"Mathematical physics consists of the application of mathematics to problems in physics and the development of mathematical methods suitable for such applications and for the formulation of physical theories." (from Journal of Mathematical Physics) This tag is intended for questions on methods used ...

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2answers
41 views

Calculate velocity after certain displacement

Given is a function $a(t)$ for the acceleration. Starting from an initial velocity $v_0$ I want to calculate the velocity $v_1$ after a certain displacement $s$. Is this calculation possible since ...
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2answers
99 views

Studying maths for physicists [closed]

I am looking forward to be a theoretical physicist ,to unify general relativity and quantum mechanics ( to make the theory of everything ) How should I study maths? Should I study proofs of ...
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0answers
49 views

Decoupling system of two partial differential equations

If I have the following systems of PDE $$ u_t+x^2u_{xx}-\dfrac{h_1(t)}{h_0(t)}e^{-(v-u)}-\dfrac{h_0'(t)}{h_0(t)} = 0,\\ v_t-\dfrac{h_0(t)}{h_1(t)}e^{-(u-v)}-\dfrac{h_1'(t)}{h_1(t)} = 0, $$ where ...
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2answers
94 views

Sketching phase portraits [closed]

I am trying to answer this question: I would like to know how I go about drawing a phase portrait. All of the examples in my notes are simply the solution with no explanation, and this method of ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Changing variables for a partial differential equation

If I have the following systems of PDE \begin{align} u_t+x^2u_{xx}-\dfrac{h_1(t)}{h_0(t)}e^{-(v-u)}-\dfrac{h_0'(t)}{h_0(t)}=0\\ v_t-\dfrac{h_0(t)}{h_1(t)}e^{-(u-v)}-\dfrac{h_1'(t)}{h_1(t)}=0, ...
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1answer
43 views

Direct Delta Function

I was reading a Mathematics for Physics book when I saw these exercises. By using the knowledge of direct delta function, show that: $\int_{-\infty }^{+\infty }f(x)\delta '(x-y)dx=-f'(y)$ ...
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1answer
33 views

Gauss Law and surface integral

Could somebody please explain to me the bottom line here. I don't understand how dS becomes r dtheta. I thought dS was supposed to be an outward pointing normal which is surely just r? I'm guessing ...
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6answers
986 views

Mathematics needed in the study of Quantum Physics

As a 12th grade student , I'm currently acquainted with single variable calculus, algebra, and geometry, obviously on a high school level. I tried taking a Quantum Physics course on coursera.com, but ...
2
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1answer
77 views

The Gaussian Integral

Hi I am trying to calculate the expected value of $$ \mathbb{E}\big[x_i x_j...x_N\big]=\int_{-\infty}^\infty x_ix_jx_k...x_N \exp\bigg({-\sum_{i,j=1}^N\frac{1}{2}x^\top_i A_{ij}x_j}-\sum_{i=1}^Nh_i ...
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1answer
24 views

Wronskian Bessel Equations

I need to compute the wronskian of $J_n$ and $Y_n$ (the Bessel functions of the first and second kinds). I've been able to find in many sources that it is $$W(J_n,Y_n)=\frac{\pi}{2x}$$, but I haven't ...
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2answers
19 views

How can you determine Mass / kg from the attached table

I spent the last two hours trying to figure out part D and I can't get my head around it... Part D has the formula mass/kg = Mass/kg = C / ΣC I'd imagine "C" is the number of C section of the ...
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0answers
46 views

Clarification on some notation and “assumptions” in page 143-144 of the book “Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians, Volume 1”

I was trying to read the chapter $1$ (at page $143$) of this book Quantum Fields and Strings: A Course for Mathematicians, Volume 1 that is supposed to be an introduction to modern quantum field ...
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0answers
101 views

Free lecture notes to Carl Bender's Mathematical Physics video lecture course?

I am just watching Carl Bender's Mathematical Physics video lecture course (about asymptotics and its application in physics) http://www.perimeterscholars.org/328.html which is great! Are there any ...
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0answers
35 views

Linearize a specific eqution

Is it possible to linearize this equation ? I tried without success .. ...
1
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2answers
58 views

Trace in non-orthogonal basis

In Dirac notation we can define the trace of an operator in Hilbert space $\rho$ as the follows, $Tr(\rho)=\sum\limits_{|s\rangle \in B} \langle s| \rho |s\rangle$ where B is some orthonormal ...
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0answers
37 views

Determining how accurate an ellipse fit is

So I have an image of bacteria particles which are often shaped very irregularly with many grooves. Im trying to fit ellipses onto these particles so I can get a better, more smooth analysis of the ...
1
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1answer
78 views

How can the tension force be computed to test if a shape is moving or not?

Source Given the coordinates of n 3D joints (1kg each) connected by m rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with z=0 are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the shape be ...
4
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2answers
107 views

A problem about symplectic manifolds in Arnold's book

There is a problem in Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics which says that: Show that the map $A: \mathbb{R}^{2n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ sending $(p, q) \rightarrow (P(p,q), ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Representation theory and particle physics

Are there good books which explain clearly explain the connections between modern particle physics and representation theory of groups and lie algebras?
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0answers
32 views

Integral-Differential Equation Modeling Banked Turn

Solve this equation for the function $y(x)$: $y' = \alpha \left(\int\sqrt{1 + y'^2} dx \right)^2$ Of course this must first be solved for $y'$ and then integrated to get $y$. The following is not ...
3
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1answer
70 views

How to compute force on joints of a 3D structure of balls connected by rods?

Source Given the coordinates of n 3D joints (1kg each) connected by m rods. Assume rods have zero mass and joints with z=0 are fixed to the ground while others are free to move, will the shape be ...
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1answer
26 views

How many gallons are used in the U.S. each day and if this gasoline were used to fill a cubical tank how big would one side be?

The question I am trying to solve is: Part I) How many gallons of gasoline are used in the U.S. in one day assuming there are $2$ cars for every $3$ people and each car is driven $10,000$ miles a ...
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0answers
23 views

Force to change the base length of an isosceles triangle

Given an isosceles triangle with legs 7' long weighing 160lbs. What horizontal force would be required to change the base width from 15' to 13'? The ends are on wheels-so assume perfect conditions ...
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0answers
34 views

How long does it take for a vehicle to go from 0 to 60 mph?

I found the freefall motion equation which describes terminal velocity of a falling body, but I can't find a similar equation for a vehicle subject to constant traction force, so I tried determining ...
3
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2answers
132 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty e^{imx^2}dx$

In evaluating an integral in path integrals in QFT, I am stuck with this integral (that came up from evaluating a functional integral), $$I = \bigg( \frac{m}{2\pi i\tau}\bigg) \int ...
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0answers
35 views

C. Neumann passage in Latin from *Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata*

Neumann, Carl. “Theoria nova phaenomenis electricis applicanda.” Annali di Matematica Pura ed Applicata 2, no. 1 (August 1868): 120–128. doi:10.1007/BF02419606. p. 121: Nova introducitur ...
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1answer
20 views

Deriving relative position from instanteous acceleration and time

I'm working on a mobile app that uses the accelerometer to move a cursor. Although it's technically a computer science problem, once you get past how you get the values, it's more of a math problem, ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Explanation on equations please [closed]

I've got seemingly two different equations for velocity in orbit: $$v_1 = \sqrt{ \frac{2GM}{R}} $$ and $$v = \sqrt{ \frac{Gm_e}{R}}$$ What is the difference between these two? I'm quite sure that ...
0
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1answer
18 views

When finding the frequencies of normal modes, can you have a negative frequency?

Do you simply just consider the positive solutions? I tried a google search but didn't find anything quickly. The work I am studying is Lagrangian systems.
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0answers
30 views

Shooting a grenade - angle throwing

In my 3D simulation/game I need to shoot a grenade from a grenade launcher. The movement of the grenade is already setup by someone else. all I need is to give him the pitch angle of the grenade ...
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0answers
23 views

Converse of Noether's (first) theorem

Noether's (first) theorem states that if a Lagrangian $L$ admits a continuous symmetry, then the following quantity are conserved. $$\left(\frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot q}\cdot\dot ...
3
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3answers
44 views

Planet Simulation Newtons Law - Downscaling

I would like to scale-down the original numbers of our planet's motion, as i cannot properly visualize it in Unity3D (Game-Engine). I have: 1) Initial Position (-3.5e10, 0) (km) 2) Initial ...
2
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0answers
27 views

Solution to the “cubic” Helmholtz equation

What is known about the solutions of the differential equation in three-dimensions $$ \nabla^2 \phi = -\kappa^2 (\phi + (1/3!)\phi^3) $$ Without the cubic term, this gives a linear operator ...
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0answers
40 views

Finding angular momentum about the center of mass?

If we have a couple of particles of an equal, unknown mass: $r_{+} = (c + e^{-Bt} \cos({\theta}))\textbf{x} + (d + e^{-Bt} \sin({\theta}))\textbf{y}$ $r_{-} = (c - e^{-Bt} \cos({\theta}))\textbf{x} ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Solve without convergance?

Two days ago I recalled a problem I was given a long time ago. The problem is: Four ants are placed on the vertices of a square with side 1. The ants start moving, each directed towards its left ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Non-invertible operators

Can the matrix representation of some linear operators on some vector space be singular?
0
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1answer
53 views

Vector Space of Lie Algebra

Lie algebra $ \mathfrak{g} $ for a Lie group $ \mathcal{G}$ is closed under commutation. Also, the elements of Lie Algebra form a Linear Vector Space(LVS). Firstly, when is it allowed to define an ...
2
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2answers
137 views

Integral calculus question relating to particle motion

"A particle of mass m is attracted toward a fixed point 0 with a force inversely proportional to its instantaneous distance from 0. If the particle is released from rest, at distance L, from 0, find ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Implicit Partial derivative computation for 3rd order Runge Kutta derivation?

I need to derive the 3rd order Runge Kutta method which needs a tedious computation of partial derivatives, which i have a feeling i will make a mistake on eventually. I was wondering if there is any ...
1
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1answer
47 views

A question to clarify the use of divergent series in calculating the casimir effect

I asked this question already on both Physics SE and quora, but I did not get an answer on either of these Q&A venues. I know this is strictly speaking not a mathematics question, but could the ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Connection(gauge field) in Fubini-Study metric is pull back of a connection A of line bundle $\mathcal{O}(1)$ on $\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$

One can describe a $\mathbb{CP}^{N-1}$ manifold with a Fubini-Study metric $g^{FS}$, and there is a connection one form $v$ on it. A is connection one form(gauge field) of a line ...
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0answers
36 views

Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic? Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...
2
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0answers
41 views

What methods are available for this optimization problem?

I have an intermediate knowledge of the calculus of variations: I can handle constraints in functional or integral forms and extrapolate to multiple variables and functions. If I dig in my notebooks I ...
0
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1answer
18 views

How to work out 3 dimensional vector angles

I've come across this question and cant for the life of me think how to work it out. I understand working out the angle between two vectors e.g. given, vector a(2i+3j-k) and vector b(8i-6j+2k) but am ...
3
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5answers
532 views

What physics book for aspiring theoretical physicist / pure mathematician [closed]

I am a high school student. I want to learn physics on my own, but I am puzzled : Should I read a book which talks about all branches of physics? If yes, recommend a book. Should I read a book which ...
0
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1answer
24 views

we need to find unit vector along the reflected ray.

A ray of light on a plane mirror comes along a vector $i+j-k$ The normal on incidence point is along $i+j$ we need to find unit vector along the reflected ray. I am not able to solve and draw the ...
6
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2answers
75 views

Is it possible to mathematically explain why solids go under mollification when heated?

Well, I'm sure that many people on MSE might object that this is not a math question, however, I think that there might be a well-posed mathematical answer to this question, or at least I hope so. We ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Can you prove $F=ma$ mathematically?

So, it is one of Hilbert's famous problems to "axiomatize physics". In these attempts to establish physics as a subfield of mathematics, I wonder where does the Newton's law $F=ma$ stand. To be ...
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1answer
39 views

Integration involving multiple constants…

So I've been tackling the rather nasty integral of... $\int^R_s\frac{2r}{\sqrt{r^2-s^2}}.\frac{1}{2}(R-r)^2dr$ ...where R and s are constants. However, every method I try I seem to get stumped by ...
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0answers
57 views

What is the reason that Veneziano uses Euler's beta function?

This is veneziano amplitude: $$B(-a(s),-a(t))$$ where the $a(s)$ and $a(t)$ are a kind of leading trajectories (regge trajectory). which is born of strings theory. What is the reason that Euler's ...