A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Spring-mass System Phase Plane

If a spring-mass system has a friction force proportional to the cube of velocity, then $$m\frac{d^2x}{dt^2} + a\left(\frac{dx}{dt}\right)^3 + kx = 0$$ (a) Derive a first-order differential ...
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44 views
+50

Modeling, Measuring, and Maximizing “Mixedness”

Background: My class has $10$ students and $3$ tables; naturally, the students are distributed with $3, 3,$ and $4$ seated at the individual tables. On the second day of class, students sat in the ...
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28 views

How to transform one polynomial curve into another

I have a problem: I have two polynomial splines: For red curve I have used Rational fraction function with p=3/q=2 and for blue curve I have also used rational fraction function with p=1/q=3 It ...
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48 views

Differential equations, chemical reactions

A chemical substance A changes into substance B at rate $\alpha$ times the amount of A present. Substance B changes into C at rate $\beta$ times the amount of B present. If initially only substance A ...
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29 views

Failed to understand basic approach of mathematical modeling in research ideas [on hold]

I am very new to mathematical modeling. I study different probabilistic approaches but fail to understand how it can be implemented over any research activity. Is there any set of rules to apply for ...
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18 views

Random walk problems [on hold]

What is the difference between restricted and unrestricted random walk in gamblers terminology?
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23 views

ordinary differential equations-morphogen gradient

I am reading a paper by Merkin and Sleeman (2005) Find the approximation solution of $(u')^2=\frac{2}{k}(u-\frac{1}{k}\ln(1+ku)); ~~u(0)=1$ for $k$ sufficiently small. they gave the following ...
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2answers
57 views

Can car traffic be managed by mathematical formula? [on hold]

How car traffic is managed? Is it managed by mathematical algorithm? Or by human(operator)? If it's by operator, can it be managed mathematically? Or is it by physics? By what theories/formula? ...
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1answer
15 views

System of separable diff. eqns, explicit solution and curves, Lotka-Volterra model

In the book on p.68 is a system of differential equations for a Predator-Prey model (Lotka-Volterra) given as: $$ \dot x=x(\alpha-c\gamma) \\ \dot y=y(\gamma x -\delta) $$ On the next page, it is ...
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29 views

linear or bilinear interpolation

I want to know how to use linear and bilinear interpolation in 2D. Specifically the pairs $(x_1,y_1)$, $(x_2,y_2)$, $(x_3,y_3)$, and $(x_4,y_4)$ are given in a quadrilateral. In this case how to ...
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1answer
403 views

How to model an aviation holding pattern mathematically?

A standard aviation holding pattern has four sections, each of which, in windless conditions, takes one minute to fly. The first is the inbound leg, which is the only one for which precise ...
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23 views

Choose Scaling for t

My question is the last part of the d) part of the exercise 1.17 in Mark Holms' Introduction to Applied Mathematics. The exercise is given below, where I have emphasized the part of it that is my ...
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1answer
40 views

How to get the chemical form of the the lotka-volterra ODEs

I know how to work from a chemical equation to an ODE, as described here: http://brunel.ac.uk/~cspgoop/uploads/ode_chemical_network.pdf How do I go the other way? I want to convert the ...
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2answers
75 views

Lotka-Volterra equations modified

Okay, so I'm just learning about the Lotka-Volterra and the question I have regards the following model: $dx/dt = x(1-y/2)$ $dy/dt = -y(1 - (x/0.8) + (x^2)/4)$ I need to state what term has been ...
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62 views

Interpreting phase-plane portraits

I have found the phase plane for a "predator-prey model" system of differential equations: $$\dot{x}=x^2-x^3-xy \qquad \dot{y}=yx-ya$$ where $x$ represents the population of prey and $y$ represents ...
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1answer
32 views

Rain forecast model and least squares

Good evening everyone, I'm trying to create a rain forecast model, I have about 720 data, which correspond to monthly rainfall in 60 years during the 12 months of the year. I have a matrix ...
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1answer
292 views

Converting if else constraints into linear ones

I have the following two constraints: $$ x_1 \leq x_2 \leq x_3 \qquad \mbox{if } x_1 \leq x_3 \\ x_1 > x_2 > x_3 \qquad \mbox{otherwise} $$ Is there a way to get rid of the two conditions and ...
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28 views

Probability of agreeing to do some work depending on the payment

I am looking for several options of modeling the probability of people agreeing to do some work depending on the price/payment. The payment can only range between $p_1$ and $p_2$, $(p_1 < p_2)$. I ...
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13 views

Modeling reasons for minimizing the distance between parameters

In system identification, when new parameters are calculated, is there any reason for the parameters to be close to the original parameters ?
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423 views

Why does my Barabasi Albert model implementation doesn't produce a scale free network

I'm trying to implement the Barabasi Albert model to generate some scale free network matching a power law distribution of degree. I'm using a value $m = 2$ for the main parameter of the algorithm, ...
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23 views

Calculating weighs in a model

I am creating an index related to walkability. For this I have sevaral factors like length of sidewalk available, user perception rating on various measures of performance, and many other factors. My ...
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1answer
294 views

Edge weight function for graph instance of scheduling and allocation problem

I have difficulties developing a proper (non-scalar) edge cost function $c_e$ for my resource scheduling problem, which I mapped into a graph problem. Processes $P_i$ need resources $R_i \in ...
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17 views

reformulating an integer quadratic problem into a linear integer problem

I am trying to solve an optimization problem, in order to find an optimal runtime schedule for a machine. It involves one boolean variable $x_{t} \in \mathbb{\{0,1\}}$, that describes whetever the ...
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2answers
360 views

Phase Plane Analysis

Classify the fixed point at the origin and sketch an accurate phase portrait for the following system: $$\left\{\begin{matrix} \dfrac{dx}{dt}=36x-16y\\ \dfrac{dy}{dx}=-3x+28y \end{matrix}\right.$$ ...
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15 views

Concatenated model for 2D?

I am looking for a way to perform 2D convolution through a concatenated model. I am not looking for a faster way of doing 2D convolution. My objective is to find a scheme where I can perform it in ...
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Linear Programming: Three variable graphical solution

A small bank offers three type of loans: housing loans at $8.50$% interest, education loans at $13.75$% interest rates, and loans to senior citizens at $12.25$% interest. Further, it needs to ...
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41 views

Laplace Transform of derivative squared

I'm trying to solve a problem while I'm studying Control Theory and I came up with a difficult question. $ \mathcal{L}\left[y'(t)^2 \right] $ Basically I need to find the Laplace Transform of this ...
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17 views

Finding ratio of four value factors

Before reading this i know the question i asked can be answered based on our strategies, but i'd like to know the methods of quantifying these strategies into numbers. I'm doing subscriber profiling ...
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1answer
79 views

What is the relative strength of each of the players in this game?

This is a real life problem. A group of people meet once a week to play a game between two teams. Each round 2 people are randomly appointed captains. Each captain takes turns picking people to be on ...
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5 views

Conversion of cylindrical harmonic field into space-harmonic field for plane waves

It is well known that a plane wave can be represented by an infinite sum of cylindrical wave function of the form $\varphi^i(\rho,\phi)=e^{\left(-j\beta \rho ...
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29 views

How can I show that $x'(t) = - (1-x(t))'$ from $x(t)$'s functional form?

I have a differential equation modelling the concentration of vaccinators in a population. Here are a few assumptions. Assume we can write the concentration of vaccinators as $x$, and that we can ...
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36 views

Modelling a warehouse in optimization?

I am trying to model the following rather general optimization problem. Let $p_{t}$ be a given non time series of product prices. These are fixed points $p_{t}$ is not described as a random variable. ...
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“Damping factor” for a set of non-linear ODEs

I am not sure if this question is on-topic here I have a set of four non-linear ODEs representing a negative feedback. I have done parameter variation by random sampling to study the sensitivity of ...
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16answers
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Optimizing response times of an ambulance corp: short-term versus average

Background: I work for an Ambulance service. We are one of the largest ambulance services in the world. We have a dispatch system that will always send the closest ambulance to any emergency call. ...
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33 views

nondimensionalisation for an ODE

I need help to understand 'nondimensionalisation' for ODEs better. I stacked how to deal with a constant input in a prey-predator model. I reproduced the following ODE system ...
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3answers
437 views

How to find the length of a curved path.

We have to find a continuous model for a curved path which you then solve. A woman is running in the positive y-direction starting at x=50 (50,0) which is orthogonal to the x axis. At this point a dog ...
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27 views

At time $t=0$, the traffic pattern on a long highway consists of two sections

At time $t=0$, the traffic pattern on a long highway consists of two sections of constant density joined by a shock located to the left of $x=0$ and moving in the positive direction. If the traffic ...
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1answer
311 views

Parabola investigation

Edit 4: I added the below picture for clarity I'm trying to figure out how to find the angle between the red line and the blue line, but I have no idea how to start. (I have a feeling that this ...
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Averaging Models in Excel

I am working in Excel and have two sets of data points that come up with a percentage for the likelihood of a recession. I am wondering what the best strategy would be to combine these data points? ...
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what is the influence of the specific statistical model selection in a practical project

I hope this is the right place to ask this question. But if it is not, please feel free to migrate. There is a famous quote, which is like "all models are wrong, but a few are useful". So, I was just ...
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22 views

Discrete sinusoidal to state space

I'm looking to apply an optimal LQR filter to a discrete signal of the form $x[n]=Asin(ω_0n+ϕ)+v[n]$ The amplitude $A$ and the phase $ϕ$ are unknown variables I want to estimate using the filter, ...
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1answer
33 views

modelling the behavior of a particle

I want to study the evolution of a particle as a function of time, then in dynamical systems, the usual thing to do would be to define the state of the particle. Usually we are able to do this by ...
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11 views

Methods for Extrapolating Data Close To Observations

I am aware of many different ways to go about interpolating between the values of known data points. However, whenever I come upon (I work in Quantitative Finance) the need to extrapolate data I find ...
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1answer
48 views

Mathematics of contamination [closed]

I want to know the distribution of residual material (contamination) in subsequent refills. For example, suppose a cup normally used for transferring salt is used, without cleaning, for transferring ...
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1answer
29 views

Light attenuation through water at an angle

I know that light intensity decreases exponentially governed by \begin{equation*} \frac{dy}{dx} = -ky \end{equation*} where $y$ is the intensity and $x$ is the distance. Now what happens when light ...
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2answers
94 views

two objects moving in opposite directions.

I don't need a specific answer for this question, and would rather prefer to know how to solve questions like this one. So far I've tried using the $v=d/t$ formula to form equations, but haven't ...
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Solving 2nd order ODE with 2 independent parameters(over finite intervals), with bounds on solution

I have a 2nd order ODE of the form: $\ddot {x} + 2c \dot {x} + 39Ex = 0 $ $Initial$ conditions being: x(0) = 0 and $\dot {x}(0)$=0.1 Where c is in the interval [1,5] and E is in the interval ...
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what is the meaning of Ricker model?

How can I interpret Ricker model? It is about population model but it has the term $e^{1-x}$ see: $$a_{t+1} = a_t e^{r\left(1-\frac{a_t}{k}\right)}.$$ http://www.dma.uvigo.es/~eliz/pdf/oman.pdf ...
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12 views

formula to establish correlation between multiple library functions

I am trying to predict the change in timeliness of holds delivery relative to number of owned Bestsellers, number of holds and the checkout window. (yes, it really is a library question). To do this ...
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1answer
44 views

Relatively simple system of nonlinear ODEs

There are a lot of questions like this on MSE as well as online resources on the subject, but a) the MSE questions are either unanswered or correspond to systems substantially different from this one, ...