For any topic related to matrices. This includes: systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors (diagonalization, triangularization), determinant, trace, characteristic polynomial, adjugate, transpose, Jordan normal form, matrix algorithms (e.g. LU, Gauss elimination, SVD, QR), ...

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5 views

maximum frequencies of numbers in a matrix

I have a matrix A of size n*n.Consider a new matric M : M[i][j]=max of frequencies of numbers occuring in ith row and jth column(A[i][j]) counted once. I have a ...
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0answers
10 views

A variation on the $AB$ vs $BA$ nonzero eigenvalues question.

Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ and $B\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$, so that $AB\in\mathbb{R}^{m\times m}$ and $BA\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ both exist. Thanks to Sylvester's determinant identity, we ...
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1answer
24 views

How to find $\dim W_1$, $\dim W_2$, $\dim W_1+W_2$, $\dim W_1\cap W_2$ for the following spans?

Let $W_1=\{(1,1,2,1), (3,1,0,0)\}$ and $W_2=\{(-1,-2,0,1), (-4,-2,-2,-1)\}$ Apparently $\dim W_1=\dim W_2=2$. For $\dim W_1\cap W_2$, since $(-4,-2,-2,-1)$ can be expressed as ...
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1answer
21 views

choosing a square matrix to have a product with one 1 und other 0's

Let $A$ be a $m\times n$ real matrix with maximal rank. Let $i\in\{1,\dots,m\}$, $j\in\{1,\dots,n\}$. I'm curious if it is possible (for any choice of $i,j$) to find a square matrix $B$ such that ...
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1answer
24 views

Dimension of the image of a matrix

So the question asks: Verify if the image of the linear map $T : \mathbb{R}^6 \to \mathbb{R}^3$ given by left multiplication by A= $$\begin{bmatrix}6 & 0 &2 & 2& 3& 4\\0 & -1 ...
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2answers
37 views

Unit vectors with imaginary numbers

I'm trying to determine if the matrix: \begin{bmatrix} 0 & i \\ 1 & 0 \end{bmatrix} is a unitary matrix. Therefore, the first step I'm taking is to figure out if both $\langle 0, 1\rangle$ ...
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0answers
21 views

Matrix Inverse as Series

I am looking for different representations of the inverse of a matrix as a power series. One obvious candidate is the Von Neumann series which is given $$A^{-1} = \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} (I-A)^k$$ ...
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0answers
21 views

Linear transforms and their corresponding invertible matrix.

Let $(1,x,x^2,x^3)$ be a basis for $\mathscr{P_3}(\mathbb{R})$ and let $(1,x,x^2,x^3,x^4)$ be a basis for $\mathscr{P_4}(\mathbb{R})$. Suppose $R \in ...
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0answers
11 views

Is it always possible to find the Reduced Row Echelon form of a matrix, given the basis of its null space?

I tried starting with multiple bases of the null space and each time I was able to write the RREF form of the matrix. However, I have not been able to prove that this is true for all possible bases.
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1answer
31 views

When is $\mathbf{X}^{T}\mathbf{X}+\lambda\mathbf{I}$ invertible?

The question is quite simple: for a $N \times p$ matrix $\mathbf{X}$ with real entries, when is $\mathbf{X}^{T}\mathbf{X}+\lambda\mathbf{I}$ invertible (where $\mathbf{I}$ is the $p \times p$ identity ...
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1answer
34 views

Testing the diagonalizability of matrix $B= \left(\begin{array}(\lambda_1 & a & b \\ 0 & \lambda_1 & c\\ 0 & 0 & \lambda_2\end{array}\right)$

How to show that the matrix $$B= \left(\begin{array}(\lambda_1 & a & b \\ 0 & \lambda_1 & c\\ 0 & 0 & \lambda_2\end{array}\right)$$ is diagonalizable when $a\neq0$, when ...
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0answers
7 views

Matrix transformation into block off-diagonal form

Consider the 4-by-4 matrix $\boldsymbol M = \boldsymbol M_0 + \boldsymbol M_1$, where $\boldsymbol M_0 = \alpha \left( \begin{matrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 ...
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votes
2answers
39 views

Find an upper triangular matrix $A$ such that $A^3=\begin{pmatrix}8&-57\\0&27\end{pmatrix}$

Find an upper triangular matrix $A$ such that $A^3=\begin{pmatrix}8&-57\\0&27\end{pmatrix}$. I tried to solve this problem using Cayley–Hamilton Theorem, but I am unable to solve that.
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votes
2answers
40 views

What is a basis and dimension of $span\{I,M,M^2,…\}$ where $I$ is the identity matrix and $M$ is invertible squared matrix?

Putting all vectors (matrices) in one gives $$ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & m_1 & \cdots\\ 0 & 1 & 0 & m_2 & \cdots\\ 0 & 0 & 1 ...
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votes
1answer
55 views

Show that $ 4\times4$ matrix has real eigenvalues

I have a real $ 4\times4$ matrix of the form $$ C = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ c_{31} & c_{32} & 0 & c_{34} \\ c_{41} & c_{42} & ...
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0answers
51 views

Why this is not always true $\det(A +B ) = \det(A) + \det(B)$ for square matrices [duplicate]

Why $\det(A +B ) = \det(A) + \det(B)$ is not always true for square matrices $A$ and $B$? Note that $A$ and $B$ are square matrices.
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1answer
22 views

If $A$ and $B$ are $n\times n$ matrices, then $((AB)^{-1})^T=(A^{-1})^T (B^{-1})^T$

Please help me to solve this. Prove that if $A$ and $B$ are $n\times n$ matrices, then $((AB)^{-1})^T=(A^{-1})^T (B^{-1})^T$. a problem involve transpose and inverse of matrices. check the ...
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2answers
15 views

Finding the values of the rank and nullity

$Q$ is a $3 \times 3$ matrix that is not invertible. What are all the possible values of the rank and nullity of $Q$ ?
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1answer
27 views

Centralizer of $A$ is equal to $\langle A \rangle$

Let$$A=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & a \\ 1 & b \end{pmatrix}.$$ How to prove or disprove that the centralizer of $A$ is equal to $\langle A \rangle$ (matrices generated by A)? For a matrix to be in ...
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0answers
11 views

Translate and Rotate mesh

I have a mesh constituted of some vertices in 3d space, let's call them $(x_1,y_1,z_1),(x_2,y_2,z_2),\cdots,(x_n,y_n,z_n)$. The mesh's central point is $(0,0,0)$. How to find out the new coordinates ...
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3answers
32 views

Scaling a matrix to make its eigenvalues fall within a certain interval

Suppose I have a diagonalizable matrix $M$ which has all its eigenvalues between $a$ and $b$. Is it possible to scale $M$ to $M_S$ such that all the eigenvalues of $M_s$ lie in the interval $[-1,1]$? ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Prove a vector in $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ is zero

Suupose we take a vector $\vec{c}\in\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ where $$c(i)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{c(-k+i)+c(k+i)}{k+1}$$ That is, every elements of the vector is a series with the other terms in $\vec{c}$. ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Let $A$ be a $2\times2$ matrix with real entries such that $A$ is invertible. If $Det(A)=k$,and $Det(A+kadj(A))=0$

Let $A$ be a $2\times2$ matrix with real entries such that $A$ is invertible. If $Det(A)=k$,and $Det(A+kadj(A))=0$, then find the value of $Det(A-kadj(A))$ My attempt: $Det(A+kadj(A))=0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Simplification of a product of three matrices

Define $$\mathbf{c}_t = \begin{bmatrix} x_{1t} \\ x_{2t} \\ \vdots \\ x_{Nt} \end{bmatrix}\in \mathbb{R}^N$$ where all entries are in $\mathbb{R}$, $t = 1, 2, \dots, p+1$. I am trying to simplify ...
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0answers
32 views

Matrices representing a map between free modules of infinite rank and Fitting's Lemma (Eisenbud)

p.497 of Commutative Algebra with a View Toward Algebraic Geometry, Eisenbud: If $\phi: F \rightarrow G$ is a map of free modules, then $I_j\phi$ is the image of the map $$\Lambda^j F ...
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votes
1answer
28 views

Find the dimension and a basis of a subspace

Let $U$ is the set of all commuting matrices with matrix $A= \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 \\ 3 & 0 & 4 \\ \end{bmatrix}$. Prove ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

System of linear equations - Resolution

$$ \left( \begin{matrix} \pi_1 & \pi_2 & \pi_3 \end{matrix} \right) = \left( \begin{matrix} \pi_1 & \pi_2 & \pi_3 \end{matrix} \right) \begin{bmatrix} 0.6 & 0.3 & ...
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votes
0answers
24 views

If $ 0<A <B$, is it true that $||A||_p < ||B||_p$ for all $p$ positive integer?

I have got some questions regarding matrix norms and inequalities. We only consider square, nonsingular matrices in the following. If $ 0<A <B$, is it true that $||A||_p < ||B||_p$ for all ...
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votes
2answers
17 views

Finding the general solution of a system of linear equations

so I've come across this question in preparation for an exam: Let $A$ be a $4\times 4$ matrix where $rank(A)=3$. The vectors $(1,2,0,-1),(0,2,1,1)$ are solutions to the system ...
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votes
1answer
23 views

Multiplication of block matrices

Let $J_{m \times n}$ be an $m \times n$ matrix of $1$'s (and to abbreviate we write $J_m=J_{m \times m}$) and let $M=\begin{pmatrix} 0_n & J_{n \times m} \\ J_{m \times n} & 0_m ...
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2answers
27 views

Linear maps of polynomials, the bases of the space and their corresponding matrix.

Suppose $T \in \mathrm{Hom}(\mathscr{P}_3(\mathbb{R}),\mathscr{P}_4(\mathbb{R}))$ is defined by: $$Tp(x)=(x^2p(x))',$$ for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$ and $S \in\mathrm{Hom} ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Theorems restricting the eigenvalue of a matrix

I have a square matrix $C$, whose entries I will denote by $c_{ij}$, and I would like to bound the magnitude of its eigenvalues. Each $c_{ij}$ is defined in terms of $s_{ij}$ and $S_j$ as follows: ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How to calculate the variation of a matrix?

Suppose we have two diagonal matrices $$ A_{\mu \nu}=\left(\begin{array}{cccc} \rho(t) & 0& 0& 0\\ 0& 0& 0& 0\\ 0& 0& 0& 0\\ 0& 0& 0& 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Group isomorphism between two groups .

Let $SO_2(\mathbb{R})$ be the group of rotations of the circle under the operation of composition. And consider $\mathbb{R}$ as an additive group. Prove that $SO_2(\mathbb{R}) \cong \begin{Bmatrix} ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Check if two square matrices are similar.

Check if matrices $A= \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 5 \\ 0 & 2 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 2 \\ \end{bmatrix}$ and $B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 7 ...
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votes
0answers
6 views

Is $X_{k+1}=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N \Pi_{X_{k}^{1/2}v_i}$ globally convergent?

Let $X_0=X_0^\top\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric positive definite matrix, let $v_i\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $i=1,\dots, n$, be a set of $n$-dimensional real vectors and pick an integer $N>0$. I ...
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0answers
9 views

Entry Expansion of Power Matrix

Suppose $A:=\{a_{i,j}\}, 1\le i,j, \le n$ is a $n\times n$ matrix with real positive entries. Now replace the constant $a_{1,1}$ with a real variable $x$. Denote by $A_x$ the resulting variable-Matrix ...
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votes
1answer
24 views

How to show that $M_{2\times 2}(\mathbb{R})=W_1\oplus W_2$ based on the following assumption?

Let the subspaces $W_1=\{\begin{pmatrix}a&b\\-b&a \end{pmatrix}|a, b\in \mathbb{R}\}$ and $W_2=\{\begin{pmatrix}c&d\\d&-c \end{pmatrix}|c, d\in \mathbb{R}\}$ of $M_{2\times ...
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2answers
21 views

How to show if the following subset $W$ is a subspace of a vector space $V$?

$1.$ $V=P_n(\mathbb{R}), $and $ W=\{p(x)\in P_n(\mathbb{R})\mid p(1)+p(2)+p(3)=0 \}$ $2.$ $V=M_{n\times n}(\mathbb{R}), $and $ W=\{A\in M_{n\times n}(\mathbb{R}) \mid A \text{ is not symmetric}\}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

An inequality on the rank of a block matrix

Let $\mathbb F$ be a field, and let $r_1, r_2, s_1, s_2$ be positive integers. Consider the matrix $$X:=\left[\begin{array}{cc} A & B \\ C & D \end{array} \right],$$ where $A \in \mathbb ...
0
votes
3answers
29 views

How can you enlarge a shape about a point other than (0,0), using matrices?

If I want to enlarge a shape, $A$, by scale factor $k$ about $\left(0,0\right) $ I multiply each point (in the form $\begin{bmatrix}x\\y\end{bmatrix}$) by $kI$. However, I can't work out a general ...
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0answers
26 views

In matrix algebra, what's the name for the inverse operation of pre- or post- multiplication?

For example, in this typical equation: $$\mathbf{Mv}-\lambda \mathbf{v}=\mathbf{0}$$ (where $\mathbf{M}$ is a symmetric matrix, $\mathbf{v}$ is a vector, $\lambda$ is a scalar, and $\mathbf{0}$ is a ...
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1answer
45 views

Compare analytic model with numerical, mass spring system.

So I'm trying to solve a problem here and I have been working on it all day, clearly i'm in need of some guidance. I have a rod of length $L$ and cross section area $A$, Young's modulus $E$ and ...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Intuition behind: Integral operator as generalization of matrix multiplication

So I am teaching myself more in-depth about integral operators and every once and awhile I see this little 'factoid', that integral operators are generalizations of matrix multiplications. In ...
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votes
1answer
25 views

For every integer $n>1$ , does there exist a diagonal matrix $D \in M(n,\mathbb R)$ such that $AD=DA $ holds only if $A$ is diagonal?

Is it true that for every integer $n>1$ , there exist a diagonal matrix $D \in M(n,\mathbb R)$ such that $A \in M(n,\mathbb R)$ and $AD=DA \implies A$ is also a diagonal matrix ?
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votes
1answer
39 views

If $\operatorname{rank}A=k$ then $A=A_1+…+A_k$ such that $\operatorname{rank}A_i=1$ [on hold]

Let $A\in M_n$ and $\operatorname{rank}A=k$. Is the following true? There are $A_i\in M_n$ ($i=1,...,k$), such that $\operatorname{rank}A_i=1$ and $A=A_1+....+A_k$.
3
votes
3answers
31 views

Find the Jordan normal form of a nilpotent matrix $N$ given the dimensions of the kernels of $N, N^2, N^3$

Let $N\in \text{Mat}(10 \times 10,\mathbb{C})$ be nilpotent. Furthermore let $\text{dim} \ker N =3 $, $\text{dim} \ker N^2=6$ and $\text{dim} \ker N^3=7$. What is the Jordan Normal Form? The only ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Is $U(1)$ a normal subgroup of $U(2)$ and does the question even make sense?

I have been wondering whether $U(1)$, defined as the group of complex phases (edit for clarity: I mean complex numbers of unit absolute value, such as $e^{i\alpha}$ with $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$) with ...
1
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0answers
17 views

$SU(n)$ generators

What is the generalization of the Pauli matrices and Dirac matrices in higher dimensions? I am actually looking for $\sqrt{\mathbb{I}}$ but I can't use the principal root which is just $\mathbb{I}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Gaussian elimination algorithm performance

I am developing the quadratic sieve algorithm and I reached a new bottle neck: The matrix processing. I been reading quit a lot about this topic and I found many solutions Gaussian elimination: ...