A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Understanding mathematical syntax in SO(3) - Part II

In a paper I found in internet there is a relation about mapping a matrix into a vector and viceversa. One question has been already kindly answered here, but since I'm new to this kind of syntax I ...
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42 views

Help for understanding a vectorial equation found in a paper.

Trying to implement a code for the algorithm described in this paper I found something not very clear to me that leads me to misunderstand the whole concept. To calculate the vector $\vec{b_{3d}}$ ...
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54 views

Understanding mathematical syntax in SO(3)

In this paper, pp. 2, I found the following differential equation system and a statement: There are two things not clear to me: the hat map symbol seems to make mathematical symbolics shorter and ...
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61 views

Neural networks and mathematical modelling

Could you point out some reference books [accessible to an undergrad math student] that deal with the mathematical modelling aspect of neural networks?
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26 views

time varing Gaussian distribution

does there exist time varing Gaussian model? To be sepecific, a 2-D Gaussian model whose mean and covariance matrix is varing with another parameter called time. The $\mu$ (mean) and $\sigma$ ...
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1answer
43 views

linear programming problem - how much additional resources should I buy?

I have the following linear optimization problem: Maximize $$\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}B_{i}$$ subject to the constraints $$a_{11}x_1+a_{12}x_2+\cdots+a_{1n}x_n \le l_1$$ $$...$$ ...
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113 views

How can I model the number of insects in a house?

I really don't know if this question applies here or if it makes sense, but I'm curious as to whether these ideas are commonly used. Imagine you are in a room, this room has holes, where bugs may ...
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24 views

How to model function with unknown exponents?

I know the Cobb-Douglass function which describes the production quantity: $$Q(K, L) = A \cdot K^\alpha \cdot L^\beta$$ Also I do know multiple assignments of K ...
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3answers
49 views

Smooth function to model a well or pit

In order to solve a Physics problem, I have to model an axisymmetric well or pit on a plane. I am looking for a function $f(x)$ that is smooth and monotonic in the domain $(0,1)$, where the origin ...
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64 views

Rayleigh-Bénard convection

I have a nondimensionalized linear perturbation system relevant to the appropriate pure conduction solution for Rayleigh-Bénard convection in upper planetary atmospheres under the compressible gas ...
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1answer
63 views

Assistance with Bayesian Random Effects and Mixed Effects Models

I am looking to build either a random effects or mixed effects model for a project I am working on, but have had trouble finding good sources and understanding the general structure of the model. ...
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21 views

Has anyone come across a non-constant population SIR model with infected birth?

I've come up with a seemingly new type of SIR model for one of my classes which allows for non-constant population and infected members to birth more infected members (such as is the case for many ...
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1answer
35 views

Estimating number of slaves imported before 1790

I have a statistics problem I am having a hard time figuring out how to model mathematically. The 1790 US Census counted 697,681 slaves and 59,196 free Africans in the United States. (A) assume ...
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1answer
29 views

Establishing a stable state withing a discrete dynamic model

Given the following discrete dynamic model: $P_0=360$ and $R_0=80$ and $t[0,200]$ $P_t=1,18*P_{t-1}-0,002*R_{t-1}*P_{t-1}$and $R_t=0,86*R_{t-1}+0,0004*P_{t-1}*R_{t-1}$ One can rewrite the ...
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37 views

Mathematical model for MILP optimisation problem- power scheduling

I am having trouble trying to formulate a mathematical model for the problem below to solve later as an MILP problem using different optimization software. I want to formulate the model so as to ...
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1answer
177 views

fantasy basketball model

i'm creating a fantasy basketball model (could be used in other games too) where we can project how well a player will do against another team even when the player hasn't played against a certain team ...
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1answer
78 views

Interperate Jacobian Determinant - Stability of Equilibriums

In my SIR model, I have the following Jacobian Matrix \begin{align*} J =\begin{bmatrix} -\alpha I & -\alpha S & \zeta & 0 \\ \alpha I & \alpha S - \beta - \rho & 0 & 0 \\ 0 ...
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1answer
39 views

What does this determinant mean?

I have the following Jacobian matrix for an equilibrium of an SIR model $$J=\left( \begin{array}{cccc} -\text{$\alpha $N} & 0 & \zeta & 0 \\ \text{$\alpha $N} & -\beta -\rho & ...
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155 views

Is this probabilistic balls-and-bins problem well-defined and is my solution correct?

Problem definition: There are $n$ bins, labeled with $1, 2, \ldots, n$. Let $X_i$ be a random variable denoting the number of balls contained in the $i$-th bin. The collection of random variables ...
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2answers
58 views

Split cab fare proportional to saving made across the board

Interesting dilemma. I've figured out how to split a cab fare 3 ways (proportional to time, mileage and equally) but I've found that when the cab fare is split proportional to time and mileage, the ...
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1answer
49 views

How to find the basic reproductive number of a discrete SIS epidemic model

I have been following a textbook called Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology. The SIS model is given by the system \begin{aligned} S_{n+1} &= \Lambda + S_n e^{-\mu} ...
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33 views

Split a cab fare proportional to the time everyone has spent in taxi

How would you split a cab fare proportional to the time everyone has spent in the taxi? Total journey time = 19 min Fare = $17.25 ...
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81 views

mathematical model of an assignment/scheduling problem

I am solving a scheduling problem and I am able to abstract it into an assignment problem of assigning 45 machines to 42 jobs. the assignment problem was given as having 14 jobs, each with 3 tasks and ...
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1answer
78 views

Anyone know about definition of weak dictator?

I am trying to prove arrow's impossibility theorem in case which ties are allowed in individual preference lists and so is social preference list. It says that if $p$ is a weak dictator, then we can ...
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38 views

Questions about arrow's impossibility theorem.

If we had chosen to work in a context where ties are allowed in the individual preference lists, then Arrow’s Theorem no longer holds with the conclusion that there is a person whose list is always ...
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84 views

Analyzing/Modeling DynamoDB Usage

I'm seeking the correct mathematical tools to analyze/model a real world process for the purpose of optimizing resource allocation. I want to analyze consumed throughput of a AWS DynamoDB table and ...
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1answer
45 views

Which Probabilistic model to apply for this problem

I am a little confused about which probabilistic model to apply to this. Say I have an intern who is entering data on a daily basis. I have a clerk who at the end of the week pulls out a random ...
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70 views

How to connect the deterministic and probabilistic descriptions of the SIR model

I am a 17 year old student and I was reading up on epidemic modelling for a math project, specifically the SIR model and I came across this: "This" refers to the assumptions to which the Markov Chain ...
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33 views

Classifying growth as percent increase.

So I have been thinking about resource consumption a lot after watching the most important video you will ever see. It is pretty long so I will summarize it as follows, the professor makes a strong ...
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2answers
89 views

How to plot a phase potrait of a system of ODEs (in Mathematica)

I am asked to use mathematica to plot the fixed-points of the following system $$ \frac{dN}{dt} = -\gamma N \left( 1 - \left( \beta M + N\right) \right) $$ $$\frac{dM}{dt} = M \left( 1 - \left( ...
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1answer
49 views

How do you scale a set of number such that they sum to 0.5 after scaling

Suppose I have a set of numbers of various different values (>0.0). I want to scale these numbers so that they all sum to 0.5. The scaling is required so that the relative strength of the numbers with ...
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18 views

Good similarity metric of models

I have a bunch of models that are being produced by some code I have. Many of them are different types but let's say for the simple case that all models can be represented by $\beta_0...\beta_n$. I ...
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155 views

Modelling a transfer function for plant/system empirically

In an attempt to learn about PID controllers, I'm designing a small desktop thermal control system. I have a power resistor mounted to a heatsink, with a thermister placed nearby to measure ...
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77 views

Stochastic Calculus For Finance: Conditional Expectation of Binomial Tree Model

I'm reading through Stochastic Calculus For Finance Volume 1, page 32. The conditional expectation of $S_2$ knowing $1=H$ is $p*S_2(HH) + q*S_2(HT) = 0.5*16 + 0.5*4 = 10$ But how do I calculate ...
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101 views

Applied mathematics commonly needed in the following industries

I was just wondering if anyone could shed more light on specific topics in applied mathematics or other skills (programming, etc) commonly used in the following industries: oil and gas, ...
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39 views

Establishing a inequality

I need to establish an inequality containing $19$ terms in $7$ variables. My problem arises in the context of proving that the HIV-only Quasi Disease-Free Equilibrium of a HIV-TB co-epidemic model ...
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2answers
155 views

Swimming Problem - How can I do this?

I have a problem with the following diagram. The triangle is just a possible path and may not be the shortest. If the boy has to get to the destination in the fastest way possible: What ...
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1answer
40 views

How to get the chemical form of the the lotka-volterra ODEs

I know how to work from a chemical equation to an ODE, as described here: http://brunel.ac.uk/~cspgoop/uploads/ode_chemical_network.pdf How do I go the other way? I want to convert the ...
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31 views

Unusual Probability Question

Wheel of fortune: Assume that the probability for an angle φ is P(φ) = λ$φ^2$. The game pays $1000 times the angle. a) What is λ? b) Find the expectation and the variance of the game. Comments: ...
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50 views

Generalize discrete Lyapunov equation for n-th order linear dynamics system

My specific application is analysis of dynamic textures using linear dynamics systems of the form $$ I(t) = Cz(t) + w(t) \\ z(t + 1) = Az(t) + Bv(t), $$ where $I(t)$ is the original signal, $z(t)$ ...
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40 views

Looking for advice on a math project [on hold]

I had an idea of modeling the evolution of population in the dining hall (just the section where people get their food, not where people eat their food) and discussing the properties of this Dynamical ...
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34 views

Check if intervals overlap

I have a set of activities $A$, where each activity $i \in A$ has a starting date $s_i$ and an end date $e_i$ (or equivalently a starting date and a duration $d_i$). Therefore, each activity can be ...
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58 views

Predicting profit with price variation

I am currently working on a high school project that aims to predict profit from X amount of items to Y amount of profit based off a deviated sale price. For instance: I sale 10 cookies for 10 ...
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1answer
77 views

Mathematica Question regarding NSolve

I'm trying to solve for 2-cycles for the equation $$x=xe^{r[1-x]}$$ using Mathematica. I've tried using NSolve, FindRoot, and Solve. When I use NSolve I input it as $$\textrm{NSolve}[xe^{r[1 - xe^{r[1 ...
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1answer
98 views

A way to check the accuracy of a Markov chain?

I am not sure whether I should post this question on MSE or SSE. I will post it here 1st to see if I can get some feedback. Say I have a finite discrete Markov chain constructed maybe using some data ...
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1answer
21 views

Regularity of the surface of a crystal

If I want to model the surface of any random crystal, is it safe to assume that it is the graph of a Lipschitz function. Is there a precise result from physicists? How wrong would it be if I assume ...
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1answer
60 views

Mathematical Description for Steam Rising from a Cup

I was staring at a cup of coffee I have on the desk just now. The light shines through the water vapor as they rise from the cup. The shape of the steam is not completely random, as it drift from ...
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162 views

Efficient free alternative to *Mathematica*

I am searching for a free alternative to Mathematica. By efficient, I mean that it should have every (or at least almost every) function that you can find in Mathematica, including for example Number ...
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46 views

What resources (books, videos, etc) to help develop math thinking skills?

I am a applied mathematics major and have taken basic undergraduate coursework up to multi-variable calculus, ordinary differential equations, and elementary linear algebra. I am currently taking ...
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22 views

Help on understanding tax bracket computation

Warning: some codes Tax Bracket: 1 up to 5,070 ---- 10% ...