A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Predicting profit with price variation

I am currently working on a high school project that aims to predict profit from X amount of items to Y amount of profit based off a deviated sale price. For instance: I sale 10 cookies for 10 ...
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1answer
85 views

Mathematica Question regarding NSolve

I'm trying to solve for 2-cycles for the equation $$x=xe^{r[1-x]}$$ using Mathematica. I've tried using NSolve, FindRoot, and Solve. When I use NSolve I input it as $$\textrm{NSolve}[xe^{r[1 - xe^{r[1 ...
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1answer
321 views

A way to check the accuracy of a Markov chain?

I am not sure whether I should post this question on MSE or SSE. I will post it here 1st to see if I can get some feedback. Say I have a finite discrete Markov chain constructed maybe using some data ...
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1answer
23 views

Regularity of the surface of a crystal

If I want to model the surface of any random crystal, is it safe to assume that it is the graph of a Lipschitz function. Is there a precise result from physicists? How wrong would it be if I assume ...
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1answer
91 views

Mathematical Description for Steam Rising from a Cup

I was staring at a cup of coffee I have on the desk just now. The light shines through the water vapor as they rise from the cup. The shape of the steam is not completely random, as it drift from hot ...
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198 views

Efficient free alternative to *Mathematica*

I am searching for a free alternative to Mathematica. By efficient, I mean that it should have every (or at least almost every) function that you can find in Mathematica, including for example Number ...
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52 views

What resources (books, videos, etc) to help develop math thinking skills?

I am a applied mathematics major and have taken basic undergraduate coursework up to multi-variable calculus, ordinary differential equations, and elementary linear algebra. I am currently taking ...
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1answer
26 views

Help on understanding tax bracket computation

Warning: some codes Tax Bracket: 1 up to 5,070 ---- 10% ...
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1answer
111 views

Including non-markovian processes in a birth-death process

Current model I want to model a stochastic system with a birth-death (Markovian) model. I therefore have this kind of $n$ times $n$ (where $n$ is the number of possible states) transition matrix: $$\...
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1answer
101 views

How can you find orbits of period 2 of the tent map

$f(x) = \begin{cases} \mu x &\text{ for } 0\leq x\leq 0.5 \\ \mu(1 - x) &\text{ for } 0.5 < x \leq 1 \end{cases}$ I am to find the orbits of period 2. By using google I found an example ...
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656 views

Parabola investigation

Edit 4: I added the below picture for clarity I'm trying to figure out how to find the angle between the red line and the blue line, but I have no idea how to start. (I have a feeling that this ...
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2answers
89 views

Population dynamics calculation

I am trying to solve the question: A population of protozoa develops with a constant relative growth rate of 0.7944 per member per day. On day zero, the population consists of two members. ...
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3answers
66 views

Linear nonhomogenous ODE

Solve: $$y''(t)=-y(t)-\cos(t),\ \ \ \ \ \ y(0)=y'(0)=0$$ I'm sorry that I have no approach to solve it. In my solution I have the hint to solve it with resonance but I don't know anything about ...
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1answer
810 views

Finding a general equation for number of paths through grid

I started with a 4x4 grid (although I want to eventually generalize for an n x n grid). You must move through a grid on the squares, not on the grid lines. The number of paths for path length = 1 is ...
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1answer
36 views

Prove $\sigma_V=x\sigma_S$. (Financial Mathematics)

Prove that the standard deviation of the value $V(T)$ at time of any portfolio $(x,y)$ at time $T$ in a one-step binomial is given by $\sigma_V=x\sigma_S$, where $\sigma_S$ is the standard deviation ...
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51 views

Describe as a system of differential equations

How is it possible to describe the $\dfrac{du_c}{dt}$ and $\dfrac{di}{dt}$ as a system of differential-equations? $$ u_s = u_r + u_l + u_c\\ i = C\frac{du_c}{dt}\\ u_l = L\frac{di}{dt}\\ u_r = Ri\\ $...
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1answer
68 views

Poisson Modeling/ Queue Theory - Reference Material

Can anyone reccomend some practical reference material related to building and implementing queueing theory models. using stochastic (prefferably Poisson) processes? We are looking to build out a few ...
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24 views

Could the word “continuum” be applied to theposition of the hands of an analog clock?

The word "continuum", in term of measurement, is defined as: models explain variation as involving gradual quantitative transitions without abrupt changes or discontinuities. In contrast, ...
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34 views

What is distinction between Functional Linear Regression and Functional Linear Models?

Thanks in advance for the help. I want to make sure that I understand two concepts correctly. A functional linear model is a particular type of linear model while functional linear regression is the ...
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3answers
371 views

How do you go about formalizing a concept?

I am reading Godel Escher Bach. I love it. In the first few chapters, the author shows what a formal system is and gives examples that eventually lead to a typographical formal system of strings that ...
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1answer
330 views

Find the difference equation for {2, 4, 16, 256, …}

Write a difference equation to represent the change during the nth interval as a function of the previous term in the sequence. b. {2,4,16, 256,...} I know that an= 22n but I can't figure out how to ...
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1answer
40 views

Quantifiers and Mathematical Modelling

When we are in the context of pure mathematics, quantifiers are everywhere. When we are in the context of mathematical modelling, quantifiers usually disappear. For instance, in statistics we often ...
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420 views

Game theory: Bidding strategy during an auction in a card game

I'm trying to create a mathematical model for the auction process in a card game called Pitch. The specific question I'm interested in solving is: Let $p_i$ represent the probability of a specific ...
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1answer
358 views

Can we rotate a 3D lattice of deformed spheres?

EDIT by EricStucky: The full text of original post below for reference, but I have talked with the OP in chat and believe that this is the mathematical core of the question. Suppose that we have ...
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36 views

I need to model a population where every component have a fixed life span.

I have a certain population, which growth is function of a certain factor. I have already modeled the growth. Now I need to impose that every individual in the population have a fixed life length. Can ...
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1answer
222 views

How to represent R function dexp mathematically?

I need help representing this line of code mathematically. exp(sum(dexp(x,prop_theta,log=TRUE)) - sum(dexp(x,cur_theta,log=TRUE))) Thanks for your help in ...
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2answers
116 views

How do you formulate a vague notion into a mathematical expression?

I am a software engineer wanting to learn math. I also do a little bit of drawing. What I am wondering is, how do you formulate a vague notion of something you're trying to model into a mathematical ...
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113 views

How to model a real-world graphical structure into a mathematical formulation?

I am trying to learn how to model programming problems in a mathematical way. I am a software engineer, but have recently been running into road blocks where I can't solve some problems very ...
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2answers
452 views

How to determine new dimensionless variables when non-dimensionsionalizing a system of ODEs?

I am following this a research paper called "Evolution of Within-Host Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea", which can be found here. I have one question regarding the method of non-dimensionalization. ...
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70 views

Find the expression of a function close to this drawing

I am trying to model mechanical response under constraint in materials, and I know that I need this kind of function if I want my model to be accurate. The point is, I have absolutely no idea about ...
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1answer
96 views

A question in application of derivatives and vectors

Consider a skier who is sliding without friction on the hill ${y = h(x)}$ in a two dimensional world. The skier is subject to two forces. One is gravity. The other acts perpendicularly to the hill. ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Computational compass-and-straightedge constructions

I recently came across Ancient Greek Geometry, a web toy by Nico Disseldorp, and it got me wondering: is there a way to exactly model the points generated by geometric constructions, starting from two ...
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1answer
425 views

Markov Chain with Memory

One of the defining characteristics of a Markov Chain is that it is memoryless: the next state depends only on the current state, and not on the set of preceding states. I'm looking for a ...
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18 views

Number of significant linear predictors if predictors are not independent?

I would like to determine which of a set of candidate predictors $\{x_1, x_2,\ldots, x_n\}$ are significantly relevant to the linear prediction of $y$. Typically, one can compare a full model $$\...
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51 views

Form of a function I can fit like a polynomial that has an asymptote on x-axis and is always positive

So I have a small list of pairs of the form $(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0})$ and I want to fit a function to this data. Additionally I know that as $x$ grows large in either direction $y$ tends to ...
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2answers
47 views

Rounding a real number w.r.t. a given amount of steps

Let $x$ be a real number, $x \in [0,1]$. Suppose a system can only provide a noisy signal about the value of $x$, given the granularity allowed by the system, $N \in \mathbb{N}^*$. I'm looking for an ...
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1answer
208 views

Start studying mathematical biology from basics

I am really passionate about theoretical and quantitative biology and I would like to build my future career around this topic. I've just got my bachelor's degree in biology (ecology) but scince I'...
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1answer
138 views

Definition of “epidemic” when using SIR models

I haven't studied differential equations for a long time, but I have just started looking at material on the SIR model of epidemics. My problem is that the resources that I've looked at haven't given ...
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62 views

Finding the largest eigenvalue of a sparse matrix

I would like to find the largest eigenvalue of a sparse matrix by hand- this is part of analyzing a mathematical model for infectious diseases. The nonzero entries are very complicated - hence Maple ...
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1answer
243 views

Analytical Models for Hysteresis of Complicated Systems

I’ve been working with a system that exhibits hysteresis and I’ve found that the more common models do not work for me. I am wondering if anyone is aware of other models that might be out there for ...
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1answer
66 views

Finding a value that makes an expression negative

Background: I am working on the mathematical modeling of infectious diseases, namely HIV and TB. In the process of proving global asymptotic stability of the Disease-Free Equilibrium, I must ...
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2answers
118 views

Units of time in simple differential equation

Very simple question: There is a well-known model in epidemiology called SIR model. It describes the changes in the number of susceptible, infectious and recovered individuals in a population. It is ...
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1answer
65 views

How can I modelize a weekly menu and minimize the total number of ingredients it contains

Hi and many thanks for reading this question. I want to create an algorithm that will minimize the total number of ingredients that are in a weekly menu. A menu is made of several recipes, for ...
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2answers
139 views

Creating a mathematical formula to price a taxi booking

I've been asked to create a mathematical formula that will be used to price taxi bookings at a local taxi company. Current system used: A table is used as a reference Variables: x is the ...
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1answer
180 views

Estimate arrival time of a ship given the average of the ships in a day in a Poisson Distribution

I'm working in a simulation of a Port where ships come to specific stations of the port. I already know that the average amount of ships is given by a Poisson distribution and the service time (On ...
2
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1answer
101 views

Math Finance: Arbitragefree Pricing Q vs. P

I read that the Fundamental Theorem of Asset Pricing states, that a market is arbitrage-free if there exists a riskneutral equivalent martingale measure Q~P, under which the discounted asset price ...
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77 views

PDE modeling (heat conduction and flow)

The heat conduction is expressed by a classic heat equation like $p(x) u_t + div (A(x) u) = f(x,t) $. If I look at a porous medium like this (solid+gas) the heat equation should apply too (in a ...
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90 views

Simple differential equation modelling question.

The question is: A chemical dissolves in water at a rate equal to 10% of the amount of undissolved chemical per hour. At time $t$ hours the amount of undissolved chemicalis $x$ grams. Initially the ...
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169 views

Could the birthday paradox be interpreted also about deaths?

Is the probability from the birthday paradox also true about deaths? If so, why? Or why not? I would think that it is also true about deaths, but it doesn't say so.
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58 views

How can I find a tranformation matrix/Mathematical relation between two 5th degree polynomial curves in space?

I have the equation of two 5th degree polynomials which they don't intersect with each other. Each curve is made of 100 points and these two curves look similar but there are small differences. I am ...