"Mathematical physics consists of the application of mathematics to problems in physics and the development of mathematical methods suitable for such applications and for the formulation of physical theories." (from Journal of Mathematical Physics) This tag is intended for questions on methods used ...

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6 views

Source sound position mutiple point

i want find sound source position like this picture : ![find source][1] But i just konw the delay I know the delay for position 2 and 3 (or more) from source after hits the first point. I don't ...
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1answer
7 views

What is the connection between $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ and $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $?

For example, $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ has an equivalent representation $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $ where $P$ is some matrix Can someone make this connection clearer for me ...
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1answer
38 views

Separation of variables for the Laplace equation on a disk

I have the equation $$\bigtriangleup u=\frac{1}{r} \frac{\partial}{\partial r}(r\frac{\partial u}{\partial r}) + \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial \theta}=0$$ where $0<r<1$ , $-\pi< ...
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1answer
38 views

Compactification of a straight line

Like in the case of mapping a infinite-plane to a sphere (Riemann Sphere), I can understand, that I can map the infinite line ($-\infty,\infty$) to a circle. Secondly, I can also map a finite line ...
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0answers
21 views

Non-dimensionalization using Buckingham-$\pi$: example of the “bead on a rotating hoop, with viscous damping” problem

I am trying to find a way to non-dimensionalize known equations, using the Buckingham-$\pi$ theorem. Consider the "bead on a rotating hoop, with viscous damping" problem---if you are interested in ...
18
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4answers
783 views

Mathematical and Theoretical Physics Books

Which are the good introductory books on modern mathematical physics? Which are the good advanced books? I read Whittaker's Analytical Dynamics, and I am reading Arnold's Mathematical Methods of ...
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2answers
46 views

Killing vector field along a geodesic

I was trying to show that a Killing vector field satisfies the Jacobi Equation for a geodesic, just by assuming that \begin{equation} \nabla_\mu X_\nu + \nabla_\nu X_\mu=0 \end{equation} Indeed, if I ...
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1answer
43 views

Finding speed of snowballs given initial velocity and angles

You and a friend stand on a snow-covered roof. You both throw snowballs from an elevation of $14$ m with the same initial speed of $12$ m/s, but in different directions. You throw your snowball ...
5
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1answer
37 views

Debye Function Integral (BlackBody)

Show that $$ \int^{\infty}_{0} \frac{x^{3} \, dx}{e^{x}-1} = \frac{\pi^{4}}{15} $$ by expanding the integrand in powers of $e^{-x} $ and integrating term by term. Could anyone help with this one?
3
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0answers
44 views

Momentum a cotangent vector?

Imagine we have a particle described by $x \in M$, where $M$ is some manifold, then it is very intuitive I think that a velocity is an element of the tangent space at $x$, so $x' \in T_{x}M.$ Thus, by ...
3
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2answers
68 views

Riccati Equation for falling particle.

I'am trying to solve the differential equation for a falling particle of mass 1 with air resistance proportional to $v^2$ (v is velocity): $$v'=g-v^2$$ This is a Riccati-Equation with stationary ...
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0answers
20 views

Is it always true that a linear map has a quadratic action?

If I have a linear map $A: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$, is it always true that the action of this map on a phase space of position and momentum $(q,p)^\text{T}$ is quadratic in $q_1$ and ...
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1answer
21 views

Jets and vertical differential

For a vector bundle $(E,\pi, M)$ let $\phi :M\mapsto E$ be a section of $\pi $, $x\in M$ and $u=\phi (x)$. The vertical differential of the section $\phi$ at point $u\in E$ is the map: ...
5
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1answer
426 views

Cylinder-ray intersections equation

I found an article involving infinite cylinder-ray intersections, and I don't know how they develop this equation: $$(q - p_a - (v_a, q - p_a)v_a)^2 - r^2 = 0$$ In the end of the first page I quote: ...
2
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0answers
103 views

The meaning of variables and derivations in Souriau's book

As far as I see, Souriau is using unconventional notions in his book "Structure of Dynamical Systems". He explains these notions in §2. of Chapter I, but it is a puzzle for me. Mainly because he ...
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1answer
83 views

Boundary conditions for the time-independent Schrödinger equation on the sphere

if you have a free Schrödinger operator on a sphere $-\Delta \psi(\theta,\phi) = E\psi(\theta,\phi),$ then the substitution $\psi(\theta,\phi) = f(\theta)e^{i n \phi}$ leaves you with the ...
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0answers
20 views

formula of Gauss Legendre for 9 node element for 2D dimension?

This is maybe stupid question by im really noob in math. Can you show me formula of Gauss Legendre for 9 node element for 2D dimension?
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1answer
14 views

Little mistake with Levi-Civita symbol property

I have this equation $ \varepsilon_{ijk}B_k = \partial_iA_j - \partial_jA_i $ and I was asked to prove $\mathbf{B}=\nabla\times\mathbf{A}$, where $\mathbf{B}=B^i\mathbf{e}_i$ and ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Planetary Motion: A comet describe a parabola about the sun [closed]

A comet describe a parabola about the sun, show that the sum of the squares of the velocities at the extremities of a focal chord is constant. I have no idea how to solve. Please help. I only ...
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1answer
87 views

planetary motion: Particle describes an ellipse as a central orbit about a focus

A particle describes an ellipse as a central orbit about a focus. Show that the velocity at the end of the minor axis is the geometric mean between the greatest and least velocities. My attempt: ...
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2answers
21 views

Normal matrix is diagonalizable

If $[A,A^*]=0$ ($A^*$ is a conjugate transpose of $A$), that is, $A$ is a normal matrix, How is $A$ diagonalizable? Or, this is just a definition of normal matrix?
3
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1answer
55 views

The Poincaré dual of a space-time curve

We have a smooth space-time curve defined by $f:C{\mapsto}M$, where $M$ is a typical curved space-time manifold. ${\eta}^{(4)}$ is the volume 4-form defined on $M$ and ${\varepsilon}^{(1)}$ is the ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Chronology condition and metric perturbations

Let $(M,g)$ be the quotient of the 2-dimensional Minkowski space-time by the discrete group of isometries generated by the map $f(t, x) = (t + 1, x + 1)$. Show that $(M, g)$ satisfies the ...
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2answers
31 views

Formula to calculate password cracking time in years, taking into account Moore's law and known adversary guessing power [closed]

We know that the biggest human rights violators in human history are capable of one trillion password guesses per second as of approximately January 2013. Assume that the 1 trillion guesses per ...
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0answers
17 views

Quantization of Hermite differential equation

In the course of solving the time independent quantum harmonic oscillation Schrodinger equation $$ \Psi^{ \prime \prime} (y) +(2 \epsilon -2y^2) \Psi (y)$$ When we try ansartz $\Psi = u(y) ...
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0answers
30 views

How do you get the curvature tensor of the Schwarzschild Solution?

So, on the Wikipedia page on the derivation of the Schwärzschild solution , I get everything up to the part about the Ricci tensor. What were the components of the tensor that were used? Could ...
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1answer
18 views

Trajectory Code Problem

Problem 2. “Pumpkin chucking” is a competition event to see which team can shoot a pumpkin as far as possible, usually with a pneumatic cannon. In this problem we’re going to write a computer program ...
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0answers
25 views

Product of delta functions [closed]

What is the result of the following integral? $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\delta(x-x_1)\delta(x-x_2)f(x)\,dx$$
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1answer
20 views

Diagonalising an infinite dimensional Hermitian square matrix

I have a quantum state which takes the following form: $\rho = \sum_{b, \,c \, = \,0}^\infty \frac{(-igt)^b(igt)^c}{\sqrt{b!c!}}\vert b\rangle\langle c\vert$. This is an infinite Hermitian matrix ...
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0answers
18 views

references on social physics [closed]

I've been very curious about social physics since the moment I read the book "Big data and social physics: The lessons from a new science" written by Alex Pentland. I also know that there are many ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Could you offer another way to prove $e^{\hat{A}}\hat{B}e^{-\hat{A}}=e^{ad\hat{A}}\hat{B}$

My professor wants me to solve this identity in two ways. Sadly, I could only do one way and haven't figure out how to solve it another way. Here is my way, Denote ...
6
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2answers
106 views

Intuition about $v\otimes w$

In Physics and Differential Geometry usually tensors of type $(k,l)$ on a vector space $V$ over $\mathbb{F}$ are defined as multilinear functions $$f : \underbrace{V\times\cdots\times V}_{k \ ...
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2answers
66 views

Proof that Electromagnetic force is much stronger than gravity [closed]

The electromagnetic force is given by this formula: $$Fl=q(v\cdot\,B)$$ and gravity is given by $$Fz=m\cdot\,g$$ Now do I've to proof that the electrmagnetic force is much stronger than gravity but ...
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1answer
23 views

Distance between a density operator and a pure quantum state.

Given density operators $\rho_1$ and $\rho_2$ and a pure quantum state $|\psi>$. It is promised that $|\psi>$ is in only one of the given density operators. How to find which density operator ...
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0answers
8 views

How to optimize this types of problems?

Given that $min [ t_{f} - t_{0} ]$ such that $x(x'(t_{0}),y'(t_{0}),z'(t_{0}),t_{0}) = 0$ $y(x'(t_{0}),y'(t_{0}),z'(t_{0}),t_{0}) = 0$ $z(x'(t_{0}),y'(t_{0}),z'(t_{0}),t_{0}) = 0$ $x(t_{f}) = ...
1
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1answer
50 views

Punctual Hilbert scheme of four points

I am looking at $\text{Hilb}^4(\mathbb{C}^2)$, which is the Hilbert scheme of four points on $\mathbb{C}^2$. In particular, I am just looking at four points collided (at the origin), and want to know ...
3
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2answers
69 views

What are BesselJ functions?

I solved an integration on mathematica which gives BesselJ functions and some other terms. I explored mathematica help and google but could not understand the difference between different types of ...
1
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1answer
26 views

Notation in Reed/Simon Vol. IV (and possibly an earlier volume)

I'm wondering if there are any mathematical physicists/analysts out there that can help me with some notation I've seen in Reed and Simon's books on analysis. Unfortunately I don't have time to read ...
1
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1answer
42 views

FLATLAND's sphere intersection scenario, explored for four dimmensions

I recently finished this wonderful new vintage edition of FLATLAND. http://amzn.com/918775116X In 1884, Edwin Abbott wrote this strange and enchanting novella called FLATLAND, in which a square who ...
4
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0answers
44 views

Defining the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$

I've seen two defining relation for $U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$ by the Serre relations $$[H,E]=E,\quad[H,F]=-F, \quad [E,F]=\frac{q^H-q^{-H}}{q-q^{-1}}, $$ or by taking $K=q^H$ $$KK^{-1}=K^{-1}K=1,\quad ...
3
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1answer
78 views

What is the prerequisite knowledge for Navier–Stokes Existence and Smoothness problem?

I am highly interested in the Millennium Problem of Navier–Stokes Existence and Smoothness (also here) and my aim is to reach some level of knowledge to do research on it. The problem seems simple to ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Personal Experiences with Probability Simulation

Simulations methods are increasingly used in theoretical and (especially) applied probability. Personally, I have used simulation for purposes that range from recreational Q&A to applications of ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Mean-pressure of an acoustic wave

I am looking at total internal reflection for an acoustic wave, defined in terms of its pressure such that $$p = p_1 \,exp\left[-i\{\omega t-\vec{k} \cdot\vec x\}\right]$$ Using the definition of ...
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3answers
153 views

Gathering books on Lorentzian Geometry

I find it very hard to find books on Lorentzian Geometry, more focused on the geometry behind it, instead of books that go for the physics and General Relativity approach. More specifically, I'm ...
2
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0answers
107 views

Is this equal ? (I found it on this website)

I found this equation on this website! I would like to know it its true or not? And how can proof or disprove it?! Euler-Mascheroni constant expression, further simplification ...
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0answers
85 views

How can we proof that this is equal? About $ln(n)$

I found this on this website (Euler-Mascheroni constant expression, further simplification) without any explaining why this is equal can someone give me that? ...
6
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1answer
84 views

Surveys: problems, conjectures, and questions in some areas of nonlinear analysis

I would like to create a "big-list" of resources (e.g., survey papers, webpages, conference proceedings, monographs, etc.) that collect and offer some context and ...
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2answers
220 views

A Learning Roadmap to the “foundations” of Nonlinear Analysis (and certain specific topics)

I'm searching for throughout references that -- in the long term -- can help me gradually gain a solid background and firm foundations to understand the main methods and theorems to deal with ...
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0answers
29 views

Green's function in the context of classical mechanics

I am following this paper entitled "The classical mechanics of non-conservative systems". I would like to discuss equation (2) since I cannot get what the autor says. This is the problem: let's ...
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0answers
35 views

What is he easiest way to approximate γ as a decimal number?

What is the easiest way to give the numerical value of the Euler-Mascheroni constant? The mathmetical way to give that value? Thanks lot!