A$. ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

standard matrix using a orthonormal bases

I need a small clarification. I was trying to solve the following question. If $u_1,u_2,....,u_n $ and $v_1,v_2,...,v_n$ are orthonormal bases for $\mathbb{R}^n$. construct the matrix A that ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Is every symmetric matrix diagonalizable?

I know that Hermitian matrices are always diagonalizable and real symmetric matrices are real Hermitian matrices and therefore diagonalizable. But, it is always not the case that a symmetric matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

$\Phi(t)=P(t)e^{tR}$ as a fundamental set for $x''(t)=\sin(t)x'(t)$

Problem. Find $2\times2$ matrices $R$ and $P(t)$ such that $R$ is constant, $P(t)$ is periodic, and $\Phi(t)=P(t)e^{tR}$ is a fundamental set of solutions for $x''(t)=\sin(t)x'(t)$. $ $ Attempt at ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Find a minimal spanning set of a set of matrices

I'm supposed to find a minimal spanning set of $W = \{A \in M_n(\mathbb{R}) | \operatorname{Tr}(A) = 0\}$ First of all, what is a minimal spanning set? I can't find the term anywhere in the notes my ...