A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Rescaling of a problem

I'm having a tough time trying to figure this question out mainly because I haven't any formal training in "scaling" of a problem. An infinite cylindrical rod (radius $a$) is initially at temperature ...
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Linear Programming: Three variable graphical solution

A small bank offers three type of loans: housing loans at $8.50$% interest, education loans at $13.75$% interest rates, and loans to senior citizens at $12.25$% interest. Further, it needs to ...
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Need help with a mathematical program formulation about air

I have to create a mathematical model regarding air. Air flows through multiple rooms, and in each room something happens to one or multiple properties of the air (heated, cooled down, moisture ...
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428 views

How to model an aviation holding pattern mathematically?

A standard aviation holding pattern has four sections, each of which, in windless conditions, takes one minute to fly. The first is the inbound leg, which is the only one for which precise ...
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312 views

Edge weight function for graph instance of scheduling and allocation problem

I have difficulties developing a proper (non-scalar) edge cost function $c_e$ for my resource scheduling problem, which I mapped into a graph problem. Processes $P_i$ need resources $R_i \in ...
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27 views

Show that boundary layers diffuse out from the plate with speed $\sqrt{\frac{\nu}{t}}$

I was wondering if somebody would be able to help me with this problem. I know how to solve it using dimension arguments but I'm unsure what is meant by 'transform techniques'. Any help would be ...
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36 views

Scaling Two Equations

I recently got set this problem and am having trouble scaling the resulting equations. Any help would be appreciated. An incompressible thermal conducting fluid is contained between two infinite ...
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10 views

Modelling using Shapley Value

I have a Shapley Value related problem that I am unable to solve. Instead of using integers, I have used a percentage (a conversion rate). I have attached a spreadsheet for you to have a look at. ...
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28 views

A model to describe probability to win at certain skill ranges?

Let's say we have a list of all the chess players in the world, and we want to predict the likelihood of success if any player goes up against any other player. (Hypothetical example) I'm assuming ...
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13 views

Definition of a function whose codomain is set of probability measure over cartesian product with dependency between sets in the product

I am thinking about the following function: $$ p : A \to \Delta \big( F(x, y(t) ) \times T \big) ,$$ where $t \in T$ denotes continuous time, and $\Delta (X)$ denotes the set of all probability ...
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20 views

Flow between two infinite horizontal plates

I recently got set this problem and I was wondering if anyone would be able to give me some hints/intuition on how to solve it. Thanks. An incompressible thermal conducting fluid is contained between ...
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442 views

Why does my Barabasi Albert model implementation doesn't produce a scale free network

I'm trying to implement the Barabasi Albert model to generate some scale free network matching a power law distribution of degree. I'm using a value $m = 2$ for the main parameter of the algorithm, ...
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Is there a general solution for the “Spider and the Fly Problem”?

(I would be appreciative if somebody could give a more formal formulation of this problem.) The Spider and the Fly Problem is a problem in which the objective is to minimize the distance the spider ...
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349 views

Parabola investigation

Edit 4: I added the below picture for clarity I'm trying to figure out how to find the angle between the red line and the blue line, but I have no idea how to start. (I have a feeling that this ...
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11 views

What is the notation for 'asymptoticly approximate mapping'? If any…

I've learned about the notation 'maps to': $\mapsto$ And also asymptotic approximation: $\simeq$ Is it valid to suggest the notion of 'asymptoticly approximate mapping'? If so, what is ...
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1answer
23 views

Solving a pair of ODEs

I'm trying to solve a pair of ODEs for which I've obtained a solution. However, my problem is that my answer is slightly different from mathematica's answer. $$ \frac{dA}{dt} = \theta - (\mu + ...
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26 views

Population balance model

I have some experimental data and I need to make a population balance model to compare the experimental results with. The experimental results are from the bubble size distribution in a bioreactor. I ...
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203 views

The theory in probability

Consider a real-life experiment (perhaps written as a problem in a textbook): A coin is continually tossed until two consecutive heads are observed. Assume that the results of the tosses are mutually ...
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Cleaning up the Great Lakes - Differential equation systems

Problem Details The idea of the problem is to find out how long it would take to flush the Great Lakes of pollution. They're set up as a series of five tanks and you are given inflow rates of clean ...
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11 views

Statistical/ML models when observations have different amounts of input

Let's say we're predicting an employee's performance review score for the following year based on his/her performance review scores from each previous year of their employment. We might have these ...
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112 views

Assignment of initial probability values

Suppose a coin is tossed until a head is observed for the first time. It is given that the coin lands heads with probability $p$ and tails with probability $1-p$. Based on only this information, can ...
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38 views

How do I determine the critical number that would the eradicate pests and that it is less than a quarter of the environment carrying capacity

The sterile insect release method for pest control releases a number of sterile insects into a population. If a population n of sterile insects is maintained in a population, a possible simple model ...
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26 views

How do you formulate a reaction diffusion model with 3D volume and surface compartments simultaneously?

Suppose we have a two compartment reaction diffusion model, for chemical species $\psi$ and $\phi$. Suppose $\psi(\vec{x},t)$ and $\phi(\vec{x},t)$ exist in two 3D compartments $\Omega_a$ and ...
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Modelling a solute in reactor by concentration or total amount?

I'm trying to obtain a model of the concentration of a solute, S (g/L) in a reactor with the variable volume V (L). A solution of S is continuously added to the reactor with the flow F (L/min), since ...
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Approximation of a negative exponential model?

I am trying to get an approximation of this model, it is a negative exponential model introduced by Olson in 1963 "Energy storage and the balance of producers and decomposers in ecological systems". ...
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How to analytically describe the number of peaks on a roughness surface?

I have a question about how to model the number of peaks over a length $l$ on a surface, which is defined as: Let $f$ be the profile of the roughness of a surface. Let $c_1$ and $c_2$ be constant ...
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How to make sense of this contour graph?

Recently, I have been studying the paper "Estimating the basic reproductive ratio for the Ebola outbreak in Liberia and Sierra Leone", published in Infectious Diseases of Poverty. I came across the ...
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316 views

Converting if else constraints into linear ones

I have the following two constraints: $$ x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \qquad \mbox{if } x_1 \leq x_3 \\ x_1 > x_2 > x_3 \qquad \mbox{otherwise} $$ Is there a way to get rid of the two conditions and ...
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Examples of types of mathematical models

I am a student currently doing a course on modelling and simulation. I came across the classifications of mathematical models and studied that they can classified as static or dynamic, deterministic ...
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29 views

Modeling of Multivariate Function of Dependent Variables

In multi-variable calculus, if I write $f(x,y,z)$, it is assumed that $x,y,z$ are independent. I'd like to model a quantity $F$, that is a function of 3 related quantities, $x,y,z$. In fact, $xy=z$. ...
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293 views

Can we rotate a 3D lattice of deformed spheres?

EDIT by EricStucky: The full text of original post below for reference, but I have talked with the OP in chat and believe that this is the mathematical core of the question. Suppose that we have ...
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33 views

Building a dynamical system

Suppose I have a 4 dimensional system with 4 fixed points: $Q_1 = \left(p_1,0,0,0 \right)$, $Q_2 = \left(0,p_2,0,0 \right)$, $Q_3= \left(0,0,p_3,0 \right)$, and $Q_4 = \left(0,0,0,p_4 \right)$. ...
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Modeling smoke cloud as expanding Gaussian / ellipse

I am making a simplified model of smoke coming from a train's smokestack. You can imagine that if you want an accurate model you have to think in 3D and use computational fluid dynamics and stochastic ...
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369 views

Phase Plane Analysis

Classify the fixed point at the origin and sketch an accurate phase portrait for the following system: $$\left\{\begin{matrix} \dfrac{dx}{dt}=36x-16y\\ \dfrac{dy}{dx}=-3x+28y \end{matrix}\right.$$ ...
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What are the mathematical descriptions for a spatially dependant concentration to be 'well mixed'?

Suppose we have a concentration $c(x)$, suppose for instance it is a chemical species, in the region $[0,L]\subset\mathbb{R}$. What are the different ways you could mathematically describe the 'well ...
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linear programming : Absolute value in constraint in mathematical model

I have a model have an constraint with evaluation of absolute value , a example can be: function objective : $\max \sum(x_i)$ statement: $x_i\geq |(y_i-t_i)|$ for all $i$ but value absolute ...
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46 views

exact solution to lotka-volterra equations

I am looking for exact or perturbative solution realistic lotka-volterra (the one with logistic term in one of the equations) equations in population dynamics. Any reference where they have done it ...
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29 views

Population models - 13 months in a year

I'm currently studying mathematics at university and have come across a question about finding the population of rabbits in a colony, where the growth rate is given in terms of per month. However ...
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1answer
69 views

Heat equation — Modelling a real-life situation

I have read through a lot of books and lecture notes that cover the heat equation and I am still not sure how I would model the easiest real world situations. For example, take a rod at constant ...
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Modelling a warehouse in optimization?

I am trying to model the following rather general optimization problem. Let $p_{t}$ be a given non time series of product prices. These are fixed points $p_{t}$ is not described as a random variable. ...
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Explaining Mathematical Modelling to a nonmathematician

Due to the interdisciplinary nature of my project, I find myself collaborating a lot with nonmathematicians especially biologists, medical doctors, etc. I work mostly on mathematical models as applied ...
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Markov-Chain Monte-Carlo: Are transformations on the inputs valid?

The problem: I am trying to solve a high dimensional (up to ~50) class of data fitting & modelling problems. The user specifies the problem, so I would like to make the configuration as easy as ...
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3answers
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How can mathematical models be applied to image analysis

I'm quite interested in how mathematical models can be used in analysing images. For example, I'm aware that mixed effect models can be using in image analysis but I was just wondering if there are ...
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33 views

How to model compartment chemical concentration with permeation through a membrane

Suppose we have one chemical species $V$ and two compartments in which $V$ can be, $A$ and $B$, with volumes $\Omega_A$ and $\Omega_B$ respectively, where $\Omega_A < \Omega_B$. Compartments $A$ ...
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24 views

Given a set of arbitrary data, is it possible to model this data using differential functions.

Problem At the moment, I have a problem with seven variables: $S, A_1, A_2, R_1, R_2, P_0, P_1 $ and $P_2$. Each of these variables draws a smooth line through time. My question is, is there any ...
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85 views

Math behind No Man's Sky, or Math of Minecraft in Space [closed]

I recently received a question from one of my students which is a bit outside my life experience. However, I expect this may be of interest to many: I was reading up on a new video game that's ...
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Understanding compound distribution and plotting the mixed distribution graph

If $N$ takes the values $0, 1$ and $2$ with probabilities $½, ¼ $ and $¼ $ respectively, and the $X_i$ ’s have a $U(0,10)$ distribution, draw a sketch of the frequency distribution of $S$. $N$ is the ...
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How to generate a function with multiple variables to fit experimental data?

I am researching methods to increase the accuracy of an algorithm that is currently used to analyse radiation patterns as they hit our sensor. (For the non-physicists, we will mainly see Alphas, ...
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38 views

How to re-write the following equation?

I am a molecular biologist and reading a book on mathematical modeling. In this book I encountered the following algebraic conversion and could not figure out how the conversion is performed. Please ...
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2answers
65 views

Integrating a First Order Differential Equation (The West Equation)

I am currently doing a project about Growth and have found this really interesting Math Model by Dr. Geoffrey West et al in 2001 while researching. The paper can be found at this link. I was ...