A mathematical model is a description of a system using mathematical concepts and language. The process of developing a mathematical model is termed mathematical modelling.

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48 views

How I can express this mathematically?

I'm working on a OR project. I have a code which fixes my problem which uses the constraint ((a =< b) or (c =< d) or (e =< f)) = True I need to rewrite this condition as mathematical ...
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21 views

Probabilistic model of parallel web servers

Note: The following probabilistic model of parallel web servers is abstracted from an engineering project. I am not good at probability theory and I am seeking some evaluations and suggestions. ...
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0answers
11 views

How do impulsive differential equations work? Can you provide an example?

I have heard of impulsive differential equations being used in some epidemiological models of infectious disease. I haven't heard of them before in my math education, and I was wondering how they ...
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18 views

Formula for a Skewed Distribution

I'm trying to create a model of some data, using a skewed normal distribution. I have the following data: Mean Median Standard Deviation from the mean Standard Deviation from the median I've been ...
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1answer
79 views

When graph theory cannot model the most basic problem in wireless networks. Why?

I have a set of wireless links. These links are denoted by $\mathcal{L}=\{\ell_1, \dotsc, \ell_n\}$. Every link $\ell_i$ is composed of one transmitter $s_i$ and one receiver $r_i$. Initially, all ...
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18 views

Forced harmonic oscillator [on hold]

I am completely stuck, any help or advice would be appreciated, big thank you. The motion of a forced harmonic oscillator can be described by the differential equation $$y''(t) + γ\,y'(t) + y = ...
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0answers
23 views

Relationship between Reproductive Ratio and Jacobian in Population Model

In class we defined the Reproductive Ratio, $R_0$ of a population modelled by SIR, SEIR,... as the average number of secondary infections caused by an average infected individual in an average ...
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0answers
25 views

Euler Bernoulli beam

A simple model of the beam subjected to bending stresses is given by Euler-Bernoulli differential equation. Finite element discretization leads to a system of liniar equations.As discretization size ...
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1answer
35 views

How can I solve an ODE when $F(x_0)=F'(x_0)=0$ is given at an unknown point $x=x_0$ using bvp5c?

I'm attempting to solve the following ODE using MATLAB bvp5c. I've used bvp5c for other typical multipoint boundary value problems but I have no idea how to deal with ODEs with conditions given at an ...
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0answers
24 views

Predictor-Corrector for Adams-Moulton

What is the order of the corrector of Adams-Moulton type required in order to apply Milne's method for estimating the error in PECE mode? Find the coefficient of the leading term in the truncation ...
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0answers
26 views

What statistical tests for headache journal? [migrated]

I track my pain levels in an online spreadsheet along with daily habits and trigger events. I want to test whether changes in my pain over time follow a trend (not concerned whether it is linear or ...
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1answer
28 views

What are the Routh Hurwtiz Criteria for 3$\times$3 Matrices?

The Criteria I know (for dynamical systems) is... The eigenvalues of a matrix are guaranteed to be negative if Tr($J$)<0 and det($J$)>0, where $J$ is the Jacobian of some 2 dimensional dynamical ...
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0answers
24 views

What is the relation between cellular automata, biology and its computational aspects? [closed]

Please explain me what is a cellular automata. I don't know nothing about them so start to the very beginning. Please put a lot of emphasis on their relation with biological and physical phenomena, ...
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1answer
17 views

Conceptual Car Density

This is more a conceptual question that requires a physical answer rather than a mathematical one. The question is Explain why a density wave moves forward for light traffic. Consider both cases in ...
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0answers
29 views

Stationary distribution of a “birth-death model” that does not have Markov property

A typical birth-death process is defined such as the probability of going from any state $j$ to any state $i$ is given by: $$ p_{ij}= \begin{cases} b_i & \text {if $j = i+1$} \\ ...
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0answers
21 views

Model If-Then-condition [closed]

Is there a possibility to model the condition: "If x > 0 , then y = 1" with linear (in-) equalities, if $x \geq 0$ and $ 0\leq y \leq 1 $ and integrality is not allowed in the model? If I could ...
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1answer
49 views

mathematical biology1

Consider the infectious disease model defined by \begin{equation} \frac{dS_3}{dt}= -\rho I_3S_3+\gamma I_3+\mu-\mu S_3\tag 1 \end{equation} \begin{equation} \frac{dI_3}{dt}=\rho I_3S_3-\gamma ...
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0answers
29 views

Determining how accurate an ellipse fit is

So I have an image of bacteria particles which are often shaped very irregularly with many grooves. Im trying to fit ellipses onto these particles so I can get a better, more smooth analysis of the ...
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1answer
24 views

Continuous superposition of bump functions

I am trying to "model" Fig 2 with a superposition of a bump function. I understand that bump functions are bounded and can be often differentiated. The bump function I have used is shown in Fig 1. My ...
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3answers
35 views

Good book for mathematical modeling

Could you recommend/suggest a good book about mathematical modeling (Not advanced) with examples about classical mechanics, dynamics, aerodynamics, chemistry, electronics and etc?
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1answer
13 views

Finding maximum displacement from a BVP

I have solved the following BVP (Border Value Problem): $$y'''' = -P, y(0) = y(L) = 0, y'(0) = y'(L) = 0$$ Where $L=4 , P=24$ The DE describing it is: $y(x) = -x^2(x-4)^2$ This apparently is ...
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10 views

Difficult transition between homogenous and heterogeneous paramaters

I'll start with an example in queueing theory. Lets assume a M/D/k queue, i.e. a queue with $k$ servers where arrival rate is determined by a Poisson process. We try to find the mean waiting time. ...
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2answers
132 views

Computing $\langle\sin(\gamma_i)\rangle= \int_{(S^2)^N} \sin(\gamma_i)p(\Theta)dS$

I'm trying to evaluate the following integral, which I know must be zero, $$\langle\sin(\gamma_i)\rangle= \int_{(S^2)^N} \sin(\gamma_i)p(\Gamma)dS$$ Where, $$\langle ...
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0answers
22 views

is following model stationary?

I am interested if following model is stationary,model is represented by following formula $$ x(n) = \sum_{p=1}^{P} a_p \cos(2\pi f_pn + \phi_p) + \epsilon(n) $$ $n$ is changing from $1$ to $N$, I ...
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28 views

Why does the price term in Vega disappear for a European call option?

In my course, I have been asked to prove a number of statements about "the Greeks" from the Black-Scholes model for pricing a European call option with no dividends and a strike price of $K$. One of ...
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1answer
51 views

nullclines with variables

I know how to solve nullclines, the following link is very helpful http://mcb.berkeley.edu/courses/mcb137/exercises/Nullclines.pdf However I don't understand how to solve equations that have only ...
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0answers
15 views

Derivation of the advection equation

Is there a good derivation of the advection equation available online? By that I mean the equation $\partial_t u = -\nabla( \vec{v} u)$ I know a good explanation for the one-dimensional case ...
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1answer
68 views

Real life scenario, probability model required for accidental vs supernatural causation.

A = HUMAN 1 B = HUMAN 2 A is related to B, specifically A is the father of B A goes on holiday 5 years ago, staying in a hotel in popular tourist spot near Scotland (long way from home) During ...
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0answers
36 views

Sensitivity of coefficients in ODE

I am trying to formulate a mathematical model as part of an op-research problem, and I'm running into a roadblock concerning differential equations of a certain kind; I was hoping to understand if ...
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1answer
41 views

Maths concept for salient point in graph data

I have collected data concerning the total post counts of users in an online forum (see graphic). What I am hoping to do is compare the language of 'first posts' with the language of 'later posts'. ...
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2answers
64 views

mathematical biology (steady-states)

non-dimensionalisation equation: \begin{equation} \frac {du}{d\tau}=\frac{\overline{\lambda}_{1} u}{u+1} -\overline{r}_{ab}uv -\overline{d}u \end{equation} where $\overline{\lambda}_{1}= \frac ...
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0answers
32 views

Eloquent method to analyse a four dimensional system ODEs qualitatively

Given a nonlinear four dimensional system of ODEs, I have found the fixed point and linearized to acquire the Jacobian. I am beginning to calculate the eigenvalues of the Jacobian from the quartic ...
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52 views

Mathematical Biology and modelling

Consider the two species competition model given by $$ \frac{da}{dt }= \frac {λ_1 a} {a+K_1} - r_{ab}\cdot ab - da, \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ $$\frac{db}{dt }= λ_2 b (1-\frac{b}{K_2}) - ...
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1answer
89 views

Mathematicals biology

Consider the two species competition model given by $$ \frac{da}{dt }= [λ_1 a /(a+K1)] - r_{ab}\cdot ab - da, \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$ $$\frac{db}{dt }= [λ_2 b *(1-b/K2)] - r_{ba}\cdot ab , \ ...
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1answer
18 views

Trouble finding equilibrium points

I'm working on a nonlinear predator prey model and am struggling finding my equilibrium points. I've done this three times and gotten three different answers. I'd appreciate if someone could check ...
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1answer
103 views

mathematical biology

Consider the single species population model defined by $$\frac{dR}{dt} = \frac{gR}{R+R_m} - dR,$$ for $t > 0$, where $g,R_m$, and $d$ are all positive parameters and $R(0) =R_0$. (a) Describe ...
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1answer
216 views

There are 5 servers. Each server has 1% downtime. What's the probability that at at least three servers are down?

There are 5 servers. Each server has $1$% downtime. What's the probability that at at least three servers are down? My reasoning is the following: A) There is $(1-0.01)^5$ probability that $5$ from ...
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0answers
19 views

Analyzing a recurrence model: equilibriums, stability and periodic behavior.

In orer to increase my knowledge in math I decided to analyze the following recurrence relation (logistic growth in ecology) $$N(t+1) = N(t) (1 + r(1-\frac{N(t)}{K}))$$ I found the equilibriums by ...
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2answers
62 views

A model for the spruce budworm population

A model for the spruce budworm population $u(t)$ is governed by $$\frac{du}{dt}=ru\left(1-\frac{u}{q}\right)-\frac{u^2}{1+u^2}$$ where $r,q$ are positive dimensionless parameters. The nonzero stedy ...
3
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0answers
32 views

Mathematical interpretation of pressure (gradient)

I'm having some problem with the following. Usually, the pressure of some mass on an area A is defined by $$P=\frac{F}{A}$$ where $F$ is the force of the mass exerted due to gravity. However, here ...
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8 views

Derivation of the Richards equation

I know the derivation of the Richards equation from two-phase flow equations and assuming that one pressure is constant (e.g. the books of Bear). However in the paper of Alt, Luckhaus and Visintin ...
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1answer
24 views

How to show the monotonicity of exponential growth?

I have a basic exponential growth model given by $N'(t)=N(t)\times r$ where $N(t)$ is the current population and $r>0$. My problem is to show if the initial population $N(0)=N_0>0$, then the ...
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0answers
19 views

Difference between polyhedral, CSG and B-rep

I am working on the 3D object modeling project. I found objects can be represented in the form of Polyhedrol model, CSG (Constructive Solid Geometry) model, and as well as B-Rep (Boundary ...
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15 views

relationship between two set of variable

i am trying to determine what kind of mathematical modeling could be applied following two variables,let us call them $x$ and $y$ ,namely change one variable has effect second on,i have several ...
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1answer
45 views

What is a good approximation of $(1-p)(1-q)$ as $(1-x)^2$, for $p,q \in (0,1)$?

I'm doing some scientific modeling, and I want to use $(1-x)^2$ to approximate $(1-p)(1-q)$, with $p, q \in (0,1)$. $p$ and $q$ are probabilities, and are not near zero. My intuition is that since ...
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0answers
26 views

Finding general solution to a non-linear discrete time recurrence relation

I am faced to a non-linear discrete time reccurence relation and I can't find the general solution. The first question is: Is there a general recipe for finding the general solution to non-linear ...
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0answers
21 views

Multivariate Dynamic Optimization Model with Costs

I'm looking for kinds of models able to describe a situation such as the one described below (what I'm actually dealing with is load balancing but this is a more concrete example): We've a got a ...
2
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1answer
136 views

Combining probabilities from different sample spaces

I'm working on a project whereby I'm supposed to determine whether two objects (parts of moving machinery) will be in physical contact with one another given the uncertainty in their positions. I know ...
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197 views

Modelling a Water Rocket. Requires Some Validation and Help. ( WARNING : Extremely Long but Interesting Post )

Good day people of math.stackexchange.com This is a pet project that I plan to use to convince my Prof that I would rather try something similar to this than to do the prescribed project. Edit : ...
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1answer
26 views

Definition of “Density” in ecological models

in ecological populations models, the standard variable is the density of individuals, i.e. the number of individuals per space unit (area, volume). The meaning of this is intuitively clear to me, but ...