A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Simple Non-Linear ODE - would like to find solution

In the modeling of the oscillation of a meniscus in a straw, the following non-linear ODE was derived. $$y'' = 1/y - 1$$ $y$ is a dimensionless displacement that is solely a function of time. The ...
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886 views

Intuitive meaning of right and left eigenvector

I am trying to get an intuitive understanding of the meanings of right and left eigenvectors. I guess the best thing you can do is to provide examples of application. (Examples from the field of ...
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39 views

What kind of stochastic model shall I build for x(t) if $stdev(dx)$ is linear to $dx$?

I'm building a stochastic model for a process $x(t)$. I notice that daily $dx$ and spot standard deviation of $dx$ seem not related. By spot standard deviation of $dx$ means i take 30 days $dx$ ...
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85 views

What is the relative strength of each of the players in this game?

This is a real life problem. A group of people meet once a week to play a game between two teams. Each round 2 people are randomly appointed captains. Each captain takes turns picking people to be on ...
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198 views

Enlightening Mathematical Models

What is your favourite Mathematical Model? What features make it intuitive or elegant? This question is largely inspired by an example and a desire to find other's like it. Suppose we have two ...
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73 views

How to model a doubling process with errors

An original document is duplicated. With probability $p_{err}$ a mistake is made in the copy (we will dub the resulting document the "wrong" document.) Both the original and the copy (right, or wrong) ...
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96 views

I'm trying to understand the solution to this simple mathematical modelling question

This is an example from Gary Chartrand's "Introductory Graph Theory" (Page 8, Example 1.5). He provides an answer without actually showing the steps or working, and I am unable to figure it out. The ...
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103 views

Eigenvalue/eigenvector calculation for linearly changed matrices

I'm looking for a way to speed up my computation that involves solving a moderate size generalised eigenvalue problem (matrices 400x400) large number of times depending on the parameter $m$. The ...
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2answers
218 views

Summation notation problem

Any help is greatly appreciated! Outline: Hermione has been thinking about the imminent return of the Dark Lord, so she has been busy packing her bag with all the items required for her survival. ...
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316 views

Operations research - linear programming help appreciated.

George Weasley, the owner of Weasleys' Wizard Wheezes, recently found that his Skiving Snackboxes have become extremely popular amongst the students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, and ...
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526 views

Why does my Barabasi Albert model implementation doesn't produce a scale free network

I'm trying to implement the Barabasi Albert model to generate some scale free network matching a power law distribution of degree. I'm using a value $m = 2$ for the main parameter of the algorithm, ...
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315 views

Interpretation of Phase Portrait

I have the following system $x'=f(X)$ of ODES: \begin{align} x_1'=& -4x_1^3(x_2-2)^2 \\ x_2'=& 2x_1^4(2-x_2) \end{align} Solving for equilibria: I got $1$ at $(0, 2)$. I plotted this and I am ...
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187 views

How to define a surface $z = f(x,y)$ with flat region at centre and sigmoidally tapering towards the edges?

How do we define a continuos function $f(x,y)$ within the bounded domain $x \in [a,b]$ and $y \in [c,d]$ so that $z=f(x,y)$ has a flat surface at the centre (flat means $f(x,y)= C$, $C$ being ...
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1answer
248 views

Finding the jacobian of a differential system with a piecewise function

My system: $$\frac{\mathrm{dx} }{\mathrm{d} t}=-ax^2+y^2-\gamma z$$ $$\frac{\mathrm{dy} }{\mathrm{d} t}=- h(y)-\beta y $$ $$\frac{\mathrm{dz} }{\mathrm{d} t}=x+h(y)-\beta z $$ where $h$ is the ...
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2answers
205 views

Invert this function $y=(1-x)e^{-x}$

Consider the fucntion $f:\mathcal{R}\rightarrow \mathcal{R}$ given by the rule $ f(x)=(1-x)e^{-x} $ Now I want to invert this function(not just for fun but I have a data that seems to fit this ...
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1answer
184 views

Given average network diameter, how many nodes are three hops away.

The University of Milan found in 2011 that everyone on the Internet was, on average, 4.74 steps away from anyone else.. is that information sufficient to answer this question: What proportion of ...
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90 views

Closed-form solution

I wrote down this equation which is the mathematical model of a system. Is there any way to get $V_c(t)$ in a closed-form expression? $V_c(t+d) = V_s \cdot U\left(V_r ...
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145 views

How to solve the advection equation with spiral motion

The advection equation is : $$\frac{\partial f(x,y,t)}{\partial t} + \nabla_{(x,y)} \cdot (A f)= 0$$ With initial condition $f(x,y,0) = f_0(x,y)$. If the vector $A$ is constant, ie. $A = ...
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49 views

How to visualize a function to aid in optimization?

I am working on minimization of a function with more than two parameters. I want to see variations, local extremes, saddle points, etc. of this function to get some idea of how is this function in ...
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1answer
293 views

Euler angle in ellipsoid rotation

I am modeling an ellipsoid tumbling in a flow field. I have derived an expression for the Euler angle $\phi(t)$ of the rotation in the $x$-$y$ plane as a function of time, but its range is only $\pi$, ...
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38 views

Predicting time t given time t-n

..Hi, Everyone! I'm having a bit of trouble with a statistics/forecasting problem and I could use some help. I have temperature measurements for each hour of each day for the past 10 years. Given the ...
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23 views

simplifying equations from model

I'm using the community land model (CLM) to do some university work and I'm trying to understand some of the equations that go into the model, one example is: $$ ...
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2answers
7k views

Examples of types of mathematical models

I am a student currently doing a course on modelling and simulation. I came across the classifications of mathematical models and studied that they can classified as static or dynamic, deterministic ...
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41 views

Linear Fit Issue

Consider a quantity $Q$ that changes as a function of time. The function $Q(t)$ is not explicitly known. We know that $Q(t_{0})=Q_{0}$. Assume for $t-t_{0}\le\epsilon$, we have a method to estimate ...
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156 views

Request for reference and technical support [closed]

I am going to write my master thesis in order to become a teacher of mathematics (with second subject business management). Supported by the ERASMUS program I have the opportunity to do this in ...
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115 views

Math model - constrain GDP given different growth rates of industries

ideas needed to model national GDP given different sector growth rates subject to some contraints Given: GDP equations for $n$ industries depend on growth rates and time i.e. $g(r_1,t), g(r_2, t), ...
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206 views

Statistics on three variables/factors

I have what is probably a simple problem. I'm trying to say something about sells of candy bars. I got data of sells for a population of children. There are three parameters (factors) to this data: ...
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387 views

Edge weight function for graph instance of scheduling and allocation problem

I have difficulties developing a proper (non-scalar) edge cost function $c_e$ for my resource scheduling problem, which I mapped into a graph problem. Processes $P_i$ need resources $R_i \in ...
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60 views

is possible to deduce a formula for vaccination coverage from Whittle threshold theorem?

I am reading the article Application of Whittle’s stochastic threshold theorem to a chickenpox outbreak and I can't understand the meaning of the term "intensity" in the Whittle threshold theorem. In ...
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1answer
3k views

True Velocity and Heading

An airplane flies at $670$ MPH directly northwest. Wind blows at $70$ MPH from the west (i.e the wind is blowing towards the east). Determine the true velocity and heading of the plane. Steps: ...
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1answer
103 views

Modeling gravity field with finite elements

Well, my question is rather from applied maths area, not pure mathematics, so I am not sure that it's a place on this board for one. I want to solve a direct gravity gradiometry problem on 3D ...
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71 views

Acceleration of series convergence

everyone! I am currently struggling with following problem: compute the series $$ \sum\limits_{m=1}^{+\infty}\frac{1}{m}\sin(m\alpha)(\cos(m\beta_1) - \cos(m\beta_2)) $$ and $$ ...
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81 views

How to define an objective function that conveys the concept of selecting the best elements in a set

Consider a set of tasks $\mathcal{T} = \{t_1, \ldots, t_I\}$. Consider also a set of workers $\mathcal{W} = \{w^1, \ldots, w^J\}$, where each worker $w^j \in \mathcal{W}$ is associated with a value ...
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97 views

Question regarding the projective models of the anti-de-Sitter spaces and good online references for learning them from the scratch? (Specifics below)

As my title says above, I am trying to find answers to and also good online reference where I can find complete description of projective models of hyperbolic space, de-Sitter space and anti-de-Sitter ...
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295 views

Water Systems: When can I use buckets of water to simulate an ODE.

It is quite common to use physical systems to perform calculations (see here and here). This is for a number of reasons: sometimes the physical system is efficient, sometimes it helps us understand ...
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767 views

Relationship between Turing bifurcation, saddle-node bifurcation, and Hopf bifurcation?

Quoting from http://jxshix.people.wm.edu/2009-harbin-course/mississippi-bifurcation-2.pdf a Turing bifurcation occurs when for an ODE and related PDE $u' = f(u,v), v' = g(u,v)$ $u_t = d_1 \nabla ...
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1answer
56 views

Approximation of beam

Assume that there is a simply supported beam subjected to concentrated moments $M_0$ at each end. The governing equation is $$EI\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}-M(x)=0$$ with the boundary conditions $y(0)=0$ and ...
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123 views

Mathematical Modelling Homework

Considering a situation in which two motorists, person A and B, share the same driving route but own different sized vehicles. Person A fills up the vehicle’s tank at a station along normal route for ...
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1answer
92 views

How do you set up a system of ODE's for this problem?

The problem is as follows: Black and White balls are being created inside an arbitrary volume at rates of $Q_{B}$ and $Q_{W}$. They also disappear from the volume at rates $\lambda_{B}$ and ...
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1answer
49 views

What method or subject deals with the following?

Can you point me to areas and methods that deals with modeling output from input data? Say we think our output depends on certain parameters, and say we have samples of this output versus time and ...
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111 views

Differential Equations & Sinusoidal Functions

I am developing a model for sales forecasting, the basic premise of which is that the rate of change of sales is proportional to the number of possible buyers. In developing this model, I came up with ...
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2answers
1k views

Sine and Cosine Models

This is a general question about modeling the seasons using sine and cosine functions; I am trying to use sine and cosine to model cyclic behavior in sales due to the seasons (spring, summer, fall and ...
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1answer
153 views

How can I model a rotating system which does not have constant acceleration?

I've sampled a rotating system to come up with a list of positions and velocities at certain times. I want to be able to predict how long it will take to reach a certain speed and how far it will have ...
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1answer
37 views

Model selection with different error distributions

I have three different models for a given set of data. Each of the models has a different error distribution. These error distributions are known. How can I decide what is the best model?
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67 views

matrix question - help needed

I am doing revision on matrices and came across this question. The solution (the matrix provided below the question) is there. I am not sure how or why 180 is in the position (1,4) (row and column ...
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1answer
100 views

Tensor compact/matrix form.

I have got this tensor $S_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i})$ Anyway I solve it for my problem and get $$ S_{ij} = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 ...
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308 views

What kinds of sets are reasonable to place on the continuum?

Warning: I don't know anything about set theory so I wouldn't really know how to spot an existing answer if it were around. Suppose I want to model some economic good or product. I would like to ...
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1answer
381 views

How to classify equilibrium points

I have the two differential equations: $$\frac{dN_1}{dt} = N_1(2 - N_1 - 2N_2)$$ $$\frac{dN_2}{dt} = N_2(3 - N_2 - 3N_1).$$ I worked out the equilibrium points to be at $N_1 = 0, \frac{4}{5}$ and ...
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156 views

special matrix in terms of its covariance matrix

How can we find a matrix $S\in \mathcal{M}_{n,n}$ and $Z\in \mathcal{M}_{n,m}$ whose $n$ entries of the $i^{th}$ column $Z_i$ are correlated $Z_i \sim \mathcal{N}(0,S)$ where $S \in \mathcal{M}_{n,n}$ ...
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319 views

Pursuit curves and arc length question

I am studying pursuit curves where a fast pirate ship which pursues a heavily laden treasure ship which tracks along a straight line. The ratio of the speeds of the ships is r > 1 (which is fixed) and ...