Manifolds are typically defined to be without boundaries (every point has a neighbourhood homeomorphic to an Euclidean open disc). Use this tag for the manifolds with boundaries, as well as manifolds with corners, and other such generalisations of the notion of a manifold.

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Codimension $1$ Embedding into $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$

I am trying to determine which homotopy types can be realized by $n$-manifolds that have codimension one embeddings into $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Suppose I have $X^n \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ and an ...
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2answers
84 views

Are $\mathbb{C}^2$ and $\mathbb{C}^2/(x,y)\sim(y,x)$ homeomorphic?

Let $A$ be the set of monic quadratics over $\mathbb C$ and let $B$ be the set of unordered pairs over $\mathbb C$ where possibly the two elements of the pair may be the same. Then the map which takes ...
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39 views

Show that $\partial(M\times N)=M\times\partial(N)$

Let M a $k$-dimensional manifold without boundary of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and N a $l$-dimensional manifold of $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ with or withour boundary. Show that $\partial(M\times N)=M\times\partial(N)$ ...
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Find a direct basis for boundary orientation

Let M in R4 be a manifold defined by equation d= $x^2$ + $y^2$ +$z^2$ and oriented by sgn $dx_1$^$dx_2$^$dx_3$. Consider the subset where d<=1. Show that it is a piece with boundary. Let x be a ...
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19 views

Open neighborhood of a manifold boundary point

Manifold with boundary: An $n$-dimensional manifold with boundary is a second countable Hausdorff space in which every point has a neighborhood homeomorphic either to an open subset of ...
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24 views

In finding boundary of the product of two half-lines, shall homeomorphism be global?

Lets $ \mathbb{R_{+}^{n}} = \mathbb{R^{n-1}} \times [0;+\infty[ $ Basically in my course I have this statement within the definition of a manifold with boundary: $ \forall x \in M, \exists U_x $ an ...
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1answer
27 views

The corner of the squre

A square is a topological manifold with boundary but not a smooth manifold with boundary because of its corners. But I am confused about it. I think since for a specific corner $p$, there is only one ...
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1answer
27 views

Topological Manifold is Manifold with Empty Boundary

I want to show that every $n$ topological manifold $M$ is an $n$ Manifold with boundary where $\partial M=\emptyset$. i.e. every chart $(U,\phi)$ maps to an open set $V\subseteq\mathbb{H}^{n\circ}$ ...
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1answer
11 views

The nature of components in a certain manifold

Let $N$ be a smooth, connected manifold and $f:N \to \mathbb R$ a smooth, proper and surjective map, transverse to some $k \in \mathbb N$. This means that $M:=f^{-1}(k) \subset N$ is a finite ...
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1answer
18 views

Tangent vectors in $T_p\partial M$

I know that if $M$ is a smooth $n$-dimensional manifold with boundary, then $\partial M$ is a smooth $(n-1)$-dimensional manifold. So for $p\in\partial M$, we have $T_p\partial ...
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1answer
31 views

Computing parametrizations for a differentiable $2$-manifold with boundary

Consider the following subset of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ \begin{equation} C=\{(x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^{3}\:|\:0\leq x\leq 1,\:0\leq y\leq 1,\:z=x^{2}+y^{2} \}. \end{equation} Intuitively, this looks like a ...
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31 views

Topological Boundary vs Manifold Boundary

Let $A$ be the open unit disc in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $B$ be the closed unit disc in $\mathbb{R}^2$. The toplogical boundary of $A$ and $B$ is $S^1$. This I understand. The manifold boundary of $A$ ...
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About the number of minimum parametrizations of a $1$-smooth manifold compact w/ boundary in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$

Let $C$ be a $1$-dimensional compact differentiable manifold with boundary in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. In easy examples, it looks like we can always parametrize such a manifold with only two charts: usually ...
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1answer
32 views

Universal cover of boundary

Let $M$ be a compact manifold-with-boundary and $B$ a component of $\partial M$. Let $\tilde{M}$ be the univeral cover of $M$ with infinite-sheeted covering map $p:\tilde{M} \to M$. I wonder about the ...
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property of sum of coefs of a chain

Suppose c is a k+1 chain in U(open set in space R^n), then boundary of c (a k chain) can be expressed as a linear combination of k-cubes, using boundary operator: $$∂c=∑_ia_ic_i$$, where a_i are the ...
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63 views

Euler Characteristic of a boundary of a Manifold

I need some guidance in understanding a specific passage of the following result taken from [tom Dieck Algebraic Topology, page 456] Proposition 18.6.2. Let $B$ be a compact $(n+1)$-manifold with ...
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24 views

How to qualify a N dimensional manifold as Compact under following condions?

Suppose a manifold of N dimensions is closed and bounded in a dimension but it remained unbounded in all other dimensions, so how to categorize the manifold. For example, in simpler form how to ...
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Is there any shorter term for manifolds with boundary?

The “with boundary” does get a bit unwieldy when you have to write it more than a couple of times. I can't seem to find any alternative term on Wikipedia or elsewhere, but surely someone ...
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1answer
41 views

Reference on manifolds with boundary

I am here because I want to know if someone knows of some good e fast books or references about manifolds with boundary. Help me please.
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20 views

Charts in an oriented manifold with boundary

Let $M$ be an oriented manifold (with boundary) with $dim (M)\ge 2$. Show that there exists an atlas $\{(U_{\alpha},\phi_\alpha)\}_{\alpha\in I}$ for the chosen orientation such that ...
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1answer
30 views

Tangent space of manifold has two unit vectors orthogonal to tangent space of its boundary

I'm reading spivak calculus on manifolds and got stuck. Let M be a k-dimensional manifold with boundary in $\mathbb{R^{n}}$, and $M_{x}$ is the tangent space of M at x with dimension k, then $\partial ...
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Integration by parts on manifold with a boundary

Suppose $C$ is a 3-form, and $G$ is a 4-form defined by $G = dC$. Also, $M_{11}$ is an 11-dimensional manifold (without a boundary), $W_{6}$ is a 6-dimensional submanifold of $M_{11}$ and ...
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38 views

Reference for theorems in Hirsch

In Hirsch's differential topology, we find the following theorems on page 31: 4.1 Theorem: Let $M$ be a $C^r$ $\partial$-manifold and $N$ a $C^r$ manifold, $r \geq 1$. Let $f : M \to N$ be a $C^r$ ...
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61 views

Basic examples topological manifolds with boundary

I've just started to study differential geometry and I've some problems with the first definitions. We have defined a topological manifold with boundary of dimension n as a topological space $M$ such ...
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Maximally symmetric manifold with boundary and non-vanishing extrinsic curvature?

I was wondering if the following requirements are compatible: Given a $d$-dimensional manifold with boundary $M$ with $\partial M\neq \emptyset$ endowed with a metric $g$. The following conditions ...
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1answer
37 views

When do we call the boundary $\partial\Omega$ of a bounded domain $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ smooth?

When do we call the boundary $\partial\Omega$ of a bounded domain $\Omega\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ smooth? I can't find a formal definition. I know, that we say, that $\partial\Omega$ has a ...
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37 views

Closure of a Manifold is a Manifold with Corners?

Is there a general theorem that shows that if you have a manifold $S$ then its closure $\overline{S}$ is a manifold with corners? I am dealing with a specific set $S$ (I would rather not say which ...
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77 views

Stokes' theorem: Induced orientation on the boundary of a manifold

The Question Let $K = \{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 : x^2 + y^2 + z^2 \geq 1\}$, where $K$ is oriented via the canonical volume form on $\mathbb{R}^3$: $dx \wedge dy \wedge dz$. Let $\mathbb{S}^2$ be ...
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Cartan geometry on manifolds with boundary

I was reading Sharpe's text on Cartan geometry, and I started to wonder: Does the theory change in any significant way if the base manifold for the Cartan principal bundle is allowed to be a smooth ...
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Is there any variation of Lipschitz continuity, where one can bound difference between value of 2 functions which act on different space?

Lipschitz continuity can be used to bound the difference between value of a function at two different points. Is there any variation of this, where one can bound difference between value of 2 ...
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113 views

Boundary of the boundary of a manifold with corners

A point of a manifold with corners is a boundary point by definition if one of its coordinates is $0$ by some (hence in all) chart with corners (see here). In the same page one can read: The ...
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1answer
53 views

Boundary of a topological manifold invariant?

Let $M=(X,\tau)$ be a topological manifold with boundary. One can proof that the interior $Int(M)$ and boundary $\partial M$ of the manifold are distinct sets. I was wondering if someone knows a ...
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1answer
41 views

Smooth mapping between manifold such that $\text{Im}(f) \subset \partial N$

Let $f:M \to N$ be smooth such that $\text{Im}(f) \subset \partial N$. Prove that $f$ as mapping $f:M \to \partial N$ is smooth. I've tried to write down $f:M \to \partial N$ as composition of two ...
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122 views

What does it mean for a manifold to be oriented?

I'm currently working through Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds. I've got to Stokes' Theorem, which is stated thus (the bold is my emphasis): Stokes' Theorem If $M$ is a compact oriented ...
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79 views

Jacobian on manifolds

I'm trying to make sense of integrals of the form $$\int_\Omega L[D\psi_1(x), D\psi_2(x)]\ \mathrm dx$$ Where $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ is a $p$-dimensional compact manifold with boundary. ...
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maximum principle on compact manifolds with boundary

Let us consider the equation $Lu + f(u) = 0$ on a compact manifold $\overline{M} = M \cup \partial M$ with boundary, with Dirichlet boundary conditions. $L$ is a linear elliptic operator, and $f$ ...
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76 views

Differential-form version of Cauchy-Schwarz on manifold boundary

Consider a manifold $M \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ with boundary $\partial M$. Then, consider a zero-form field, $\phi^{(0)}$, defined on the whole of $M$ (including the boundary). Then, the following ...
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1answer
66 views

$G$ is an $(n-1)$-manifold without boundary and is the topological boundary to an open $K\subset \mathbb{R}^n$. Prove $G \cup K$ is an $n$-manifold.

All manifolds are smooth. Let $M = G \cup K$. The interior of $M$ is an open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and can be given a global coordinate by the identity map. The points in $M$ not on the interior of ...
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165 views

Invertibility theorem on the boundary for a function between two closed 2D manifolds

Assume a function $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}^2$ on a simply connected, closed domain $D\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ including its boundary $\partial D$. I am interested in the local invertibility of $f$ ...
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1answer
59 views

Boundary points of a manifold

I'm reading about Riemannian Geometry and my question is regarding Manifolds with Boundary. I want to show a point of a manifold with boundary is either an interior point or a boundary point, so no ...
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1answer
310 views

Is the complex projective plane a compact manifold with or without boundary (closed manifold)?

my question is the one in the title. (My motivation is to understand in which way Freedman's classification of compact simply-connected 4-manifolds implies the Poincare conjecture for 4-manifolds, as ...
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1answer
204 views

Gauss-Green Theorem from generalized Stoke's Theorem.

I am trying to deduce the next identity (Green-Gauss theorem) $$\int_\Omega \dfrac{\partial u}{\partial x_i} dx = \int_{\partial \Omega} uv_i dS$$ from the generalized Stoke's theorem for manifolds. ...
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100 views

rudin's principles of mathematical analysis 10.31

I'm working on rudin's principles of mathematical analysis(3rd edition). There is problem too complex for me to solve.Please help me. The problem is on p270-271 of text. "Let T be 1-1 mapping of ...
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The space of collars of a manifold is contractible

Theorem: Let $M$ be a smooth manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Let $e_0,e_1 : \partial M\times [0,1]\rightarrow M$ be collars of $M$, i.e. $e_i$ are embeddings such that $e_i(x,0)=x$ for each ...
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Can the closure of a geodesic chart of a manifold without boundary (and with bounded geometry) be defined as a compact manifold with boundary?

Let $(M,g)$ be a $d$-dimensional smooth, riemannian manifold without boundary, which is geodesically complete, connected, has positive injectivity radius and a bounded geometry (i.e. all derivatives ...
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A question about the boundary points of manifolds.

A topological $n$-manifold is a second countable Hausdorff space such that every point has a neighbourhood which is homeomorphic to an open ball centred at the origin in $\Bbb{R}^n$. The "centred at ...
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Definition of boundary in a topological invariant way

I'm reading through Aguilar & Prieto lecture notes "Fiber bundles" (available online by googling it, ...
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A singular $n-$cube and a circumference defined the border than 2-cube

This is an exercise from "Calculus on Manifolds" by Michel Spivack (first edition, p.100): If $c$ is a singular $1$-cube in $\mathbb{R}^2-\{0\}$, with $c(0)=c(1)$, show that there is an integer ...
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380 views

(Whitney) Extension Lemma for smooth maps

I am currently reading Lee's book "Introduction to Smooth Manifolds (2nd edition)". Corollary 6.27 in that book states that a smooth map $f : A \rightarrow M$ where $M$ is a smooth manifold ...
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Orientation of manifolds with boundary

I have an ambiguity about how to orient the boundary of a manifold. In particular : Consider the example $M=B^2 \subset \mathbb{R^2}$ be the manifold with boundary. suppose positive orientation for M ...