For questions on manifolds of dimension $n$, a topological space that near each point resembles $n$-dimensional Euclidean space.

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7
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0answers
85 views

Conditions for a group to admit the structure of a Lie group

This question is motivated by a previous one: Conditions for a smooth manifold to admit the structure of a Lie group and wants to be a sort of "converse". Here I am taking an abstract group $G$ and ...
7
votes
2answers
292 views

Seifert matrices and Arf invariant — Cinquefoil knot

I have computed the following Seifert matrix for the Cinquefoil knot: $$ S = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & -1 & -1 & -1 \\ 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\  0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

What math is necessary to learn manifolds?

I want to learn about manifolds, but I'm only a senior in high school and obviously have a while to go. I'm in AP Calc BC. What should I study to eventually learn manifolds? Linear Algebra? What ...
6
votes
2answers
356 views

Question about definition of topological manifold

The following definition of topological manifold is given in Lee's Introduction to topological manifolds (2000) on page 33: A topological manifold is a second countable Hausdorff space that is ...
6
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1answer
949 views

Interior and boundary points of $n$-manifold with boundary

I'm reading Lee, 'Introduction to Topological Manifolds', 2011. After he introduces $n$-manifold with a boundary An $n$-manifold with a boundary is a second countable Hausdorff space in which any ...
6
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2answers
245 views

Orientable double covers for non-orientable manifolds

If I have two non-orientable connected manifolds such that their orientable double covers are homeomorphic, can anything be said about the manifolds? Are they homeomorphic?
6
votes
2answers
913 views

How to show that the unit sphere is a topological manifold?

Sorry for this basic question, but I´m not sure of something. I want to see one example. The definition of a n-manifold is a Hausdorff space, such that each point has an open neighborhood homeomorphic ...
6
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5answers
150 views

How would one define a “manifold” object in prose writing?

I have a question that I fear may raise some objection to the fact that it has been posted here, but I cannot think of a more appropriate place to pose it. I am not a mathematician; I'm a historian, ...
6
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2answers
232 views

This set is a manifold

let $S$ be the set of pairs $(x,y)$ where x,y are orthogonal unit vectors in $\mathbb R^3$. i am trying to show this is a topological manifold. for starters one needs to define a suitable topology on ...
6
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2answers
569 views

Manifold with different differential structure but diffeomorphic

I'm new to differential geometry and reading Lee's book Manifold and Differential Geometry. In the first chapter, he mentioned the following two maps on $\mathbb{R}^n$: (1) $id: (x_1,x_2\cdots x_n) ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

Closed, orientable surface whose genus is very hard to find intuitively

I'm introducing the Classification Theorem on closed and orientable surfaces in a talk on (intuitive) topology, and to motivate it I'd like an example of an embedding of a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

Difference between two definitions of Manifold

I've been studying Differential Geometry on Spivak's Differential Geometry book. Since Spivak just works with notions of metric spaces and analysis, I'm doing fine. The point is that Spivak presents ...
6
votes
1answer
227 views

Uniqueness of Smoothed Corners

Let $M^m$ be a smooth manifold with boundary. We may form a new topological manifold by "adjoining a handle to $M$", I.e. by choosing a smooth map $h : \partial \mathbb{D}^{\mu} \times ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Is there any embedding theorem for fibre bundles?

I would like to know whether there is an embedding theorem for fibre bundles, like Whitney embedding theorem. When can a given fibre bundle be a subbundle of some higher dimensional bundle?
6
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1answer
299 views

A Cover of an Orientable Manifold is Orientable

The following question comes from Introduction to Smooth Manifolds by Lee: Suppose $\widetilde{M}$ smoothly covers $M$ where $M$ is orientable. Show that $\widetilde{M}$ is orientable. I think the ...
6
votes
2answers
136 views

homomorphisms of $C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$

Let $F: \mathbb R^{n} \to \mathbb R^{m} $ be a smooth map, then we have homomorphism of algebras $F^{*}: C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{m}) \to C^{\infty}(\mathbb R^{n})$. Is it true that any homomorphism of ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Ideal of smooth function on a manifold vanishing at a point

I'm trying to prove the following lemma: let $M$ be a smooth manifold and consider the algebra $C^{\infty}(M)$ of smooth functions $f\colon M \to \mathbb{R}$. Given $x_0 \in M$, consider the ideals ...
6
votes
2answers
160 views

Topological space M with partition of unity--->M paracompact. John Lee Problems

Suppose $M$ is a topological space with the property that for every open cover $X$ of $M$, there exists a partition of unity subordinate to $X$. Show that $M$ is paracompact.
6
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2answers
470 views

$\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$ is homeomorphic to $S^2$

I just read on wikipedia that the the complex projective line is homeomorphic to the riemann sphere. How do I prove this? But, before that I have an extremely silly doubt that has been eating me. In ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

Orientability of Manifolds

Given that $f \colon \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$ is a smooth function and if $c \in \mathbb R$ is a regular value how would I go about showing that $f^{-1} (c)$ is an orientable manifold? ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Looking for an atlas with 1 chart

Can we provide the set $\{(x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R^3}|x^2+y^2=1\}$ with a 2-dimensional manifold structure involving only 1 chart? I can see it with 2 charts with cylindrical coordinates, but not with only ...
6
votes
2answers
117 views

How does smoothness prevent “singularities”?

This is a refinement of one of my earlier questions (I failed to put into words what I really wanted to ask). First of all, I'm not sure "singularity" is the correct word to use hence the quotes. ...
6
votes
2answers
439 views

Is a covering space of a manifold always a manifold

Assume $M$ is a manifold and $q : E \to M$ is a covering map. I have been told a few times that a covering space of a manifold is again a manifold. Indeed, it is easy to verify that $E$ is both ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

The special orthogonal group is a manifold

How can we show that $SO(n)$ is an $n^2$-manifold. It would be tempting to say that $SO(n)$ is an open set of $\mathbb R^{n^2}$ but this is not the case since $SO(n)$ is given as the intersection of ...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

How to obtain a diffeomorphism between $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{R})$ and $ (\mathbb{C}\!\smallsetminus\!\{0\})\times\mathbb R$?

Could someone please give me a tip on how to show that the map $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{R}) \to (\mathbb{C}\setminus\{0\})\times\mathbb{R}$ \begin{equation}\begin{pmatrix} a & b\\ c & d ...
6
votes
2answers
213 views

Why are differential forms more important than symmetric tensors?

In differential geometry, differential forms are totally anti-symmetric tensors and play an important role. I am led to wonder why do we not study totally symmetric tensors as much as forms. What ...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

Uniformization Theorem for compact surface

Why in proof of proposition 6 of http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.1665, they claim that if a embedded surfaces $\Sigma^2 \subset (M^3,g)$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{RP}^2$, where $M$ is compact manifold, ...
6
votes
2answers
758 views

Why are Riemann surfaces algebraic curves?

I've never fully understood the connection between Riemann surfaces and algebraic varieties. I'm particularly interested in the case of the modular curve of level N--I know how the Riemann surface is ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

Lie algebra $\implies$ Lie group?

Lie's third theorem says that every finite-dimensional Lie algebra g over the real numbers is associated to a Lie group G. So say I have an $r-$ parameter group of symmetries whose tangents at the ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Is there any relationship between Cauchy-Riemann equations and vector fields on manifolds?

Well, suppose we have $f : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}$ analytic, then if $f = u + iv$ the functions $u,v : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfy the Cauchy-Riemann equations: $D_1u=D_2v$ and $D_2u=-D_1v$. ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

Derivative map of the diagonal inclusion map on manifolds

I was trying to work through a problem(#10 of $\S$1.2) in Guillemin and Pollack's book $\textit{differential topology. }$ The problem is given as follows. Let $f: X\longrightarrow X\times X$ be ...
6
votes
3answers
392 views

Lie algebra action from Lie group action: coordinates

Here's the setup: I have $SL(2;\mathbb{C})$ acting on $V = \mathbb{C}[z,w] = \oplus_d V_d$, where $V_d$ is the homogeneous complex polynomials of degree $d$. The action is precomposition: ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Diffeomorphic Level sets Of Manifolds

Let $F:M^n \to \mathbb{R} $ be a smooth function admitting only regular values and $(M,g)$ a smooth connected riemannian manifold. I know that the vector field $ ...
6
votes
1answer
507 views

Is $[0,1]$ an *oriented* manifold with boundary? (and Stokes theorem)

The definitions I am using are a manifold with boundary is something locally homeomorphic to $(0,1] \times \mathbb{R}^n$ or $\mathbb{R}^n$. an oriented manifold is one where the transition functions ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Orientation of $X \times Y$

Suppose that $X$ is not orientable. How can I show that $X \times Y$ is never orientable, no matter what manifold $Y$ may be? I've tried supposing that $X \times Y$ is orientable, then using that ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Geodesics of one-dimensional manifold

I apologize if my post is "silly" because I don't know much about riemannian geometry. I know that $M = (0,1)$ (the open unit interval) can be seen as a one-dimensional manifold. Since $M$ is an ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Tangent space for product of submanifolds

Suppose that $X_1$ is an $n_1$-dimensional submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{N_1}$, and $X_2$ is an $n_2$-dimensional submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{N_2}$, and let $X=X_1\times X_2$. Let $p_1\in X_1$ and ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Describing Functions on a Manifold

Well, I have a pretty simple (probably silly and basic) doubt about how do we describe functions on a Manifold. Well, just to make clear which definitions I'm using, for now what I know is that: a ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

Tangential Space of a differentiable manifold is always $\mathbb R^n$?

Let $\mathcal M$ be a differential manifold with a point $p$. Let U be an open set, $p\in U$, on $\mathcal M$ and let $\phi,\psi:U\to \mathbb R^n$ be a charts on $\mathcal M$. I'm having diffculties ...
6
votes
1answer
349 views

Geodesics on the torus

[This is a follow-up to my question Is there a Möbius torus?] Mark L. Irons' paper The Curvature and Geodesics of the Torus gives a concise overview of the geodesics on the torus: There are five ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

Are these definitions of submanifold equivalent?

Let $M$ be a manifold – by which I mean a second countable Hausdorff smooth manifold. Here's an "obviously" correct definition of (embedded) submanifold: Definition A. A subspace $S$ of $M$ is a ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

What is a Lagrangian submanifold?

I see references to Lagrangian Submanifolds in the literature but don't know what they are. Is there a relation to Lagrangian Tori (which I also don't know what are). Could someone give a definition ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

Orientability of Stiefel manifold $V_2(\mathbb R^4)$

What is an easy proof of orientability of Stiefel manifold $V_2(\mathbb{R}^4)$ (pairs of orthonormal vectors from $\mathbb{R}^4$ - subset of $\mathbb{R}^8$)? All proofs I found deal with Lie groups ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

A problem from Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds

Notation As Spivak suggests, given $A\subset\mathbb R^n$, boundary $A$ denotes the topological boundary of $A$, i.e. $\overline A\cap\overline{A^c}$. Problem 5-3(a): Let $A\subset\mathbb R^n$ be ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Why is $\mathbb{R} P^n$ called projective space?

I know that: If one defines an equivalence relation on $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}-\{0\}$ by $$x\sim y \iff y=tx$$ for some nonzero real number $t$, where $x,y\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}-\{0\}$, Then The real ...
6
votes
1answer
325 views

Vector field and integral curve

Let M a riemaniann manifold, $V$ a vector field in M, and $\phi_t$ the respective flow Let $p\in M$, and $\gamma$ the integral curve of $V$. Show that for all $v\in T_pM$ ...
6
votes
1answer
272 views

Understanding Proof About an Immersion

I am studying the following proof for which an excerpt is provided below: Update: I have written out a fully-detailed proof of an argument that seeks verify the claim that $\partial \psi$ is ...
6
votes
0answers
100 views

Translating a passage of a paper by L. Bérard Bergery

I am currently studying the following paper on Einstein manifolds: L. Bérard Bergery, Sur de nouvelles variétés riemanniennes d'Einstein, Inst. Elie Cartan, Univ. Nancy №6, 1-60 (1983). I have ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

Isotopy preserving inverse image $f_t^{-1}(V)$ of a homotopy

During a lecture I was given a bunch of easy propositions entitled as "observations" by the lecturer. But one of them seems more difficult and I have absolutely no idea how to "observe" it... I'd be ...
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votes
7answers
5k views

Good introductory book on Calculus on Manifolds

I have already taken up to Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra and Diff Eq. I want to learn Calculus on Manifolds by myself, could you recommend a good introductory book on this subject? Should I ...