For questions on manifolds of dimension $n$, a topological space that near each point resembles $n$-dimensional Euclidean space.

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Is It Always Possible to Cross a Surface Exactly Once?

Yesterday, in my physics class, the following question arose: Is there a closed surface embedded in $\mathbb R^3$ dividing space into two connected components such that all paths from one ...
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1answer
1k views

How to apply Stokes' Theorem for manifolds with boundary

Original motivation: How can I apply Stokes' Theorem to the annulus $1 < r < 2$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$? Concerns: Since the annulus is a manifold without boundary, it would seem that Stokes' ...
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0answers
59 views

Closed orientable three manifold with finite cover by $S^1 \times S^2$ or $T^3$

I have been thinking about a problem where I can conclude that I have a closed orientable three manifold which is covered by $S^1 \times S^2$ or $S^1 \times T^2$. I think that the geometrization ...
9
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0answers
160 views

Conditions for a group to admit the structure of a Lie group

This question is motivated by a previous one: Conditions for a smooth manifold to admit the structure of a Lie group and wants to be a sort of "converse". Here I am taking an abstract group $G$ and ...
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7answers
8k views

Good introductory book on Calculus on Manifolds

I have already taken up to Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra and Diff Eq. I want to learn Calculus on Manifolds by myself, could you recommend a good introductory book on this subject? Should I ...
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4answers
767 views

Is every manifold a metric space?

I'm trying to learn some topology as a hobby, and my understanding is that all manifolds are examples of topological spaces. Similarly, all metric spaces are also examples of topological spaces. I ...
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5answers
945 views

Uncountable disjoint union of $\mathbb{R}$

I'm doing 1.2 in Lee's Introduction to smooth manifolds: Prove that the disjoint union of uncountably many copies of $\mathbb{R}$ is not second countable. So first, let $I$ be the set over which we ...
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4answers
352 views

Transition functions in manifold

Following is given as the definition of a manifold in a book which I am reading. Let $\{U_{\alpha}:\alpha\in I\}$ be an open covering of a Hausdorff topological space $X$ and $\phi_{\alpha}$ be ...
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1answer
745 views

Are there p-adic manifolds?

Is there anything resembling a manifold on the field of p-adic or complex p-adic fields? If so is there a connection to algebraic geometry as rich as in the reals?
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3answers
666 views

Why are differential forms more important than symmetric tensors?

In differential geometry, differential forms are totally anti-symmetric tensors and play an important role. I am led to wonder why do we not study totally symmetric tensors as much as forms. What ...
8
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3answers
838 views

Boundaries of Manifolds Necessarily Orientable

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold (not necessarily orientable) and let $N=\partial M$. Is $N$ necessarily orientable? I have no particular reason to believe that this is the case, but I wasn't able to ...
8
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1answer
153 views

Why are Banach manifolds not so popular?

Why are Banach and Frechet manifolds studied not even remotely as much as Euclidean manifolds? I assume like many other mathematical subjects, theory of manifolds has been developed much more than the ...
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2answers
628 views

Each point of $M$ has a smooth coordinate neighborhood in which the coordinate frame is orthonormal iff $g$ is flat

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Then I want to show that these are equivalent: (i) Each point of $M$ has a smooth coordinate neighborhood in which the coordinate frame is orthonormal. ...
8
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1answer
43 views

Can intersection of two manifolds be $xy=0$

I know that if two manifolds intersect transversally then their intersection is a manifold. But I was trying to construct an example where the intersection is not a manifold. But I still do not see ...
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2answers
253 views

What hyperbolic space *really* looks like

There are several models of hyperbolic space that are embedded in Euclidean space. For example, the following image depicts the Beltrami-Klein model of a hyperbolic plane: where geodesics are ...
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1answer
95 views

Can (singular) homology classes always be represented by images of closed manifolds?

My intuition tells me that if $A \in H_2(M;\mathbf Z)$, then $A$ can be represented by a map $\Sigma \to M$, where $\Sigma$ is a closed (= compact boundaryless) surface, i.e., the connected sum of ...
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2answers
228 views

Do the singular matrices form a topological manifold

So the definition of manifold I'm using is that of a topological manifold (a topological space with an atlas of homeomorphisms to $\mathbb{R}^n$). I have two related questions: Is the set of ...
8
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1answer
148 views

What kind of tools do we have to detect when a manifold is a product of other manifolds?

What sort of tools are out there that can detect when a manifold is a product of other manifolds? For example, comparing the homology of the circle to the torus, the homology of the torus gets more ...
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2answers
225 views

Structure of a $ C^{\infty} $-manifold

I was studying differentiable manifolds (an introduction) and found the following example, but I am confused. Example The function \begin{align} f: &\mathbb{R}^{3} \to \mathbb{R}, \\ f: ...
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2answers
67 views

Diffeomorphism between $\mathbb{P}^n$ and the submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{(n+1)^2}$ consisting of certain matrices?

Let $\mathbb{P}^n$ denote the set of all lines through the origin in the coordinates space $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Define a function$$q: \mathbb{R}^{n+1} - \{0\} \to \mathbb{P}^n$$ by $q(x) = \mathbb{R}x ...
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2answers
696 views

Is a covering space of a manifold always a manifold

Assume $M$ is a manifold and $q : E \to M$ is a covering map. I have been told a few times that a covering space of a manifold is again a manifold. Indeed, it is easy to verify that $E$ is both ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Isometries preserve geodesics

Let $f$ be an isometry (i.e a diffeomorphism which preserves the Riemannian metrics) between Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(N,h).$ One can argue that $f$ also preserves the induced metrics $d_1, ...
8
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1answer
176 views

Is this a manifold?

I am trying to get started with differential geometry, and am having a difficult time wrapping my head around the concept of a manifold. One thing that would make it easier to understand would be if ...
8
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1answer
515 views

Easier proof about suspension of a manifold

For what manifolds $M$ is the suspension $\Sigma M$ also a manifold? By the suspension of a topological space $X$ (not necessarily a manifold), I mean the space $$\Sigma X = (X \times [0,1])/{\sim}$$ ...
8
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1answer
179 views

Lie algebra $\implies$ Lie group?

Lie's third theorem says that every finite-dimensional Lie algebra g over the real numbers is associated to a Lie group G. So say I have an $r-$ parameter group of symmetries whose tangents at the ...
8
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1answer
166 views

Geodesics and manifold

I apologize if my post is "silly" because I don't know much about riemannian geometry. I know that $M = (0,1)$ (the open unit interval) can be seen as a one-dimensional manifold. Since $M$ is an ...
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2answers
302 views

On the smooth structure of $\mathbb{R}P^n$ in Milnor's book on characteristic classes.

This question concerns problem 1-B in the book of Milnor and Stasheff part a. They first define the set $F:=\{f:\mathbb{R}P^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R} \mid \text{$f\circ q$ is smooth}\}$ where ...
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3answers
560 views

Lie algebra action from Lie group action: coordinates

Here's the setup: I have $SL(2;\mathbb{C})$ acting on $V = \mathbb{C}[z,w] = \oplus_d V_d$, where $V_d$ is the homogeneous complex polynomials of degree $d$. The action is precomposition: ...
8
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1answer
141 views

When can we recover a manifold when we attach a $2n$-cell to $S^n$?

I have a question related to this one. In my answer I was going to try and say something about the possible manifolds that might arise in this way, i.e. as mapping cones of elements of ...
8
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1answer
109 views

Is the Whitney embedding theorem tight for all $n$?

Whitney's embedding theorem states that any smooth $n$-manifold $M$ can be smoothly embedded into $\Bbb R^{2n}$. In dimension 1 this is tight: the circle cannot be embedded into $\Bbb R^1$. It is a ...
8
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1answer
67 views

Angle form, 1-form, proof verification.

Check that the $1$-form $d\,\text{arg}$ in $\mathbb{R}^2 - \{0\}$ is just the form$${{-y}\over{x^2 + y^2}}\,dx + {{x}\over{x^2 + y^2}}\,dy.$$ My solution is as follows. Observe that we can ...
8
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1answer
178 views

Is a compact, simply-connected 3-manifold necessarily $S^3$ with $B^3$'s removed?

Let $M$ be a compact, simply-connected 3-manifold (which is also smooth and connected). Is $M$ diffeomorphic to $S^3$ with a finite number of $B^3$'s removed? This seems like a handy fact, but I ...
8
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1answer
109 views

Does the Tangent Space Vary Continuously with The Points On a Manifold?

I recently read about Grassmannian manifolds. The following question naturally comes to mind. Let $GR_k(\mathbf R^n)$ is the grassmannian manifold of $k$ dimensional linear subspaces of $\mathbf ...
8
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1answer
278 views

What's the intuition behind the tangent bundle?

Well, when we work with a smooth manifold $M$ we can associate with each point $p\in M$ a vector space $T_p M$ of all vectors at $p$ tangent to $M$: this is the space of linear functionals obeying ...
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2answers
247 views

Equivalence of two distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed connected $m$ dimensional smooth Riemannian manifold and assume that it is isometrically embedded in a Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^q$ by $\iota:M\to\mathbb{R}^q$. $|\ast|$ ...
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1answer
350 views

Munkres' Question on Manifolds

In Munkres' 'Analysis on Manifolds' on pg. 208 there's a question which reads: QUESTION: Let $f:\mathbb R^{n+k}\to \mathbb R^n$ be of class $\mathscr C^r$. Let $M$ be the set of all the points ...
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1answer
170 views

Translating a passage of a paper by L. Bérard Bergery

I am currently studying the following paper on Einstein manifolds: L. Bérard Bergery, Sur de nouvelles variétés riemanniennes d'Einstein, Inst. Elie Cartan, Univ. Nancy №6, 1-60 (1983). I have ...
8
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1answer
686 views

Is a connected sum of manifolds uniquely defined?

It is a standard excercise in differential geometry to prove that a connected sum $M\#N$ of two smooth manifolds $M,N$ of the same dimension is uniquely defined (under some assumptions regarding ...
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0answers
181 views

Fundamental class of the connected sum of two closed orientable manifolds

I need to find a representation of $ [M \mathbin\sharp N] \in H_n(M \mathbin\sharp N) $ in terms of the fundamental classes $[M]$ and $[N]$. My idea is that $$ [M \mathbin\sharp N] = [M]+[N]$$ ...
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0answers
241 views

Showing L infinity norm bounded by L2 norm on a manifold

I have the following problem that I'm working on: Suppose $(M, g_{ij})$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Assume $u$ is a smooth, nonnegative function which satisfies the differential inequality ...
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6answers
2k views

What math is necessary to learn manifolds?

I want to learn about manifolds, but I'm only a senior in high school and obviously have a while to go. I'm in AP Calc BC. What should I study to eventually learn manifolds? Linear Algebra? What ...
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3answers
204 views

Why $\mathbb{RP}^2$ can not be embedded to $\mathbb{R}^3$?

Is there any answer of this question around basic theory of differentiable manifolds?
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2answers
152 views

$\mathbb{S}^2$ as a fibre bundle

I know, by the Hopf fibration, that $\mathbb{S}^3$ is an $\mathbb{S}^1$-fibre bundle over $\mathbb{S}^2$. Can $\mathbb{S}^2$ be an $\mathbb{S}^1$-fibre bundle over some manifold $M$?
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5answers
5k views

Simpler definition of manifold

I'm new to topology but I must understand how it works to progress in my research. First, can anybody point me to a document that introduces topology in a "gentle" way. What pre-requisites do I need ...
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2answers
2k views

Interior and boundary points of $n$-manifold with boundary

I'm reading Lee, 'Introduction to Topological Manifolds', 2011. After he introduces $n$-manifold with a boundary An $n$-manifold with a boundary is a second countable Hausdorff space in which any ...
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3answers
270 views

Algebraic varieties in $\mathbb{C}^n$ cannot have interior points

I know that the zero-set of a non-zero polynomial in $\mathbb{C}[x_1,...,x_n]$ can not have interior points, but I'm trying to find a proof that doesn't require a knowledge of complex analysis like ...
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2answers
843 views

Manifold interpretation of Navier-Stokes equations

I am wondering about particle trajectories for solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. Is it possible that there is a Manifold $M$ for which fluid particles move along geodesic's or "straight lines ...
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2answers
851 views

Spin manifold and the second Stiefel-Whitney class

We know that: Spin structures will exist if and only if the second Stiefel-Whitney class $w_2(M)\in H^2(M,\mathbb Z/2)$ of $M$ vanishes. Can someone use simple words and logic to show why the ...
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3answers
210 views

let $\xi$ be an arbitrary vector bundle. Is $\xi\otimes\xi$ always orientable?

Let $\xi=(E,p,B)$ be a line bundle (not nec. orientable). Then the tensor product $\xi\otimes \xi$ is orientable. I obtain this by choosing $b\in U\cap V$, $U,V$ open in $B$ such that ...
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2answers
621 views

The Heisenberg manifold

I am interested in the Heisenberg manifold, which is the quotient of the real Heisenberg group by the discrete Heisenberg (sub)group. It is a $3$-manifold which may be viewed as a circle bundle over ...