A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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In your opinion, what's happening if in following linear programming problem we have A=A Transposed? [on hold]

Max Z=Cx s.t. Ax <= b In this case, primary problem and Dual problem are Equivalent. In fact that, my question is what's the meaning of above question? Thanks in advance.
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Is this probabilistic balls-and-bins problem well-defined and is my solution correct?

Problem definition: There are $n$ bins, labeled with $1, 2, \ldots, n$. Let $X_i$ be a random variable denoting the number of balls contained in the $i$-th bin. The collection of random variables ...
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Split cab fare proportional to saving made across the board

Interesting dilemma. I've figured out how to split a cab fare 3 ways (proportional to time, mileage and equally) but I've found that when the cab fare is split proportional to time and mileage, the ...
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11 views

How to find the basic reproductive number of a discrete SIS epidemic model

I have been following a textbook called Mathematical Models in Population Biology and Epidemiology. The SIS model is given by the system \begin{aligned} S_{n+1} &= \Lambda + S_n e^{-\mu} ...
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24 views

Split a cab fare proportional to the time everyone has spent in taxi

How would you split a cab fare proportional to the time everyone has spent in the taxi? Total journey time = 19 min Fare = $17.25 ...
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Mathematics behind Mathematics! [closed]

Mathematics is a social human activity which shares many points with other natural and social phenomenas. All of us have an intuitive sense of what is going on in different fields of maths. For ...
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mathematical model of an assignment/scheduling problem

I am solving a scheduling problem and I am able to abstract it into an assignment problem of assigning 45 machines to 42 jobs. the assignment problem was given as having 14 jobs, each with 3 tasks and ...
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40 views

Water leaking out of a conical tank [closed]

At time $t=0$ the bottom plug (at the vertex) of a full conical tank $16$ft high is removed. After 1h the water in the tank is $9$ ft deep. When will the tank be empty? Who can help with this ...
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For a given data set formulate the mathematical model that minimizes the largest deviation between the data and the line y = ax + b

X Y 1.00 3.60 2.30 3.00 3.70 3.20 4.20 5.10 6.10 5.30 7.00 6.80 I am looking to find min r, a an b using Chebyshev approximation criterion. Using Least Squares I calculated y = ...
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43 views

Anyone know about definition of weak dictator?

I am trying to prove arrow's impossibility theorem in case which ties are allowed in individual preference lists and so is social preference list. It says that if $p$ is a weak dictator, then we can ...
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17 views

Determining a function from a graph

I have the following graph created in Excel based on 10 data points. Does anyone here know of a good continuous function that could be constructed from the data? What methods are typically used for ...
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Questions about arrow's impossibility theorem.

If we had chosen to work in a context where ties are allowed in the individual preference lists, then Arrow’s Theorem no longer holds with the conclusion that there is a person whose list is always ...
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15 views

Analyzing/Modeling DynamoDB Usage

I'm seeking the correct mathematical tools to analyze/model a real world process for the purpose of optimizing resource allocation. I want to analyze consumed throughput of a AWS DynamoDB table and ...
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31 views

Which Probabilistic model to apply for this problem

I am a little confused about which probabilistic model to apply to this. Say I have an intern who is entering data on a daily basis. I have a clerk who at the end of the week pulls out a random ...
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33 views

How to connect the deterministic and probabilistic descriptions of the SIR model

I am a 17 year old student and I was reading up on epidemic modelling for a math project, specifically the SIR model and I came across this: "This" refers to the assumptions to which the Markov Chain ...
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16 views

Oversampling and trees

I want to create a model to predict the propensity to buy a certain product. As my proportion of 1's is very low, I decided to apply oversampling (to get a 10% of 1's and a 90% of 0's). Now, I want to ...
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22 views

Classifying growth as percent increase.

So I have been thinking about resource consumption a lot after watching the most important video you will ever see. It is pretty long so I will summarize it as follows, the professor makes a strong ...
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37 views

How to plot a phase potrait of a system of ODEs (in Mathematica)

I am asked to use mathematica to plot the fixed-points of the following system $$ \frac{dN}{dt} = -\gamma N \left( 1 - \left( \beta M + N\right) \right) $$ $$\frac{dM}{dt} = M \left( 1 - \left( ...
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14 views

How do you scale a set of number such that they sum to 0.5 after scaling

Suppose I have a set of numbers of various different values (>0.0). I want to scale these numbers so that they all sum to 0.5. The scaling is required so that the relative strength of the numbers with ...
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Good similarity metric of models

I have a bunch of models that are being produced by some code I have. Many of them are different types but let's say for the simple case that all models can be represented by $\beta_0...\beta_n$. I ...
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26 views

Modelling a transfer function for plant/system empirically

In an attempt to learn about PID controllers, I'm designing a small desktop thermal control system. I have a power resistor mounted to a heatsink, with a thermister placed nearby to measure ...
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25 views

Stochastic Calculus For Finance: Conditional Expectation of Binomial Tree Model

I'm reading through Stochastic Calculus For Finance Volume 1, page 32. The conditional expectation of $S_2$ knowing $1=H$ is $p*S_2(HH) + q*S_2(HT) = 0.5*16 + 0.5*4 = 10$ But how do I calculate ...
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45 views

Applied mathematics commonly needed in the following industries

I was just wondering if anyone could shed more light on specific topics in applied mathematics or other skills (programming, etc) commonly used in the following industries: oil and gas, ...
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31 views

Establishing a inequality

I need to establish an inequality containing $19$ terms in $7$ variables. My problem arises in the context of proving that the HIV-only Quasi Disease-Free Equilibrium of a HIV-TB co-epidemic model ...
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51 views

Swimming Problem - How can I do this?

I have a problem with the following diagram. The triangle is just a possible path and may not be the shortest. If the boy has to get to the destination in the fastest way possible: What ...
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25 views

How to get the chemical form of the the lotka-volterra ODEs

I know how to work from a chemical equation to an ODE, as described here: http://brunel.ac.uk/~cspgoop/uploads/ode_chemical_network.pdf How do I go the other way? I want to convert the ...
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Unusual Probability Question

Wheel of fortune: Assume that the probability for an angle φ is P(φ) = λ$φ^2$. The game pays $1000 times the angle. a) What is λ? b) Find the expectation and the variance of the game. Comments: ...
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Generalize discrete Lyapunov equation for n-th order linear dynamics system

My specific application is analysis of dynamic textures using linear dynamics systems of the form $$ I(t) = Cz(t) + w(t) \\ z(t + 1) = Az(t) + Bv(t), $$ where $I(t)$ is the original signal, $z(t)$ ...
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Looking for advice on a math project

I had an idea of modeling the evolution of population in the dining hall (just the section where people get their food, not where people eat their food) and discussing the properties of this Dynamical ...
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22 views

How to form an equation from given graph

Hello, How can I form the mathematical equation from the given characteristics? I have attached here the excel file data of X andY axis along with the formed graph. I want to form the mathematical ...
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25 views

Check if intervals overlap

I have a set of activities $A$, where each activity $i \in A$ has a starting date $s_i$ and an end date $e_i$ (or equivalently a starting date and a duration $d_i$). Therefore, each activity can be ...
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Predicting profit with price variation

I am currently working on a high school project that aims to predict profit from X amount of items to Y amount of profit based off a deviated sale price. For instance: I sale 10 cookies for 10 ...
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How could one go about constructing this relatively simple contagious diffusion-reaction model?

How could one go about constructing a contagious diffusion-reaction model showing the relationship between disease (e.g. Ebola) and number of available healthcare workers in an unevenly distributed ...
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Mathematics Model for measuring the evenness of a distribution

At time $t$, the distribution for a dynamical model is: $a_1(t), a_2 (t), a_3 (t),…, a_n(t)$ as the system evolves it may be expected that if the number of samples in a species is less than the ...
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trends in mathematics

I study mathematical modelling and was asked to prepare a translation of an article for the English classes. So I want to find something up to date, that would help me to choose the direction of my ...
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67 views

Mathematica Question regarding NSolve

I'm trying to solve for 2-cycles for the equation $$x=xe^{r[1-x]}$$ using Mathematica. I've tried using NSolve, FindRoot, and Solve. When I use NSolve I input it as $$\textrm{NSolve}[xe^{r[1 - xe^{r[1 ...
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Linear Programming- Steelco manufactures two types of steel

Problem 1 Steelco manufactures two types of steel (steel 1 and steel 2) at two locations (plant 1 and plant 2). Three resources are needed to manufacture a ton of steel: iron, coal, and blast furnace ...
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48 views

A way to check the accuracy of a Markov chain?

I am not sure whether I should post this question on MSE or SSE. I will post it here 1st to see if I can get some feedback. Say I have a finite discrete Markov chain constructed maybe using some data ...
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A modelling question about fox and rabbit

In a forest, there is a fox hiding in a small bush, watching a rabbit 6m away from her. At t = 0s, the rabbit starts running on a curve path, such that at t = 0.8s she reaches 3.5m and at t = 1.2s she ...
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How to find a transfer function the transfer function from angular velocity to the current used by the motor? [closed]

I need to find the transfer function of a control system with the input being an angular velocity (from a sensor measuring the rotation of a wheel of a vehicle) and the output being a current used to ...
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1answer
17 views

Regularity of the surface of a crystal

If I want to model the surface of any random crystal, is it safe to assume that it is the graph of a Lipschitz function. Is there a precise result from physicists? How wrong would it be if I assume ...
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Error of standard deviation of a Bradley Terry model

I have a set of pairwise comparisons which I can fit the Bradley-Terry Model to. I am fitting it using a simple iterative algorithm according to Algorithm 1 of A Generalized Bradley-Terry Model: From ...
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1answer
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Mathematical Description for Steam Rising from a Cup

I was staring at a cup of coffee I have on the desk just now. The light shines through the water vapor as they rise from the cup. The shape of the steam is not completely random, as it drift from ...
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131 views

Efficient free alternative to *Mathematica*

I am searching for a free alternative to Mathematica. By efficient, I mean that it should have every (or at least almost every) function that you can find in Mathematica, including for example Number ...
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43 views

What resources (books, videos, etc) to help develop math thinking skills?

I am a applied mathematics major and have taken basic undergraduate coursework up to multi-variable calculus, ordinary differential equations, and elementary linear algebra. I am currently taking ...
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Help on understanding tax bracket computation

Warning: some codes Tax Bracket: 1 up to 5,070 ---- 10% ...
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Differential Equation Model ODE45 Matlab

The following system of differential equations is intended to be solved with the usage of matlabs ode45 function: $\frac{d\theta}{dt} = w(t)$ $\frac{dw}{dt} = \frac{1}{0.85s}(160 rad/s*u(t) - ...
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Including non-markovian processes in a birth-death process

Current model I want to model a stochastic system with a birth-death (Markovian) model. I therefore have this kind of $n$ times $n$ (where $n$ is the number of possible states) transition matrix: ...
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Given $y=h(x,a)$ , is it always possible to invertibly transform into $f(y)=g(a)G(x)$?

This a question from stats but I bet there is a mathematical answer to it. Stats: "Criterion for non-linearizability of a reduced model ($y=f(x,a_{i})$).So given any reduced form non-linear model ...
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How can you find orbits of period 2 of the tent map

$f(x) = \begin{cases} \mu x &\text{ for } 0\leq x\leq 0.5 \\ \mu(1 - x) &\text{ for } 0.5 < x \leq 1 \end{cases}$ I am to find the orbits of period 2. By using google I found an example ...