"Mathematical physics consists of the application of mathematics to problems in physics and the development of mathematical methods suitable for such applications and for the formulation of physical theories." (from Journal of Mathematical Physics) This tag is intended for questions on methods used ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
0answers
18 views

Reference for Hopf algebra applications to Feynman diagrams

I need to give a talk about Hopf algebras and I would like to give a (at least) 5 minutes introduction using Feynman diagrams as a motivation. I'm looking for a not-so-heavy reference explaining how ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Finding potential of a given vector field

I am trying to solve the following problem: Let $ \textbf{F}=f(r) (x,y,z)$ where $r=(x^{2}+y^{2}+z^{2})^{1/2} $. Find an expression for a potential for $ \textbf{F}$. Find an expression also for ...
-2
votes
0answers
31 views

Solve the diophantine equation $n!=m^2-1$ where $n,\,m \in \mathbb{Z}_+$ [on hold]

Brocard's problem is a problem in mathematics that asks to find integer values of $n$ for which \begin{equation*} n!+1 = m^2, \end{equation*} where $n!$ is the factorial. It was posed by Henri ...
2
votes
1answer
13 views

According to Buckingham Theorem the rank of $A$ should be $2$

A physical system is described by a law of the form $f(E,P,A)=0$, where $E,P,A$ represent, respectively, energy, pressure and surface area. Find an equivalent physical law that relates suitable ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

determining the fermi velocity via density of states

The problem is to determine the Fermi velocity for a fermion gas at absolute zero. the problem using integrating a function that looks like $$ v = \frac{4\pi V}{h^{3}} m^{3} \int_{0}^{\infty}{ ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How does the Schrodinger's potential transformer if the metric conformally transformers?

Given Schrodinger's equation $$ (-\nabla^2+V)\psi=E\psi $$ and the conformal transformation $\tilde{g}_{mn}=e^{2\phi}g_{mn}$, how does the Schrodinger's potential $V$ transformer if the metric ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Integrating Associated Legendre Polynomials

As part of a derivation for the question I asked here in Physics stackexchange, I am trying to calculate the following integral, but I am not sure how to proceed: ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

What really is a path-ordered exponential?

In some texts about gauge theories in Physics I've found one object called a path-ordered exponential which I'm not sure what it means. As I understood, the idea is as follows: let $G$ be a Lie group ...
10
votes
0answers
61 views

Area enclosed by an equipotential curve for an electric dipole on the plane

I am currently teaching Physics in an Italian junior high school. Today, while talking about the electric dipole generated by two equal charges in the plane, I was wondering about the following ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views
+50

Overview of nonlinear analysis, ODE and PDE, dynamical systems, and mathematical physics and their relationships

(Apologies in advance for my naive question.) The fields of (i) nonlinear analysis, (ii) ODE and PDE, (iii) dynamical systems, and (iv) mathematical physics are very huge, fertile, and, in ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

How do you prove $\delta (ds^2) = 2 ds \delta(ds)$?

How do you prove $\delta (ds^2) = 2 ds \delta(ds)$ ? To give context, this comes from: Dirac's Theory of General Relativity p19: http://imgur.com/mrkT5C7 I'm not comfortable with proofs regarding ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views
+50

Why are nodes and nodal sets called this way?

Nodes of standing waves are points where they are zero. Generally, nodal sets of Laplacian eigenfunctions are the sets of points where they are zero. Why is this the name for them (that is, why is ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Newtons Law of Cooling Differential Equations

We have two differential equations, $$\begin{cases} {dT\over dt} = -\alpha(T-B)\\ {dB\over dt} = -\beta(B-T)\end{cases}$$ If $T(0) = 7$ and $B(0) =3$, determine the equilibrium temperature of the ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How to simplify the summation of log

I have a summation that involve log. I don't know how to solve this summation. I want to find an expression (even a good approximation is enough) for this summation. $\sum_{k=0}^{n}{log(a_k)}$ ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

How can $ \Theta(x) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{-i}{2 \pi k} e^{ikx} \, dk $ possibly be the Heaviside Step Function?

How can $$\Theta(x) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{-i}{2 \pi k} e^{ikx} \, dk $$ possibly be the Heaviside Step Function? What I'm looking for is a direct visualization or maybe an approximate ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Proving that $\int \delta \dot{x} dt = \delta x$

Everytime I've seen this I've assumed it was true. It seems plausible. But I would like to rigorously prove it. I think this is correct, but I would like another opinion because my mathematics is very ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Pendulum tension force

I realize this is physics related, although the problem is really about math so I thought it would be a good fit for this site. My illustration is supposed to depict a pendulum and the forces ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Maximizing properties of geodesics on Pseudo-Riemannian manifold [closed]

I'm studying some GR and my book says that in Pseudo-Riemannian manifolds geodesics may even maximize the path locally. That's what happen to the timelike geodesics, for example. My first question: Is ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Asymptotic Behavior of Differential Equation

physicist here. I'm studying some problems that involve the use of differential equations. The professor of the course has indicated that usually variable changes used to simplify the equations come ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Solving Bernoulli equation transformation

I'm trying to solve the Bernoulli's equation via perturbation method but I need some help understanding how its done: We start off with $y'=-y+\epsilon y^2$ with $y(0)=1$. Then how is it possible ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

What is a good reference for rigorous Electromagnetism and Electrodynamics?

Is there any good book on Electromagnetism from a more mathematical point of view? By this I mean a book which makes use of differential forms and maybe De Rham cohomology. I was also searching for ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

Find out rotation and angle given a square

Consider I have a camera and a square, the projection of the square on the camera would give me a "distorted" square. Can I possibly find out the angle of the camera relative to the square and the ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Express 3 dimensional movement by using 2 vectors?

I have a system that can be described in 3 equations(Lagrange Euler equations) for each coordinate. $L_x, L_y, L_z$: $$\frac{d}{dt} \frac {\partial \mathcal{L}}{\partial \dot{L_x}} = \frac ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How to prove y component of the field is zero throughout the motion?

This is a pure mathematical question, here is a little background for the interested reader, you can jump directly to the mathematical part if you are not interested. background Imagine we have ...
14
votes
3answers
959 views

A fun problem by Arnold using the Poincaré recurrence theorem

I came across this problem by V. I. Arnold while studying his classical mechanics book. Consider a sequence where the $n^{th}$ term is made up by considering the first digit of $2^n$, the first ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Convservation of Momentum

I am taking a course in fluid dynamics. I'm trying to establish the equality $$\frac{d}{dt}\int_{a(t)}^{b(t)} \rho(x, t)g(x, t)dx = \int_{a(t)}^{b(t)}\rho(x, t)\frac{D}{Dt}g(x, t)dx$$ I can use make ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Lagrangian of bead on a rotating hoop

I'm trying to find the Lagrangian for a bead on a rotating circular loop (constant angular velocity $\omega$, radius $a$) in two different ways and I'm unsure why these are giving different answers. ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Potential theory for LCA groups

I was wondering if there is a potential theory for locally compact abelian groups.
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Connection between Functional Analysis and Quantum Physics [closed]

Hi does anyone have an idea of which specific areas of Functional Analysis and Topology have a strong connection with the study of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory? Thanks.
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How are 2D collision forces calculated?

Between 2 circles of the same radii, how can I calculate the collision forces to apply to each of the 2 circles? I have position, mass, and velocity for each of the circles. Here's what I have ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Source sound position mutiple point

i want find sound source position like this picture : ![find source][1] But i just konw the delay I know the delay for position 2 and 3 (or more) from source after hits the first point. I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

What is the connection between $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ and $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $?

For example, $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ has an equivalent representation $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $ where $P$ is some matrix Can someone make this connection clearer for me ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Compactification of a straight line

Like in the case of mapping a infinite-plane to a sphere (Riemann Sphere), I can understand, that I can map the infinite line ($-\infty,\infty$) to a circle. Secondly, I can also map a finite line ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Separation of variables for the Laplace equation on a disk

I have the equation $$\bigtriangleup u=\frac{1}{r} \frac{\partial}{\partial r}(r\frac{\partial u}{\partial r}) + \frac{1}{r^2} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial \theta}=0$$ where $0<r<1$ , $-\pi< ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Killing vector field along a geodesic

I was trying to show that a Killing vector field satisfies the Jacobi Equation for a geodesic, just by assuming that \begin{equation} \nabla_\mu X_\nu + \nabla_\nu X_\mu=0 \end{equation} Indeed, if I ...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

Debye Function Integral (BlackBody)

Show that $$ \int^{\infty}_{0} \frac{x^{3} \, dx}{e^{x}-1} = \frac{\pi^{4}}{15} $$ by expanding the integrand in powers of $e^{-x} $ and integrating term by term. Could anyone help with this one?
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Riccati Equation for falling particle.

I'am trying to solve the differential equation for a falling particle of mass 1 with air resistance proportional to $v^2$ (v is velocity): $$v'=g-v^2$$ This is a Riccati-Equation with stationary ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Is it always true that a linear map has a quadratic action?

If I have a linear map $A: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$, is it always true that the action of this map on a phase space of position and momentum $(q,p)^\text{T}$ is quadratic in $q_1$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Finding speed of snowballs given initial velocity and angles

You and a friend stand on a snow-covered roof. You both throw snowballs from an elevation of $14$ m with the same initial speed of $12$ m/s, but in different directions. You throw your snowball ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

formula of Gauss Legendre for 9 node element for 2D dimension?

This is maybe stupid question by im really noob in math. Can you show me formula of Gauss Legendre for 9 node element for 2D dimension?
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Momentum a cotangent vector?

Imagine we have a particle described by $x \in M$, where $M$ is some manifold, then it is very intuitive I think that a velocity is an element of the tangent space at $x$, so $x' \in T_{x}M.$ Thus, by ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Jets and vertical differential

For a vector bundle $(E,\pi, M)$ let $\phi :M\mapsto E$ be a section of $\pi $, $x\in M$ and $u=\phi (x)$. The vertical differential of the section $\phi$ at point $u\in E$ is the map: ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Little mistake with Levi-Civita symbol property

I have this equation $ \varepsilon_{ijk}B_k = \partial_iA_j - \partial_jA_i $ and I was asked to prove $\mathbf{B}=\nabla\times\mathbf{A}$, where $\mathbf{B}=B^i\mathbf{e}_i$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Planetary Motion: A comet describe a parabola about the sun [closed]

A comet describe a parabola about the sun, show that the sum of the squares of the velocities at the extremities of a focal chord is constant. I have no idea how to solve. Please help. I only ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

planetary motion: Particle describes an ellipse as a central orbit about a focus

A particle describes an ellipse as a central orbit about a focus. Show that the velocity at the end of the minor axis is the geometric mean between the greatest and least velocities. My attempt: ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Chronology condition and metric perturbations

Let $(M,g)$ be the quotient of the 2-dimensional Minkowski space-time by the discrete group of isometries generated by the map $f(t, x) = (t + 1, x + 1)$. Show that $(M, g)$ satisfies the ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

The Poincaré dual of a space-time curve

We have a smooth space-time curve defined by $f:C{\mapsto}M$, where $M$ is a typical curved space-time manifold. ${\eta}^{(4)}$ is the volume 4-form defined on $M$ and ${\varepsilon}^{(1)}$ is the ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Normal matrix is diagonalizable

If $[A,A^*]=0$ ($A^*$ is a conjugate transpose of $A$), that is, $A$ is a normal matrix, How is $A$ diagonalizable? Or, this is just a definition of normal matrix?
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Formula to calculate password cracking time in years, taking into account Moore's law and known adversary guessing power [closed]

We know that the biggest human rights violators in human history are capable of one trillion password guesses per second as of approximately January 2013. Assume that the 1 trillion guesses per ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Quantization of Hermite differential equation

In the course of solving the time independent quantum harmonic oscillation Schrodinger equation $$ \Psi^{ \prime \prime} (y) +(2 \epsilon -2y^2) \Psi (y)$$ When we try ansartz $\Psi = u(y) ...