For questions on manifolds of dimension $n$, a topological space that near each point resembles $n$-dimensional Euclidean space.

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11 views

Area between two curves as manifold with boundary

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open set, $F,G:U \to \mathbb{R}$ smooth function such that $F(x)<G(x)$. We define: $$\Omega=\{(x,y) \in U \times \mathbb{R}:G(x) \leq y \leq F(x)\}$$ I would like ...
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0answers
9 views

Boundary of a topological manifold invariant?

Let $M=(X,\tau)$ be a topological manifold with boundary. One can proof that the interior $Int(M)$ and boundary $\partial M$ of the manifold are distinct sets. I was wondering if someone knows a ...
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0answers
14 views

global manifolds

Can you also explain why the global stable manifold is the union of the flow of the local stable manifolds for t < 0? Why do we not include all t?
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1answer
27 views

Let $M\subseteq \mathbb{R}^k$: Manifold topology vs. trace topology

I'm confused about the topology of submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$: Let $M$ be such a $k$-manifold (say, the circle $S^1$, of dimension $1$, embedded in say $\mathbb{R}^7$); the topology of such a ...
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0answers
20 views

About a map between two topological manifolds with different dimensions

Let $M_1$ be a $n$-dimensional topological manifold and let $M_2$ be a $m$-dimensional topological manifold, such that $m>n$. Moreover, let $U\subset M_1$ be an open set and let $f:U\rightarrow ...
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0answers
31 views

What can I say of an $m$-dimensional submanifold $S$ of an $m$-dimensional manifold $M$?

I consider a differentiable manifold $M$ of dimension $m$. Let be $S$ a submanifold of $M$ of the same dimension $m$. What can I say about $S$? I have tried to prove that $S$ is open but I get ...
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0answers
27 views

how to prove torus as a 2 dimensional manifold

Consider equation of torus in 3 dimension $(R-\sqrt{(x^2+y^2)})^2+z^2 = r^2$ where $R$ is larger radius and $r$ is smaller radius. how to prove that it is 2 dimensional manifold? I tried ...
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1answer
34 views

Prove that $X=\{(x,y,z,t) | x^2+6y^2+4z^2+t^2=1 \}$ is compact and connected

Let be $X=\{(x,y,z,t) | x^2+6y^2+4z^2+t^2=1 \}$. I have proved that $X$ is a submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^4$ of dimension $3$. I have to prove that $X$ is compact and connected. My idea, thinking of ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Integration with 2-forms

Wikipedia says: Let $$ \omega=f_{z}\, \mathrm dx \wedge \mathrm dy + f_{x}\, \mathrm dy \wedge \mathrm dz + f_{y}\, \mathrm dz \wedge \mathrm dx $$ be a 2-form on a surface with parametrization ...
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1answer
43 views

Quotiented manifold homeomorphic to a complex projective space?

I define an action on $\mathbb{C}-0 × \mathbb{C^2}-(0,0)$ by $(x,y,z) \mapsto ((1/a)x,ay,az)$ when $a$ is a non zero complex number, I get a manifold by quotienting. Taking element from this ...
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0answers
27 views

What is a real structure on a manifold?

I have been looking at manifolds (twistor spaces) that have a "real structure". I am not quite sure what this means. I've looked on Wikipedia and they have an article that explains real structures on ...
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1answer
30 views

Prove that $\mathbb{R}^2 \times S^1 $ and $M=\left\lbrace (x,y,z,w) \in \mathbb{R}^4 \mid x^2+y^2- z^2-w^2 = 1 \right\rbrace$ are diffeomorphic

Let be $M= \left\lbrace (x,y,z,w) \in \mathbb{R}^4 \mid x^2+y^2- z^2-w^2 = 1 \right\rbrace$. I have proved that $M$ is a embedded submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^4 $ of dimension $3$. I have now to ...
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2answers
43 views

Properties of the category of smooth vector bundles over a smooth manifold

I am wondering if there are any sources that discuss the properties of the category of vector bundles over a smooth manifold. It seems that most differential geometry texts I've looked at avoid ...
3
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1answer
97 views

How could a group be a manifold?

For example a Lie group is defined as a certain differentiable manifold, but what does this mean geometrically, and what is gained by viewing something abstract and algebraic as a manifold? First, I ...
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1answer
85 views

Is $S^1 \times S^1$ really a torus?

Consider a function $f(x)$ that is $2\pi$ periodic. Consider another function $g(y)$ that is also $2\pi$ periodic. If I wanted to compute the integral of either of these functions I would do so ...
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1answer
32 views

Retraction to the Boundary on Compact Manifold

I was given the following question on an exam today, "Suppose that $M$ is a compact $n$- dimensional oriented manifold with corners. A retraction to the boundary is a continuously differentiable map ...
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2answers
26 views

Properties of the ring of smooth function germs, question on proof.

Let us denote by $C_n$ the ring of $C^{\infty}$ smooth function germs $f : (\mathbb R^n, 0) \to \mathbb R$ or the ring of analytic functions germs $f : (\mathbb C^n, 0) \to \mathbb C$. Denote by ...
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0answers
39 views

An example of 4D Hypersurface in 3D

Number of combinations of 4 dimensions choosing 3 at a time is 4. Someone please give a description of a most elementary 4 Dimensional Hyper surface which has its four 3D intersections with ...
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1answer
56 views

Is $C = \{(x,y) \mid x^3 + xy + y^3 = c \} \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ an embedded submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^2$?

The problem As a continuation of this question (where it was shown that $C$ was a closed $1$-dimensional submanifold for $c \neq 1/27$), I'm trying to find out whether or not $$C = \{(x,y) \mid x^3 + ...
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1answer
27 views

Mean value theorem on Riemannian manifold?

Is there some generalisation of the classical mean value theorem for real-valued functions on an interval $$|f(x)-f(y)| \leq |\nabla f(c)||x-y|$$ for some $c$ between $(x,y)$ to the case where $f:M ...
5
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1answer
73 views

Linear algebra revisited: What do we do when we set a coordinate system?

I was learning about covariant and contravariant vectors due to special relativity, and it occured to me that we don't live in $\mathbb{R}^4$. I'll explain myself better. Consider the space of ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Adjoint representation and tangent vectors

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra, $\text{Ad}:G\rightarrow GL(\mathfrak{g})$ the adjoint representation of $G$. Then, for $X,Y\in \mathfrak{g}$, \begin{align*} ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Area form a differential form?

I just read that $\omega_x( \eta, \zeta) := \langle x, \eta \times \zeta \rangle $ is the area form on the sphere, where $x \in \mathbb{S}^2$ and $\eta,\zeta \in T_xM.$ All I see is that this is ...
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32 views

Focal points of the parabola $y = x^2$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$. [closed]

Let $X$ be an $n-1$ dimensional submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^n$, a "hypersurface." A point in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called a focal point of $X$ if it is a critical value of the normal bundle map $h: N(X) ...
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1answer
23 views

Modelling the Möbius strip using implicit functions

While researching on Möbius strips I found its parametric representation on a lot of websites claiming it is easier. Can someone please explain what problems appear when modelling the Möbius strip ...
2
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1answer
25 views

Quick question about covariant derivative

Let $f$ be a function and define $\nabla_X f = X(f)\,\,(1)$, where $\nabla$ is the connection on a manifold and as far as I understand the r.h.s is a function and $X$ is a vector field. I am just a ...
4
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1answer
61 views

Is this statement about manifold true? [duplicate]

Suppose $M$ is a closed $k-$manifold in $\mathbb R^n$ without boundary, can we always find a smooth function $f:\mathbb R^n\to\mathbb R^{n-k}$ such that $M$ is the level set where $f=0$?
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13 views

Extending a function from set without limit points

Problem: Let $D$ be a subset of (smooth) manifold $M$ without limit points in $M$. Let $f \colon D \to \mathbb R$ be any real-valued function. Can $f$ be extended to smooth real-valued function $g ...
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15 views

inverse function theorem on manifolds

suppose there are two 3-manifolds(consider them as orthogonal matrices $SL(2,\mathbb R)$), and there is $F:SL(2,\mathbb R)\to SL(2,\mathbb R)$, given by $F(A)=A^3$. Can we apply inverse function ...
4
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0answers
29 views

Transversality and homotopic maps

I'm trying to solve some problems in differential topology, and I came across the following: suppose $f:M\times [0,1]\rightarrow N$ is a homotopy, where $M$ is a compact manifold, such that $f_0$ and ...
3
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2answers
133 views

Is there a well-defined notion of measure zero on topological manifolds?

We extend the concept of measure zero on manifolds by local parameterization. but in this definition we have to check if it is true for every parametrization. In Guillemin's Differential Topology this ...
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0answers
13 views

Discrete singularities of $C^k$-functions.

I'm stacked in the following problem: suppose $f:M\rightarrow N$ is a $C^k$ map between $C^k$-manifolds, such that $\dim M=\dim N=n>1$; if the singularities of $f$ are isolated, then the map is ...
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0answers
21 views

Integrating 2 form over torus

Let $\Bbb M^2 ⊂ \Bbb R^3$ be the torus of revolution obtained by rotating the circle $(x−2)^2 +z^2 = 1$ in the $xz$ plane around the $z$ axis. Consider the orientation on $M$ induced by the ...
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1answer
29 views

what is the manifold associated with general linear group? [closed]

It has dimension n^2 but I want to know the exact manifold structure of general linear group.
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2answers
181 views

How to Show Cotangent Bundles Are Not Compact Manifolds?

Hamiltonian mechanics occurs in a sympletic manifold called phase space. Lagrangian mechanics take place in the tangent bundle of the configuration manifold. Using Legendre transform makes possible ...
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1answer
31 views

A partition of the unit square such that the quotient space is the Klein bottle

Write down a partition $X^*$ of the unit square $X=[0,1]\times[0,1]$ such that the quotient space is the Klein bottle. I understand the definition of Quotient topology and Partitions, however, ...
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1answer
32 views

Smooth mapping between manifold such that $\text{Im}(f) \subset \partial N$

Let $f:M \to N$ be smooth such that $\text{Im}(f) \subset \partial N$. Prove that $f$ as mapping $f:M \to \partial N$ is smooth. I've tried to write down $f:M \to \partial N$ as composition of two ...
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1answer
27 views

Smooth manifold

$A=M\cap N$, $M={(x,y,z\in\Bbb R^3)| x^2+y^2=1}$, $N=(x,y,z)\in \Bbb R^3|x^2-xy+y^2-z=1$. $1$. Is $A$ is smooth manifold? $2$. Find the points of $A$ that are farthest from the origin. This is ...
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0answers
28 views

Tangent space chart dependent or not?

I was wondering whether the definition of a tangent space is chart dependent or not? Cause to me it seems that they depend on the charts: Let $p \in M$ where $M$ is a k-dim smooth manifold and $\phi: ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Using stokes' theorem

$B=\{(x,y), x^2+y^2\le1\} $ is a closed ball and $S=\{(x,y,z), z=x^2+y^2, (x,y)\in B\} $ oriented so that $f:B\to S$ defined by $$f(x,y)=(x,y,x^2+y^2)$$ is orientation preserving. Compute ...
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1answer
18 views

Diffeomorphism preserves compact support of functions?

Let $M$ and $N$ be two Riemannian manifolds which are diffeomorphic via a $C^k$ map $F:M \to N$. Let $\phi \in C^0_c(M)$ be a continuous function with compact support in $M$. Is it true that its ...
4
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1answer
41 views

Can $\mathbb{R}\mathbb{P}^2$ be embedded into an orientable 3-manifold?

We know that $\mathbb{R}\mathbb{P}^2$ cannot be embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$, but is there an orientable 3-manifold where it is possible?
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0answers
26 views

Sp(2n) as manifold

How to prove that $Sp(2n)$ is a manifold? We know that $Sp(2n)\subset Gl(2n)$ and $Gl(2n)$ is a manifold. Furthermore $Sp(2n)$ can be described as zeros of $A\mapsto A^TJA-J $, where $J$ is a ...
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0answers
64 views

Integration over a manifold with boundary (Check).

Assume that $ f: \Bbb{R}^{3} \to \Bbb{R} $ is a smooth function such that $ M \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left\{ \mathbf{x} \in \Bbb{R}^{3} ~ \middle| ~ f(\mathbf{x}) \ge 0 \right\} $ is a non-empty ...
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1answer
25 views

Every submanifold of $\mathbb R^n$ is locally a level set

Is it true a very submanifold $M$ of $\mathbb R^n$ is locally a level set? Given a chart $\phi$ about $p \in M$, how can we construct a smooth function $f$ s.t. $f^{-1}(0)= M \cap U$ for some open ...
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1answer
42 views

Is the form closed?

$S$ is an n dimensional unit sphere such that $S^n=(x\in \Bbb R^{n+1}: |x|=1)$ with some fixed orientation and $\omega$ is a volume form on $S$. Prove that $\omega$ is closed. Prove that $\omega$ ...
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1answer
38 views

Homeomorphism between the 1-sphere and a semi-open real interval

I need help with a problem that's troubling me. In Lee's "Introduction to Topological Manifolds" I found this exercise: being given the exponential map $\ a:[0,1[\to\mathbb{S}^{1}$, $\ a(s)=e^{2\pi i ...
2
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1answer
61 views

All derivations are directional derivatives [duplicate]

Let $X : C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a derivation, so i.e. linear and satisfying the Leibniz Rule $$X(fg)=X(f) \cdot g(a)+X(g) \cdot f(a)$$ for some fixed $a \in ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Composition of smooth maps between manifolds is smooth

This is a continuation of the problem : Composition of smooth maps. At the moment, I am on the same problem. I am not quite sure of the continuation of the comment '' The point here is another. Are ...
3
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1answer
27 views

Vector space operations on fibres of associated bundles.

Let $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ be a principal bundle with structure group $G$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of $G$ and $\text{ad}:G\rightarrow GL(\mathfrak{g})$ be the adjoint representation. Let ...