A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
110 views

Mathematical Modelling Homework

Considering a situation in which two motorists, person A and B, share the same driving route but own different sized vehicles. Person A fills up the vehicle’s tank at a station along normal route for ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How do you set up a system of ODE's for this problem?

The problem is as follows: Black and White balls are being created inside an arbitrary volume at rates of $Q_{B}$ and $Q_{W}$. They also disappear from the volume at rates $\lambda_{B}$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What method or subject deals with the following?

Can you point me to areas and methods that deals with modeling output from input data? Say we think our output depends on certain parameters, and say we have samples of this output versus time and ...
1
vote
0answers
398 views

How to calculate probability with sigmoid output in feedforward neural network?

first of all I'm sorry for my not very skilled English, but I will do my best to explain my problem. I'm trying to create a feedforward neural network with one hidden layer (with probably arctan ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Differential Equations & Sinusoidal Functions

I am developing a model for sales forecasting, the basic premise of which is that the rate of change of sales is proportional to the number of possible buyers. In developing this model, I came up with ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Sine and Cosine Models

This is a general question about modeling the seasons using sine and cosine functions; I am trying to use sine and cosine to model cyclic behavior in sales due to the seasons (spring, summer, fall and ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

How can I model a rotating system which does not have constant acceleration?

I've sampled a rotating system to come up with a list of positions and velocities at certain times. I want to be able to predict how long it will take to reach a certain speed and how far it will have ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Model selection with different error distributions

I have three different models for a given set of data. Each of the models has a different error distribution. These error distributions are known. How can I decide what is the best model?
0
votes
2answers
65 views

matrix question - help needed

I am doing revision on matrices and came across this question. The solution (the matrix provided below the question) is there. I am not sure how or why 180 is in the position (1,4) (row and column ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Tensor compact/matrix form.

I have got this tensor $S_{ij} = \frac{1}{2}(\frac{\partial u_i}{\partial x_j} + \frac{\partial u_j}{\partial x_i})$ Anyway I solve it for my problem and get $$ S_{ij} = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

What kinds of sets are reasonable to place on the continuum?

Warning: I don't know anything about set theory so I wouldn't really know how to spot an existing answer if it were around. Suppose I want to model some economic good or product. I would like to ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

How to classify equilibrium points

I have the two differential equations: $$\frac{dN_1}{dt} = N_1(2 - N_1 - 2N_2)$$ $$\frac{dN_2}{dt} = N_2(3 - N_2 - 3N_1).$$ I worked out the equilibrium points to be at $N_1 = 0, \frac{4}{5}$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

special matrix in terms of its covariance matrix

How can we find a matrix $S\in \mathcal{M}_{n,n}$ and $Z\in \mathcal{M}_{n,m}$ whose $n$ entries of the $i^{th}$ column $Z_i$ are correlated $Z_i \sim \mathcal{N}(0,S)$ where $S \in \mathcal{M}_{n,n}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
276 views

Pursuit curves and arc length question

I am studying pursuit curves where a fast pirate ship which pursues a heavily laden treasure ship which tracks along a straight line. The ratio of the speeds of the ships is r > 1 (which is fixed) and ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Solving a form of the logistic equation to arrive a given solution

I am writing my bachelor thesis on modelling of city growth and using the book Cities and Complexity by Michael Batty. On page 394, while modelling the growth as spatial epidemic, he writes: ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Shape of a Kite String

A kite is flown at some angle and elevation. Without wind, the string takes the shape of a catenary curve. But the wind is crucial. Is there a name for the shape of a kite string -- is it some ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Boltzmann machines - motivation for the energy function

I've been studying Boltzmann machines lately and was wondering if anyone could give me a "high-level" explanation or motivation for the energy function used: $$E = -\sum_{i<j} w_{ij} \, s_i \, s_j ...
2
votes
1answer
806 views

Python numerical solution for a nonlinear second order ODE with two boundary conditions

I want to solve numerical the next equation, in Python $$u''(x) = \left( a - \Big(b\big(u(x)^{2}\big)\Big) \right) \big(u'(x)\big)^{3}$$ it is a nonlinear second order $ODE$ with two $B.C$. ...
0
votes
3answers
457 views

How to find the length of a curved path.

We have to find a continuous model for a curved path which you then solve. A woman is running in the positive y-direction starting at x=50 (50,0) which is orthogonal to the x axis. At this point a dog ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculating equilibrium point of non-linear ODE with free parameter

I have two ordinary differential equations equations: $$ \dot{x}=1+x^{2}y-(1+A)x $$ $$ \dot{y}=Ax-yx^{2} $$ I need to find the single equilibrium point in terms of $A$. So set $\dot{x}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Amount of information a hidden state can convey (HMM)

In this paper (Products of Hidden Markov Models, http://www.cs.toronto.edu/~hinton/absps/aistats_2001.pdf), the authors say that: The hidden state of a single HMM can only convey log K bits of ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Trouble understanding a part of the book Cities and Complexity

I am writing my bachelor thesis or whatever it is called about modelling of city growth, using a book called Cities and Complexity by Michael Batty. It is not that mathematical, to be honest, it has ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Curvature of surface

So lets say I have a mesh and for each face I have the position of its $3$ vertices and the area of the face. So let's say I have a point $p$ on this face and a vector $v$ that goes from $p$ to the ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

Looking for a Lyapunov function for the next system

I am really stuck looking for a Lypaunov candidate for the next system (which in simulation is stable). $$ \dot{x} = -(A+A^T)x + Ay \\ \dot{y} = K(x-y) $$ where x and y are vectors in R^3, A is a ...
1
vote
2answers
375 views

Slide Puzzle logic??

say there is an image made into a slide puzzle in a grid of sections 4 wide and 6 high, the missing piece that is missing so you can slide the other pieces of the puzzle around is always the bottom ...
0
votes
3answers
935 views

I need a differentiable function whose plot is a plateau and the steepness and width can be varied arbitrarily and easily

I need to model the solar radiation incident on a solar panel. I tried using $$\tanh(b*(x-a))-\tanh(b*x)$$ but it does not give me a lot of flexibility with the characteristics of the curve, namely ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Is there a trade model which takes in account credulity?

I have to admit I'm not to familiar with mathematical economics but, as a student in mathematics, I was trying to play a bit with a toy trade model I'm try to build over a finite population. My ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

how to estimate a variable's upper limit with 95% confidence level?

Suppose I have a variable, $S(t)$, for stock price. So always have $S(t) > 0$. $S(t)$ is a random variable, with some volatility $\sigma$ and trend. Now the requirement is to estimate $\hat ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Computing the length of a path

The rectangular grounds at Hillingham University is going to have a new path built which takes the curved shape of $y=2.2x^2$, starting from the south-west corner - (taken as the origin in a graph) ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Calculating the expected number of items shared by chance in a Venn Diagram

I have a Venn Diagram that looks like this: $$A) \, 213 \quad B) \, 160 \quad A\cap B) \, 100$$ The items from $A$ come from a population where their probability to be selected is ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

How large initial angular velocity is needed for pendulum to go completely around?

If a pendulum is initially at its unstable equilibrium position, how large an initial angular velocity is necessary for it to go completely around?
5
votes
2answers
134 views

Are there rigorous mathematical definitions for these waves?

My friend linked this .gif to me tonight, and asked me if I knew of any equations that might model these bottom two waves (the blue and green waves). Unfortunately, I am not far enough in my education ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

a line perpendicular to a given line

I am confused now, I have a 2D line. If its equation is $r = x\cos(\theta) + y\sin(\theta)$, then what will be the line which is perpendicular to that line? Where $r, \theta$ is described ...
0
votes
2answers
461 views

Bookshelf problem

There is this thought problem I've been trying to solve, it goes as follows Imagine a bookshelf with a finite number of books in it, to which a finite number of people have access. Each person has a ...
-1
votes
1answer
261 views

Calculating Humidity, Wet Bulb Temp and Dew Point [closed]

I have been trying to simulate a climate system, but I have hit a wall. I am trying to calculate Humidity. But to calculate Humidity you need the Wet Bulb Temperature, but to calculate the Wet Bulb ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

exponential population growth models using $e$?

Im trying to understand this write up [1] of cell population growth models and am confused about the use of natural logarithms. If cells double at a constant rate starting from 1 cell, then their cell ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Linear Models - Regression Analysis

As a student learning Applied Regression Analysis, I come from a background with very little information about this topic. I understand that given $y = \beta_0 + \beta_1x_1 + \epsilon$ $E(y\mid x) = ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

hopf bifurcation for an ode

I understand how to analyse a system of equations like $x'(t) = f(x,y)$ $y'(t) = g(x,y)$ set $x'$ and $y'$ to zero and find the fixed points etc, and find the stability. What Im am not sure of ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

How to model a system with multiple probability distributions, each for a part of the system?

I need to build a complex probability model to describe some "real world" scenarios. The system consists of several types of objects, and the contraints upon these objects and their interactions are ...
2
votes
1answer
503 views

Can the differentiating and squaring process in the cochlea explain a reported dichotic stimulation experiment?

On this math.stackexchange on url What is Octave Equivalence? in an answer on the related ( octave equivalence ) question is stated: Mathematically, this signifies that the mammalian cochlea ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a general solution for the “Spider and the Fly Problem”?

(I would be appreciative if somebody could give a more formal formulation of this problem.) The Spider and the Fly Problem is a problem in which the objective is to minimize the distance the spider ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Creating a model

Here's a seemingly simple pondering. If one item is more valuable the higher it is (i.e., $a=5$ is worth more than $a=2$) and another item is more valuable the lower it is (i.e., $b=2$ is worth more ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Transport problem wth time management

Are there general methods for solving the transportation problem with additional conditions: Time management (transportation from point A to point B is so much) Transportation of more than one ...
1
vote
0answers
196 views

How to parametrize a function such that it approaches $f(0)=0$ and $f(1)=1$ with different speed

I need a function (polynome) that values $0$ at $0$ and $1$ at $1$ and has these values as local maxima and minima. So far so easy the straight solution is: $$f(x) = -x^4+2x^2$$ Now I want to ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Could you help me to find a model for this curve?

I am very bad in mathematics and I'm not able to find by myself the model corresponding to this kind of curve. I wish to have a quick growth at the beginning, then it should increase slowly for a ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

How to solve these simultaneous equations:

$1 = 1/2y - bx,$ $1 = 1/2x - ay$ I need x,y it in terms of constants, but I can't figure it out!
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Iterative model fitting

I have a sequence of points $\{(x_k,y_k,z_k)\}$ and I need to fit some $2D$ model $P(x,y)$ that approximates $z$ in some sense. The $z_k$$'s$ are noisy samples of some $2D$ function $z_k = f(x,y) + ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Actuarial / Modelling question - difference between RUN date and VAL date

My understanding is that RUN date is the date you do the RUN (eg in prophet / moses / igloo / whatever, the date on which you performed the calculations) Whereas VALuation date is the initial 'as at' ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Should I get the absolute value of the result of the inverse discrete fourier transform?

The result of equation 36 can be positive and negative.And if I don't get the absolute value of it,the ocean surface tend to be very regular.But according to the paper,the author never get the ...
1
vote
1answer
469 views

Complex results in inverse Fourier transform for simulating ocean water

I don't understand the equation37 in simulate ocean water by Jerry Tessendorf.The result is all complex number, how to be the slope.Even if I compute the magnitude of it,the result is just positive ...