A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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Unusual Probability Question

Wheel of fortune: Assume that the probability for an angle φ is P(φ) = λ$φ^2$. The game pays $1000 times the angle. a) What is λ? b) Find the expectation and the variance of the game. Comments: ...
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Generalize discrete Lyapunov equation for n-th order linear dynamics system

My specific application is analysis of dynamic textures using linear dynamics systems of the form $$ I(t) = Cz(t) + w(t) \\ z(t + 1) = Az(t) + Bv(t), $$ where $I(t)$ is the original signal, $z(t)$ ...
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Looking for advice on a math project

I had an idea of modeling the evolution of population in the dining hall (just the section where people get their food, not where people eat their food) and discussing the properties of this Dynamical ...
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19 views

How to form an equation from given graph

Hello, How can I form the mathematical equation from the given characteristics? I have attached here the excel file data of X andY axis along with the formed graph. I want to form the mathematical ...
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+150

Constructing Lyapunov function for system of ODEs

Background: I have been working on this problem for my research for months now, and I am in dire need of help. That is why I have come here to seek help. I have a system of nine ODEs that describe ...
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22 views

Check if intervals overlap

I have a set of activities $A$, where each activity $i \in A$ has a starting date $s_i$ and an end date $e_i$ (or equivalently a starting date and a duration $d_i$). Therefore, each activity can be ...
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Predicting profit with price variation

I am currently working on a high school project that aims to predict profit from X amount of items to Y amount of profit based off a deviated sale price. For instance: I sale 10 cookies for 10 ...
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Difference Equations and their applications

What are some interesting applications to difference equations? I've learned about first and second order difference equations, first order systems, different kinds of equilibrium solutions (locally ...
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How could one go about constructing this relatively simple contagious diffusion-reaction model?

How could one go about constructing a contagious diffusion-reaction model showing the relationship between disease (e.g. Ebola) and number of available healthcare workers in an unevenly distributed ...
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34 views

Mathematics Model for measuring the evenness of a distribution

At time $t$, the distribution for a dynamical model is: $a_1(t), a_2 (t), a_3 (t),…, a_n(t)$ as the system evolves it may be expected that if the number of samples in a species is less than the ...
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29 views

trends in mathematics

I study mathematical modelling and was asked to prepare a translation of an article for the English classes. So I want to find something up to date, that would help me to choose the direction of my ...
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64 views

Mathematica Question regarding NSolve

I'm trying to solve for 2-cycles for the equation $$x=xe^{r[1-x]}$$ using Mathematica. I've tried using NSolve, FindRoot, and Solve. When I use NSolve I input it as $$\textrm{NSolve}[xe^{r[1 - xe^{r[1 ...
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Linear Programming- Steelco manufactures two types of steel

Problem 1 Steelco manufactures two types of steel (steel 1 and steel 2) at two locations (plant 1 and plant 2). Three resources are needed to manufacture a ton of steel: iron, coal, and blast furnace ...
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40 views

A way to check the accuracy of a Markov chain?

I am not sure whether I should post this question on MSE or SSE. I will post it here 1st to see if I can get some feedback. Say I have a finite discrete Markov chain constructed maybe using some data ...
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36 views

A modelling question about fox and rabbit

In a forest, there is a fox hiding in a small bush, watching a rabbit 6m away from her. At t = 0s, the rabbit starts running on a curve path, such that at t = 0.8s she reaches 3.5m and at t = 1.2s she ...
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1answer
41 views

How to find a transfer function the transfer function from angular velocity to the current used by the motor? [closed]

I need to find the transfer function of a control system with the input being an angular velocity (from a sensor measuring the rotation of a wheel of a vehicle) and the output being a current used to ...
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1answer
16 views

Regularity of the surface of a crystal

If I want to model the surface of any random crystal, is it safe to assume that it is the graph of a Lipschitz function. Is there a precise result from physicists? How wrong would it be if I assume ...
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Error of standard deviation of a Bradley Terry model

I have a set of pairwise comparisons which I can fit the Bradley-Terry Model to. I am fitting it using a simple iterative algorithm according to Algorithm 1 of A Generalized Bradley-Terry Model: From ...
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1answer
46 views

Mathematical Description for Steam Rising from a Cup

I was staring at a cup of coffee I have on the desk just now. The light shines through the water vapor as they rise from the cup. The shape of the steam is not completely random, as it drift from ...
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122 views

Efficient free alternative to *Mathematica*

I am searching for a free alternative to Mathematica. By efficient, I mean that it should have every (or at least almost every) function that you can find in Mathematica, including for example Number ...
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42 views

What resources (books, videos, etc) to help develop math thinking skills?

I am a applied mathematics major and have taken basic undergraduate coursework up to multi-variable calculus, ordinary differential equations, and elementary linear algebra. I am currently taking ...
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1answer
11 views

Help on understanding tax bracket computation

Warning: some codes Tax Bracket: 1 up to 5,070 ---- 10% ...
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0answers
26 views

Differential Equation Model ODE45 Matlab

The following system of differential equations is intended to be solved with the usage of matlabs ode45 function: $\frac{d\theta}{dt} = w(t)$ $\frac{dw}{dt} = \frac{1}{0.85s}(160 rad/s*u(t) - ...
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1answer
56 views

Including non-markovian processes in a birth-death process

Current model I want to model a stochastic system with a birth-death (Markovian) model. I therefore have this kind of $n$ times $n$ (where $n$ is the number of possible states) transition matrix: ...
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Given $y=h(x,a)$ , is it always possible to invertibly transform into $f(y)=g(a)G(x)$?

This a question from stats but I bet there is a mathematical answer to it. Stats: "Criterion for non-linearizability of a reduced model ($y=f(x,a_{i})$).So given any reduced form non-linear model ...
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39 views

How can you find orbits of period 2 of the tent map

$f(x) = \begin{cases} \mu x &\text{ for } 0\leq x\leq 0.5 \\ \mu(1 - x) &\text{ for } 0.5 < x \leq 1 \end{cases}$ I am to find the orbits of period 2. By using google I found an example ...
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Parabola investigation

Edit 4: I added the below picture for clarity I'm trying to figure out how to find the angle between the red line and the blue line, but I have no idea how to start. (I have a feeling that this ...
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Population dynamics calculation

I am trying to solve the question: A population of protozoa develops with a constant relative growth rate of 0.7944 per member per day. On day zero, the population consists of two members. ...
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3answers
56 views

Linear nonhomogenous ODE

Solve: $$y''(t)=-y(t)-\cos(t),\ \ \ \ \ \ y(0)=y'(0)=0$$ I'm sorry that I have no approach to solve it. In my solution I have the hint to solve it with resonance but I don't know anything ...
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1answer
91 views

Finding a general equation for number of paths through grid

I started with a 4x4 grid (although I want to eventually generalize for an n x n grid). You must move through a grid on the squares, not on the grid lines. The number of paths for path length = 1 is ...
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1answer
31 views

Prove $\sigma_V=x\sigma_S$. (Financial Mathematics)

Prove that the standard deviation of the value $V(T)$ at time of any portfolio $(x,y)$ at time $T$ in a one-step binomial is given by $\sigma_V=x\sigma_S$, where $\sigma_S$ is the standard deviation ...
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Describe as a system of differential equations

How is it possible to describe the $\dfrac{du_c}{dt}$ and $\dfrac{di}{dt}$ as a system of differential-equations? $$ u_s = u_r + u_l + u_c\\ i = C\frac{du_c}{dt}\\ u_l = L\frac{di}{dt}\\ u_r = Ri\\ ...
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Mathematical models for self healing robotics

Does anyone know about any attempts to mathematically model self-healing (autonomous repair) robotics ? or any existing mathematical models about this ? When a robot or machine suffers from damage or ...
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1answer
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Poisson Modeling/ Queue Theory - Reference Material

Can anyone reccomend some practical reference material related to building and implementing queueing theory models. using stochastic (prefferably Poisson) processes? We are looking to build out a few ...
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Could the word “continuum” be applied to theposition of the hands of an analog clock?

The word "continuum", in term of measurement, is defined as: models explain variation as involving gradual quantitative transitions without abrupt changes or discontinuities. In contrast, ...
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What is distinction between Functional Linear Regression and Functional Linear Models?

Thanks in advance for the help. I want to make sure that I understand two concepts correctly. A functional linear model is a particular type of linear model while functional linear regression is the ...
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How do you go about formalizing a concept?

I am reading Godel Escher Bach. I love it. In the first few chapters, the author shows what a formal system is and gives examples that eventually lead to a typographical formal system of strings that ...
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1answer
40 views

Find the difference equation for {2, 4, 16, 256, …}

Write a difference equation to represent the change during the nth interval as a function of the previous term in the sequence. b. {2,4,16, 256,...} I know that an= 22n but I can't figure out how to ...
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1answer
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Quantifiers and Mathematical Modelling

When we are in the context of pure mathematics, quantifiers are everywhere. When we are in the context of mathematical modelling, quantifiers usually disappear. For instance, in statistics we often ...
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Game theory: Bidding strategy during an auction in a card game

I'm trying to create a mathematical model for the auction process in a card game called Pitch. The specific question I'm interested in solving is: Let $p_i$ represent the probability of a specific ...
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Creating a mathematical formula to calculate the stock price based on 4 factors

I'd like to create a mathematical formula that calculates the stock prices of taxi bookings by plot (a plot is a postcode region) based on the following variables so that they mimic share prices e.g. ...
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1answer
199 views

Can we rotate a 3D lattice of deformed spheres?

EDIT by EricStucky: The full text of original post below for reference, but I have talked with the OP in chat and believe that this is the mathematical core of the question. Suppose that we have ...
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I need to model a population where every component have a fixed life span.

I have a certain population, which growth is function of a certain factor. I have already modeled the growth. Now I need to impose that every individual in the population have a fixed life length. Can ...
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Optimizing choice of data points with known model

my question is fairly simple to explain but I'm not quite sure how to solve it. Basically lets say I am measuring some value at 8 time points. I get to choose these 8 time points. I also know the ...
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1answer
37 views

How to represent R function dexp mathematically?

I need help representing this line of code mathematically. exp(sum(dexp(x,prop_theta,log=TRUE)) - sum(dexp(x,cur_theta,log=TRUE))) Thanks for your help in ...
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2answers
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How do you formulate a vague notion into a mathematical expression?

I am a software engineer wanting to learn math. I also do a little bit of drawing. What I am wondering is, how do you formulate a vague notion of something you're trying to model into a mathematical ...
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How to model a real-world graphical structure into a mathematical formulation?

I am trying to learn how to model programming problems in a mathematical way. I am a software engineer, but have recently been running into road blocks where I can't solve some problems very ...
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2answers
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How to determine new dimensionless variables when non-dimensionsionalizing a system of ODEs?

I am following this a research paper called "Evolution of Within-Host Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea", which can be found here. I have one question regarding the method of non-dimensionalization. ...
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Find the expression of a function close to this drawing

I am trying to model mechanical response under constraint in materials, and I know that I need this kind of function if I want my model to be accurate. The point is, I have absolutely no idea about ...
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1answer
75 views

Mathematical Modelling in Biology [closed]

First of all I apologise if my question is not supposed to be in this Stack-Exchange. So, I have an experiment to determine the fate of cells at certain age (see attached fig). Basically, we would ...