# Tagged Questions

278 views

### A series with only rational terms for $\ln \ln 2$

We all know that $$\ln 2 = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n}.$$ Do you know a series with only rational terms for $$\ln \ln 2 = ?$$ Let's exclude base expansions with non ...
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### Why does this equation work?

let $P(x) := \sum_{p \leq x} Log [p]$, then we have $P(2^{k+1}) = \sum_{i=0}^k ( P(2^{i+1}) - P(2^i)) < 2 \cdot Log[2] \cdot (1 + 2 + 4 +... + 2^k) \leq 4 \cdot Log[2] \cdot 2^k$. Why does ...
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### Find the minimum value of $S$

Let $a,b,c$ be real numbers greater than 1. Let $S=\log_a{bc}+\log_b{ac}+\log_c{ba}$ Then find the minimum value of $S$
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### $\sum_{p\le x} \frac{1}{pq}$

I was given that $\sum_{p\le x} \frac{1}{p}$ = $\log\log x$+O(1). I need to show that $\sum_{pq\le x} \frac{1}{pq} = (\log \log x)^2 + O(\log \log x)$. Here we go: Break the sum into two sums: ...
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### Find $b-d$ when $\log_ab={3\over2}$ and $\log_cd={5\over4}$

$a,b,c$ are three natural numbers such that $\log_ab={3\over2}$ and $\log_cd={5\over4}$. Given: $a-c=9$ Find $b-d$
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### Confused about discrete logarithm question

For purposes of explaining the notation for those unfamiliar, if we fix a prime $q$, as well as $a,b$ nonzero integers $\mod{q}$, $L_a(b) = x$ is the solution to the equation $b = a^x \mod{p}$ We are ...
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### What is the reasoning behind ways of splitting up this summation sign?

Some context: I've been studying Chebyshev's $\psi$ - function, which claims that $\psi(x) = \sum_{n \le x} \Lambda(n) = \sum_{p^k \le x} \log p$ where $p$ is prime and $\Lambda(n)$ is the von ...
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### log(log(123456789101112131415…)))

How would you fin the integer closest to log(log(1234567891011121314...2013)) where the number is the concatenation of numbers 1 through 2013 inclusive. log() in this case is log base 10. Also, how ...
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### What is the value of $(a+b)$ where $a\log_{1971}3 + b\log_{1971}{73} = 2012$

I have two integers which are a and b . They satisfy the following equation which is $a\log_{1971}3 + b\log_{1971}{73} = 2012$ . I want to know the value of $(a+b)$ . I have tried to solve ...
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### Limiting value of $\lim \frac{1}{k}\sum_{n=1}^k \frac{p(n+1)-p(n)}{\log p(n)}$

Empirically it seems $$\lim_{k\to \infty} \frac{1}{k}\sum_{n=1}^k \frac{g(n)}{\log p(n)} = 1\tag{1}$$ in which p(n) is the nth prime and g(n) is the prime gap $p(n+1)-p(n).$ Cramer conjectured ...
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### Estimating $\sum_{p_2 \leq x} (\log p_2)^2$

This was an exercise to use the approach here to estimate the sum $\sum_{p_2 \leq x} \log (p_2)^2,$ in which $p_2$ are numbers containing two prime factors (repetitions allowed). $\pi_2(x)$ is the ...
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### $\log$ transform of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic? [closed]

Taking the canonical form of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic in the form: $$n=\prod_{j=1}^\infty p^{m_j}_j \qquad ;m_j\in \Bbb N_0$$ Does anybody know about a $\log n$ transform of this? Note: ...
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### Trying to show that $\ln(x!) - \ln(\lfloor\frac{x}{2}\rfloor!) - \ln(\lfloor\frac{x}{3}\rfloor!) - \ln(\lfloor\frac{x}{6}\rfloor!) \ge \psi(x)$

I've been told that the approach below will not work. I would be interested if someone could help me to understand what will go wrong. Let: $$\psi(x) = \sum\limits_{p^k \le x} \ln p$$ So that (see ...
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### Summation of logs

Are there any useful identities for quickly calculating the sum of consecutive logs? For example $\sum_{k=1}^{N} log(k)$ or something to this effect. I should add that I am writing code to do this (as ...
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### Generalizing Jitsuro Nagura's result: my resulting upper bound for the second chebyshev function is too low. What am I doing wrong?

I've been reading through Jitsuro Nagura's classic proof that there is a prime between $x$ and $\frac{6x}{5}$ and it seems to me that it should be possible to improve on his upper bound for the second ...
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### Proving that a specific gamma function is a guaranteed lower bound for a factorial function

In reviewing Ramanujan's proof of Bertrand's postulate, Ramanujan observes that: $$\ln\Gamma(x) - 2\ln\Gamma(\frac{x+1}{2}) \le \ln(\lfloor{x}\rfloor!) - 2\ln(\lfloor\frac{x}{2}\rfloor!)$$ I have ...
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### Is it possible to generalize Ramanujan's lower bound for factorials when $\{\frac{x}{b_2}\} + \{\frac{x}{b_3}\} < 1$?

This is the second attempt at a proof. My first attempt had a flaw in its logic. After reviewing the mistake in logic, I believe that with a revised logic, the argument can be saved. The revision ...
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### Is it possible to generalize Ramanujan's lower bound for factorials when $\{\frac{x}{b_2}\} + \{\frac{x}{b_3}\} \ge 1$?

This is the second attempt at a proof. My first attempt had a flaw in its logic. After reviewing the mistake in logic, I believe that with a revised logic, the argument can be saved. The revision ...
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### Is it possible to generalize Ramanujan's lower bound for factorials that he used in his proof of Bertrand's Postulate?

I am starting to feel more confident in my understanding of Ramanujan's proof of Bertrand's postulate. I hope that I am not getting overconfident. In particular, Ramanujan's does the following ...
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### Why aren't logarithms defined for negative $x$?

Given a logarithm is true, if and only if, $y = \log_b{x}$ and $b^y = x$ (and $x$ and $b$ are positive, and $b$ is not equal to $1$)[1], are true, why aren't logarithms defined for negative ...
### Generalizing Ramanujan's proof of Bertrand's Postulate: Can Ramanujan's approach be used to show a prime between $4x$ and $5x$ for $x \ge 3$
Perhaps, I've been thinking too long about Ramanujan's proof, but it appears to me that his argument can be generalized beyond $x$ and $2x$. My argument below attempts to show that for $x \ge 1331$, ...