Questions related to real and complex logarithms.

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2
votes
1answer
88 views

Are logarithms radicals? [on hold]

Does the set of all logarithms with a radical base and argument belong to the set of all radicals? A simple yes, no answer will suffice, an explanation would be wonderful. EDIT 1 Can a logarithm with ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Polylogarithms and the shuffle algebra

$1)$ Write $\text{Li}_2(1-\frac{1}{x})$ in terms of $\text{Li}_2(x)$ and logarithms by considering its integral representation and suitable changes of variables. Attempt: The di-log is defined as ...
-4
votes
2answers
38 views

Logarithm with nth root [on hold]

I made it but the result is very strange. I want every step to the result $$ \large 6\log_{10}\frac{\sqrt2}{\sqrt[3]{3+\sqrt5}} $$
7
votes
4answers
463 views

Doubt about the domain in logarithmic functions.

According to my book, the logarithmic function $$\log_{a}x=y$$ is defined if both $x$ and $a$ are positive and $x\neq 0$ and $a\neq 1$. So are these not correct? $$\log_{-3}9=2$$ $$\log_{-2}-8=3$$ ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Logarithm in an exponent: $\sqrt{10^{\log_2 7}} $ [on hold]

I need help evaluating \begin{equation*} \sqrt{10^{\log_2 7}}. \end{equation*} I have never seen this kind of logarithm before and I don't know how to start. Please help me.
1
vote
1answer
21 views

tight estimate for a log-linear inequality

Given $q>0$ and $p$, how do we get a tight estimate for the smallest $x$ such that $x\log(x)+px \geq q$? (such an $x$ always exists).
-2
votes
4answers
32 views

Proof $log_{r} a = log_r s \cdot log_s a $ [on hold]

Do you know any proof of this logarithms property: $log_{r} a = log_r s \cdot log_s a $
1
vote
2answers
73 views

derivative of $\ln(4)$

what is the derivative of $\ln(4)$? I am trying to find the derivative of this equation: $h(x)=\ln(\frac{x^3\cdot e^x}{4})$ by rules of logs I simplified the $h(x)$ to the following: ...
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Values of a for which equation $\log_ax = \lvert x+1 \rvert + \lvert x-5 \rvert$ has a unique solution

\begin{equation*} \log_ax = \lvert x+1 \rvert + \lvert x-5 \rvert. \end{equation*} I don't even know how to approach this one, any hints would be amazing. I tried separating into two cases, where ...
3
votes
5answers
196 views

'Proof ' that $\ln(x)$ converges

Where is the flaw in the following 'proof '? $$\lim_{x \to \infty}\left[\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}\left\{\ln(x)\right\}\right]=\lim_{x \to \infty}\left[\frac{1}{x}\right]=0 \implies\lim_{x \to ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

I would like to know how to do log transformation of hyperparameters in Gaussian Process Classification.

I am using Gaussian Process classification and I want to do log transform of the hyperparameters so that they are all positive. From this www.lce.hut.fi/research/mm/gpstuff/GPstuffDoc.pdf document, I ...
2
votes
3answers
78 views

L'Hôpital's rule exercise with natural log function

I'm looking for some advice on the following exercise: $$\lim_{x \to 0^+}{\ln{(\frac{1}{x}})}^x$$ This is my work so far: $$\lim_{x \to 0^+}{\ln{(\frac{1}{x}})}^x = \lim_{x \to ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

merge sort vs insertion sort time complexity

How do I solve exercise 1.2-2 from Introduction to Algorithms 3rd Edition, Author: Thomas H. Cormen Would I need to set both sides equal to each other and solve for n?
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Solutions of $2^x 7^{1/x}\le 14$

The solution is supposed to be $(-\infty,0)$ and $[1,\log_2 7]$. What I get when solving the problem is $(-\infty, \log_2 7]$. Where did I get it wrong? I start by dividing both sides by 14, then ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

logarithmic Series

I'm aware that by properties of logarithm $$\sum_{k=1}^n \ln (k) = \ln (n!)$$ My question is if $$\sum_{k=1}^n \ln^2 (k) = \ln^2 (n!)?$$ Because when I am verifying the value where $n = 5$, I get ...
-3
votes
0answers
302 views

Fermat's last theorem generalization [closed]

Conjecture: Let $g$ is a positive algebraic number greater than two, then the equation ($x^g+y^g=z^g$) doesn't have any solution, where ($x, y$ and $z$) are three distinct positive coprime integers ...
-4
votes
0answers
14 views

Expressing index power.Hard [on hold]

2^r=3^s=6^t express t in the terms of r and s.
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Discrepancy on the standard deviation of logarithmic function

Good day, Sir/Madame! I'm currently working on the standard deviation of a particular function $\frac{2}{\pi} \ln n$, where n is the degree of certain random polynomial. By the use of computer ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Solve $x=C \log(C \log(x+A)+B)$

Is it possible to resolve an equation of the type $$x=C\log{(C\log{(x+A)}+B)}$$ (where $A$, $B$, and $C$ are real-valued parameters) for $x$? As far as I can see, the function on the right hand ...
4
votes
4answers
110 views

What does $d\log\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)$ mean mathematically?

I am used to seeing derivatives written as $$\frac{df}{dx}.$$ But my economics professor keeps using notation like $$ d\log\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)$$ and I have no idea what this means. What does ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

SUmmation of natural logarithm [duplicate]

Good day! Is there a formula that approximate the summation of natural logarithm of N as N runs from 1 to infinity?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Estimation for a logarithmic function in $(0,\,1)$. A series should be used?

Let $f(t)\geq C_1t^{-\alpha}$ for all $t\in(0,\,\infty)$ and for some $C_1>0,\,\alpha>0$. and let $g(t)\geq C_2\left(\ln(t^{-1})\right)^\beta$ for all $t\in(0,\,1)$ and for some ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Logarithm problem

If $a^x=b^y$, then how come $x\log a=y\log b$ holds? Can anyone show me how this is with all steps and necessary logarithm formula?
2
votes
2answers
63 views

what will be the value of this integral

$$ \large{ \int^{\Large{\frac{\pi}{2}}}_{0} \left[ e^{\ln\left(\cos x \cdot \frac{d(\cos x)}{dx}\right)} \right]dx}$$ We know that $\large{a^{log_a(c)} = c}$. But in this question, the expression in ...
-3
votes
3answers
25 views

How to solve the following equation (xlog)? [closed]

I have to review questions from my math test and I'm stucked at this one. Can somebody explain me how to solve it ? Thank you!! $$x\log (54) +3\log (54) = x$$
-12
votes
0answers
50 views

How to solve xlog54 +3log54 = X? [closed]

I have to review questions from my math test and I'm stucked at this one. Can somebody explain me how to solve it ? Thank you!!
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Is this manipulation with logs allowed?

$$\left( \frac{6}{7} \right) ^n < \frac{1}{65}$$ The answer is, by looking at which way the sign should be round: $$n > \log_\frac{6}{7}{\left(\frac{1}{65}\right)} \implies n>\frac ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Upperbound a logarithmic expression that has a covariance matrix

Let $\Sigma$ be a $2\times 2$ covariance matrix and ${\bf h}$ a vector of complex values entries. $$A= \log(1+ {\bf h}^* \Sigma {\bf h} )$$ $$\Sigma = \begin{bmatrix} 1-|\rho_1|^2 & \rho_3 - ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Compound Interest Calculation

In __________ years a sum will double at $5\%$ per annum compound interest. Options given are: a. 15 years 3 months b. 14 years 2 months c. 14 years 3 months d. 15 years 2 months The way to ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Troubles understanding task for complex logarithm.

I have troubles understanding this question and what to do, the goal is to show that there is no complex determination of the logarithm and square root and those two are just some parts of the whole ...
6
votes
3answers
87 views

Solve $6^{x+8} = 4^{x-1}$

I tried doing $log_6\left(6^{x+8}\right) = log_6{4^{x-1}}$ I got stuck, and I don't think that was the right route.
0
votes
3answers
38 views

Solve this equation: $\log_3(3-2\cdot3^{x+1})=2+2x$

Solve this equation: $\log_3(3-2\cdot3^{x+1})=2+2x$. I put $(2+2x)^3=3-2\cdot3^{x+1}$. But I don't know how to go on.
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Basic Logarithm question - I can't get both answers from quadratic

Here's the Question : If $xy$ = $64$ and $\log_x y + \log_y x = \frac{5}{2}$, find $x$ and $y$ I can get this to $$log_x y + \frac{1}{\log_x y} \frac{5}{2}$$ let $\log_x y = N$ $$N + ...
-4
votes
0answers
34 views

how to simplify $\sqrt{\cos (x)} \sinh \left(\ln (2) x^{\cos(x)}\right)+\sqrt{\cos (x)} \cosh \left(\ln (2) x^{\cos(x)}\right)$ [duplicate]

$\sqrt{\cos (x)} \sinh \left(\ln (2) x^{\cos(x)}\right)+\sqrt{\cos (x)} \cosh \left(\ln (2) x^{\cos(x)}\right)$ = $2^{x^{\cos(x)}}\sqrt{\cos(x)}$ if $x > 0$ and $\cos(x) > 0$? Can $\pi$ be ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

$2^{x^{\cos(x)}}\sqrt{\cos(x)}$ can you rearrange mathematically to ${\cos(x)}\sqrt2^{x^{\cos(x)}}$ [duplicate]

$2^{x^{\cos(x)}}\sqrt{\cos(x)}$ can you rearrange mathematically to ${\cos(x)}\sqrt2^{x^{\cos(x)}}$ if $x > 0$ and $\cos(x) > 0$
-2
votes
2answers
86 views
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Integral with Logarithms

$$\displaystyle \int _{ 0 }^{ \pi /2 }{ \log(\cos(x))\log(\sin(x)) \ dx } = \dfrac { \pi { \ln}^{ A }(B) }{ C } -\dfrac { { \pi }^{ D } }{ E } $$ $$$$ This was one solution, but it went completely ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Proof of $\log^x{x} > x^{\sqrt{x}}$ for big $n$

How can I prove, that $$\log^x{x} > x^{\sqrt{x}}$$ for big $n$ ? I tried to logarithm those expressions, deduct them, somehow estimate the values but no luck. After few tries, I ended up with ...
2
votes
4answers
43 views

Gradient of a curve $y=\ln \sqrt{x+y}$

Find the gradient of the curve $y=\ln \sqrt{x+y}$ at the point when its y-coordinate is 1. My attempt, I differentiated and I got $\frac{dy}{dx}=\frac{1}{2x+2y-1}$. But I've problem in finding the ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Proving logarithm question

Prove: $$\log_a (bc)\times \log_b (ac)\times \log_c (ba)=2+\log_a (bc)+ \log_b (ac)+ \log_c (ba)$$ I took LHS and applied base change formula. I changed base to $`\text{abc'}$ Let $abc=\mu$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

How do I Simplify this Logarithmic Expression? [closed]

Here is the expression: $$4\log(x) - \frac{2\log(x-2)}{3\log(x)}$$ How would I simplify it into one logarithm? Thanks in advance :)
2
votes
7answers
61 views

Another combined limit

I've tried to get rid of those logarithms, but still, no result has came. $$\lim_{x\to 0 x \gt 0} \frac{\ln(x+ \sqrt{x^2+1})}{\ln{(\cos{x})}}$$ Please help
3
votes
3answers
121 views

antiderivative of $\frac{1}{z(z-1)}$, complex logarithm

I have the domain $\mathbb{C} \backslash [0,1]$ and want to show that $$\int_\gamma \frac{1}{z(z-1)}dz = 0$$ for all closed curves $\gamma$. I want to accomplish this by explicitly finding an ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Interval of the solutions to $\log_{1/2}\log_2(\frac{1+2x}{1+x})>0$ is?

I consistently get $x>-1$ but that doesn't fit the possible solutions I've got. First step I do is state that $\log_2(\frac{1+2x}{1+x})<1$ Then express the $1$ as $\log_22$ and so on. What ...
3
votes
4answers
190 views

Solving equations with exponentials and a non-exponential term.

I know how to solve exponential equations. Just use logarithms, e.g., $$ 2^x-3=0 \\ 2^x=3 \\ x=log_23 \\ $$ But on a recent math test I found an equation of the form: $$ 2^{n-3}=\frac {20}{n} $$ ...
-2
votes
2answers
40 views

Integral with logarithm is positive

Given the following integral: $$I(f) = \int_\mathbb{R} f(x) \log \left(f(x) \sqrt{2\pi} e^{\frac{x^2}{2}}\right) dx,$$ where we assume $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f(x)\, dx =1$ and $f\geq 0$ a.e. Assume for ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

How to solve for x in $2^{2x^2}+2^{x^2 + 2x + 2} =2^{5+4x}$

This is the question: $$\large{2^{2x^2}+2^{x^2 + 2x + 2} =2^{5+4x}}$$ What I did was put $~\large{2^{x^{2}}=t}$ From this, I got, roots of the quadratic: $$\large{-2^{x+1}\pm~\left( ...
31
votes
3answers
676 views

Integrals of the form ${\large\int}_0^\infty\operatorname{arccot}(x)\cdot\operatorname{arccot}(a\,x)\cdot\operatorname{arccot}(b\,x)\ dx$

I'm interested in integrals of the form $$I(a,b)=\int_0^\infty\operatorname{arccot}(x)\cdot\operatorname{arccot}(a\,x)\cdot\operatorname{arccot}(b\,x)\ dx,\color{#808080}{\text{ for ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Proof $\log(cn)$ is in $\Theta(\log(n))$

How can I prove that $\log(cn)$ is in $\Theta(\log(n))$, where $c$ is a constant? I tried to prove $c_1\log(n) \le \log(cn) \le c_2\log(n)$, where $c_1$ and $c_2$ are also constants, but I'm having ...
3
votes
4answers
52 views

Solve the equation $\log_{2} x \log_{3} x = \log_{4} x$

Question: Solve the equations a) $$\log_{2} x + \log_{3} x = \log_{4} x$$ b) $$\log_{2} x \log_{3} x = \log_{4} x$$ Attempted solution: The general idea I have been working on is to make them ...