Questions on linear programming, the optimization of a linear function subject to linear constraints.

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5
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0answers
654 views

Maximum and minimum of an integral under integral constraints.

Find the maximum and minimum of the following integral in terms of $f(x),a,C$: \begin{align}I=\int_{0}^{a} \frac{x}{f(x)}p(x)dx \end{align} s.t.: 1) $\int_{0}^{a} p(x)dx=1$ 2) $\int_{0}^{a} ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Primal- degenerate optimal, Dual - unique optimal

Simple question- Is it possible for a linear programming optimization problem possible to have a degenerate optimal solution whereas the dual has a unique optimal solution? I can't find a scenario ...
11
votes
6answers
8k views

Linear Programming Books

Do you know of a good book on linear programming? To be more specific, i am taking linear optimization class and my textbook sucks. Teacher is not too involved in this class so can't get too much help ...
5
votes
1answer
730 views

Duality. Is this the correct Dual to this Primal L.P.?

Given a problem: Find the dual: $$ Primal =\begin{Bmatrix} max \ \ \ \ 5x_1 - 6x_2 \\ s.t. \ \ \ \ 2x_1 -x_2 = 1\\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ x_1 +3x_2 \leq9\\ ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

Why maximum/minimum of linear programming occurs at a vertex?

I'm in high-school and I'm told that the maximum/minimum of a linear programming occurs at the vertex.For more info see the chapter here. For convinience I'm putting relevant excerpt here: Now, we ...
0
votes
1answer
729 views

Reduced cost vector in the phase I of the Two-phase simplex?

I am trying to understand the part in red. The left is the standard form problem and the right is the auxiliary problem. Now I can understand until the red i.e. $\bar c =(-1,-1,-3,-1,-2,0,0,0)$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
687 views

Prove optimal solution to dual is not unique if optimal solution to the primal is degenerate

How do I prove an optimal solution to dual is not unique if an optimal solution to the primal is degenerate? I have no idea how to start this. Anyone know any books with these kinds of questions (and ...
1
vote
1answer
855 views

travelling salesman understanding constraints

I am trying to program TSP problem in R. From wikipedia page section "Integer linear programming formulation", I was able to understand all the constraints except the last one. Need help to ...
12
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3answers
15k views

Optimum solution to a Linear programming problem

If we have a feasible space for a given LPP (linear programming problem), how is it that its optimum solution lies on one of the corner points of the graphical solution? (I am here concerned only with ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

What is the minimum number of guesses in order to guarantee to win the prize?

Your friend will pick a $4$-letter word and you will make guesses in order to find it. -A word can contain only the letters $A, B, C,\:\text {and} \:D$, and they can be used more than once. ...
7
votes
2answers
10k views

Primal and dual solution to linear programming

Lets say we are given a primal linear programming problem: $\begin{array}{ccc} \text{minimize } & c^{T}x & &\\ \text{subject to: } & Ax & \ge & b \\ & x & \ge & ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Understanding proof of Farkas Lemma

I've attached an image of my book (Theorem 4.4.1 is at the bottom of the image). I need help understanding what this book is saying. In the first sentence on p.113: "If (I) holds, then the ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

Steps in the Simplex Method

I'm trying to look at how the Simplex method in standard form works. I understand the basics of how ti works, but I can't understand what happens between two steps. I'm using the example from chapter ...
2
votes
2answers
427 views

Multiple solutions for both primal and dual

If matrix $A$ in an LP (or $A^T$ in its dual) has full row (column- in dual) rank, is it possible that both primal and dual have multiple solutions?
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vote
2answers
2k views

Optimality conditions and Directions in Simplex method

I am trying to understand the optimality conditions in Simplex -method, more in the chat here -- more precisely the terms such as "reduced cost" i.e. $\bar{c}_j=c_j-\bf{c}'_B \bf{B}^{-1} \bf{A}_j$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
981 views

$\ell_0$ Minimization (Minimizing the support of a vector)

I have been looking into the problem $\min:\|x\|_0$ subject to:$Ax=b$. $\|x\|_0$ is not a linear function and can't be solved as a linear (or integer) program in its current form. Most of my time has ...
0
votes
1answer
630 views

Linear Programming formulate if then constraint

Consider an LP for which you want to add the restriction that Only if $x_1\geq 3$ then $x_2$ and $x_3$ are allowed to be larger than $0$; otherwise $x_2$ and $x_3$ are $0$. Demonstrate how to ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Optimum exists but not extreme point in Standard Form LP problem?

Standard form problem $$\min \bar c^T \bar x \text{ so that } A \bar x=\bar b, \bar x\geq \bar 0$$ I am thinking the point II (Finnish) i.e. optimum exists but it is not extreme point, why it ...
2
votes
1answer
262 views

Linear Programming 3 decision variables (past exam paper question)

This is an exam question I was practising. I have the general understanding of Linear programming, but how would you go about finding the Decision Variables, Objective function and Constraints for ...
2
votes
0answers
186 views

Linear optimization problem.

I have copied the entire problem from the book. It has 7 parts. Please show me how to do any 1-2 of the parts. I mostly understand the problem, but need to see a fully woked out problem. Given a $m$ ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Simplex Method row operations help?

before programming an algorithm which implements the simplex method, I thought I'd solve an issue before the actual programming work begins. For some reason, I can NEVER get the correct answer. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
404 views

How to prove this? The existence of solutions to linear inequalities

A system of real homogeneous linear inequalities $\lambda_i>0$, $i=1,2,\ldots,m$, has a solution if and only if there is no nontrivial linear dependence with nonnegative coefficients among the ...
0
votes
1answer
730 views

Linear Programming question

I am kind of lost on this problem and would like it if I can get help on this. Matching Pennies. In this simple two player game, the players (call them R and C) each choose an outcome, heads or ...
5
votes
5answers
13k views

Converting absolute value program into linear program

I have the generic optimization problem: $$ \max c^T|x|$$ $$ \text{s.t. } Ax \le b $$ $x$ is unrestricted How do I convert it into a linear programming problem? Online I read something about ...
11
votes
2answers
7k views

How the dual LP solves the primal LP

When I heard someone discussing LP the other day, I heard him say, "Well, we could just solve the dual." I know that both the primal LP and its dual must have the same optimal objective value ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

What are the advantages of dual of a problem

I am studying linear programming and I came across primal-dual algorithm in Linear Programming. I understood it but I am unable ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Mappings preserving convex polyhedra

It is known that linear mappings between euclidean spaces map convex polyhedra to convex polyhedra. Can you give a characterization of the class of mappings that preserve convex polyhedra?
7
votes
1answer
9k views

Degeneracy in Linear Programming

Consider the standard form polyhedron, and assume that the rows of the matrix A are linearly independent. $$ \left \{ x | Ax = b, x \geq 0 \right \} $$ (a) Suppose that two different bases lead to ...
5
votes
1answer
665 views

How does multiplying a primal constraint by a constant change the dual solution?

Suppose we have the problem $\min c^T x$, subject to $Ax=b, x \geq 0$. Suppose that this program and its dual are feasible. Let $\lambda$ be the optimal solution of the dual. If the $k$th constraint ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Simplex method : Duality by Bazaraa

I use great textbook (Linear Programming and Network Flows by Bazaraa II ed) On the page 240 the author states that for every primal problem, regardless of it's type (canonical or standard), dual ...
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vote
2answers
812 views

Max and min value of $7x+8y$ in a given half-plane limited by straight lines?

So, there are four inequalities: $$\begin{eqnarray*} y &\geq &-3x+15; \\ y &\leq &-11/3x+56/3; \\ x &\geq &0; \\ y &\geq &0. \end{eqnarray*}$$ If we draw all those ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Which optimization class does the following problem falls into (LP, MIP, CP..) and which solver to use

I have the following optimization problem. I want to solve it using a computer solver. But I am not sure which problem class it falls into or which solver to use. Problem: There is a set of objects ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Example about the Reduced cost in the Big-M method?

I want to gather examples about the reduced cost in different cases, now for the Big-M method. I hope this makes the methods more accesible. So How does the Big-M method work with the below? ...
5
votes
2answers
629 views

Linear programming for combinatorics/graph theory

I just went to a graph theory talk talking about various fractional graph parameters (but focusing on one). These were defined using linear programming. A question was asked, "How can we learn more ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Converting sum of infinity norm and L1 norm to linear programming

So I'm trying to convert this minimization problem, min $\parallel Ax-y \parallel_{\infty}$ + $\parallel x \parallel_{1}$ where $A$ is $m$ by $n$, $y$ is $m$ by $1$ and $x$ is $n$ by $1$. into a ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Finding all basic feasible solutions in a linear program

Given the following constraints \begin{equation} \begin{split} x_1 &+&x_2&+&x_3&+&x_4&\le 10 \\ x_1&-&x_2&&&&&\le0\\ ...
3
votes
1answer
330 views

Pivoting and Simplex Algorithm

I would like to understand exactly how the pivoting works geometrically in Simplex algorithm. What is meant geometrically by moving a vector into BFS and moving out one. Also, what is the geometrical ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Strict inequalities in LP

How should we deal with strict inequalities in a linear programming problem? For example: inequalities such as $ax< b$;
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How does one use the 'input/hr' column in the table below in setting up the problem?

I have to set up a linear programming problem corresponding to the following scenario: If my understanding of the problem is correct, I use $mod$: Let $i$ be $A$ or $B$. Let $x$ be amount ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What needs to be linear for the problem to be considered linear?

Harry Altman presented an excellent question in a comment here: What needs to be linear for the problem to be considered linear? So is it enough to a have linear objective function or other ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Nash Equilibrium for the prisoners dilemma when using mixed strategies

Consider the following game matrix $$ \begin{array}{l|c|c} & \textbf{S} & \textbf{G} \\ \hline \textbf{S} & (-2,-2) & (-6, -1) \\ \hline \textbf{G} & (-1,-6) ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Explain `All polyhedrons are convex sets´

My teacher in course in Mat-2.3140 of Aalto University claims that 'All polyhedrons are convex sets' here. This premise was in a false-or-not-problem 'The feasible set of linear integer problem is ...
1
vote
1answer
834 views

Reduced cost in the Phase II of the two-phase Simplex?

My lecture slides outline how the two-phase simplex works: this table shows the end result of the phase I for the standard-form problem and the auxliary table of the phase I here. I understood until ...
1
vote
3answers
200 views

Is an unit-cube polyhedron? What about other platonic solids?

Definitions According to my linear programming course and screenshot here (Finnish), a polyhedron is such that it can be constrained by a finite amount of inequalities such that $$P=\{\bar x\in ...
1
vote
2answers
325 views

How can I infer a result using primal feasibility, dual feasibility, and complementary slackness?

I am trying to find the minimum of $-x_1$ with restrictions $\bar g\leq\bar 0$ so that $$\bar g=\begin{pmatrix} (x_1+2)^2+(x_2-4)^2-20\\ (x_1+2)^2+x_2^2-20\\ -x_1\end{pmatrix}\leq ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

LP problem involving producing assemblies

I have to construct an LP problem based on the ff scenario that might be similar to a scenario in another question (in the sense that I felt the need to use $mod$): The productivities are ...
5
votes
1answer
617 views

Determining quickly whether this Integer Linear Program has any solution at all

I've got an integer linear program of the form $$ \begin{aligned} \text{Minimize}&& c &= x_1 + \cdots + x_m \\ \text{subject to}&& A\mathbf{x} &\geq \mathbf{b} \\ \text{where} ...
4
votes
1answer
507 views

Is the inverse of an invertible totally unimodular matrix also totally unimodular?

My question is learned from here. Let me restate it as follows: A unimodular matrix $M$ is a square integer matrix having determinant $+1$ or $−1$. A totally unimodular matrix (TU matrix) is a matrix ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

A particular ILP where the existence of a relaxed solution implies the existence of an integer solution

This question emerged from a discussion on my previous question Determining quickly whether this Integer Linear Program has any solution at all, which I would like to elaborate separately. I am ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Linear programming problem formulation

Stuck in this problem for quite a while. Anyone can offer some help? The problem is as follows: Fred has $5000 to invest over the next five years. At the beginning of each year he can invest money in ...