For questions on manifolds of dimension $n$, a topological space that near each point resembles $n$-dimensional Euclidean space.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
42 views

Using stokes' theorem

$B=\{(x,y), x^2+y^2\le1\} $ is a closed ball and $S=\{(x,y,z), z=x^2+y^2, (x,y)\in B\} $ oriented so that $f:B\to S$ defined by $$f(x,y)=(x,y,x^2+y^2)$$ is orientation preserving. Compute ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Diffeomorphism preserves compact support of functions?

Let $M$ and $N$ be two Riemannian manifolds which are diffeomorphic via a $C^k$ map $F:M \to N$. Let $\phi \in C^0_c(M)$ be a continuous function with compact support in $M$. Is it true that its ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

Can $\mathbb{R}\mathbb{P}^2$ be embedded into an orientable 3-manifold?

We know that $\mathbb{R}\mathbb{P}^2$ cannot be embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$, but is there an orientable 3-manifold where it is possible?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Sp(2n) as manifold

How to prove that $Sp(2n)$ is a manifold? We know that $Sp(2n)\subset Gl(2n)$ and $Gl(2n)$ is a manifold. Furthermore $Sp(2n)$ can be described as zeros of $A\mapsto A^TJA-J $, where $J$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Integration over a manifold with boundary (Check).

Assume that $ f: \Bbb{R}^{3} \to \Bbb{R} $ is a smooth function such that $ M \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left\{ \mathbf{x} \in \Bbb{R}^{3} ~ \middle| ~ f(\mathbf{x}) \ge 0 \right\} $ is a non-empty ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Every submanifold of $\mathbb R^n$ is locally a level set

Is it true a very submanifold $M$ of $\mathbb R^n$ is locally a level set? Given a chart $\phi$ about $p \in M$, how can we construct a smooth function $f$ s.t. $f^{-1}(0)= M \cap U$ for some open ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Is the form closed?

$S$ is an n dimensional unit sphere such that $S^n=(x\in \Bbb R^{n+1}: |x|=1)$ with some fixed orientation and $\omega$ is a volume form on $S$. Prove that $\omega$ is closed. Prove that $\omega$ ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Homeomorphism between the 1-sphere and a semi-open real interval

I need help with a problem that's troubling me. In Lee's "Introduction to Topological Manifolds" I found this exercise: being given the exponential map $\ a:[0,1[\to\mathbb{S}^{1}$, $\ a(s)=e^{2\pi i ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

All derivations are directional derivatives [duplicate]

Let $X : C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a derivation, so i.e. linear and satisfying the Leibniz Rule $$X(fg)=X(f) \cdot g(a)+X(g) \cdot f(a)$$ for some fixed $a \in ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Composition of smooth maps between manifolds is smooth

This is a continuation of the problem : Composition of smooth maps. At the moment, I am on the same problem. I am not quite sure of the continuation of the comment '' The point here is another. Are ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Vector space operations on fibres of associated bundles.

Let $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ be a principal bundle with structure group $G$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of $G$ and $\text{ad}:G\rightarrow GL(\mathfrak{g})$ be the adjoint representation. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Show this is not a manifold with boundary

Consider a curve $\alpha: \mathbb R \to \mathbb R^2$ defined by $t \mapsto (e^t \cos(t), e^t \sin(t))$. Show the closure of $\alpha(\mathbb R )$ is not a manifold with boundary. Denote ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Integration over ellipse

$A=\{(x,y)\in \Bbb R^2\mid \frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac {y^2}{b^2}=1\}$. Find $\int_A (\cos x)y\,dx+(x+\sin x)\,dy$. Can someone please please give a methodological answer? Thanks a lot!
3
votes
1answer
55 views

projective space and torus

we defined the projective space as $\mathbb{S}^2$ with opposie side identification and the torus as $\mathbb{R}^2 / \mathbb{Z}^2.$ And now I am concerned with their manifold structure- In fact, I ...
5
votes
0answers
42 views

Hurewicz map factors through bordism homology

I've read in multiple sources that the hurewicz map $h \colon \pi_n(X) \to H_n(X)$ factors through oriented bordism homology. I'm particularly interested in the injectivity of the map $h \colon ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Why spheres are not symplectic manifolds?

Reading some books on diferential geometry, a found that $S^{2n}$ (with $ n>1$) are not symplectic manifolds. They say it's because the de Rham cohomology of this spheres are R, but I do not ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

spheres are not simpletic?

Reading some books on diferential geometry, a found that S^2n (with n>1) are not simpletic manifolds. They say it's because the de Rham cohomology of this spheres are R, but I do not understand this ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Integrating 2-form over torus

Let $\Bbb M^2 ⊂ \Bbb R^3$ be the torus of revolution obtained by rotating the circle $(x−2)^2 +z^2 = 1$ in the $xz$ plane around the $z$ axis. Consider the orientation on $M$ induced by the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Unsolved regular value problem in $\mathbb{R}^n$

I want to show that if $F : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n-k}$ is a $C^1$ function and $rank(DF) = n-k$ then $M:=F^{-1}(\{0\})$ defines a manifold. My idea: Without loss of generality I ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Closure of $\{ ( e^t\cos t,e^t\sin t) : t \in \Bbb R \}$

Suppose $\alpha: \Bbb R\to \Bbb R^2$ given by $\alpha (t)=(e^t \cos t,e^t \sin t)$, $A=\alpha(t)$ is a smooth manifold. What is the closure of $A$? I know that the closure of the set is the set ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Prove that this application $f:S^n\rightarrow \mathbb{RP}^n$ is a local diffeomorphism, alternative approach using curves

I consider $f:S^n\rightarrow \mathbb{RP}^n$, the restriction to $n$-sphere $S^n$ of the canonical projection $\pi :\mathbb{R}^{n+1}\setminus \{0\} \rightarrow\mathbb{RP}^n $. I have to prove that $f$ ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Relationship between Cartan and Fréchet derivative

Let $f: X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be smooth, then the Fréchet derivative is a map $Df: X \rightarrow L(X, \mathbb{R}).$ But if $f: M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is smooth and $M$ a manifold, then the ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

showing pushfarward

Let $M,N$ be two differentiable manifolds and $f:M \rightarrow N$ be a smooth map. Define a new map $F:M\rightarrow M\times N$ by $F(p)=(p,f(p))$ I can prove first part which is F is smooth but I can ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Given $f : P\rightarrow N$ $C^\infty$ and $\pi : M\rightarrow N$ local diffeomorphism show that $\tilde f$ s.t.$f= \tilde f \circ \pi$ is $C^\infty$

Let be $M$, $N$ and $P$ three differentiable manifolds. I consider $\pi: M \rightarrow N$ a local diffeomorphism and $f:P \rightarrow N$ differentiable. I have to prove that the application $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb R)$, show that this application $ (A,B) \in G \times G \rightarrow AB \in G$ is $C^{\infty}$

Let be $G=GL(n,\mathbb R)$. I consider the application $$a: G \times G \rightarrow G$$ such that $$ (A,B) \rightarrow AB .$$ I have to prove that this application is $C^\infty$. I know the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Induced Connection on $\Sigma\subset M$

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, $\Sigma$ a manifold and $F:\Sigma \rightarrow M$ a smooth map. For $X,Y \in \Gamma(T\Sigma)$ vector fields and $\tilde{\nabla}$ the pull back connection on ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

A compact $n-1$ dimesional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ has no boundary

Under what conditions is it true that a compact $n-1$ dimesional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ has no boundary (or more generally, when a manifold is embedded in some topological space)? For ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Can we represent the curl as a multiplication by skew-symmetric matrix?

Considering that two vectors $A \times B$ = $\hat A* B$, where $\hat A$ is a skew symmetric matrix containing elements of $A$ Can we then write the curl $\nabla \times A$ as $\partial \vec r *A$ ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What does it mean for a manifold to be oriented?

I'm currently working through Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds. I've got to Stokes' Theorem, which is stated thus (the bold is my emphasis): Stokes' Theorem If $M$ is a compact oriented ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Associated bundle - valued 1 forms.

Let $\pi:P\rightarrow M$ be a principal bundle with structure group $G$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of $G$. Fact: (as can be found in lecture notes here) Functions ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How to show that a subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$ is a closed one-dimensional submanifold?

I'm trying to solve the following problem: For $c \in \mathbb{R} \setminus \{ 0 \}$, let $$C = \{(x,y) \mid x^3 + xy + y^3 = c \} \subset \mathbb{R}^2.$$ Show that for $c \neq 1/27$ the ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

How to show that $f : \mathbb{R}^n → \mathbb{R}^n$, $f(x) = \frac{h(\Vert x \Vert)}{\Vert x \Vert} x$, is a diffeomorphism onto the open unit ball?

Could anyone help me with the following problem? The problem Fix $\varepsilon \in (0, 1)$ and choose a smooth function $h$ on $[0,\infty)$ such that $h'(t) > 0$ for all $t ≥ 0$, $h(t) = t$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Green's theorem via Stokes's theorem

I am considering the following form of Stokes's theorem: Let $\omega$ be an $n-1$ differential form with compact support on an oriented manifold of dimension $n$. Let us consider the boundary ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

How to proof that bracket of two vector field can be computed by second derivation

Can some one give a hint how can I proof that where $\phi$ indicated the flow of vector fields.
-1
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the slow manifolds? and how to calculate?

I'm a newbie in slow manifolds and dynamical system. I cannot understand the concept of slow manifolds and how to calculate that. Please explain the concept of slow manifolds intuitively and ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Cartan's structural equation

I am reading through a proof of Cartan's Structural equation: $$\Omega=d\omega + \frac{1}{2}[\omega\wedge\omega]$$ In the case when the input is two vertical vectors $V_1$ and $V_2$, we can ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Gluing together holomorphic functions on $\mathbb{P}^n$

The problem Let $U_j$ for $0\leq j\leq n$ denote the standard coordinate charts of the complex manifold $\mathbb{P}^n$. Fix $d\geq 1$ and assume we are given holomorphic functions $f_j:U_j\to ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Pullback 1-differential form

Let $(x_0,x'_0) \in \mathbb{R}^2$ be initial data for the Euler Lagrange equation with some given Lagrangian $L: \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}.$ Then $F^t$ is the flow that maps the initial ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Momentum a cotangent vector?

Imagine we have a particle described by $x \in M$, where $M$ is some manifold, then it is very intuitive I think that a velocity is an element of the tangent space at $x$, so $x' \in T_{x}M.$ Thus, by ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Unbounded Geodesics and Nonpositive Curvature

I have the following interesting(?) question: Let $M$ be a complete Riemann manifold. Suppose that it is of non-negative curvature. I want to know if $M$ has unbounded geodesics. As the question is ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Showing that the 2-torus is parallelizable

Here is the question Let $$ \widehat{\xi}: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2 $$ be a smooth function satisfying $$ \widehat{\xi}(x,y)=\widehat{\xi}(x+m, y+n) $$ for all $x,y\in \mathbb{R}, ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Are PL-homeomorphic manifolds diffeomorphic?

Take two smooth manifolds. Since they are smooth, they both possess triangulations. Now assume that the triangulations are related by Pachner moves, that is, the triangulated manifolds are ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Non-affinely parametrized geodesics

Consider a non-affinely parameterised geodesic, i.e., a geodesic whose tangent vector field obeys $\nabla_X X = fX$ for some function $f$. Prove that one may reparameterise the geodesic so the tangent ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Different definitions of differential forms?

I am a physicist and was reading about differential forms in Classical Mechanics. Now, I thought that a two-form is a smooth map $\omega : M \rightarrow \Lambda(T^*M)$ so that a point $p$ on the ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Fractional Sobolev spaces on closed manifolds

Let $M$ be a closed manifold and $0<s<1$. How is the fractional Sobolev space , $H^s(M)$ defined? In particular if $M$ is a closed smooth simple curve in the place how is $H^{1/2}(M)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Bianchi Identity - Gauge Theory

I am reading through some lecture notes (found here) and following a proof of the Bianchi identity in the context of principal bundles. That is, $h^*\Omega = 0$, where $\Omega$ is the curvature ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views
+100

Hausdorff measure, volume form, reference

Could you tell me where I can find a reference to the fourth corollary in this encyclopedia? Corollary $4$: Assume that $\Sigma \subset \mathbb{R}^m$ is an $n$-dimensional $C^1$ ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Gauge transformation on a principal bundle

I am reading through lecture notes found here and on pg 11 they define a map $\overline{\phi}_{\alpha}:\pi^{-1}(U_{\alpha})\rightarrow G$ by ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

(co)limits in the category of diffeological spaces vs. category of smooth manifolds

I am wondering which (co)limits that exist in the category of smooth manifolds are preserved by the inclusion into the category of diffeological spaces? Are there any results that allow us to ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

The continuity of a function defined by pieces

Let $M$ be a topological $n$-manifold and $\varphi \colon U\to \mathbb{R}^n$ a chart of $M$. Assume that $\varphi(U)=B(q, \varepsilon)$ is an open ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and that the map $f\colon B(q, ...