# Tagged Questions

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### Work on Springs using Hooke's Law

I'm currently stuck on parts c and d of this problem. The problem says Suppose a force of 20 N is required to stretch and hold a spring 0.4 m from its equilibrium position (0). I found k constant to ...
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### Solving Coulomb Integral in 1D

I am trying to solve the following Coulomb integral of two gaussians: $$\int_{- \infty}^{ \infty}dx1\int_{- \infty}^{ \infty} \frac{e^{-b1 (x1-c1)^2}e^{-b2 (x2-c2)^2}}{\left | x1-x2 \right |}dx2,$$ ...
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### Formally evaluating integral to calculate electric or gravitational field.

I never understood how such integrals are calculated, formally. In a line is easy, just a line integral. In a surface, sometimes is easy, like in a disc. But, some surfaces, like sphere, it gets ...
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### Properties of functional integration

this question comes from theoretical Physics, the issue being the so called Path Integral. The measure of this thing is something written as $[d\phi]=\prod_x d\phi(x)$ And this should be the limit ...
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### How to evaluate the integral $\int e^{ipx}e^{ipx} d^{3}x = 0$

I am embarrassed to ask this question. But I came across the following in a physics book: $$\int e^{ipx}e^{ipx} d^{3}x = 0$$ $d^{3}x = dydydz$, as @Semiclassical shows below. This came up in the ...
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### integral of the sphere describing lambertian reflectance

A Lambertian surface reflects or emits radiation proportional to the cosine of the angle subtended between the exiting angle and the normal to that surface. The integral of surface of the hemisphere ...
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### An Integration Calculation

I'm just having a bit of difficulty understanding the last couple of steps made in the paper Horowitz & Hubeny - Quasinormal Modes of AdS Black Holes and the Approach to Thermal Equilibrium (p.8) ...
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### Deriving relative position from instanteous acceleration and time

I'm working on a mobile app that uses the accelerometer to move a cursor. Although it's technically a computer science problem, once you get past how you get the values, it's more of a math problem, ...
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### Integral calculus question relating to particle motion

"A particle of mass m is attracted toward a fixed point 0 with a force inversely proportional to its instantaneous distance from 0. If the particle is released from rest, at distance L, from 0, find ...
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### Integration involving multiple constants…

So I've been tackling the rather nasty integral of... $\int^R_s\frac{2r}{\sqrt{r^2-s^2}}.\frac{1}{2}(R-r)^2dr$ ...where R and s are constants. However, every method I try I seem to get stumped by ...
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### Integrate the product of two exponential functions

I am trying to solve the following integral: $\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} \exp{-3/2L [(r^{(0)}- \epsilon)^{2} + \sum_{a=1}^{n}(r^{(a)}-\Lambda \epsilon)^{2}]} d^{3}\epsilon$ I have try to use the the ...
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### Center of mass in a straight rod

I got an assignment to prove that in a straight homogeneous rod, you can always choose a coordinate system in such a way that $$\int_S x_1 \, dx_1 \, dx_2=0$$ $$\int_S x_2 \, dx_1 \, dx_2=0$$ ...
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### Two properties about Bessel function

Let $J_\nu(x)$ be the Bessel function of the first kind. $\int_0^\infty J_\nu(x)dx=1 , (Re(\nu)>-1)$. $\lim_{\nu\to+\infty}J_\nu(x)=0$ for any fixed $x$. I think the above two properties of ...
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### Trouble understanding a common vector calculus example

I have difficulty understanding the following vector calculus example. Text can be found here. It is the 5th Q&A -- starting with equation (31.1035).It concerns finding the vector potential of a ...
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### Straight Line Motion w/ Acceleration and Deceleration Rates?

PROBLEM: A subway train travels 400ft between two stations. It starts from rest and accelerates at the rate of 8ft/sec^2 until it's velocity reaches 20ft/sec. It then moves at this constant velocity ...
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### Arnold's Trivium problem 51

Calculate $$f(k) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{ikx}\frac{1 - e^x}{1+e^x}dx.$$ As far as I know, this is not a function but rather the Fourier transform in tempered distributions. 1) What is ...
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### Change of variables for a Dirac delta function

I have often seen the following equality in Physics textbooks. $$\int_{\mathbb{R}}\delta\left(\alpha x\right)f\left(\alpha x\right)|\alpha|dx=\int_{\mathbb{R}}\delta(u)f(u)du$$ or ...
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### Finding the integral $\int_0^\pi\dfrac{d\theta}{(2+\cos\theta)^2}$ by complex analysis

Trying to find the integral $\int_0^\pi\dfrac{d\theta}{(2+\cos\theta)^2}$ by complex analysis, I let $z = \exp(i\theta)$, $dz = i \exp(i\theta)d\theta$, so $d\theta=\dfrac{dz}{iz}$. I am trying ...
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### How to do this integral

Prove that $$\int \frac{d^{n}q}{(2\pi)^{n} }\frac{q^{2a}}{(q^{2}+D)^{b}}=D^{-(b-a-n/2)}\frac{\Gamma (b-a-n/2)\Gamma (a+n/2)}{(4\pi )^{n/2}\Gamma (n)\Gamma (n/2)}$$ The angular part is easy to do as ...
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### Existence Energy of Wave Equation

I was just going trhough some properties of the wave equation, including the energy of the wave equation given by $E(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}u_t^2+c^2u_x^2 dx$, i.e the sum of kinetic and potential ...
I had this on an exam yesterday, and I'm not entirely convinced that the statement is true. We were asked to show that the function $\delta (x) = \int_{-∞}^{∞} \frac{1}{t(t-x)} dt$ is a dirac delta ...
Prove that for any $a\in(-1,1)$ $$\int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{(\cos t-a)\sin t}{\left(1+a^2-2a\cos t\right)^{3/2}}\,dt = 0.$$