A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Mathematical Modeling of Real-World Situations

I was considering how to model the following problem mathematically and was wondering what you thought the best way to do it is. "A takes 1 minute to cross a bridge, B takes 2 minutes, C takes 5 ...
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429 views

How did Target figure out a teen girl was pregnant before her father did?

First of all I do not have a mathematics degree only a B.S. in finance so please take that into account when writing an answer. Generally what type of mathematics is involved here? And specifically ...
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Mathematical interpretation of pressure (gradient)

I'm having some problem with the following. Usually, the pressure of some mass on an area A is defined by $$P=\frac{F}{A}$$ where $F$ is the force of the mass exerted due to gravity. However, here ...
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Modelling a Water Rocket. Requires Some Validation and Help. ( WARNING : Extremely Long but Interesting Post )

Good day people of math.stackexchange.com This is a pet project that I plan to use to convince my Prof that I would rather try something similar to this than to do the prescribed project. Edit : ...
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121 views

How to solve the advection equation with spiral motion

The advection equation is : $$\frac{\partial f(x,y,t)}{\partial t} + \nabla_{(x,y)} \cdot (A f)= 0$$ With initial condition $f(x,y,0) = f_0(x,y)$. If the vector $A$ is constant, ie. $A = ...
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How to visualize a function to aid in optimization?

I am working on minimization of a function with more than two parameters. I want to see variations, local extremes, saddle points, etc. of this function to get some idea of how is this function in ...
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52 views

is possible to deduce a formula for vaccination coverage from Whittle threshold theorem?

I am reading the article Application of Whittle’s stochastic threshold theorem to a chickenpox outbreak and I can't understand the meaning of the term "intensity" in the Whittle threshold theorem. In ...
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73 views

Question regarding the projective models of the anti-de-Sitter spaces and good online references for learning them from the scratch? (Specifics below)

As my title says above, I am trying to find answers to and also good online reference where I can find complete description of projective models of hyperbolic space, de-Sitter space and anti-de-Sitter ...
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92 views

How to model bending, folding of 2D figures?

2D shape can be folded in various ways. For example, trapezoid can have its sides (with the acute angles) folded, so that it will effectively become rectangle – with the difference, that part of the ...
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23 views

Relationship between Reproductive Ratio and Jacobian in Population Model

In class we defined the Reproductive Ratio, $R_0$ of a population modelled by SIR, SEIR,... as the average number of secondary infections caused by an average infected individual in an average ...
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33 views

Calculating heterozygosity of a population as size increases (combine growth and genetic drift equations)

I am working on a assignment to program a genetic drift simulator and include population growth. My program works fine as far as I can tell, and I have the not unexpected result that in the time I am ...
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172 views

Formalizing quantities that have units

This is a bit of a weird idea, so any advice on how to make it clearer would be welcome. Please leave a comment. Suppose we're using mathematics to study electronic circuits. We're probably ...
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69 views

How to define an objective function that conveys the concept of selecting the best elements in a set

Consider a set of tasks $\mathcal{T} = \{t_1, \ldots, t_I\}$. Consider also a set of workers $\mathcal{W} = \{w^1, \ldots, w^J\}$, where each worker $w^j \in \mathcal{W}$ is associated with a value ...
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68 views

Differential Equations & Sinusoidal Functions

I am developing a model for sales forecasting, the basic premise of which is that the rate of change of sales is proportional to the number of possible buyers. In developing this model, I came up with ...
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69 views

Boltzmann machines - motivation for the energy function

I've been studying Boltzmann machines lately and was wondering if anyone could give me a "high-level" explanation or motivation for the energy function used: $$E = -\sum_{i<j} w_{ij} \, s_i \, s_j ...
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113 views

Considering the predator prey model to find the range of values to be a spiral

I have the following problem: Consider the predator-prey model: $$\frac{du}{dt}=u(1-\alpha(u)-v), \frac{dv}{dt}=\rho(-1-\alpha(v)+u),$$ where $\rho$ and $\alpha$ are positive parameters with ...
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68 views

Measuring Model Bias

If given the choice between two statistical models (for argument's sake, let's say Model 1 is $y = \beta_0 + \beta_1 x_1 + \epsilon$ and Model 2 is $y = \beta_0 + \beta_1 x^2_1 + \epsilon$), is there ...
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94 views

Modelling randomized cup stacking, animal behaviour

This question has no scientific relevance for me whatsoever, but is a real life question which left me puzzled for a while. Even though I am not going anywere with this, maybe there is still somebody ...
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275 views

Finding a model for multiple non-linear regression

I want to implement a regression analysis, but I have problems with finding a model for the given data. There are $149$ $(x,y,z)$-values. $y$ values are all positive, $x$ is between $[-10, 10]$ and ...
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118 views

Check my solution - Modelling of a spring with Differential Equation

I am doing some work with differential equations. I have solved the following problem but am uncertain if I'm doing it correctly. Could someone look over it for me and check if I'm doing something ...
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44 views

Need some help on petri nets?

Here's the question: $\qquad$ How do we go about doing this ? I have very little knowledge on petri nets. Can someone answer it for me ? (And regarding the program part , just give me an idea on ...
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156 views

economic modelling asked for

I am putting together a proposal for a system of economic exchange which links a transaction of money through a period of time, and subjective relationship evaluation between two people. How can it be ...
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135 views

How to model server load?

I want to model the server under load. I'm using following assumptions: The server serves only one request at a time, and all requests take him exactly 100ms to process. All requests that came ...
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234 views

Legendre Polynomials

I was given a "generic" matrix that I was told was constructed using Legendre Polynomials. ...
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109 views

Transformation induced by a spherical mirror

This is at heart a mathematical problem, but is best motivated in physical terms. I'll introduce a very special case and move on to the general case later. Special case An object, taken for ...
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45 views

Deriving functions for empiracal distributions -very applied mathatics

First I am a new user of this site. Second my math background is very limited, although I do have a lot of experience in applied statistics. Component or piece part failures on high value parts($1000 ...
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How do impulsive differential equations work? Can you provide an example?

I have heard of impulsive differential equations being used in some epidemiological models of infectious disease. I haven't heard of them before in my math education, and I was wondering how they ...
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25 views

Euler Bernoulli beam

A simple model of the beam subjected to bending stresses is given by Euler-Bernoulli differential equation. Finite element discretization leads to a system of liniar equations.As discretization size ...
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24 views

Predictor-Corrector for Adams-Moulton

What is the order of the corrector of Adams-Moulton type required in order to apply Milne's method for estimating the error in PECE mode? Find the coefficient of the leading term in the truncation ...
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29 views

Determining how accurate an ellipse fit is

So I have an image of bacteria particles which are often shaped very irregularly with many grooves. Im trying to fit ellipses onto these particles so I can get a better, more smooth analysis of the ...
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22 views

is following model stationary?

I am interested if following model is stationary,model is represented by following formula $$ x(n) = \sum_{p=1}^{P} a_p \cos(2\pi f_pn + \phi_p) + \epsilon(n) $$ $n$ is changing from $1$ to $N$, I ...
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28 views

Why does the price term in Vega disappear for a European call option?

In my course, I have been asked to prove a number of statements about "the Greeks" from the Black-Scholes model for pricing a European call option with no dividends and a strike price of $K$. One of ...
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15 views

Derivation of the advection equation

Is there a good derivation of the advection equation available online? By that I mean the equation $\partial_t u = -\nabla( \vec{v} u)$ I know a good explanation for the one-dimensional case ...
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36 views

Sensitivity of coefficients in ODE

I am trying to formulate a mathematical model as part of an op-research problem, and I'm running into a roadblock concerning differential equations of a certain kind; I was hoping to understand if ...
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19 views

Analyzing a recurrence model: equilibriums, stability and periodic behavior.

In orer to increase my knowledge in math I decided to analyze the following recurrence relation (logistic growth in ecology) $$N(t+1) = N(t) (1 + r(1-\frac{N(t)}{K}))$$ I found the equilibriums by ...
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21 views

Multivariate Dynamic Optimization Model with Costs

I'm looking for kinds of models able to describe a situation such as the one described below (what I'm actually dealing with is load balancing but this is a more concrete example): We've a got a ...
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37 views

Suggest a random phenomenon for which the Galton-Watson branching process might provide a reasonable model.

Suggest a random phenomenon for which the Galton–Watson branching process might provide a reasonable model. Be clear about the random variable beingcounted (Zn) and the interpretation of the notion of ...
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31 views

Underdamped Oscillations of spring-mass system

At what time has the amplitude of oscillation of a spring-mass system with negligible friction decayed to 1/e of its original value? Does this time depend in a reasonable way on k, m, and c?
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21 views

Highest (lowest) index of positive time-indexed variable

I have a simple problem involving a variable $x_{it}$ representing the amount of a resource allotted to a task $i$ in time $t$. The quantity of the (renewable) resource is constrained at a value $R$ ...
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22 views

Prediction model from input/output observations

I want to make a prediction model for the following transformation $f:\mathbb{N}^N \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^M$ $N$ is around 20 and vectors $\mathbf{v} \in \mathbb{N}^N$ are sparse with $\sum_{i=1}^N ...
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28 views

Category modeling in quantitative Linguistics

I'm currently doing some studies on a new quantitative unit in Linguistics, the so called Motifs. A Motif is a ascending (or descending) sequence of quantitative linguistic properties. For a better ...
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32 views

Modeling 4 people going to same place over 3 different places for at least 5 days

I'm trying to model a linear programming task with the condition 4 people going to the same place among 3 different places for at least 5 days. I have the variables for the time spend each person in ...
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39 views

Linear Programming- are my equations correct?

A dairy produces cheese, milk, sour cream, and yogurt. Suppose: Every 100 lbs of cheese requires 2 units of plant capacity, 3 workers, and 7 gallons of culturing additive, and gives $1,500 in ...
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71 views

Nondimensionalize an equation with logs

I have an equation with logs in it. Specifically the equation takes the form: $log(Y)=\alpha+\beta_1 X_1 + \beta_2 X_2 + \beta_3 X_3$ Where $X_1$ through $X_3$ are variables. The trouble is that Y ...
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27 views

What kind of stochastic model shall I build for x(t) if $stdev(dx)$ is linear to $dx$?

I'm building a stochastic model for a process $x(t)$. I notice that daily $dx$ and spot standard deviation of $dx$ seem not related. By spot standard deviation of $dx$ means i take 30 days $dx$ ...
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81 views

Eigenvalue/eigenvector calculation for linearly changed matrices

I'm looking for a way to speed up my computation that involves solving a moderate size generalised eigenvalue problem (matrices 400x400) large number of times depending on the parameter $m$. The ...
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72 views

Closed-form solution

I wrote down this equation which is the mathematical model of a system. Is there any way to get $V_c(t)$ in a closed-form expression? $V_c(t+d) = V_s \cdot U\left(V_r ...
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simplifying equations from model

I'm using the community land model (CLM) to do some university work and I'm trying to understand some of the equations that go into the model, one example is: $$ ...
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84 views

Math model - constrain GDP given different growth rates of industries

ideas needed to model national GDP given different sector growth rates subject to some contraints Given: GDP equations for $n$ industries depend on growth rates and time i.e. $g(r_1,t), g(r_2, t), ...
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226 views

How to calculate probability with sigmoid output in feedforward neural network?

first of all I'm sorry for my not very skilled English, but I will do my best to explain my problem. I'm trying to create a feedforward neural network with one hidden layer (with probably arctan ...