0
votes
4answers
80 views

Proving $\log(b^a) = a \log(b)$ using calculus

Sorry, this is a really simple question, but I'm trying to teach myself calculus and can't figure it out. If we define $\log(b) = \frac{db^x}{dx}(0)$ how does one prove $\log(b^a) = a\log(b)$? I ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Exponential function to logarithmic function

i'm stuck on completing this equations. Is this correct? $$z=a e^{-bt}$$ $$\ln(z)=\ln(a)+\ln(e^{-bt})$$ $$\ln(z)=\ln(a)+(1)(-bt)$$ $$\ln(z)=\ln(a)-bt$$
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Choosing a branch of the square root

Assume $O$ is the compliment of the non-positive part of the real line to the complex plane. This is an open and connected set. Only one of the values of $\sqrt z$ in $O$ has positive real part. With ...
0
votes
1answer
11 views

Consumption change calculation

I want to calculate yearly consumption change according to the following formula: $$C_{t+1}=C_{t}e^{x_{t}}$$ I need to calculate ${x_{t}}$. I have the consumption data $C_{t+1}$ and $C_{t}$.
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Checking derivation of y = a^x

Can you tell me if there are any flaws with this derivation of $y = a^x$... The assumptions are that the derivative $$\frac{d}{dx}e^x = e^x$$ and that the derivative $$\frac{d}{dx}\ln x = ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

$\exp(\ln(x))=x$ and $\ln(\exp(y))=y$.

Let $(A,1_A,|\cdot{}|)$ be a unital Banach algebra, for instance $A=M_n(\Bbb R)$ or $M_n(\Bbb C)$. What is the union of all open unit balls $B_{\|\cdot{}\|}$ where $\|\cdot{}\|$ ranges over all ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Determine all positive numbers $a$ for which the curve $y = a^x$ intersects the line $y = x$ without calculus

The answer is $0 < a < e^{1/e}$ , but how to find it? Is it a system of equations? Which ones? I just need an idea at least, because I'm stuck. If it is impossible without calculus, solve it ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

Determining $\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(n^{\tfrac{1}{n}}-1\right)^n$ with only elementary math

I am trying to find this limit: $$\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(n^{\tfrac{1}{n}}-1\right)^n,$$ I tried using exponential function, but I see no way at the moment. I am not allowed to use any kind of ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

An efficient technique to test if an exponential of logs gives an integer

Is there an efficient way of testing if the resulting value of an exponential gives an integer without actually expanding the equation. For example: $ {\log(12) - \log(4)}=1.09861\ldots $ and is a ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Sketching the graph of $y =\ln(4-x)$

$y = \ln(4 - x) $ This graph has two operations applied to the $\ln x$ graph - a reflection and a translation. If you reflect the graph in the $y$-axis first, and then shift the graph 4 units to ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

trouble with infinite values from exp() and log()

I'm writing a function for Gaussian mixture models with spherical covariance structures--ie $\Sigma_k = \sigma_k^2 I$. This particular function is similar to the ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Non-integral power of a singular matrix

I know, that if $A$ is nonsingular matrix, so $\det{A} \ne 0$, then $A^p=\exp\left(p\ln A\right)$ is true for any real exponent, but what about if $A$ is singular? Then $A$ has a zero eigenvalue, so ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Exponential percentage decrease based on time

I have a bar that shows the time left for a task to finish and I want it to decrease faster as it gets closer to the end time. Example: Let's assume that the total time required for Task A to ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Solving $Ae^x=Bx$ analytically, where $A$ and $B$ are constants?

This equation mixes both exponential terms and linear terms, something which I do not know how to deal with. Any pointers?
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Rewriting in $y=A_0\cdot e^{at}$

How do you rewrite $y = −8(1.589)^{t − 3}$ in $y=A_0e^{at}$ form for appropriate constants $A_0$ and $a?$ For other problems I took the $\ln$ of the number inside the parenthesis. So for example I ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Rescaling, or finding logarithmic equivalent of exponential functions

I'm working on an algorithm that gets the weighted least squares of some data and outputs really big, or really small numbers. I'm talking about numbers like $3.55114473577E+256$. Now, part of the ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Finding time constants of a circuit?

So this is a homework question and I am having trouble figuring out what they are asking. 'The potential difference (voltage) across the capacitor at time t > 0 is given by $V_C(t) = q(t)/C$. The ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Yacov Perelman Nepero game

This is my first question, so sorry if I'll make any mistake in using the site formatting. I found this game on a book by Yacov Perelman and I thought it could be nice to introduce Nepero number to ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

On the equation $\exp(a x+b)=\ln(x)$

I am confronted with: $$\exp(a x+b)=\ln(x)$$ for $a,b$ reals and $a<0$, $b>0$. I need the (unique) solution for $x$. My first target is (if it exists) an analytic solution in terms of ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Proof that $b^{\log_b(x)} = x$

I understand that the exponential functions are inverses, and would therefore map $x$ when formed as a composition, but I cannot find any formal mathmatical proofs. My thought process is: ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Find the inverse of the function

Find the inverse of the function $f(x) = -2 \cdot4^{2(x-3)} - 1$.
1
vote
2answers
22 views

How do I find the inverse of this exponential function?

$x=-3(3^{-x})+9$ I know the steps up until a certain point. $x=-3(3^{-y})+9$ $x-9=-3(3^{-y})$ $\frac{(x-9)}{-3} = 3^y$ $ln (\frac{x-9}{-3}) = -y * ln 3$ Not sure what to do from here. I know I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Prove this logarithm equation

I keep getting the wrong answer. Can someone please correct my working out a^x=b^(1-x) In(a)^x=In(b)^(1-x) xIn(a)=(1-x)In(b) xIn(a)=In(e)-xIn(b) xIn(a)+xIn(b)=In(e) x[In(a)+In(b)]=Ine ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Inverse Function of Logarithm

The answer is A but I don't understand why! $ -2 \log_e (x^2) $ can be re-written as $ -4 \log_e(x) $ right? but why do these two graphs look different? the graph $-2 \log_e (x^2) $ is one to ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Maximum value of constant in logarithm problem

The first thing I did was: make: (x-1)^2 - k > 0 (x-1)^2 > k don't know what to do after this point... the maximum value of k is 9 i dont really understand what the maximum value of k is? ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Interchanging from exponential form to log form

Shouldn't the answer be x = loge(everything else in the bracket) why is the loge function divided by "k" ???
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Sketching Logs with Quadratic Terms

$\log(x^2+1) = y$ asymptote at $x^2+1 > 0$ and so there is no asymptote $x$ and $y$ intercept at $(0,0)$ How do you know that the function goes both directions, and has a dip in the middle? ...
0
votes
2answers
195 views

Find Log equation from data points

I have the following data points, (left hand column goes from 0-127, right hand column goes from 30-22000 hz. Is there any calculator I can use to find a "log" function of this data, so that it comes ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Steps to Graph Exponential Equations & Absolute Value

how to sketch: $-e^{|-x-1|} + 2$ Can someone clarify: $|f(x)|:$ we draw $f(x)$ and then reflect the ($-y$ parts) in the $x$-axis $f|(x)|:$ we draw $f(x)$ and then reflect the ($-x$ parts) in the ...
1
vote
3answers
36 views

Complex derivative involving exponents and natural log

Find: $\frac{d}{dx} a^{x\ln x}$ I have tried several methods involving u-substitution etc, but can't figure it out.
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Show that $g(x)=x\ln{x}$ and $g(x)=e^x$ are bounded below.

Show that $g(x)$ is bounded below, for $0\leq x$: a) $g(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 0 & \mbox{if } x=0 \\ x\ln{x} & \mbox{if } x>0 \end{array} \right.$ b) $g(x)=e^x$ For (a), ...
0
votes
3answers
268 views

“Linearize” an exponential-looking graph with log function

This may be a beginner question, but I can't quite wrap my head around logs... I have a set of data (from an experiment) which gives me an exponential-looking graph (Fig 1). I'd like to "linearize" ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Expected Value of Exponential

I want to calculate $\log E[\exp(-\sqrt{d} S \epsilon)]$, where $\epsilon \sim N(0,1)$ and everything else is deterministic. The result should be $\frac{d}{2}||S||^2$ but why?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

show that $(1+ \frac {x}{n})^n < e^x$ and $e^x < (1- \frac{x}{n})^{-n}$ if $x<n$

If $n$ is a positive integer and if $x>0$,show that $(1+ \frac {x}{n})^n < e^x \quad$ and that $\quad e^x < (1- \frac{x}{n})^{-n} \quad $ if $x<n$ I proved the first one by the ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Need help with a proof concerning zero-free holomorphic functions.

Suppose $f(z)$ is holomorphic and zero-free in a simply connected domain, and that $\exists g(z)$ for which $f(z) =$ exp$(g(z))$. The question I am answering is the following: Let $t\neq 0$ be a ...
1
vote
3answers
97 views

How is the Logarithm derived from the exponential function? (aren't they inverses?)

I've been learning logs in school, and my teacher, friend, and I are stumped on something. How does one derive the logarithmic function from the exponential function? My friend thinks Tayler Series ...
25
votes
3answers
808 views

If there are entire $G_k$s such that $f=\exp\circ\exp\circ\cdots \circ\exp\circ G_k$ ($k$ times), must $f$ be constant?

I am a French guest and I hope that my English isn't too bad... So here is my issue: I consider an entire function $f$ which satisfies the following property for each complex number $z\in ...
0
votes
1answer
181 views

Proving functions to be Big Oh

How do I determine if there exists a function $f$, such that \begin{equation} f(n) = {\mathcal O}(\log n), \end{equation} but \begin{equation} 2^{f(n)} ≠ {\mathcal O}(n). \end{equation} Is ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

If$ a+b-1=1+\frac{ln(2^a-1)}{ln4}+\frac{ln(2^b-1)}{ln4}$ then $a=b$?

If $$a+b-1=1+\frac{ln(2^a-1)}{ln4}+\frac{ln(2^b-1)}{ln4}$$ where $a,b>0$ are real numbers and ln is $log_e$, then is a=b?
5
votes
2answers
243 views

Proof $e^x = \exp(x)$?

Define $$\ln (x) = \int^{x}_{1}\frac{1}{t}$$ Assume I have proven that $\ln x$ is one-to-one and therefore has an inverse $\exp (x)$. Define $e$ as: $\ln e = 1$ Now, if you have no other notion ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Proof of $e^{\ln(x)\ln(2)}$, which natural logarithm do I bring down?

I'm currently stumped with the proof for the following problem: $$F(x) = 2^{\ln(x)}$$ $$\Rightarrow F(x) = y$$ $$y = 2^{\ln(x)}$$ $$\ln(y) = \ln(2^{\ln(x)})$$ $$\ln(y) = \ln(x)\cdot\ln(2)$$ $$y = ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

How can I solve the equation…

$$\log\left(\frac{\pi_i}{1-\pi_i}\right)=\sum_{k=0}^K x_{ik}\beta_k\qquad i=1,2,\dots,N$$ How can I make the equation above the one below by taking "$e$" to both sides. Note that after taking $e$ ...
1
vote
6answers
75 views

Noncircular construction of $e$ and $\ln$ for the real line

Could anyone direct me to (or possibly detail) a construction of $e$ and $\ln$ along the reals? For example, they can define $e=\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}(1+\frac{1}{n})^n$ but from this definition ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Why is $3^n$ not in $\Theta(2^n)$

How is it that $3^n$ not in $\Theta(2^n)$, while $log_3 n$ is in $\Theta(log_2 n)$ ?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How to solve this equation with linear n as well as polynomial n?

I am banging my head against the wall, but somehow I can't find a closed form solution to this equation in n: $$229,244 + 58,044 \cdot n = 130,000 * 1.78^n$$ Obviously, if there was no $n$ ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Calculating an exponentially increasing vector of points in a test and measure system

My application is setting and measuring current and voltage in a physical system with a software algorithm. Given these parameters: min, ...
2
votes
3answers
308 views

Solve $2^{x}=x^{2}$

I've been asked to solve this and I've tried a few things but I have trouble eliminating x. I first tried taking the natural log: $x\ln \left( 2\right) =2\ln \left( x\right) $ $\dfrac {\ln \left( ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Solve the inequality $2^{\left( x^{3}-x\right) } < 1$

$2^{\left( x^{3}-x\right) } < 1$ Let $2^{\left( x^{3}-x\right) }-1=f\left( x\right)$ To find the values for which $f(x)<0$ I let $f(x)=0$: $2^{\left( x^{3}-x\right) }-1=0$ $2^{\left( ...
0
votes
3answers
38 views

Why do I receive the wrong answer when I try to solve this exponential equation?

So I have the equation: $25^{x}=5^{x}+6$ My reasoning is if you make everything to the base 5: $\left( 5^{2}\right) ^{x}=5^{x}+5^{\log _{5}6}$ Given the bases are the same we can do: $2x=x+\log ...
5
votes
2answers
206 views

Solving $x^2 - 1 = e^x$

Can someone help me solve the equation $x^2 - 1 = e^x$ ? I tried taking the natural logarithm of both sides but I don't know where to go from there.. I got: $\ln(x^2 -1) = x$ But I don't know how ...